Search and find articles and topics quickly and accurately! See different advanced ways to search for articles on this site.
The Bible contains historical errors, which cannot be explained or answered but in the voice of mythology. The New Testament is filled with events that never actually happened, they are episodes of mythology that get played over and over in the lives of sun-gods like Mithras, Horus, and Bacchus, etc. The early Gnostic Christians regarded the Gospel story as purely symbolic; they rejected the Literalist movement of Christianity which prevailed over them, and corrupted the Gospel of Jesus. I suggest reading The Jesus Mysteries by Timothy Freke, Peter Gandy.
The darkness at the crucifixion, the rising saints of Matthew, the earthquake, resurrection, and the crucifixion itself are mythological events, they were NOT recorded by historians who lived during that period of time. Philo Judaes lived around 50 CE and never mentions the Gospel events; the Roman records of Pilate DO NOT mention Jesus. Thousands of criminals were crucified by the Romans, but no record exists of Jesus, simply because the Pilate did not crucify him. He was saved by God according to Psalms 20:6, Hebrews 5:7, and Al-Quran 4:157. Regarding the alleged darkness and earthquake in Matthew, there is not a shred of evidence to support the Gospel story.
Matthew is the only Gospel
in the New Testament that records Herods slaughter of the innocents. We
have explicit quotations from scholars to substantiate that Herods slaughter
of the innocents is just another recapture of pagan mythology. The sun-gods of
Jesus was not the Son of God but the Sun of God. Amazing
isnt it? God would never defy His own creatures, even to the slightest extant.
Hence, the titles of Lamb of God and God the Son are reversions to
paganism. The God the Son implies the pagan trinity. The title Lamb of
God is also not unique; it was applied to
These titles were probably derived from Augustine, who was the first to conjecture that Lukes genealogy belonged to Mary.
Nevertheless, here are those historical errors. We hope you enjoy reading them as much as WE enjoyed collecting them:
Did Herod slaughter the innocents?
Another prophecy related to the birth of
Jesus is the claim that the Messiah would be born at a time when King Herod was killing
children. Only the gospel of Matthew (2:16-18) makes this claim, quoting a prophecy of Jeremiah (31:15) which states that "A voice was heard in Ramah, weeping and
great mourning, Rachel weeping for her children; and she refused to be comforted, because
they were no more." There are two problems with this alleged messianic prophecy: it
is not a prophecy about children being killed and it is quite doubtful that there ever was
such a slaughter of innocents by Herod. "Rachel weeping for her children" refers
to the mother of Joseph and Benjamin (and wife of Jacob) weeping about her children taken
His cruelty was reflected in the biblical
account of the Massacre of the Innocents. At the same time as Jesus was born, he was said to have ordered the
slaughter of all children (boys) in Bethlehem under two years old. Herod was supposedly
fearful of prophecies that said that a "King of the Jews" would be born in
As we have already seen, the stories
of the angels and the shepherds, in Luke, and of the wise men, in Matthew, are rewrites of
Egyptian mythical themes from at least two thousand years earlier. They are portrayed in
the art at
Commenting in his (Harold Liedner) 1999 book The
Fabrication of the Christ Myth on the well-known Gospel story of the Gadarene swine, which rushed down a steep cliff and were drowned in
the Sea of Galilee, the Jewish scholar Joseph Leidner points
out that because Gadera is actually several kilometers away
from the sea, the whole incident is evidence of either ignorance or total lack of concern
with veridical history. Citing other similar examples, he writes, From the evidence
the blunt conclusion
emerges that the Gospel writers did not know the geography and customs of the
Mark makes serious
mistakes in his geographical references to
and the general relative positions of the localities, but not specific details. Hence he "represents Jesus as travelling back
and forth in
(G. A. Wells, The Historical Evidence for Jesus (Prometheus Books, 1982), p. 230
Many other examples of improbable reconciliations could be
offered. Since Matt has a Sermon on the Mount and Luke has a similar Sermon on the Plain
(Matt 5:1; Luke 6:7), there must have been a plain on the side of the mountain. Since Matt
has the Lord's Prayer taught in that sermon and Luke has it later on the road to
Raymond E. Brown, S.S., An Introduction To The New Testament, The Anchor Bible Reference Library (Doubleday, 1997) pp. 109-110
What about the darkness and earthquake?
We have here a good example of the credulity of Western man. For two thousand years he has been reading about this convulsion and darkness over all the earth without ever questioning it or demanding proof of it. Yet had it happened, would not some of those able historians have recorded it? Why did they not? (Deceptions & Myths of the Bible, Lloyd Graham p. 349)
"In regard to the miraculous events which took place at the death of Jesus, the Gospel of St. John says nothing, and those of St. Mark and St. Luke speak only of the rending of the veil of the temple and of the darkness or overcastting of the sky for three hours. The story of the earthquake, the upheaval of the rocks, the bursting open of the graves, and the appearance of the dead, is alone related in St. Matthew's Gospel, written nearly eighty years after the event, and is therefore not certainly authentic. Of course there is no reason why an earthquake should not have occurred on that day, but if it had really taken place it is almost inconceivable that none of the three earlier Gospels should have mentioned it." (The Paganism in Our Christianity, Arthur Weigall, 1928, p62)
There was no Roman census!
When was Jesus born? According to Luke, it
was during the reign of the Roman governor Quirinius, during a
census ordered by Augustus throughout the whole world.(9) According to both Luke and Matthew it was also during the reign of
king Herod "the Great."(10) The problem is that Herod died in 4 B.C.E., and this was fully
ten years before Quirinius' census. Furthermore, during
Herod's reign, no Roman census could have been held in his territory, which included both Judaea and Galilee, the locations of both
Though Luke 1:5 dates the birth of Jesus in
the "days of Herod, King of Judea," who died in 4
B.C., he wants the journey from Galilee to
The error, so far, might seem rather
marginal. The third Gospel has confused a local
(Robin Lane Fox, The Unauthorized Version: Truth and Fiction In The Bible (Penguin Books Ltd, 1991), pp. 30-31)
Although universal registrations of Roman
citizens are attested in 28 B.C., 8 B.C., and A.D. 14 and enrollments in individual
provinces of those who are not Roman citizens are also attested, such a universal census of the Roman world under
Caesar Augustus is unknown outside the New Testament. Moreover, there are notorious
historical problems connected with Luke's dating the census when Quirinius
was governor of
Luke tells how a decree went
out from Augustus that all the world should be registered. The trouble is that there is absolutely no
tracein a well document periodof such a decree. Its simply a means
of getting Joseph and Mary to
Even the birth narratives in Matthew and
Luke gave tacit agreement to that
(John Shelby Spong, Resurrection: Myth of Reality? p. 172)
Was Jesus tempted by the devil?
The retirement to the wilderness may well be an 'historical fact, but the story of the temptation is an obvious allegory to be understood in a spiritual sense, though the source of some of the details may be traced. The hoofed god Pan is the prototype of Satan, and there is a pagan legend which relates how the young Jupiter was led by Pan to the top of a mountain from which he could see the countries of the world. This mountain was called the 'Pillar of Heaven. which perhaps explains the introduction of the pinnacle of the temple into the story. Zoroaster, the founder of the Persian religion, went into the wilderness, and was tempted by the Devil; Buddha did likewise, and was tempted; Moses and Elijah had both dwelt in the wilderness, and the former fasted on Sinai forty days, while the latter fasted on Horeb forty days; Ezekiel had to bear the iniquity of the house of Tudah for forty days; the destruction of mankind in the Deluge lasted forty clays; there were forty nights of mourning in the mysteries of the pagan Proserpine; there were forty days of sacrifice in the old Persian 'Salutation of Mithra'; and so forth." (The Paganism in Our Christianity, Arthur Weigall, p61)
When Buddha was about to go forth "to adopt a religious life," Mara' appeared before him, to tempt him, Mara said unto Buddha: Go not forth to adopt a religious life, and in seven days thou shalt become an emperor of the world."' Buddha would not heed the words of the Evil One, and said to him: Get thee away from me. After Mara had left Buddha, "the skies rained flowers, and delicious odors pervaded the air."" Buddha fasted for a long period." Buddha, the Saviour, was baptized, and at this recorded water, baptism the Spirit of God was present; that is, not only the highest God, but also the "Holy Ghost," through whom the incarnation of Gautama Buddha is recorded to have been brought about by the descent of that Divine power. (T.W. Doane, Bible Myths and their Parallels in other Religions, p. 292)
Did the trial of Jesus take place?
The Jews said unto him: "Thou art not yet fifty years old, and hast thou seen Abraham'' If Jesus was then but about thirty years of age, the Jews would evidently have said : "thou art not yet forty years old," and would not have been likely to say: "thou art not yet fifty years old," ... ;' therefore, if Jesus was crucified at that time he must have been about fifty years of age; but, as we re-marked elsewhere, there exists, outside of the New Testament, no evidence whatever, in book, inscription, or monument, that Jesus of Nazareth was either scourged or crucified under Pontius Pilate. Josephus, Tacitus, Pliny, Philo, nor any of their contemporaries, ever refer to the fact of this crucifixion, or express any belief thereon. (T.W. Doane, Bible Myths and their Parallels in other Religions, p. 516)
In the nineteenth century an eminent scholar, Rabbi Wise, searched the records of Pilates court, still extant, for evidence of this trial. He found nothing. (Lloyd Graham, Deceptions and Myths of the Bible, p. 343)
There is no verification of a significant crucifixion in the writings of historians such as Philo, Tacitus, Pliny, Suetonius, Epictectus, Cluvius Rufus, Quintus, Curtis Rufus, Josephus, nor the Roman Consul, Publius Petronius. The crucifixion also was unknown to early Christians until as late as the Second Century. http://www.thegrimoire.com/real_history.htm
Did the crucifixion take place?
"The worship of suffering gods was to be found on all sides, and the belief in the torture of the victims in the rites of human sacrifice for the redemption from sin was very general. The gods Osiris, Attis, Adonis, Dionysos, Herakles, Prometheus, and others, had all suffered for mankind; and thus the Servant of Yahweh was also conceived as having to be wounded for' men's transgressions. But as I say, this conception had passed into the background in the days of Jesus" (The Paganism in Our Christianity, Arthur Weigall, 1928, p106)
There are many similarities between stories about Jesus and contemporary myths of Pagan godmen such as Mithras, Apollo, Attis, Horus and Osiris-Dionysus, leading to conjectures that the Pagan myths were adopted by some authors of early accounts of Jesus to form a syncretism with Christianity. (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jesus cache version)
Remember, it was all purely symbolic, and so it was no problem to allocate to that night any number of representations of the souls experience as it ends its earthly history. This is why in the Gospel accounts of the Passion, the various trials (before the high priest, Herod, and then Pilate) the Last Supper, Jesus bloody sweat in the garden, his betrayal, his bearing the cross, his procession through the old city, his mockery and suffering, his crucifixion, his death and burialand much elsecould all be staged on this night. But it was not, and could not be, actual history. (Tom Harper, The Pagan Christ, p. 146)
Now I know that the LORD saves his Christ; he answers him from his holy heaven with the saving power of his right hand. (Psalms 20:6)
During the days of Jesus' life on earth, he offered up prayers and petitions with loud cries and tears to the one who could save him from death, and he was heard because of his reverent submission. (Hebrews 5:7)
The Gospels are copied from the Midrash!
It is widely accepted that the Gospel accounts were influenced by the Old Testament. Advocates of the Jesus Myth believe that the gospels are not history but a type of Midrash; creative narratives based on the stories and prophecies in the Hebrew Bible.
Examining Peter's Christ-confession at Caesarea Philippi and the way it was presented by each Gospel writer enables us to see immediately that the Gospels are not biographies meant to be read as linear history. They are midrashic interpretations. Midrash is a way to incorporate timelessness into a sacred narrative.
(John Shelby Spong, Resurrection: Myth or Reality? p. 133)
began to see midrash in the Gospels without
quite realizing what it was. Was Jesus' feeding of the five thousand
in the wilderness related to the story of God's providing bread for
Did the Jews violate the Passover?
Now is it not strange that the crucifixion should take place during the Passover? Among the Jews, this was a most sacred occasion. For them to crucify anyone at this time, they would have to break at least seven of their religious laws. Why then did they profane it with murder? (Lloyd Graham, Deceptions and Myths of the Bible, p. 345)
According to the Gospels, the Jews did not mind committing murder during the Passover, but they were greatly worried about profaning their Sabbath, and so they requested Pilate to have the legs of the three broken that they may die sooner. (ibid, p. 351)
Did Jesus actually die on the cross?
Crucifixion was a slow death. It usually lasted several days. Death followed from exhaustion, inability to respire property as a result of being in an upright position or attacks by wild animals. Why did Jesus, who was a fit and healthy man used to walking the countryside for long distances, die so quickly in only a matter of a few hours?
Crucifixion was resorted to in order to
provide a cruel and lingering punishment, the
victim sometimes not dying for several days. There was considerable sentiment against
In the year A.D. 297, by the order of Emperor Maximian, seven Christians at Samosata
were subjected to various tortures and then crucified. According to Alban
Hipparchus [one of them], a venerable old man, died on the cross in a short time. James, Romanus, and Lollianus, expired the next day being stabbed by the soldiers while they hung on their crosses. Philotheus, Habibus and Paragrus, were taken down from their crosses while they were still alive. The emperor being informed that they were alive, commanded large nails to be driven into heads--by which they were at length dispatched.
There are a number of cases in which men were cruelly tortured, and then crucifed head down, yet surviving for 24 hours or more. http://custance.org/old/incarnation/7ch2.html
Jesus died from vinegar?
Vinegar is often considered to have a stimulating effect, rather similar to smelling salts. Why, in Jesus's case, did it suddenly lead to his death? (John 19:29)
Was Jesus transfigured?
Gospels are perverted cosmology
This is the Transfiguration, an event in the life of
the Creative Principle, and therefore of Jesus only as this personified. Its nothing
new in occult cosmology: Buddha was transfigured
on a mountain in
The False Pilate of the Gospels
Pontius Pilate, as he is depicted in the
Gospels, appears to be a decent person who consents only reluctantly to the crucifixion of
Jesus. History paints a different picture of him. He was a procurator of
By contrast, as shown by Philo and Josephus, Pilate "was the subject of more negative tradition than many other prefects and procurators," and so the creators of the original passion narrative had no reason not to mention Pilate by name and to place blame upon him. This situation is changed in the period after the First Jewish Revolt in the writings of Matthew and Luke, in which Pilate is exonerated and the high priest is named without hesitation. http://www.earlychristianwritings.com/passion.html
"Moreover, I have it in my power to
relate one act of ambition on his part, though
I suffered an infinite number of evils when he was alive; but nevertheless the
truth is considered dear, and much to be honoured by you.
Pilate was one of the emperor's lieutenants, having been appointed governor of
(Philo of Alexandria, ON THE EMBASSY TO GAIUS, chapter XXXVIII)
* The Gospels are historically false because they describe the Pilate as merciful when
describes him as wicked and malicious. Yet the
Coptic Church in
THE CRIMES OF PILATE:
At another time he used the sacred
treasure of the temple, called corban (qorban), to pay for bringing water into
Josephus, Jewish War 2.175-177; Antiquities 18.60-62.
Was there a Roman custom of releasing a prisoner?
The story of Barabbas being freed in exchange for Jesus is pure fiction. Two Gospels describe a Roman custom of freeing a prisoner during Passover festival, but no such policy ever existed on the part of the Romans. A Roman procurator, especially someone as ruthless as Pilate, would likewise never consent to the pressure of a mob. http://www.thegrimoire.com/real_history.htm
of the powerlessness of the temple
priesthood was seen in the need to have the cooperation of
(John Shelby Spong, Resurrection: Myth or Reality? p. 240)
The Story of Barabbas unhistorical
In all New Testament accounts, Pilate hesitates to condemn Jesus until the crowd insists. Some have suggested that this may have been an effort by early Christian polemicists to curry favor with Rome by placing the blame for Jesus' execution on the Jews, and that it was part of the process by which Pauline Christians marginalized the still-observant Christian Jews of the Levant (Ebionites).
The story of Barabbas has special social significances, partly because it has frequently been used to lay the blame for the Crucifixion on the Jews and justify anti-Semitism. Equally, the social significance of the story to early hearers was that it shifted blame away from the Roman imperium, removing an impediment to Christianity's eventual official acceptance.
* Obviously, the story of Barabbas was invented to exonerate the Romans and foist the blame upon the Jews. The Gospel writers were probably Roman, and this explains why the Romans were exonerated.
Not only are the Gospels anonymous, they
were not even composed by the followers of Jesus! The language is Greek, not Hebrew, and
produced in Gentile cities like
Other Historical Errors
The three Synoptic Gospels have Jesus being arrested and condemned by the Sanhedrin on the night of the Passover. This could not be real history because the Sanhedrin, by Judaic law, were forbidden to meet over Passover. The Gospels state that the arrest and trial occurred at night, but the Sanhedrin were forbidden to meet at night, in private houses, or anywhere outside of the precincts of the temple (Holy Blood, Holy Grail 349).
Another historical impossibility in the crucifixion story is the removal of the body of Jesus from the cross. According to Roman law at the time, a crucified man/woman was denied burial. The person was left to the elements, birds, and animals, which completed the humiliation of this form of execution.
The punishment for robbery was not
crucifixion. The New Testament accounts of the crucifixion depict two thieves being
crucified along with Jesus. Crucifixion was never
the penalty for robbery. On the other hand, the Romans spoke of Zealots as 'Robbers'
in order to defame them. Zealots were crucified because of their crimes against the
why should Jesus be born in
The Evangelists had no concern for historical research as we know it. (Tom Harper, The Pagan Christ, p. 153)
* Muslims believe in the miracles of Jesus recorded in the Holy Quran, we do not believe the distorted Christian version of Jesus in the Gospels.
WE CHALLENGE ANSWERING ISLAM TO REFUTE THIS ARTICLE LINE BY LINE, STATEMENT BY STATEMENT, WITHOUT GIVING LINKS TO OTHER WEBSITES AND SCHOLARS. WE ARE DEBATING ANSWERING ISLAM, NOT THEIR EXTERNAL PARTNERS.
IF ANSWERING ISLAM CANNOT REFUTE THIS ARTICLE, THEY
MUST DENOUNCE THEIR
Back to Contradictions and Errors in the Bible.
Articles by Abdullah Smith.
Send your comments.
Back to Main Page.