Author Topic: Can Jizyah be applied in the 21st century?  (Read 3594 times)

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Offline Tahmeed

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Can Jizyah be applied in the 21st century?
« on: July 07, 2015, 06:57:58 PM »
Assalamu alaikum dear brothers and sisters,

Please answer the question: Can Jizyah be applied in this 21st century? Add scholarly commentaries pls, I am confused. Your personal opinion will also be appreciated!

Reply soon. It's very important!
Tahmeed

Offline Tahmeed

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Re: Can Jizyah be applied in the 21st century?
« Reply #1 on: July 20, 2015, 05:24:11 AM »
Anyone?? It's important!!
« Last Edit: July 21, 2015, 01:48:27 AM by Tahmeed »

Offline nivera79

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Re: Can Jizyah be applied in the 21st century?
« Reply #2 on: July 23, 2015, 03:04:35 PM »
Anyone?? It's important!!

I view jizya as the equivalente of zakat but for non muslims.

Offline shabeer_hassan

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Re: Can Jizyah be applied in the 21st century?
« Reply #3 on: July 27, 2015, 11:34:29 AM »
According to the Islamic law every person of the country should be participate the charity for the poor’s, muslim pay like zakath and non muslim pay jizya ,today the western world(says to be developed) 13% of the people living no home,no food,no water no ,etc,at the same time 10% of them are multi billionaire ,they are living luxuries ,1% of their income is enough to establish the basic need of poor’s all around the world, they have no legal right to participate charity( I mean by law),govt are working for slave of rich ,poors has no rights, people of the west (middle class & lower class) marching against the govt policy(ex) time square march) ,but in Islamic countries both muslim/non Muslim should be participate the charity based on their income…………

WHO WAS THE PERSON HAS RIGHT TO STOP JIZYA?
ISA[A] WILL STOP THE JIZYA

Bukhari :: Book 3 :: Volume 43 :: Hadith 656,657
Narrated Abu Huraira:
Allah's Apostle said, "The Hour will not be established until the son of Mary (i.e. Jesus) descends amongst you as a just ruler, he will break the cross, kill the pigs, and abolish the Jizya tax. Money will be in abundance so that nobody will accept it (as charitable gifts).
Bukhari :: Book 3 :: Volume 34 :: Hadith 425
Narrated Abu Huraira:
Allah's Apostle said, "By Him in Whose Hands my soul is, son of Mary (Jesus) will shortly descend amongst you people (Muslims) as a just ruler and will break the Cross and kill the pig and abolish the Jizya (a tax taken from the non-Muslims, who are in the protection, of the Muslim government). Then there will be abundance of money and no-body will accept charitable gifts.
Muslim :: Book 1 : Hadith 289
It is narrated on the authority of Abu Huraira that the Messenger or Allah (may peace be upon him) observed: I swear by Allah that the son of Mary will certainly descend as a just judge and he would definitely break the cross, and kill swine and abolish Jizya and would leave the young she-camel and no one would endeavour to (collect Zakat on it). Spite, mutual hatred and jealousy against one another will certainly disappear and when he summons people to accept wealth, not even one would do so.
Bukhari :: Book 4 :: Volume 55 :: Hadith 657
Muslim :: Book 1 : Hadith 287,289
Dawud :: Book 37 : Hadith 4310

That means jizya will continue up to the period of isa(a)

JIZYA DEPEND THE PEOPLE CAPABILITY:

Bukhari :: Book 4 :: Volume 52 :: Hadith 287
Narrated 'Amr bin Maimun:
Umar (after he was stabbed), instructed (his would-be-successor) saying, "I urge him (i.e. the new Caliph) to take care of those non-Muslims who are under the protection of Allah and His Apostle in that he should observe the convention agreed upon with them, and fight on their behalf (to secure their safety) and he should not over-tax them beyond their capability."

JIZYA PROHIBITED TO OPPRESSED/WEAK PEOPLE:

Muslim :: Book 32 : Hadith 6327 6328, 6329,6330
Hisham reported on the authority of his father that Hisham b. Hakim b. Hizam happened to pass by people, the farmers of Syria, who had been made to stand in the sun. He said: What is the matter with them? They said: They have been detained for Jizya. Thereupon Hisham said: I bear testimony to the fact that I heard Allah's Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: Allah would torment those who torment people in the world.

JIZYA A CHARITY FOR POOR:

Bukhari :: Book 3 :: Volume 43 :: Hadith 656
Narrated Abu Huraira:
Allah's Apostle said, "The Hour will not be established until the son of Mary (i.e. Jesus) descends amongst you as a just ruler, he will break the cross, kill the pigs, and abolish the Jizya tax. Money will be in abundance so that nobody will accept it (as charitable gifts).
Bukhari :: Book 3 :: Volume 34 :: Hadith 425
Muslim :: Book 1 : Hadith 287 ,289

NON MUSLIM WOMEN & CHILDREN NEED NOT TO PAY JIZYA & ONLY FOR WEALTHY NON MUSLIM:

Malik :: Book 17 : Hadith 17.24.46
Malik said, "The sunna is that >>>>>>>there is no jizya due from women or children of people of the Book, and that jizya is only taken from men who have reached puberty. <<<<<<<<<The people of dhimma and the magians do not have to pay any zakat on their palms or their vines or their crops or their livestock. This is because zakat is imposed on the muslims to purify them and to be given back to their poor, whereas jizya is imposed on the people of the Book to humble them. As long as they are in the country they have agreed to live in, >>>>>>>>they do not have to pay anything on their property except the jizya.<<<<<<<<<<<
Malik :: Book 17 : Hadith 17.24.44

 JIZYA FOR THE PROTECTION FOR NON MUSLIM

Dawud :: Book 19 : Hadith 2955
Narrated Umar ibn al-Khattab:
A son of Adi ibn Adi al-Kindi said that Umar ibn AbdulAziz wrote (to his governors): If anyone asks about the places where spoils (fay') should be spent, that should be done in accordance with the decision made by Umar ibn al-Khattab (Allah be pleased with him). The believers considered him to be just, according to the saying of the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him): Allah has placed truth upon Umar's tongue and heart. He fixed stipends for Muslims, and provided protection for the people of other religions by levying jizyah (poll-tax) on them, deducting no fifth from it, nor taking it as booty.
 
EARNING MONEY IMMORAL WAY PROHIBITED:

2: 188. And eat up not one another's property unjustly (in any illegal way e.g. stealing, robbing, deceiving, etc.), nor give bribery to the rulers (judges before presenting your cases) that you may knowingly eat up a part of the property of others sinfully.
4: 29. O you who believe! Eat not up your property among yourselves unjustly except it be a trade amongst you, by mutual consent. And do not kill yourselves (nor kill one another). Surely, Allâh is Most Merciful to you.
9:34. O you who believe! Verily, there are many of the (Jewish) rabbis and the (Christian) monks who devour the wealth of mankind in falsehood, and hinder (them) from the Way of Allâh (i.e. Allâh's Religion of Islâmic Monotheism). And those who hoard up gold and silver [Al-Kanz: the money, the Zakât of which has not been paid], and spend it not in the Way of Allâh, -announce unto them a painful torment.
Muslim :: Book 1 : Hadith 108
………………..,so long as he plunders[looter, robbery] (is not) a believer, and these words were added: And no exploiter who makes an exploitation is a believer as long as he exploits [cheat,theft,illegal] It; therefore avoid and shun (these evils).
Muslim :: Book 17 : Hadith 4237 ,4238
Ubida b. as-Samit repnrted: I was one of those headmen who swore allegiance to Allah's Messenger (may peace be upon him) that we will not associate anything with Allah, and will not commit adultery, and will not steal, and will not kill any soul which Allah has forbidden, but with justice nor plunder, nor disobey (Allah and His Apostle), then Paradise (will be the reward) in case we do these (acts) ; and if we commit any outrage(bad, violence) (and that goes unpunished in the world), it is Allah Who would decide about it. Ibn Rumh said: Its judgment lies with Allah.
Bukhari :: Book 3 :: Volume 43 :: Hadith 632 / 3.43.634
Narrated Said bin Zaid:
Allah's Apostle said, "Whoever usurps the land of somebody unjustly, his neck will be encircled with it down the seven earths (on the Day of Resurrection). "
Dawud :: Book 14 : Hadith 2613
Narrated Samurah ibn Jundub:
The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: When one of you comes to the cattle, he should seek permission of their master if he is there; if he permits, he should milk (the animals) and drink…….

EAT HALAL/MORAL EARNING FOOD:

Bukhari :: Book 5 :: Volume 58 :: Hadith 182
Narrated 'Aisha:
Abu Bakr had a slave who used to give him some of his earnings. Abu Bakr used to eat from it. One day he brought something and Abu Bakr ate from it. The slave said to him, "Do you know what this is?" Abu Bakr then enquired, "What is it?" The slave said, "Once, in the pre-Islamic period of ignorance I foretold somebody's future though I did not know this knowledge of foretelling but I, cheated him, and when he met me, he gave me something for that service, and that is what you have eaten from." Then Abu Bakr put his hand in his mouth and vomited whatever was present in his stomach.
Bukhari :: Book 8 :: Volume 81 :: Hadith 774
Bukhari :: Book 9 :: Volume 89 :: Hadith 320
Bukhari :: Book 5 :: Volume 58 :: Hadith 233
Bukhari :: Book 3 :: Volume 43 :: Hadith 655
Bukhari :: Book 8 :: Volume 78 :: Hadith 631

ALLHA REWARD IS BETTER THAN PHYSICAL EARNING:

Bukhari :: Book 1 :: Volume 1 :: Hadith 1
Narrated 'Umar bin Al-Khattab:
I heard Allah's Apostle saying, "The reward of deeds depends upon the intentions and every person will get the reward according to what he has intended. So whoever emigrated for worldly benefits or for a woman to marry, his emigration was for what he emigrated for."
4:94. O you who believe! When you go (to fight) in the Cause of Allâh, verify (the truth), and say not to anyone who greets you (by embracing Islâm): "You are not a believer"; seeking the perishable goods of the worldly life. There are much more profits and booties with Allâh. Even as he is now, so were you yourselves before till Allâh conferred on you His Favors (i.e. guided you to Islâm), therefore, be cautious in discrimination. Allâh is Ever Well Aware of what you do.
33:19. Being miserly towards you (as regards help and aid in Allâh's Cause). Then when fear comes, you will see them looking to you, their eyes revolving like (those of) one over whom hovers death, but when the fear departs, they will smite you with sharp tongues, miserly towards (spending anything in any) good (and only covetous of booty and wealth). Such have not believed. Therefore Allâh makes their deeds fruitless, and that is ever easy for Allâh.
48: 15. Those who lagged behind will say, when you set forth to take the spoils, "Allow us to follow you," They want to change Allâh's Words. Say: "You shall not follow us; thus Allâh has said beforehand." Then they will say: "Nay, you envy us." Nay, but they understand not except a little.
3:14. Beautified for men is the love of things they covet; women, children, much of gold and silver (wealth), branded beautiful horses, cattle and well-tilled land. This is the pleasure of the present world's life; but Allâh has the excellent return (Paradise with flowing rivers, etc.) with Him
18: 46. Wealth and children are the adornment of the life of this world. But the good righteous deeds (five compulsory prayers, deeds of Allâh's obedience, good and nice talk, remembrance of Allâh with glorification, praises and thanks, etc.), that last, are better with your Lord for rewards and better in respect of hope.
26: 109. "No reward do I ask of you for it (my Message of Islâmic Monotheism), my reward is only from the Lord of the 'Alamîn (mankind, jinns and all that exists).
26: 127. "No reward do I ask of you for it (my Message of Islâmic Monotheism), my reward is only from the Lord of the 'Alamîn (mankind, jinns, and all that exists).
26: 145. "No reward do I ask of you for it (my Message of Islâmic Monotheism), my reward is only from the Lord of the 'Alamîn (mankind, jinns and all that exists).
26:164 "No reward do I ask of you for it (my Message of Islâmic Monotheism), my reward is only from the Lord of the 'Alamîn (mankind, jinns and all that exists).
26:180 "No reward do I ask of you for it (my Message of Islâmic Monotheism), my reward is only from the Lord of the 'Alamîn (mankind, jinns and all that exists).

ISLAM STRICTLY PROHIBITED USING OTHER PERSON PROPERTY:

Dawud :: Book 9 : Hadith 1697
Narrated Ubayy ibn Ka'b:
Suwayd ibn Ghaflah said: I fought along with Zayd ibn Suhan and Sulayman ibn Rabi'ah. I found a whip. They said to me: Throw it away. I said: No; if I find its owner (I shall give it to him); if not, I shall use it. Then I performed hajj; and when I reached Medina, I asked Ubayy ibn Ka'b.
He said: I found a purse which contained one hundred dinars; so I came to the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him). He said to me: Make the matter known for a year. I made it known for a year and then came to him. He then said to me: Make the matter known for a year. So I made it known for a year. I then (again) came to him. He said to me: Make the matter known for a year. Then I came to him and said: I did not find anyone who realises it. He said: Remember, its number, its container and its tie. If its owner comes, (give it to him), otherwise use it yourself.
He (the narrator Shu'bah) said: I do not know whether he said the word "make the matter known" three times or once.
Bukhari :: Book 3 :: Volume 40 :: Hadith 560
Narrated Zaid bin Khalid:
A man came to Allah's Apostle and asked about Al-Luqata (a fallen thing). The Prophet said, "Recognize its container and its tying material and then make a public announcement about it for one year and if its owner shows up, give it to him; otherwise use it as you like." The man said, "What about a lost sheep?" The Prophet said, "It is for you, your brother or the wolf." The man said "What about a lost camel?" The Prophet said, "Why should you take it as it has got its water-container (its stomach) and its hooves and it can reach the places of water and can eat the trees till its owner finds it?"
Muslim :: Book 1 : Hadith 257 ,258
It is narrated on the authority of Wa'il that there came a person from Hadramaut and another one from Kinda to the Apostle (may peace be upon him). One who had come from Hadramaut said: Messenger of Allah, only this man has appropriated my land which belonged to my father. The one who had came from Kinda contended. This is my land and is in my possession: I cultivate it. There is no right for him in it. The Messenger of Allah said to the Hadramite: Have you any evidence (to support you)? He replied in the negative. He (the Apostle of Allah) said: Then your case is to be decided on his oath. He (the Hadramite) said: Messenger of Allah, he is a liar and cares not what he swears and has no regard for anything. Upon this he (the Messenger of Allah) remarked: For you then there is no other help to it. He (the man from Kinda) set out to take an oath. When he turned his back the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) observed: If he took an oath on his property with a view to usurping it, he would certainly meet his Lord in a state that He would turn away from him.