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GENERAL TOPICS | BOARD ANNOUNCEMENTS / Israel to invade Mecca
« Last post by QuranSearchCom on August 15, 2019, 07:08:27 AM »
As'salamu Alaikum dear brothers and sisters in Islam,

There is a rising call among zionists today for Israel to devour the entire Middle East, including Mecca and Medina.  They use Deuteronomy 11:24 for excuse:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=07dnzxeWeNk
https://www.google.com/search?ei=KklVXc3hKpGctAWCjKf4Dg&q=deuteronomy+11+from+the+mediterranean+sea+to+the+euphrates

The Muslim Ummah must go nuclear, or they'll find themselves without Islam.

Take care,
Osama Abdallah
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GENERAL TOPICS | BOARD ANNOUNCEMENTS / Re: Q&A: Regarding slavery in Islam
« Last post by QuranSearchCom on August 15, 2019, 06:49:41 AM »
As'salamu Alaikum dear brother Aliisse,

Jazaka Allah Khayr for your well detailed posts, and welcome to the board.  May Allah Almighty bless you and continue to use you for the defense of Islam.  Ameen. 

Brother please feel free to post your website's link here.  All Muslim links are always welcomed here, insha'Allah.

Take care,
Osama Abdallah
3
GENERAL TOPICS | BOARD ANNOUNCEMENTS / Re: Q&A: Regarding slavery in Islam
« Last post by aliisse on August 13, 2019, 11:08:35 AM »
In the name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful!

The premise of this paper is that Islam intended to end all forms of slavery. Muslim scholars have concluded that indeed all forms of slavery was prohibited: debt, kidnapping, raids, poverty, execpt warfare. To bring home the premise, bondage is prohibited even through warfare.

One

This is a categorical proposition that indeed none can take a free man or woman into slavery. This means that even after declaring war upon a society, the Muslims cannot take such society into bondage; because, were the community the Muslims fought with free or not free? They were free. Thus, such community Muslims fights, their freedom can’t be taken away. This is an all inclusive message, which addresses all free persons. If there was a different verdict regarding taking community into bondage, these two hadiths contradicts that.

Narrated Abdullah ibn Umar: The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: There are three types of people whose prayer is not accepted by Allah: One who goes in front of people when they do not like him; a man who comes dibaran, which means that he comes to it too late; and a man who takes into slavery an emancipated male or female slave.  (sunan abu dawud, Book #2, Hadith #0593)

Narrated Abu Huraira: The Prophet said, "Allah says, 'I will be against three persons on the day of resurrection: 1. One who makes a covenant in My Name, but he proves treacherous. 2. One who sells a free person (as a slave) and eats the price, 3. And one who employs a laborer and gets the full work done by him but does not pay him his wages.' "  (sahih bukhari, Book #34, Hadith #430)

Two

There are 35 occasions in which freeing a slave is exulted. The essence in freeing slaves is to decrease the number of slaves in the community. Why? Why would there be numerous sources  that exults liberation? Because liberation is good; and since it is good then bondage can’t be good, too. It would result in a contradiction. How can something that is not good be enshrined by God? Either God enshrines liberation or bondage. Not both! Indeed, it’s liberation.

Emancipation erases sins from a Muslim. For example, if a husband has intercourse with his wife in Ramadan, he must free a slave (sahih bukhari., b. 82, 811). In the same token, if a Muslim kills in confinement he must free four slaves (sunan abu dawud, 14, 2681A). For an act to clean the sins of a Muslim means that such act is good and moral. Thus, emancipation is good and moral.

1.  Virtue of freeing a high price slave: (s.m., b. 001, 0147) (b. 006, 246).
2.  Umar freed slaves (s.m. b. 013, 4006).
3.  Intercourse with wife during Ramadan, free a slave: (s.b., b. 82, 811) (79, 702) (701) (700) (73, 185) (64, 281) (47, 772) (31, 157)(158) (s.a., b. 12, 2207) (s.m. b. 006, 2457) (2459) (2460). 4.  Freeing slaves, your body will be freed from hell-fire: (s.b., 79, 706) (s.m., 009, 3600) (3602) (3603) (3605) (s.a, 73, 3415) (29, 3912).
5.  Poor believers desire to free a slave, insufficient money: (s.m., b. 004, 1239).
6.  Deeds of freeing a slave, la ilah ilalah wahdahu la shariika lah : (s.b., b. 75, 412) (54, 514) (s.m, b. 035, 6508) (6510).
7.  Good deeds before Islam: (s.b., b. 24, 517)
8.  Good deeds: (s.b., b. 73, 21) (s.b., b. 53, 372) (46, 715) (s.b., 065, 2181) (s.m., 001, 0225).
9.  Freeing for the sake of Allah, abu huraira: (s.b., 59, 676) (46, 707) (708) (709).
10.  Free slaves during eclipse; (s.b., b.. 8, 163) (46, 695) (696).
11.  Serving the apostle: (s.a, b. 29, 3921).
12.  Freed 4 descendents of Ishmael; (s.a., b. 23, 3659) (25, 3659) (3955).
13.  Will be saved from hell: (s.a, b. 29, 3953) (s.m, b. 009, 3602) (3603) (s.b, b. 46, 693) (29, 3955).
14. 100 slaves freed: (s.a, b. 17, 2877).
15.  Umar set slaves free: (s.a., b.13, 2469).
16.  Kills in confinement freed four slaves: (s.a, b. 14, 2681A).
17.  Day of hudiabia: (s.a., b. 14, 2694).
18.  Banu hudhayi: (s.a., b. 14, 2744).
19.  Freed after death safe from hell on the day of judgment: (s.a., b. 29, 3957).
20.  Forced intercourse: (s.a., b. 38, 4445).
21.  Fostering a child, free a slave: (s.a., b 10, 1814) (11, 2059).
22.  Virtue of freeing descendents of Ishmael: (s.b., 59, 652) (46, 719) (s.m., b. 031, 6133) (s.a., b. 41, 5059).
23.  Land of charity freed slaves from it: (s.b., b. 51, 33) (26) (50, 895) (4110) (4109) (4108) (4107) (4106) (4104) (s.m., b. 009, 3580)(3584) (3585) (3587) (3595) (s.m, b. 015, 4102) (4103). 24.  Two masters should free the slave as a whole: (s.b., 46, 729) (44, 671) (672) (s.m., b. 009, 3578) (46, 697) (698) (699) (701) (702) (703) (704) (s.a., b. 29, 3922) (3923) (3937).
25.  Double reward: (s.b., b. 55, 655) (46, 723) (52, 255) (4079) (4081) (4082) (4083) (4084) (s.m,b. 006, 3327).
26.  Slap. Beat free slave; (s.a., b. 41, 5148) (s.m,. b. 015, 4078) (4086) (4089).
27.  Path that is steep and hard is to free a slave; (90:13).
28.  Slander against wife set a slave free: (58:3-4) (s.a., b. 12, 2208).
29.  Piety is to free a slave: 2: 177, 3:92.
30.  Killed a believer accidentally, free a slave 4:92.
 31.  Freed one hundred slaves: (s.m., b. 001, 0225).
32.  Slaves of hunain set free without ransom (abu bakr): (s.b., b. 53, 372).
33.  Master who frees a slave get some of the slaves’ inheritance: (s.m., 009, 3585) (3587).
34.  Even abu lahad received some goodness in his grave because he freed a slave; (s.b., b. 62,
35.  The person who freed will get the right of shared inheritance, al walad: (s.b., b. 53, 397) (404) (34, 378) (46, 736) (737) (47, 752) (24, 570) (34, 365) (30, 94) (364) (s.b., b. 80, 750).

Three

There are 27 sources in the Quran that mention war and fighting, while not bringing to mind captivity. In another case, freeing is decreasing the number of slaves; however, if the decrease of such bondage is moral, then how can captivity, (which increases the number of slaves), be moral, too? When the Muslim civilization overwhealms a people and takes them into bondage, they are adding to the total number of bondmen in the community. However, as we illustrated above there are 35 ways in which freeing of a slave is exulted. If subtracting bondage is good then adding bondage can’t be good, too. It would be an oxymoron. To take or not to take! Can the Muslims take captives into bondage? Yes or no? There are 14 occasions in which no captivity is promoted; while there are only 4 times in which Muslims took captives. Since, the number of times captives were taken is rare, and the counterpart is 14 occasions; then to conclude, the former is not a law. For example, the prophet cut down the trees of the Jews he was fighting (59:5), which is not a law. Since the captivity happened a few times, just like cutting of the trees, it is not a law. Perhaps the trees were cut for a strategic circumstance, and the captives were taken with a certain strategy not made apparent by the sources. The law is not to take captives. Just because something happens rare doesn’t mean it's not a law. However, if captivity is a law, why are there 14 other sources that negates it? Thus, there would be a contradiction if both captivity should not be sought after and should be sought after, at the same time. Since, there is a contradiction we must take either captivity or the negation of captivity as a law. Thus, we have chosen negation of captivity as a law, due to its abundant enshrinement of liberation.

No captivity

1.Banu an-Nadir were deported, and they took with them whatever their camels could carry, that is, their property, the doors of their houses, and their wood. No captivity (sunan abu dawud, Book #19, Hadith #2998)
2. I want to expel you [Banu Qaynuqa] from this land. So, if anyone amongst you owns some property, he is permitted to sell it . . ."  Banu Qaynuq weren’t taken into captivity. (Bukhari 53:392) (Ibn Ishaq/Hisham 546).
 3. and to free the captives, and for those in debt...  (Chapter #9, Verse #60)
4. Narrated Abu Musa: The Prophet said, "Free the captives . . ."  (sahih bukhari, Book #52, Hadith #282) (sahih bukhari, Book #62, Hadith #103) (sahih bukhari, Book #70, Hadith #552) (sahih bukhari, Book #83, Hadith #50) (sahih bukhari, Book #89, Hadith #285)(sahih bukhari, Book #52, Hadith #283) (sahih bukhari, Book #3, Hadith #111).
5. Muslims were permitted to set free the captives of Hawazin ... (sahih bukhari, Book #47, Hadith #778) (sahih bukhari, Book #47, Hadith #757) (sahih bukhari, ,Book #53, Hadith #360) (sahih bukhari, Book #59, Hadith #608) (sahih bukhari, Book #89, Hadith #288) (sahih bukhari, Book #53, Hadith #372) (sahih muslim, Book #015, Hadith #4074) (sunan abu dawud, Book #13, Hadith #2469).
6. hunain  ... freed the captives of hunain without ransom, they came out walking in the streets. 'Umar said (to his son), "O Abdullah! See what is the matter." 'Abdullah replied, "Allah's Apostle has freed the captives without ransom." He said (to him), "Go and set free those two slave girls." (Book #53, Hadith #372) (sahih muslim, Book #015, Hadith #4074).
7. Narrated Aisha, Ummul Mu'minin: Juwayriyyah, daughter of al-Harith ibn al-Mustaliq ... She entered into an agreement to purchase her freedom. One hundred families of Banu al-Mustaliq were set free on account of her.  (sunan abu dawud, Book #29, Hadith #3920).
8. WHEN THE PROPHET SEIZED MECCA, HE FORGAVE AND FREED ALL (Ibn Ishaq).
9. And if any of your wives have gone from you to the disbelievers, (as apostates and you asked them to return back your Mahr but they refused) - then you went out for a Ghazwah (military expedition) (against them and) gained booty; then pay from that booty to those whose wives have gone, the equivalent of what they had spent (on their Mahr ). And fear Allah in Whom you believe. (60:11). Women who ran weren’t made captives.
10. What is your opinion about these captives? Abu Bakr said: They are our kith and kin. I think you should release them after getting from them a ransom. . .  I [Umar] am of the opinion that you should hand them over to us so that we may cut off their heads. . . [God chose the verdict of Umar] (sahih muslim, Book #019, Hadith #4360).
11. Thereafter (is the time) either for generosity (i.e. free them without ransom), or ransom (according to what benefits Islam), until the war lays down its burden. 47:4.
12. Fight is mentioned without captivity: 2:190, 2:193, 2:216, 2:217, 2:244, 3:13, 3:167, 4:74- 4:76, 4:84, 4:95, 5:54, 8:39, 8:65, 9:12-14, 9:19, 9:24, 9:29, 9:36, 9:44, 9:81, 9:86, 9:111, 9:123, 22:39, 47:20, 61:4, 61:11.
13. Allah's Apostle manumitted safiyya and then married her. No captivity. Her marriage was her manumission (sahih bukhari, Book #62, Hadith #98).
14. Free captives, (riyadu-saliheen)

Captivity

1.8:67-71.
2. We took women captives (sahih muslim, Book #008, Hadith #3373).
3. conquered Khaybar, they (the people) took out their spoils which contained equipment and captives.(sunan abu dawud, Book #14, Hadith #2779).
4. Having overcome them and taken them captives. (sahih muslim, Book #008, Hadith #3432) (sahih muslim, Book #008, Hadith #3433). 4:24

Fourth

There are 26 ways that becomes an impediment to owning a slave. For example,  the owner must pay charity on behalf of his slave. It means that the owner will lose money in owning a slave. On another occasion, the master must buy his slave clothing and feeding him with what he eats. The owner must pay expenses on behalf of his slave; which means the master is losing money. Thus, due to these impediments the master is pushed to freeing his slave, in order to save money and resources.

1.Feed them (sunan abu dawud, book 41, 5142) (sahih bukahir, Book #2, Hadith #29)
2. Clothe them with you wear (sunan abu dawud, book 41, 5142) (sahih bukahir, Book #2, Hadith #29).
3. Master can’t punish the slave (sunan abu dawud, book 41, 5142).
4. You can’t beat them (sahih muslim, Book #015, Hadith #4078) (sahih muslim, Book #015, Hadith #4086) (sahih muslim, Book #015, Hadith #4089).
5. You can’t slap them (sahih muslim, Book #015, Hadith #4078) (sahih muslim, Book #015, Hadith #4086) (sahih muslim, Book #015, Hadith #4089) (sahih muslim, Book #015, Hadith #4083) (sahih muslim, Book #015, Hadith #4084).
6. You can’t slander against them (sahih bukhari, Book #82, Hadith #841).
7. Sadaqat-ul-Fitr.  The master must pay charity on behalf of his slaves  (sunan abudawud, Book #9, Hadith #1615) (sunan abudawud, Book #9, Hadith #1616) (sunan abudawud, Book #9, Hadith #1618) (sunan abudawud, Book #9, Hadith #1590)  (sahih muslim, Book #010, Hadith #3868) (sahih muslim, Book #005, Hadith #2155) (sahih muslim, Book #005, Hadith #2156) (sahih musliim, Book #005, Hadith #2150) (sahih muslim, Book #005, Hadith #2151) (sahih muslim, Book #005, Hadith #2153) (sahih muslim, Book #005, Hadith #2149) (sahih muslim, Book #005, Hadith #2144) (sahih muslim, Book #005, Hadith #2145) (sahih muslim, Book #005, Hadith #2147) (sahih bukhari, Book #24, Hadith #542)  (sahih bukhari, Book #24, Hadith #543) (sahih bukhari,  Book #25, Hadith #579) (sahih bukhari, Book #25, Hadith #580) (sahih bukhari, Book #25, Hadith #587).
8. You can only have intercourse with her if she allows it. The master is in a perilous position if he buys a slave girl who doesn’t allow him to have intercourse with her. (sunan abu dawud, Book #38, Hadith #4445) (sunan abu dawud, Book #38, Hadith #4446).  (sunan abudawud, Book #38, Hadith #4444) (sunan abudawud, Book #38, Hadith #4443).
 9. You can’t call yourself the lord and call them slave (sahih bukhari, Book #46, Hadith #728) (sunan abudawud, Book #41, Hadith #4957) (sahih bukhari, Book #027, Hadith #5594) (sahih muslim, Book #027, Hadith #5591).
10. Slave will get your inheritance if you don’t have any heir (sahih muslim, Book #004, Hadith #1355).
11. You must share gifts and present with slave (sunan abu dawud, Book #19, Hadith #2946). 12. Can’t over burden them (sahih muslim Book #015, Hadith #4095) (sahih muslim, Book #015, Hadith #4094) (sahih muslim, Book #015, Hadith #4093) (sahih muslim, Book #015, Hadith #4092) ( sahih bukahir, Book #2, Hadith #29) (sahih bukhari, Book #46, Hadith #721). 13. The slave will serve you for so long as you don’t contradict Allah and his messenger (saw). 14. Can’t punish them (sunan abu dawud, book #41, Hadith #5142).
15. He can demand his emancipation. 24:33 (s.b., b. 2, #29)(s.b., b. 44, 682), (s.m, b. 009, 3582)(s.m. b. 015, 4110) (s,m. b. 015, 4095) (s.m., b. 015, 4094)(4093).
16. Once a slave seek emancipation, you must give some of your wealth to him once he frees himself. (24:33).
17. Can’t abuse a slave. This is a general statement; however, a master can’t do anything that can be termed as abuse to his slave. (sunan abu dawud, Book #32, Hadith #4073).
18. Slave can have retaliation from a hit or slap he received from his master ( sahih bukhari, Book #2, Hadith #29).
19. Master must help his slave in whichever task he assigns him. (SAHIH BUKHARI, Book #2, Hadith #29) (SAHIH BUKHARI, Book #46, Hadith #704) (SAHIH BUKHARI, Book #46, Hadith #721) (SAHIH BUKHARI, Book #73, Hadith #76) (SAHIH MUSLIM, Book #015, Hadith #4092) (SAHIH MUSLIM, Book #015, Hadith #4093) (SAHIH MUSLIM, Book #015, Hadith #4094).
20. Ummu walad: the mother of your child. She takes on the same rights as a wife, and all the rights lended to a wife will she inherit (sahih muslim, b. 008, 3377) (3383) (3384) (sahih bukhari, 92, 403) (80, 753) (748) (749) (747) (746) (744) (743) (79, 708) (65, 341) (62, 34).
21. You can’t give your favorite son or daughter a slave and deprive your other offspring: this is an impediment, because it makes the buying of slaves a negative. (sahih muslim, b. 012, 3921) (3266) (3967) (3969) (3970) (sahih bukhari, 47, 759) (760) (48, 818).
22. Can’t separate a mother and her children: (sunan abu dawud, b. 23, 2690).
23. Can’t look at the private parts of your slave at time of marriage: (sunan abu dawud, Book #32, Hadith #4101), (sunan abu dawud, Book #32, Hadith #4102).
24. If you beat a slave he will share with your reward: (sahih muslim Book #005, Hadith #2237).
25. Can’t take the property of a slave, inheritance; (sahih muslim, Book #009, Hadith #3596).
26. Slave can own his own property in which the master ought not encroach upon it: (sahih muslim, Book #009, Hadith #3596)

Fifth

The Prophet (peace be upon him) set slaves free. And below is the many times the companions set slaves free, too. These sources being presented makes manifest the virtue of the prophet and his companions, regarding the decrease of slaves in the Muslim community. To bring home the point, why would there be countless freed slaves if minimizing bondman is not moral and should be aim towards?

The prophet

Thauban, the freed slave of the Messenger of Allah (sahih muslims, Book #003, Hadith #0614) (sahih muslims, Book #004, Hadith #0989)
Haritha the freed slave of Allah's Apostle(sahih bukhari, Book #60, Hadith #305)
Abu Rafi', the freed slave of the Prophet (sahih bukhari, Book #35, Hadith #459)

The companions

the freed slave of Shaiba (sahih bukhari, Book #3, Hadith #92).
the freed slave of 'Uthman bin 'Affan (sahih bukhari, Book #4, Hadith #165)
the freed slave of Um Hani (sahih bukhari, Book #8, Hadith #353)
the freed slave of Ibn 'Abbas  (sahih bukhari, Book #12, Hadith #802)
(freed slave of) Ziyad (sahih bukhari, Book #21, Hadith #288)
The freed slave of 'Umar bin 'Ubaidullah (sahih bukhari, Book #52, Hadith #210)
Al-Khattab appointed a freed slave of his (sahih bukhari, Book #52, Hadith #292)
the freed slave of Shaddad (sahih bukhari, Book #002, Hadith #0464)
The freed slave of Usama bin Zaid (sahih bukhari, Book #57, Hadith #81)
the freed slave of Abu Bakr (sahih bukhari, Book #57, Hadith #97)
the freed slave of Abu Hudhaifa (sahih bukhari, Book #57, Hadith #103)
freed slave of an Ansari woman (sahih bukhari, Book #59, Hadith #335)
The freed slave of Abu Qilaba (sahih bukhari, Book #59, Hadith #506)
the freed slave of Ibn Azhar  (sahih bukhari, Book #68, Hadith #478)
the freed slave of Al-Mughira bin Shu'ba (sahih bukhari, Book #75, Hadith #342)
the freed slave of Mahri  (sahih muslims, Book #002, Hadith #0466)
the freed slave of 'A'isha (sahih muslims, Book #004, Hadith #1316)
the freed slave of Umm Hani  (sahih muslims, Book #004, Hadith #1555)
the freed slave of Umm al-Fadl (sahih muslims, Book #006, Hadith #2496)
the freed slave of Asma' bint Abu Bakr (sahih muslims, Book #007, Hadith #2853)
the freed slave of Umm Habiba (sahih muslims, Book #007, Hadith #2963)
the freed slave of 'Azza  (sahih muslims, Book #009, Hadith #3489)
the freed slave of Maimuna  (sahih muslims, Book #016, Hadith #4127)
the freed slave of Abu Qatada  (sahih muslims, Book #019, Hadith #4339)
the freed slave of Abu Ayyub Ansiri  (sahih muslims, Book #023, Hadith #5099)
the freed slave of Nafi' b. 'Abd al-Harith (sahih muslims, Book #024, Hadith #5199)
the freed slave of Banu Zuhra  (sahih muslims, Book #024, Hadith #5265)
the freed slave of Banu Hashim (sahih muslims, Book #030, Hadith #5805)
the freed slave of Shaiba (sahih muslims, Book #030, Hadith #5829)
the freed slave of Nasriyyin (sahih muslims, Book #032, Hadith #6293)

Six

Allah calls many people slaves. This is a point of honor. For example, when God was speaking of sending the Quran upon prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him), He calls him a slave (25:1). Additionally, when Allah makes known the night journey of prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him), he is called a slave (17:1). When God places the greatest honor on Muhammad (peace be upon him), the prophet is called a slave.

Narrated Abu Huraira: The Prophet said, "You should not say, 'Feed your lord (Rabbaka), help your lord in performing ablution, or give water to your lord, but should say, 'my master (e.g. Feed your master instead of lord etc.) (Saiyidi), or my guardian (Maulai), and one should not say, my slave (Abdi), or my girl-slave (Amati), but should say, my lad (Fatai), my lass (Fatati), and 'my boy (Ghulami)."  (sahih bukhari, 46, 728) (sunan abu dawud, Book #41, Hadith #4957) (sahih muslim, Book #027, Hadith #5594) (sahih muslim, Book #027, Hadith #5591)

Being called a slave is honorable

1.MUHAMMAD: called a slave (Sahih bukhari, Book #12, Hadith #797) (sahih bukhari Book #22, Hadith #294)  (sahih bukhari, Book #8, Hadith #455) (sahih bukhari, Book #21, Hadith #230) (sahih bukhari, Book #34, Hadith #335)(sunan abuddawud, Book #55, Hadith #644) (sahih bukhari, Book #52, Hadith #297) (sahih bukhari, Book #56, Hadith #725).
2. MESSIAH : called a slave(sahih musim, Book #001, Hadith #0043) (Chapter #19, Verse #30) (Chapter #18, Verse #102) (Chapter #43, Verse #59) (sahih bukhari, Book #76, Hadith #533)  (sahih bukhari, Book #63, Hadith #209) (sahih bukhari, Book #60, Hadith #264) (sahih bukhari, Book #60, Hadith #249) (sahih bukhari, Book #60, Hadith #250) (sahih bukhari, Book #55, Hadith #644) (sahih bukhari, Book #55, Hadith #654) (sahih bukhari, Book #60, Hadith #251) (sahih bukhari, Book #60, Hadith #149) (sahih bukhari, Book #60, Hadith #150).
3. MOSES: called a slave  (sahih bukhari, Book #23, Hadith #423) (sahih bukhari, Book #60, Hadith #3)(sahih bukhari, Book #55, Hadith #619).
4. KHADIR: called a slave (sahih bukhari, Book #3, Hadith #74) (sahih  bukhari, Book #55, Hadith #612) (sahih bukhari Book #3, Hadith #124) (sahih bukhari, Book #93, Hadith #570).
5. BELIEVERS: called a slave (sahih bukhari, Book #12, Hadith #794) (sahih bukahri, Book #12, Hadith #797) (sahih bukhari, Book #23, Hadith #373) (Chapter #17, Verse #53) (Chapter #17, Verse #65).
6. DEAD PERSON: called a slave (sahih bukhari, Book #23, Hadith #456).
7. DWELLERS OF PARADISE: called a slave (sahih bukhari, Book #31, Hadith #121), 89:27-29.
8. ANGEL GABRIEL: called a slave (sahih bukhari, Book #60, Hadith #379) (sahih bukhari, Book #60, Hadith #380).
9. VICTORIOUS SLAVES OF ALLAH: called a slave   (sahih bukhari, Book #52, Hadith #238) (sahih bukhari, Book #27, Hadith #23).
10. DAVID AND SOLOMON: called a slave (sahih bukhari, Book #55, Hadith #633).
11. NOAH: called a slave (Chapter #17, Verse #3).
12. CHILDREN OF ISRAEL: called a slave (Chapter #20, Verse #77) (Chapter #26, Verse #52).
13. CHIEF OF THE BELIEVERS: called a slave (sahih bukhari, Book #89, Hadith #312).
14. MUJAHIDEEN: called a slave (sahih bukhari, Book #78, Hadith #661).
15. AYYUB: called a slave (Chapter #38, Verse #41)
16. IBRAHIM: called a slave (Chapter #38, Verse #45).
17. ALL CREATION: called a slave (sahih bukhari, Book #52, Hadith #108)

Slaves who were honored

1. SLAVES IN THE PILGRIMAGE, (sahih bukhari, Book #26, Hadith #769).
2. SLAVE WAS GIVEN INHERITANCE OF A MAN WHO PAST AWAY, (sunan abudawud, Book #18, Hadith #2899)
3. SLAVE AND FREE WOMEN WERE GIVEN BEADS (financial gain) (50) (sunan abu dawud, Book #19, Hadith #2946)
4. SLAVE GETS SOME OF THE SPOILS OF WAR (sahih muslim, Book #009, Hadith #3596)
5. COMPANIONS HONOR A SLAVE (sahih muslim, Book #031, Hadith #6079)
6. SLAVE AND FREE MEN ARE BEING SOUGHT FORGIVENESS FOR ALLAH (sahih muslim, Book #031, Hadith #6100)
7. SLAVE CAN LEAD THE MUSLIMS, IT IS INCUMBENT UPON THEM TO OBEY HIM FOR SO LONG AS HE IS ACTING ACCORDING TO THE SOURCES OF ISLAM (182) (sahih muslim, Book #020, Hadith #4532)
8. obey (him) even if he were a slave maimed (and disabled).  (sahih muslims, Book #020, Hadith #4525) (sahih muslim, Book #020, Hadith #4530) (sahih muslim, Book #020, Hadith #4528) (sahih muslim, Book #004, Hadith #1355) (sahih bukhari, Book #020, Hadith #4526) (sahih muslim, Book #007, Hadith #2977)
9. He who accused his slave of adultery, punishment would be imposed upon him on the Day of Resurrection, (sahih muslim, Book #015, Hadith #4090)
10. NO ONE SHOULD TAKE THE INHERITANCE OF A SLAVE (sahih muslim, Book #009, Hadith #3596)
11. FREED SLAVE LEADING THE PEOPLE (sahih muslim, Book #004, Hadith #1780)
13. SLAVE GIRL IS MORE HONORABLE AND BETTER THAN AN APPEALING MAN (sahih bukhari, Book #55, Hadith #645)
14. SLAVES HAVE THE SAME RIGHTS AS THE FREE EMIGRANTS (sahih bukhari, Book #63, Hadith #210)
15. BELIEVING SLAVE IS BETTER THAN A FREE DISBELIEVER, ALSO 5 SLAVES WERE OF THE EARLY BELIEVERS IN PROPHET MUHAMMAD (Quran, 2:221)/
16. A SLAVE HAGAR (sahih bukhari)
17. Ishmael the son of slave (Hagar) was made a prophet: (Chapter #4, Verse #163) (Chapter #19, Verse #54) (Chapter #38, Verse #48) (Chapter #2, Verse #136) (Chapter #6, Verse #86)
18. SLAVE LEADS IN PRAYER WHICH IS A GREAT HONOR (sahih bukhari, Book #11, Hadith #661)
19.  BILAL FORMER SLAVE ENTERED PARADISE BEFORE THE BELOVED PROPHET (sahih bukhari, Book #57, Hadith #97)
20. FREED SLAVE IS ONE OF THE MEN PROPHET SAID SHOULD BE LEARNED FROM THE QURAN (sahih bukhari, Book #57, Hadith #103) (sahih bukhari, Book #57, Hadith #104) (sahih bukhari, Book #58, Hadith #150) (sahih bukhari, Book #58, Hadith #153)
21. GOD GAVE THE PRIVILEGE OF THE FIRST BELIEVERS TO BE 5 OUT OF 8 SLAVES, (sahih bukhari, Book #58, Hadith #197) (sahih bukhari, Book #57, Hadith #12)
22. PROPHET (SAW) TOOK THE ADVICE OF A SLAVE WOMEN (See Hadith No. 274, Vol. 6)  (sahih bukhari, Book #92, Hadith #462)
23. FREEING A MUSLIM SLAVE WILL FREE YOU FROM HELL FIRE (sahih bukhari, Book #79, Hadith #706)
24. CANNOT SLANDER A SLAVE, WILL BE PUNISHED IN THE HEREAFTER, (sahih bukhari, Book #82, Hadith #841) (sahih bukhari, Book #82, Hadith #841)
25. VIRGIN AND SLAVE WOMEN BE SOUGHT THEIR OPINION DURING MARRIAGE (sahih bukhari, Book #86, Hadith #100) (sahih bukhari, Book #86, Hadith #101) (sahih bukhari, Book #86, Hadith #101)
26. THE SLAVE IS HONORED DUE TO THE FACT HE CAN’T BE HIT BY HIS MASTER (sahih muslim, Book #015, Hadith #4078) (sunan abudawud, Book #41, Hadith #5148)
27. DON’T OVER BURDEN THEM Narrated ( sahih bukahir, Book #2, Hadith #29)
29. DUE TO THE MERCY OF ALLAH, SLAVE GETS HALF THE PUNISHMENT OF FREE WOMEN (Chapter #4, Verse #25)
30. SLAVES WILL GET DOUBLE REWARD IN SERVING THEIR MASTER (sahih bukhari, Book #62, Hadith #20) (sahih bukhari, Book #46, Hadith #726) (sahih bukhari, Book #55, Hadith #655) (sahih bukhari, Book #3, Hadith #97) (sahih bukhari, Book #46, Hadith #722) (sahih bukhari, Book #46, Hadith #726) (sahih bukhari, Book #62, Hadith #116)
32. SLAVES CAN GET MARRIED. (sunan abudawud, Book #32, Hadith #4101) .  (sunan abudawud, Book #32, Hadith #4102)
33. PROPHET JOSEPH WAS CONSIDERED A SLAVE 12:30
35. MOST HONORABLE OF YOU WITH ALLAH IS THE ONE WITH PIETY (49:13)
36. SLAVE HAS PROPERTY, AND THE MASTER CAN’T TOUCH HIS RIGHT TO INHERITANCE. (sahih muslim, Book #009, Hadith #3596)

Seven

Before, the prophet (peace be upon him) sold a slave that was set free by his owner because the owner was in debt; and the prophet (peace be upon him) paid the debt of the deceased by selling the slave. However, after a certain time, the paying debt of a dead Muslim became incumbent upon the prophet (peace be upon him). So, instead of selling the slave in order to pay the debts of the Muslim, the prophet would pay for the Muslim who is in debt. The prophet praised a person who sets his slave free after his demise (sunan abu dawud, Book #29, Hadith #3957).

Before

Jabir is reported to have said: A person amongst the Ansar who had no other property declared a slave free after his death. Allah's Messenger (may peace be upon him) sold him, and Ibn al-Nahham bought him  (sahih muslim, Book #015, Hadith #4116) (sahih muslim, Book #005, Hadith #2183)    (sahih bukhari, Book #89, Hadith #296) (sahih bukhari,Book #34, Hadith #351) (sahih musilim Book #015, Hadith #4116) (sahiih muslim, Book #005, Hadith #2184) (sahih muslim, Book #015, Hadith #4115) (sahih bukhari, Book #85, Hadith #80) (sahih bukhari, Book #79, Hadith #707) (sahih bukhari, Book #41, Hadith #588) (sahih muslim, Book #015, Hadith #4113) (sahih muslim, Book #010, Hadith #3901) (sahih muslim, Book #015, Hadith #4115)

After

Jabir b. Abdullah said:. . . and he who left behind property that is for his family. and he who dies under debt or leaves children (in helplessness). the responsibility (of paying his debt and bringing up his children) lies on me."  (Book #004, Hadith #1885)

Narrated AbudDarda': The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: the similitude of a man who emancipates a slave at the time of his death is like that of a man who gives a present after satisfying his appetite. (sunan abu dawud, Book #29, Hadith #3957)

Eight

These black slaves were not sold because they were an inferior race. However, there is a hadith that says, “ a red (i.e. white tinged with red) person is not better than a black person and a black person is not better than a red person.”

Jabir (Allah be pleased with him) reported: There came a slave and pledg- ed allegiance to Allah's Apostle (may peace be upon him) on migration; he (the Holy Prophet) did not know that he was a slave. Then there came his master and demanded him back, whereupon Allah's Apostle (may peace be upon him) said: sell him to me. And he bought him for two black slaves, and he did not afterwards take allegiance from anyone until he had asked him whether he was a slave (or a free man)  (sahih bukhari, Book #010, Hadith #3901)

Bilal, a black slave went to paradise before the prophet (peace be upon him) (sahih bukhari, Book #57, Hadith #97)
The Prophet Muhammad said: “O people! Your God is one and your forefather (Adam) is one. An Arab is not better than a non-Arab and a non-Arab is not better than an Arab, and a red (i.e. white tinged with red) person is not better than a black person and a black person is not better than a red person,[3] except in piety.” Narrated in Mosnad Ahmad, #22978
“O mankind, . . . Truly, the noblest of you with God is the most pious.[2] Truly, God is All-Knowing, All-Aware.” (Quran 49:13)

Nine

In his demise, the prophet didn’t leave one slave. This is important,because he is an example for mankind for all times (33:21). And he shown through this example, that ending of slavery is sought after.

Narrated Amr bin Al-Harith: Allah's Apostle died, he did not leave any Dirham or Dinar (i.e. money), a slave or a slave woman (sahih bukhari, Book #51, Hadith #2)
(2) Narrated 'Amir bin Al-Harith: Allah's Apostle did not leave a Dinar or a Dirham or a male or a female slave (sahih bukhari, Book #59, Hadith #738)

Ten

A slave can ask for emancipation at any time (24:33). If a slave has the strength to work towards his liberation, then the master must free him. However, when the slave is working towards his emancipation the master can’t abuse him by assigning more then the slave can handle. Master must help his slave in whichever task he assigns him. (sahih bukhari, Book #2, Hadith #29). Can’t abuse a slave. This is a general statement; however, a master can’t do anything that can be termed as abuse to his slave. (sunan abu dawud, Book #32, Hadith #4073). And, can’t over burden them (sahih muslim Book #015, Hadith #4095)

“ . . . And such of your slaves as seek a writing (of emancipation), give them such writing, if you find that there is good and honesty in them. And give them something (yourselves) out of the wealth of Allah which He has bestowed upon you. . .” 24:33

Eleven

In hadith of an aborted fetus, (sahih bukhari, Book #83, Hadith #44), a slave must be given; however, this is not a law, rather, it is one time occasion; because, the same case (aborted fetus) five hundred sheep was given (sunan abu dawud, Book #39, Hadith #4561). Both case is meant for a limited time, instead of a law. Both can’t be a law, because it would surmount to an inconsistency.

Fetus for slave

Narrated Abu Huraira: Allah's Apostle gave a verdict regarding an aborted fetus of a woman from Bani Lihyan that the killer (of the fetus) should give a male or female slave (as a Diya) but the woman who was required to give the slave, died, so Allah's Apostle gave the verdict that her inheritance be given to her children and her husband and the Diya be paid by her 'Asaba.  (sahih bukhari, Book #80, Hadith #732) (sahih bukhari, Book #83, Hadith #41)  (sahih bukhari, Book #83, Hadith #45)

Fetus for sheep

Narrated Buraydah ibn al-Hasib: A woman threw a stone at another woman and she aborted. The dispute was brought to the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him). He gave judgment that five hundred sheep should be paid for her (unborn) child, and forbade throwing stones.  (sunan abu dawud, Book #39, Hadith #4561)


Allah knows best!
4
GENERAL TOPICS | BOARD ANNOUNCEMENTS / Re: Wife Beating re-adressed
« Last post by aliisse on August 13, 2019, 11:06:50 AM »

In the name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful!

Men are the protectors and maintainers of women, because Allah has made one of them to excel the other, and because they spend (to support them) from their means. Therefore the righteous women are devoutly obedient (to Allah and to their husbands), and guard in the husband's absence what Allah orders them to guard (e.g. their chastity, their husband's property). As to those women on whose part you see ill-conduct, admonish them (first), (next), refuse to share their beds, (and last) beat them (lightly, if it is useful); but if they return to obedience, seek not against them means (of annoyance). Surely, Allah is Ever Most High, Most Great.(4:34)

The word nushooz, can mean “to beat” or “to separate”. To know which meaning this word implies in this verse, let's look at the prophet (peace be upon him) and his action when he was disobeyed by his wives. In the Hafsa and Aisha scandal he was disobeyed by his wives. He left them and separated himself from them, and didn’t beat them.

Hafsa and Aisha
 
Let's delve into the action of the prophet (peace be upon him) when his two wives disobeyed. He seperate himself from them.
"By Allah we will play a trick on him. . ." (sahih bukhari, Book #63, Hadith #193) (sahih bukhari, Book #86, Hadith #102) (sahih muslim, Book #009, Hadith #3496) (sahih muslim,Book #009, Hadith #3497) (sahih bukhari, Book #78, Hadith #682) (sahih bukhari Book #63, Hadith #192) (sahih bukhari, Book #60, Hadith #434)

The response of the prophet

"No, but I have taken an oath that I would not go to them for one month." The Prophet stayed there for twenty-nine days, and then came down and went to his wives.  (sahih bukhari, Book #43, Hadith #649) (66.4)  (sahih bukkhari Book #62, Hadith #119) (sahih bukhari, Book #43, Hadith #648)  (sahih bukhari, Book #60, Hadith #438) (sahih bukhari, Book #8, Hadith #395)  (Sahih Bukhari, Book #3, Hadith #89)

Aisha scandal

The prophet (peace be upon him) in the Aisha scandal told her to repent instead of beating her.
"Now then O 'Aisha! If you have committed a bad deed or you have wronged (yourself), then repent to Allah as Allah accepts the repentance from his slaves." . . . I said, "By Allah, I will not do it and will not thank him nor thank either of you, but I will thank Allah Who has revealed my innocence . . . (sahih bukhari, Book #60, Hadith #281)

list of the disobedience of the wives of the prophet.

1. Men would get the upper hand over their wives and once the Muslims moved to Medina they lost that power, the prophet smiled. (sahih bukhari, Book #43, Hadith #648)
2. Prophet would get angry with his wives. (sahih bukhari, Book #43, Hadith #648)
3. telling the secret of the prophet. 66:2
4. Playing a trick upon the prophet. (sahih bukhari, Book #63, Hadith #193)
5. Almost divorcing his wives. (Sahih Bukhari, Book #3, Hadith #89) (sahih bukhari, Book #8, Hadith #395)
6. Prophet stayed away from his wives for a month. (sahih bukhari, Book #43, Hadith #649)
7. When adultery was slandered against Aisha the prophet order her to repent instead of being violent against her. (sahih bukhari, Book #60, Hadith #281)
8. His wives would talk back to him. (sahih bukhari, Book #43, Hadith #648)
9. Sometimes his wives wouldn’t speak to his for days. (sahih bukhari, Book #43, Hadith #648)

As we can see the prophet (may peace be upon him) separated himself from his wives. He didn’t beat them. If the command is that the husband should beat his wives during disobedience, then why did the prophet (may peace be upon him) not beat his wives. However, as is one of the meanings of the word “nushooz” to be “separate” he upheld such meaning. 

Being good to wives/women

1. 2:221 Slave believing women are better than disbelieving women.  In respect to marriage
2. 2:222 Keep away from women during their menses. This is to honor women during such period.
3. 2:226 taking oath not to have sexual relations with their wives must wait for four months. This shows that you can’t make such oath against your wife.
4. 2:228 Take back after divorce if husband and wife intend reconciliation.
5. 2:228 Wives have rights over their husbands.
6. 2:229 Take back after two pronouncement in a reasonable manner.
7. 2:230 if wife marries and afterwards want to reunite with former husband there is no impediment both can marry; however, this is lawful for so long as they both think they will keep the limits of Allah
8. 2:230 keep the limits of Allah
9. 2:231 after two pronouncement the husband can take her back or release her in a reasonable terms
10. 2:231 do not take them back to hurt her, whoever does that, he has wronged himself.
11. 2:232 if the husband wants to take her then he must keep the commandment of Allah.
12. 2:233 if the mother want to suckle her child the father should pay, on reasonable manner
13. there is no sin on you if they (the wives) dispose of themselves in a just and honourable manner (i.e. they can marry). And Allah is Well- Acquainted with what you do. ) Chapter #2, Verse #234)
14. 2:236 divorcing women the man hasn’t touched, rich according to his means and the poor according to his means: on reasonable terms
15. Narrated Anas bin Malik: The Prophet had a Had (a camel driver) called Anjasha, and he had a nice voice. The Prophet said to him, "(Drive) slowly, O Anjasha! Do not break the glass vessels!" And Qatada said, "(By vessels') he meant the weak women."  (sahih bukhari, Book #73, Hadith #230) (sahih bukhari, Book #73, Hadith #170) (sahih bukhari, Book #73, Hadith #182) (sahih bukhari, Book #73, Hadith #221) (sahih bukhari, Book #73, Hadith #228) (sahih bukhari, Book #73, Hadith #229) (sahih muslim, Book #030, Hadith #5743) (sahih muslim, Book #030, Hadith #5745) (sahih muslim, Book #030, Hadith #5746) (sahih bukhari,Book #030, Hadith #5747)
 16. 'Umar ibn al-Ahwas (may Allah be pleased with him) reported that he heard the Messenger of Allaah SAWS (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) say during his Farewell Pilgrimage:"Verily, you have rights over your women, and your women have rights over you. As for your rights over your women, they are that they should not allow anyone to sit on your beds whom you dislike (Reported by al-Tirmidhi, 1163, and Ibn Maajah, 1851).
17. It is made lawful for you to have sexual relations with your wives on the night of As-Saum (the fasts). They are Libas (سورة البقرة, Al-Baqara, Chapter #2, Verse #187)
18. Those among you who make their wives unlawful to them by (Zihar الظهار) (i.e. by saying to them "You are like my mother's back,") they cannot be their mothers . . . they utter an ill word and a lie. And verily, Allah is Oft-Pardoning, Oft-Forgiving. (Chapter #58, Verse #2
19. And those who make unlawful to them their wives by Zihar and wish to free themselves from what they uttered, (the penalty) in that case is the freeing of a slave before they touch each other. (Chapter #58, Verse #3)
20. And give unto orphans their property and do not exchange (your) bad things for (their) good ones; and devour not their substance (by adding it) to your substance. Surely, this is a great sin. (4:2)
21. And if you fear that you shall not be able to deal justly with the orphan-girls then marry (other) women of your choice, two or three, or four; but if you fear that you shall not be able to deal justly (with them), then only one or (the slaves) that your right hands possess. That is nearer to prevent you from doing injustice.( 4:3)
22. MUSLIM man must give their women mahr: once against looking after the interest of the Muslim women And give to the women (whom you marry) their Mahr (obligatory bridal-money given by the husband to his wife at the time of marriage) with a good heart; but if they, of their own good pleasure, remit any part of it to you, take it, and enjoy it without fear of any harm (as Allah has made it lawful). (4:4)
23. Wife get part of the inheritance; (4:11-12)
24. O you who believe! You are forbidden to inherit women against their will; and you should not treat them with harshness, that you may take away part of the Mahr you have given them, unless they commit open illegal sexual intercourse; and live with them honourably. (4:19)
25. Narrated 'Aisha: I said, "O Allah's Apostle! A virgin feels shy." He said, "Her consent is (expressed by) her silence."  (sahih bukhari, Book #62, Hadith #68)(sahiih bukhari, Book #62, Hadith #67) (sahih bukhari, Book #62, Hadith #68) (sahih bukhari, Book #85, Hadith #79) (sahih bukhari, Book #86, Hadith #101)
26. And whoever of you have not the means wherewith to wed free, believing women, they may wed believing girls from among those (slaves) whom your right hands possess,  . . and give them their Mahr according to what is reasonable. (4:25)
27. Mercy between husband wife. 30:21

Beat

Narrated Umar ibn al-Khattab: The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: A man will not be asked as to why he beat his wife.  (sunan abu dawud, Book #11, Hadith #2142)
 
Narrated 'Ikrima: Aisha said that the lady (came), wearing a green veil (and complained to her (Aisha) of her husband and showed her a green spot on her skin caused by beating). It was the habit of ladies to support each other, so when Allah's Apostle came, 'Aisha said, "I have not seen any woman suffering as much as the believing women. (sahih bukhari, Book #72, Hadith #715)

don’t beat

Narrated Abdullah ibn AbuDhubab: Iyas ibn Abdullah ibn AbuDhubab reported the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) as saying: Do not beat Allah's handmaidens, but when Umar came to the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) and said: Women have become emboldened towards their husbands, he (the Prophet) gave permission to beat them. Then many women came round the family of the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) complaining against their husbands. So the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) said: Many women have gone round Muhammad's family complaining against their husbands. They are not the best among you.  (sunan abu dawud, Book #11, Hadith #2141)

Narrated Mu'awiyah ibn Haydah: I said: Apostle of Allah, how should we approach our wives and how should we leave them? He replied: Approach your tilth when or how you will, give her (your wife) food when you take food, clothe when you clothe yourself, do not revile her face, and do not beat her.  (sunan abu dawud, Book #11, Hadith #2138)

Narrated Mu'awiyah al-Qushayri: I went to the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) and asked him: What do you say (command) about our wives? He replied: Give them food what you have for yourself, and clothe them by which you clothe yourself, and do not beat them, and do not revile them.  (sunan abu dawud, Book #11, Hadith #2139)

Narrated Aisha, Ummul Mu'minin: Habibah daughter of Sahl was the wife of Thabit ibn Qays Shimmas He beat her . . .Take them and separate yourself from her.  (sunan abu dawud, Book #12, Hadith #2220) (sahih muslim, Book #015, Hadith #4078) (sahih muslim, Book #015, Hadith #4086) (sahih muslim, Book #015, Hadith #4089)

So far as Abu Jahm is concerned, he is a great beater of women . . .(sahih muslim, Book #009, Hadith #3526)

In Islam, a master can’t slap or hit his slave (sahih muslim, Book #015, Hadith #4086)(sahih muslim, Book #015, Hadith #4089) (sahih muslim, Book #015, Hadith #4083) (sahih muslim, Book #015, Hadith #4084). If one can’t hit his slave then how can he hit his beloved wife. Moreover, there is a hadith in sahih muslim (Book #015, Hadith #4088), a master would have been punished in the hereafter by hitting his slave. So, he would go to hell by hitting his slave, then imagine hitting the wife God said to be a mercy between the two of you (30:21). There are two hadiths in sunan abu dawud (Book #11, Hadith #2139) and (Book #11, Hadith #2138), that clearly enshrines that a husband cannot beat his wife! Period! For those who uphold the word “nushooz” to mean “beating” then how can anyone circumvent the above-mentioned hadiths.

Allah knows best!
[/quote]
5
GENERAL TOPICS | BOARD ANNOUNCEMENTS / Re: Wife Beating re-adressed
« Last post by aliisse on August 13, 2019, 03:40:00 AM »
In the name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful!

Men are the protectors and maintainers of women, because Allah has made one of them to excel the other, and because they spend (to support them) from their means. Therefore the righteous women are devoutly obedient (to Allah and to their husbands), and guard in the husband's absence what Allah orders them to guard (e.g. their chastity, their husband's property). As to those women on whose part you see ill-conduct, admonish them (first), (next), refuse to share their beds, (and last) beat them (lightly, if it is useful); but if they return to obedience, seek not against them means (of annoyance). Surely, Allah is Ever Most High, Most Great.(4:34)
The word nushooz, can mean “to beat” or “to separate”. To know which meaning this word implies in this verse, let's look at the prophet (peace be upon him) and his action when he was disobeyed by his wives. In the Hafsa and Aisha scandal he was disobeyed by his wives. He left them and separated himself from them, and didn’t beat them.

Hafsa and Aisha
 
Let's delve into the action of the prophet (peace be upon him) when his two wives disobeyed. He seperate himself from them.
"By Allah we will play a trick on him. . ." (sahih bukhari, Book #63, Hadith #193) (sahih bukhari, Book #86, Hadith #102) (sahih muslim, Book #009, Hadith #3496) (sahih muslim,Book #009, Hadith #3497) (sahih bukhari, Book #78, Hadith #682) (sahih bukhari Book #63, Hadith #192) (sahih bukhari, Book #60, Hadith #434)

The response of the prophet

"No, but I have taken an oath that I would not go to them for one month." The Prophet stayed there for twenty-nine days, and then came down and went to his wives.  (sahih bukhari, Book #43, Hadith #649) (66.4)  (sahih bukkhari Book #62, Hadith #119) (sahih bukhari, Book #43, Hadith #648)  (sahih bukhari, Book #60, Hadith #438) (sahih bukhari, Book #8, Hadith #395)  (Sahih Bukhari, Book #3, Hadith #89)

Aisha scandal

The prophet (peace be upon him) in the Aisha scandal told her to repent instead of beating her.
"Now then O 'Aisha! If you have committed a bad deed or you have wronged (yourself), then repent to Allah as Allah accepts the repentance from his slaves." . . . I said, "By Allah, I will not do it and will not thank him nor thank either of you, but I will thank Allah Who has revealed my innocence . . . (sahih bukhari, Book #60, Hadith #281)

list of the disobedience of the wives of the prophet.

1. Men would get the upper hand over their wives and once the Muslims moved to Medina they lost that power, the prophet smiled. (sahih bukhari, Book #43, Hadith #648)
2. Prophet would get angry with his wives. (sahih bukhari, Book #43, Hadith #648)
3. telling the secret of the prophet. 66:2
4. Playing a trick upon the prophet. (sahih bukhari, Book #63, Hadith #193)
5. Almost divorcing his wives. (Sahih Bukhari, Book #3, Hadith #89) (sahih bukhari, Book #8, Hadith #395)
6. Prophet stayed away from his wives for a month. (sahih bukhari, Book #43, Hadith #649)
7. When adultery was slandered against Aisha the prophet order her to repent instead of being violent against her. (sahih bukhari, Book #60, Hadith #281)
8. His wives would talk back to him. (sahih bukhari, Book #43, Hadith #648)
9. Sometimes his wives wouldn’t speak to his for days. (sahih bukhari, Book #43, Hadith #648)

As we can see the prophet (may peace be upon him) separated himself from his wives. He didn’t beat them. If the command is that the husband should beat his wives during disobedience, then why did the prophet (may peace be upon him) not beat his wives. However, as is one of the meanings of the word “nushooz” to be “separate” he upheld such meaning. 

Being good to wives/women

1. 2:221 Slave believing women are better than disbelieving women.  In respect to marriage
2. 2:222 Keep away from women during their menses. This is to honor women during such period.
3. 2:226 taking oath not to have sexual relations with their wives must wait for four months. This shows that you can’t make such oath against your wife.
4. 2:228 Take back after divorce if husband and wife intend reconciliation.
5. 2:228 Wives have rights over their husbands.
6. 2:229 Take back after two pronouncement in a reasonable manner.
7. 2:230 if wife marries and afterwards want to reunite with former husband there is no impediment both can marry; however, this is lawful for so long as they both think they will keep the limits of Allah
8. 2:230 keep the limits of Allah
9. 2:231 after two pronouncement the husband can take her back or release her in a reasonable terms
10. 2:231 do not take them back to hurt her, whoever does that, he has wronged himself.
11. 2:232 if the husband wants to take her then he must keep the commandment of Allah.
12. 2:233 if the mother want to suckle her child the father should pay, on reasonable manner
13. there is no sin on you if they (the wives) dispose of themselves in a just and honourable manner (i.e. they can marry). And Allah is Well- Acquainted with what you do. ) Chapter #2, Verse #234)
14. 2:236 divorcing women the man hasn’t touched, rich according to his means and the poor according to his means: on reasonable terms
15. Narrated Anas bin Malik: The Prophet had a Had (a camel driver) called Anjasha, and he had a nice voice. The Prophet said to him, "(Drive) slowly, O Anjasha! Do not break the glass vessels!" And Qatada said, "(By vessels') he meant the weak women."  (sahih bukhari, Book #73, Hadith #230) (sahih bukhari, Book #73, Hadith #170) (sahih bukhari, Book #73, Hadith #182) (sahih bukhari, Book #73, Hadith #221) (sahih bukhari, Book #73, Hadith #228) (sahih bukhari, Book #73, Hadith #229) (sahih muslim, Book #030, Hadith #5743) (sahih muslim, Book #030, Hadith #5745) (sahih muslim, Book #030, Hadith #5746) (sahih bukhari,Book #030, Hadith #5747)
 16. 'Umar ibn al-Ahwas (may Allah be pleased with him) reported that he heard the Messenger of Allaah SAWS (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) say during his Farewell Pilgrimage:"Verily, you have rights over your women, and your women have rights over you. As for your rights over your women, they are that they should not allow anyone to sit on your beds whom you dislike (Reported by al-Tirmidhi, 1163, and Ibn Maajah, 1851).
17. It is made lawful for you to have sexual relations with your wives on the night of As-Saum (the fasts). They are Libas (سورة البقرة, Al-Baqara, Chapter #2, Verse #187)
18. Those among you who make their wives unlawful to them by (Zihar الظهار) (i.e. by saying to them "You are like my mother's back,") they cannot be their mothers . . . they utter an ill word and a lie. And verily, Allah is Oft-Pardoning, Oft-Forgiving. (Chapter #58, Verse #2
19. And those who make unlawful to them their wives by Zihar and wish to free themselves from what they uttered, (the penalty) in that case is the freeing of a slave before they touch each other. (Chapter #58, Verse #3)
20. And give unto orphans their property and do not exchange (your) bad things for (their) good ones; and devour not their substance (by adding it) to your substance. Surely, this is a great sin. (4:2)
21. And if you fear that you shall not be able to deal justly with the orphan-girls then marry (other) women of your choice, two or three, or four; but if you fear that you shall not be able to deal justly (with them), then only one or (the slaves) that your right hands possess. That is nearer to prevent you from doing injustice.( 4:3)
22. MUSLIM man must give their women mahr: once against looking after the interest of the Muslim women And give to the women (whom you marry) their Mahr (obligatory bridal-money given by the husband to his wife at the time of marriage) with a good heart; but if they, of their own good pleasure, remit any part of it to you, take it, and enjoy it without fear of any harm (as Allah has made it lawful). (4:4)
 23. Wife get part of the inheritance; (4:11-12)
24. O you who believe! You are forbidden to inherit women against their will; and you should not treat them with harshness, that you may take away part of the Mahr you have given them, unless they commit open illegal sexual intercourse; and live with them honourably. (4:19)
25. Narrated 'Aisha: I said, "O Allah's Apostle! A virgin feels shy." He said, "Her consent is (expressed by) her silence."  (sahih bukhari, Book #62, Hadith #68)(sahiih bukhari, Book #62, Hadith #67) (sahih bukhari, Book #62, Hadith #68) (sahih bukhari, Book #85, Hadith #79) (sahih bukhari, Book #86, Hadith #101)
26. And whoever of you have not the means wherewith to wed free, believing women, they may wed believing girls from among those (slaves) whom your right hands possess,  . . and give them their Mahr according to what is reasonable. (4:25)
27. Mercy between husband wife. 30:21

Beat

Narrated Umar ibn al-Khattab: The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: A man will not be asked as to why he beat his wife.  (sunan abu dawud, Book #11, Hadith #2142)
 
Narrated 'Ikrima: Aisha said that the lady (came), wearing a green veil (and complained to her (Aisha) of her husband and showed her a green spot on her skin caused by beating). It was the habit of ladies to support each other, so when Allah's Apostle came, 'Aisha said, "I have not seen any woman suffering as much as the believing women. (sahih bukhari, Book #72, Hadith #715)

don’t beat

Narrated Abdullah ibn AbuDhubab: Iyas ibn Abdullah ibn AbuDhubab reported the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) as saying: Do not beat Allah's handmaidens, but when Umar came to the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) and said: Women have become emboldened towards their husbands, he (the Prophet) gave permission to beat them. Then many women came round the family of the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) complaining against their husbands. So the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) said: Many women have gone round Muhammad's family complaining against their husbands. They are not the best among you.  (sunan abu dawud, Book #11, Hadith #2141)

Narrated Mu'awiyah ibn Haydah: I said: Apostle of Allah, how should we approach our wives and how should we leave them? He replied: Approach your tilth when or how you will, give her (your wife) food when you take food, clothe when you clothe yourself, do not revile her face, and do not beat her.  (sunan abu dawud, Book #11, Hadith #2138)

Narrated Mu'awiyah al-Qushayri: I went to the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) and asked him: What do you say (command) about our wives? He replied: Give them food what you have for yourself, and clothe them by which you clothe yourself, and do not beat them, and do not revile them.  (sunan abu dawud, Book #11, Hadith #2139)

Narrated Aisha, Ummul Mu'minin: Habibah daughter of Sahl was the wife of Thabit ibn Qays Shimmas He beat her . . .Take them and separate yourself from her.  (sunan abu dawud, Book #12, Hadith #2220) (sahih muslim, Book #015, Hadith #4078) (sahih muslim, Book #015, Hadith #4086) (sahih muslim, Book #015, Hadith #4089)

So far as Abu Jahm is concerned, he is a great beater of women . . .(sahih muslim, Book #009, Hadith #3526)

In Islam, a master can’t slap or hit his slave (sahih muslim, Book #015, Hadith #4086)(sahih muslim, Book #015, Hadith #4089) (sahih muslim, Book #015, Hadith #4083) (sahih muslim, Book #015, Hadith #4084). If one can’t hit his slave then how can he hit his beloved wife. Moreover, there is a hadith in sahih muslim (Book #015, Hadith #4088), a master would have been punished in the hereafter by hitting his slave. So, he would go to hell by hitting his slave, then imagine hitting the wife God said to be a mercy between the two of you (30:21). There are two hadiths in sunan abu dawud (Book #11, Hadith #2139) and (Book #11, Hadith #2138), that clearly enshrines that a husband cannot beat his wife! Period! For those who uphold the word “nushooz” to mean “beating” then how can anyone circumvent the above-mentioned hadiths.

Allah knows best!
6
In Islam / Re: Deficiency
« Last post by aliisse on August 13, 2019, 03:07:57 AM »
In the name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful!

 Narrated Abu Said Al-Khudri:
Once Allah's Apostle went out to the Musalla (to offer the prayer) o 'Id-al-Adha or Al-Fitr prayer. Then he passed by the women and said, "O women! Give alms, as I have seen that the majority of the dwellers of Hell-fire were you (women)." They asked, "Why is it so, O Allah's Apostle ?" He replied, "You curse frequently and are ungrateful to your husbands. I have not seen anyone more deficient in intelligence and religion than you. A cautious sensible man could be led astray by some of you." The women asked, "O Allah's Apostle! What is deficient in our intelligence and religion?" He said, "Is not the evidence of two women equal to the witness of one man?" They replied in the affirmative. He said, "This is the deficiency in her intelligence. Isn't it true that a woman can neither pray nor fast during her menses?" The women replied in the affirmative. He said, "This is the deficiency in her religion."
Sahih Bukhari 1:6:301

Sahih Bukhari 2:24:541, Sahih Bukhari 3:48:826

This hadith is not speaking of all Muslim women; because, these women can lead a wise man astray. How can the intelligence of these women be deficient yet leads astray a cautious man? For them to mislead a wise man means they are smarter than wise men; thus, not deficient in intelligence. There are 60 sources that speak of the witness of one man and one woman; their witness is the same, equal. To take these 60 literatures are to a line with the fact the witness of one man equaling witness of two women was fixed with a specific women at the time of the prophet; because, there are 60 ways in which witness of both sexes are equal, which clearly refutes that the witness of two women equaling to that of one man.

1. Shahada: witnessing oneness of God: both male and female (sahih bukhari)
2. And (remember) when We took your covenant (saying): Shed not the blood of your (people), nor turn out your own people from their dwellings. Then, (this) you ratified and (to this) you bear witness: both male and female. ( Al-Baqara, Chapter #2, Verse #84)
3. Or were you witnesses when death approached Ya'qub (Jacob)?: both male and female (سورة البقرة, Al-Baqara, Chapter #2, Verse #133)
4. that you be witnesses over mankind and the Messenger (Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم) be a witness over you: both male and female(سورة البقرة, Al-Baqara, Chapter #2, Verse #143)
5. And of mankind there is he whose speech may please you (O Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم), in this worldly life, and he calls Allah to witness as to that which is in his heart: male and female. (سورة البقرة, Al-Baqara, Chapter #2, Verse #204)
6. say: "Bear witness that we are Muslims.": male and female. (سورة آل عمران, Aal-i-Imraan, Chapter #3, Verse #64)
 7. O people of the Scripture! you (yourselves) bear witness (to their truth).": male and female (سورة آل عمران, Aal-i-Imraan, Chapter #3, Verse #70)
8. they bore witness that the Messenger (Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم) is true: male and female(سورة آل عمران, Aal-i-Imraan, Chapter #3, Verse #86)
9. Say: "O people of the Scripture (Jews and Christians)! Why do you stop those who have believed, from the Path of Allah, seeking to make it seem crooked, while you (yourselves) are witnesses: male and female (سورة آل عمران, Aal-i-Imraan, Chapter #3, Verse #99)
10. And when you release their property to them, take witness in their presence; and Allah is All-Sufficient in taking account: male and female. (سورة النساء, An-Nisaa, Chapter #4, Verse #6)
11. And those of your women who commit illegal sexual intercourse, take the evidence of four witnesses from amongst you against them; male and female (سورة النساء, An-Nisaa, Chapter #4, Verse #15)
12. as witnesses to Allah . . . and if you distort your witness or refuse to give it, verily, Allah is Ever Well-Acquainted with what you do: male and female (سورة النساء, An-Nisaa, Chapter #4, Verse #135)
13. O you who believe! Stand out firmly for Allah as just witnesses; male and female (سورة المائدة, Al-Maaida, Chapter #5, Verse #8)
14. for to them was entrusted the protection of Allah's Book, and they were witnesses thereto: male and female (سورة المائدة, Al-Maaida, Chapter #5, Verse #44)
 15. And when they (who call themselves Christians) listen to what has been sent down to the Messenger . . .so write us down among the witnesses: male and female (سورة المائدة, Al-Maaida, Chapter #5, Verse #83)
16. "We bear witness against ourselves." It was the life of this world that deceived them. And they will bear witness against themselves that they were disbelievers: male and female (سورة الأنعام, Al-An'aam, Chapter #6, Verse #130)
17. And they will bear witness against themselves, that they were disbelievers: male and female (سورة الأعراف, Al-A'raaf, Chapter #7, Verse #37) (سورة التوبة, At-Tawba, Chapter #9, Verse #17)
18. and the witnesses will say, "These are the ones who lied against their Lord!" male and female (سورة هود, Hud, Chapter #11, Verse #18
19. That they may witness things that are of benefit to them: male and female (سورة الحج, Al-Hajj, Chapter #22, Verse #28)
20. that the Messenger (Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم) may be a witness over you and you be witnesses over mankind! Male and female (سورة الحج, Al-Hajj, Chapter #22, Verse #78)
21. And let a party of the believers witness their punishment. Male and female (سورة النور, An-Noor, Chapter #24, Verse #2)
22. And those who accuse chaste women, and produce not four witnesses, flog them with eighty stripes: male and female (سورة النور, An-Noor, Chapter #24, Verse #4)
23. And for those who accuse their wives, but have no witnesses except themselves, let the testimony of one of them be four testimonies; male and female (سورة النور, An-Noor, Chapter #24, Verse #6) (An-Noor, Chapter #24, Verse #8)
24. Why did they not produce four witnesses? Since they (the slanderers) have not produced witnesses! Then with Allah they are the liars: male and female (سورة النور, An-Noor, Chapter #24, Verse #13)
25. And those who do not bear witness to falsehood, and if they pass by some evil play or evil talk, they pass by it with dignity: male and female (سورة الفرقان, Al-Furqaan, Chapter #25, Verse #72)
26. "We inform You that none of us bears witness to it (that they are Your partners)!" male and female (سورة فصلت, Fussilat, Chapter #41, Verse #47)
27. And those whom they invoke instead of Him have no power of intercession - except for those who bear witness to the truth knowingly: male and female (سورة الزخرف, Az-Zukhruf, Chapter #43, Verse #86)
28. When the hypocrites come to you (O Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم), they say: "We bear witness that you are indeed the Messenger of Allah." Allah knows that you are indeed His Messenger, and Allah bears witness that the hypocrites are liars indeed. Male and female (سورة المنافقون, Al-Munaafiqoon, Chapter #63, Verse #1)
29. And take as witness two just persons from among you: male and female (Muslims).(سورة الطلاق, At-Talaaq, Chapter #65, Verse #2)
40. And by the witnessing day (i.e. Friday), and by the witnessed day [i.e. the day of 'Arafat (Hajj) the ninth of Dhul-Hijjah]; male and female (سورة البروج, Al-Burooj, Chapter #85, Verse #3)
31. And they witnessed what they were doing against the believers (i.e. burning them). Male and female (سورة البروج, Al-Burooj, Chapter #85, Verse #7
32. Bear witness that we are Muslims: male or female (sahih bukhari, Book #1, Hadith #6)
33. pronounce Adhan for the prayer raise your voice in doing so, for whoever hears the Adhan, whether a human being, a jinn or any other creature, will be a witness for you on the Day of Resurrection." Abu Said added, "I heard it (this narration) from Allah's Apostle." male and female (sahih bukhari, Book #11, Hadith #583)
34. "Indeed, the recitation of the Qur'an in the early dawn (Fajr prayer) is ever witnessed. Male and female (sahih bukhari, Book #11, Hadith #621)
35. You people are Allah's witnesses on earth." male and female  (sahih bukhari, Book #23, Hadith #448)
36. "I make you a witness that I have intended to perform Hajj along with 'Umra." After arriving at Mecca, Ibn 'Umar performed one Tawaf only (between Safa and Marwa). Male and female  (sahih bukhari, Book #26, Hadith #703)
37. I make you witnesses that I have made 'Umra and Hajj obligatory for myself.  Both male and female (sahih bukhari, Book #28, Hadith #34)
38. "Produce two witnesses (to support your claim) Both male and female (sahih bukari, Book #45, Hadith #692)
39. "The testimony of the people (is accepted), (for) the believer are Allah's witnesses on the earth." Both male and female  (sahih bukhari, Book #48, Hadith #810)
40. 'If there were three witnesses only?' He said, 'Even three.' We asked, 'If there were two only?' He said, 'Even two.' But we did not ask him about one witness." Both male and female  (sahih bukhari, Book #48, Hadith #811)
41. And to give a false witness." Both male and female  (sahih bukhari, Book #48, Hadith #821)
42. Adhan, raise your voice with it for whoever will hear the Adhan whether a human being, or a Jinn, or anything else, will bear witness, in favor on the Day of Resurrection." Abu Said added, "I have heard this from Allah's Apostle ." Both male and female  (sahih bukhari, Book #54, Hadith #517)
43. "Be witnesses." Then a Piece of the moon went towards the mountain.  Both male and female (sahih bukhari, Book #58, Hadith #209)
44. the Apostle (Muhammad) will be a witness over yourselves, and that is what is meant by the Statement of Allah "Thus We have made of you a just and the best nation that you may be witnesses over mankind and the Apostle (Muhammad) will be a witness over yourselves." (2.143)  Both male and female (sahih bukhari, Book #60, Hadith #14)
45. The Prophet kept on saying, "Either you bring forth the witnesses or you will receive the legal punishment (lashes) on your back."Both male and female  (sahih bukhari, Book #60, Hadith #271)
46. 'When the hypocrites come to you, they say: 'We bear witness that you are indeed the Apostle of Allah." (63.1) So the Prophet sent for me and recited it and said, "Allah has confirmed your statement."Both male and female   (sahih bukhari, Book #60, Hadith #427)
47. Allah's Apostle said, 'If I were to stone to death someone without witnesses, I would have stoned this lady'? Both male and female (sahih bukhari, Book #63, Hadith #236)
48. "And I warn you against giving forged statement and a false witness; I warn you against giving a forged statement and a false witness." Both male and female (sahih bukhari, Book #73, Hadith #7)
49. "And after them there will come people who will bear witness, though they will not be asked to give their witnessBoth male and female  (sahih bukhari, Book #76, Hadith #436)
50. 'If I were ever to stone to death any woman without witnesses. (I would have stoned that woman to death)?  (sahih bukhari, Book #82, Hadith #838)
51. to give a false witness."Both male and female  (sahih bukhari, Book #84, Hadith #54)
52. by playing a trick presents two false witnesses Both male and female (sahih bukhari, Book #86, Hadith #98)
53. Either (you should produce) two witnesses (to support your contention) or his oath (would be accepted as valid). Both male and female  (sahih muslim, Book #001, Hadith #0255)
54. For one who shows endurance on the hardships and rigour of it (of Medina) I would be an intercessor or a witness on his behalf on the Day of Resurrection. Both male and female  (sahih muslim, Book #007, Hadith #3181)
55. Messenger of Allah, if I were to find with my wife a man, should I wait until I bring four witnesses? He said: Yes. Both male and female  (sahih muslim, Book #009, Hadith #3570)
56. Jabir said that Allah's Messenger (may peace be upon him) cursed the accepter of interest and its payer, and one who records it, and the two witnesses, and he said: They are all equal.Both male and female   (sahih muslim, Book #010, Hadith #3881)
57. Ibn 'Abbas reported that Allah's Messenger (may peace be upon him) pronounced judgment on the basis of an oath and a witness (by the plaintiff). Both male and female  (sahih muslim, Book #018, Hadith #4246)
58. Should I not tell you of the best witnesses? He is the one who produces his evidence before he is asked for it.  Both male and female (sahih muslim, Book #018, Hadith #4268)
59. Then there would come people who would love (to look) bulky and they would hasten to the witness box before they are asked to bear witness.Both male and female   (Book #031, Hadith #6154)
60. False witness has been made equivalent to attributing a partner to Allah. Both male and female (sunan abu dawud, Book #24, Hadith #3592)


Allah knows best!
7
In the name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful!

Men are the protectors and maintainers of women, because Allah has made one of them to excel the other, and because they spend (to support them) from their means. Therefore the righteous women are devoutly obedient (to Allah and to their husbands), and guard in the husband's absence what Allah orders them to guard (e.g. their chastity, their husband's property). As to those women on whose part you see ill-conduct, admonish them (first), (next), refuse to share their beds, (and last) beat them (lightly, if it is useful); but if they return to obedience, seek not against them means (of annoyance). Surely, Allah is Ever Most High, Most Great.(4:34)
The word nushooz, can mean “to beat” or “to separate”. To know which meaning this word implies in this verse, let's look at the prophet (peace be upon him) and his action when he was disobeyed by his wives. In the Hafsa and Aisha scandal he was disobeyed by his wives. He left them and separated himself from them, and didn’t beat them.

Hafsa and Aisha

 Let's delve into the action of the prophet (peace be upon him) when his two wives disobeyed. He separated himself from them.
"By Allah we will play a trick on him. . ." (sahih bukhari, Book #63, Hadith #193) (sahih bukhari, Book #86, Hadith #102) (sahih muslim, Book #009, Hadith #3496) (sahih muslim,Book #009, Hadith #3497) (sahih bukhari, Book #78, Hadith #682) (sahih bukhari Book #63, Hadith #192) (sahih bukhari, Book #60, Hadith #434)

The response of the prophet

"No, but I have taken an oath that I would not go to them for one month." The Prophet stayed there for twenty-nine days, and then came down and went to his wives.  (sahih bukhari, Book #43, Hadith #649) (66.4)  (sahih bukkhari Book #62, Hadith #119) (sahih bukhari, Book #43, Hadith #648)  (sahih bukhari, Book #60, Hadith #438) (sahih bukhari, Book #8, Hadith #395)  (Sahih Bukhari, Book #3, Hadith #89)

Aisha scandal

The prophet (peace be upon him) in the Aisha scandal told her to repent instead of beating her.

"Now then O 'Aisha! If you have committed a bad deed or you have wronged (yourself), then repent to Allah as Allah accepts the repentance from his slaves." . . . I said, "By Allah, I will not do it and will not thank him nor thank either of you, but I will thank Allah Who has revealed my innocence . . . (sahih bukhari, Book #60, Hadith #281)

list of the disobedience of the wives of the prophet.

1. Men would get the upper hand over their wives and once the Muslims moved to Medina they lost that power, the prophet smiled. (sahih bukhari, Book #43, Hadith #648)
2. Prophet would get angry with his wives. (sahih bukhari, Book #43, Hadith #648)
3. telling the secret of the prophet. 66:2
4. Playing a trick upon the prophet. (sahih bukhari, Book #63, Hadith #193)
5. Almost divorcing his wives. (Sahih Bukhari, Book #3, Hadith #89) (sahih bukhari, Book #8, Hadith #395)
6. Prophet stayed away from his wives for a month. (sahih bukhari, Book #43, Hadith #649)
7. When adultery was slandered against Aisha the prophet order her to repent instead of being violent against her. (sahih bukhari, Book #60, Hadith #281)
8. His wives would talk back to him. (sahih bukhari, Book #43, Hadith #648)
9. Sometimes his wives wouldn’t speak to his for days. (sahih bukhari, Book #43, Hadith #648)

As we can see the prophet (may peace be upon him) separated himself from his wives. He didn’t beat them. If the command is that the husband should beat his wives during disobedience, then why did the prophet (may peace be upon him) not beat his wives. However, as is one of the meanings of the word “nushooz” to be “separate” he upheld such meaning. 

Being good to wives/women

1. 2:221 Slave believing women are better than disbelieving women.  In respect to marriage
2. 2:222 Keep away from women during their menses. This is to honor women during such period.
3. 2:226 taking oath not to have sexual relations with their wives must wait for four months. This shows that you can’t make such oath against your wife.
4. 2:228 Take back after divorce if husband and wife intend reconciliation.
5. 2:228 Wives have rights over their husbands.
6. 2:229 Take back after two pronouncement in a reasonable manner.
7. 2:230 if wife marries and afterwards want to reunite with former husband there is no impediment both can marry; however, this is lawful for so long as they both think they will keep the limits of Allah
 8. 2:230 keep the limits of Allah
9. 2:231 after two pronouncement the husband can take her back or release her in a reasonable terms
10. 2:231 do not take them back to hurt her, whoever does that, he has wronged himself.
11. 2:232 if the husband wants to take her then he must keep the commandment of Allah.
12. 2:233 if the mother want to suckle her child the father should pay, on reasonable manner
13. there is no sin on you if they (the wives) dispose of themselves in a just and honourable manner (i.e. they can marry). And Allah is Well- Acquainted with what you do. ) Chapter #2, Verse #234)
14. 2:236 divorcing women the man hasn’t touched, rich according to his means and the poor according to his means: on reasonable terms
15. Narrated Anas bin Malik: The Prophet had a Had (a camel driver) called Anjasha, and he had a nice voice. The Prophet said to him, "(Drive) slowly, O Anjasha! Do not break the glass vessels!" And Qatada said, "(By vessels') he meant the weak women."  (sahih bukhari, Book #73, Hadith #230) (sahih bukhari, Book #73, Hadith #170) (sahih bukhari, Book #73, Hadith #182) (sahih bukhari, Book #73, Hadith #221) (sahih bukhari, Book #73, Hadith #228) (sahih bukhari, Book #73, Hadith #229) (sahih muslim, Book #030, Hadith #5743) (sahih muslim, Book #030, Hadith #5745) (sahih muslim, Book #030, Hadith #5746) (sahih bukhari,Book #030, Hadith #5747)
16.  'Umar ibn al-Ahwas (may Allah be pleased with him) reported that he heard the Messenger of Allaah SAWS (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) say during his Farewell Pilgrimage:"Verily, you have rights over your women, and your women have rights over you. As for your rights over your women, they are that they should not allow anyone to sit on your beds whom you dislike (Reported by al-Tirmidhi, 1163, and Ibn Maajah, 1851).
17. It is made lawful for you to have sexual relations with your wives on the night of As-Saum (the fasts). They are Libas (سورة البقرة, Al-Baqara, Chapter #2, Verse #187)
18. Those among you who make their wives unlawful to them by (Zihar الظهار) (i.e. by saying to them "You are like my mother's back,") they cannot be their mothers . . . they utter an ill word and a lie. And verily, Allah is Oft-Pardoning, Oft-Forgiving. (Chapter #58, Verse #2
19.  And those who make unlawful to them their wives by Zihar and wish to free themselves from what they uttered, (the penalty) in that case is the freeing of a slave before they touch each other. (Chapter #58, Verse #3)
20. And give unto orphans their property and do not exchange (your) bad things for (their) good ones; and devour not their substance (by adding it) to your substance. Surely, this is a great sin. (4:2)
21. And if you fear that you shall not be able to deal justly with the orphan-girls then marry (other) women of your choice, two or three, or four; but if you fear that you shall not be able to deal justly (with them), then only one or (the slaves) that your right hands possess. That is nearer to prevent you from doing injustice.( 4:3)
22. MUSLIM man must give their women mahr: once against looking after the interest of the Muslim women And give to the women (whom you marry) their Mahr (obligatory bridal-money given by the husband to his wife at the time of marriage) with a good heart; but if they, of their own good pleasure, remit any part of it to you, take it, and enjoy it without fear of any harm (as Allah has made it lawful). (4:4)
23. Wife get part of the inheritance; (4:11-12)
24. O you who believe! You are forbidden to inherit women against their will; and you should not treat them with harshness, that you may take away part of the Mahr you have given them, unless they commit open illegal sexual intercourse; and live with them honourably. (4:19)
25. Narrated 'Aisha: I said, "O Allah's Apostle! A virgin feels shy." He said, "Her consent is (expressed by) her silence."  (sahih bukhari, Book #62, Hadith #68)(sahiih bukhari, Book #62, Hadith #67) (sahih bukhari, Book #62, Hadith #68) (sahih bukhari, Book #85, Hadith #79) (sahih bukhari, Book #86, Hadith #101)
26. And whoever of you have not the means wherewith to wed free, believing women, they may wed believing girls from among those (slaves) whom your right hands possess,  . . and give them their Mahr according to what is reasonable. (4:25)
27. Mercy between husband wife. 30:21

Beat

Narrated Umar ibn al-Khattab: The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: A man will not be asked as to why he beat his wife.  (sunan abu dawud, Book #11, Hadith #2142)

Narrated 'Ikrima: Aisha said that the lady (came), wearing a green veil (and complained to her (Aisha) of her husband and showed her a green spot on her skin caused by beating). It was the habit of ladies to support each other, so when Allah's Apostle came, 'Aisha said, "I have not seen any woman suffering as much as the believing women. (sahih bukhari, Book #72, Hadith #715)

don’t beat

Narrated Abdullah ibn AbuDhubab: Iyas ibn Abdullah ibn AbuDhubab reported the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) as saying: Do not beat Allah's handmaidens, but when Umar came to the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) and said: Women have become emboldened towards their husbands, he (the Prophet) gave permission to beat them. Then many women came round the family of the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) complaining against their husbands. So the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) said: Many women have gone round Muhammad's family complaining against their husbands. They are not the best among you.  (sunan abu dawud, Book #11, Hadith #2141)

Narrated Mu'awiyah ibn Haydah: I said: Apostle of Allah, how should we approach our wives and how should we leave them? He replied: Approach your tilth when or how you will, give her (your wife) food when you take food, clothe when you clothe yourself, do not revile her face, and do not beat her.  (sunan abu dawud, Book #11, Hadith #2138)

Narrated Mu'awiyah al-Qushayri: I went to the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) and asked him: What do you say (command) about our wives? He replied: Give them food what you have for yourself, and clothe them by which you clothe yourself, and do not beat them, and do not revile them.  (sunan abu dawud, Book #11, Hadith #2139)

Narrated Aisha, Ummul Mu'minin: Habibah daughter of Sahl was the wife of Thabit ibn Qays Shimmas He beat her . . .Take them and separate yourself from her.  (sunan abu dawud, Book #12, Hadith #2220) (sahih muslim, Book #015, Hadith #4078) (sahih muslim, Book #015, Hadith #4086) (sahih muslim, Book #015, Hadith #4089)

So far as Abu Jahm is concerned, he is a great beater of women . . .(sahih muslim, Book #009, Hadith #3526)

In Islam, a master can’t slap or hit his slave (sahih muslim, Book #015, Hadith #4086)(sahih muslim, Book #015, Hadith #4089) (sahih muslim, Book #015, Hadith #4083) (sahih muslim, Book #015, Hadith #4084). If one can’t hit his slave then how can he hit his beloved wife. Moreover, there is a hadith in sahih muslim (Book #015, Hadith #4088), a master would have been punished in the hereafter by hitting his slave. So, he would go to hell by hitting his slave, then imagine hitting the wife God said to be a mercy between the two of you (30:21). There are two hadiths in sunan abu dawud (Book #11, Hadith #2139) and (Book #11, Hadith #2138), that clearly enshrines that a husband cannot beat his wife! Period! For those who uphold the word “nushooz” to mean “beating” then how can anyone circumvent the above-mentioned hadiths.

Allah knows best!
8
In the name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful!

Men are the protectors and maintainers of women, because Allah has made one of them to excel the other, and because they spend (to support them) from their means. Therefore the righteous women are devoutly obedient (to Allah and to their husbands), and guard in the husband's absence what Allah orders them to guard (e.g. their chastity, their husband's property). As to those women on whose part you see ill-conduct, admonish them (first), (next), refuse to share their beds, (and last) beat them (lightly, if it is useful); but if they return to obedience, seek not against them means (of annoyance). Surely, Allah is Ever Most High, Most Great.(4:34)
The word nushooz, can mean “to beat” or “to separate”. To know which meaning this word implies in this verse, let's look at the prophet (peace be upon him) and his action when he was disobeyed by his wives. In the Hafsa and Aisha scandal he was disobeyed by his wives. He left them and separated himself from them, and didn’t beat them.

Hafsa and Aisha

 Let's delve into the action of the prophet (peace be upon him) when his two wives disobeyed. He separated himself from them.
"By Allah we will play a trick on him. . ." (sahih bukhari, Book #63, Hadith #193) (sahih bukhari, Book #86, Hadith #102) (sahih muslim, Book #009, Hadith #3496) (sahih muslim,Book #009, Hadith #3497) (sahih bukhari, Book #78, Hadith #682) (sahih bukhari Book #63, Hadith #192) (sahih bukhari, Book #60, Hadith #434)

The response of the prophet

"No, but I have taken an oath that I would not go to them for one month." The Prophet stayed there for twenty-nine days, and then came down and went to his wives.  (sahih bukhari, Book #43, Hadith #649) (66.4)  (sahih bukkhari Book #62, Hadith #119) (sahih bukhari, Book #43, Hadith #648)  (sahih bukhari, Book #60, Hadith #438) (sahih bukhari, Book #8, Hadith #395)  (Sahih Bukhari, Book #3, Hadith #89)

Aisha scandal

The prophet (peace be upon him) in the Aisha scandal told her to repent instead of beating her.

"Now then O 'Aisha! If you have committed a bad deed or you have wronged (yourself), then repent to Allah as Allah accepts the repentance from his slaves." . . . I said, "By Allah, I will not do it and will not thank him nor thank either of you, but I will thank Allah Who has revealed my innocence . . . (sahih bukhari, Book #60, Hadith #281)

list of the disobedience of the wives of the prophet.

1. Men would get the upper hand over their wives and once the Muslims moved to Medina they lost that power, the prophet smiled. (sahih bukhari, Book #43, Hadith #648)
2. Prophet would get angry with his wives. (sahih bukhari, Book #43, Hadith #648)
3. telling the secret of the prophet. 66:2
4. Playing a trick upon the prophet. (sahih bukhari, Book #63, Hadith #193)
5. Almost divorcing his wives. (Sahih Bukhari, Book #3, Hadith #89) (sahih bukhari, Book #8, Hadith #395)
6. Prophet stayed away from his wives for a month. (sahih bukhari, Book #43, Hadith #649)
7. When adultery was slandered against Aisha the prophet order her to repent instead of being violent against her. (sahih bukhari, Book #60, Hadith #281)
8. His wives would talk back to him. (sahih bukhari, Book #43, Hadith #648)
9. Sometimes his wives wouldn’t speak to his for days. (sahih bukhari, Book #43, Hadith #648)

As we can see the prophet (may peace be upon him) separated himself from his wives. He didn’t beat them. If the command is that the husband should beat his wives during disobedience, then why did the prophet (may peace be upon him) not beat his wives. However, as is one of the meanings of the word “nushooz” to be “separate” he upheld such meaning. 

Being good to wives/women

1. 2:221 Slave believing women are better than disbelieving women.  In respect to marriage
2. 2:222 Keep away from women during their menses. This is to honor women during such period.
3. 2:226 taking oath not to have sexual relations with their wives must wait for four months. This shows that you can’t make such oath against your wife.
4. 2:228 Take back after divorce if husband and wife intend reconciliation.
5. 2:228 Wives have rights over their husbands.
6. 2:229 Take back after two pronouncement in a reasonable manner.
7. 2:230 if wife marries and afterwards want to reunite with former husband there is no impediment both can marry; however, this is lawful for so long as they both think they will keep the limits of Allah
 8. 2:230 keep the limits of Allah
9. 2:231 after two pronouncement the husband can take her back or release her in a reasonable terms
10. 2:231 do not take them back to hurt her, whoever does that, he has wronged himself.
11. 2:232 if the husband wants to take her then he must keep the commandment of Allah.
12. 2:233 if the mother want to suckle her child the father should pay, on reasonable manner
13. there is no sin on you if they (the wives) dispose of themselves in a just and honourable manner (i.e. they can marry). And Allah is Well- Acquainted with what you do. ) Chapter #2, Verse #234)
14. 2:236 divorcing women the man hasn’t touched, rich according to his means and the poor according to his means: on reasonable terms
15. Narrated Anas bin Malik: The Prophet had a Had (a camel driver) called Anjasha, and he had a nice voice. The Prophet said to him, "(Drive) slowly, O Anjasha! Do not break the glass vessels!" And Qatada said, "(By vessels') he meant the weak women."  (sahih bukhari, Book #73, Hadith #230) (sahih bukhari, Book #73, Hadith #170) (sahih bukhari, Book #73, Hadith #182) (sahih bukhari, Book #73, Hadith #221) (sahih bukhari, Book #73, Hadith #228) (sahih bukhari, Book #73, Hadith #229) (sahih muslim, Book #030, Hadith #5743) (sahih muslim, Book #030, Hadith #5745) (sahih muslim, Book #030, Hadith #5746) (sahih bukhari,Book #030, Hadith #5747)
16.  'Umar ibn al-Ahwas (may Allah be pleased with him) reported that he heard the Messenger of Allaah SAWS (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) say during his Farewell Pilgrimage:"Verily, you have rights over your women, and your women have rights over you. As for your rights over your women, they are that they should not allow anyone to sit on your beds whom you dislike (Reported by al-Tirmidhi, 1163, and Ibn Maajah, 1851).
17. It is made lawful for you to have sexual relations with your wives on the night of As-Saum (the fasts). They are Libas (سورة البقرة, Al-Baqara, Chapter #2, Verse #187)
18. Those among you who make their wives unlawful to them by (Zihar الظهار) (i.e. by saying to them "You are like my mother's back,") they cannot be their mothers . . . they utter an ill word and a lie. And verily, Allah is Oft-Pardoning, Oft-Forgiving. (Chapter #58, Verse #2
19.  And those who make unlawful to them their wives by Zihar and wish to free themselves from what they uttered, (the penalty) in that case is the freeing of a slave before they touch each other. (Chapter #58, Verse #3)
20. And give unto orphans their property and do not exchange (your) bad things for (their) good ones; and devour not their substance (by adding it) to your substance. Surely, this is a great sin. (4:2)
21. And if you fear that you shall not be able to deal justly with the orphan-girls then marry (other) women of your choice, two or three, or four; but if you fear that you shall not be able to deal justly (with them), then only one or (the slaves) that your right hands possess. That is nearer to prevent you from doing injustice.( 4:3)
22. MUSLIM man must give their women mahr: once against looking after the interest of the Muslim women And give to the women (whom you marry) their Mahr (obligatory bridal-money given by the husband to his wife at the time of marriage) with a good heart; but if they, of their own good pleasure, remit any part of it to you, take it, and enjoy it without fear of any harm (as Allah has made it lawful). (4:4)
23. Wife get part of the inheritance; (4:11-12)
24. O you who believe! You are forbidden to inherit women against their will; and you should not treat them with harshness, that you may take away part of the Mahr you have given them, unless they commit open illegal sexual intercourse; and live with them honourably. (4:19)
25. Narrated 'Aisha: I said, "O Allah's Apostle! A virgin feels shy." He said, "Her consent is (expressed by) her silence."  (sahih bukhari, Book #62, Hadith #68)(sahiih bukhari, Book #62, Hadith #67) (sahih bukhari, Book #62, Hadith #68) (sahih bukhari, Book #85, Hadith #79) (sahih bukhari, Book #86, Hadith #101)
26. And whoever of you have not the means wherewith to wed free, believing women, they may wed believing girls from among those (slaves) whom your right hands possess,  . . and give them their Mahr according to what is reasonable. (4:25)
27. Mercy between husband wife. 30:21

Beat

Narrated Umar ibn al-Khattab: The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: A man will not be asked as to why he beat his wife.  (sunan abu dawud, Book #11, Hadith #2142)

Narrated 'Ikrima: Aisha said that the lady (came), wearing a green veil (and complained to her (Aisha) of her husband and showed her a green spot on her skin caused by beating). It was the habit of ladies to support each other, so when Allah's Apostle came, 'Aisha said, "I have not seen any woman suffering as much as the believing women. (sahih bukhari, Book #72, Hadith #715)

don’t beat

Narrated Abdullah ibn AbuDhubab: Iyas ibn Abdullah ibn AbuDhubab reported the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) as saying: Do not beat Allah's handmaidens, but when Umar came to the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) and said: Women have become emboldened towards their husbands, he (the Prophet) gave permission to beat them. Then many women came round the family of the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) complaining against their husbands. So the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) said: Many women have gone round Muhammad's family complaining against their husbands. They are not the best among you.  (sunan abu dawud, Book #11, Hadith #2141)

Narrated Mu'awiyah ibn Haydah: I said: Apostle of Allah, how should we approach our wives and how should we leave them? He replied: Approach your tilth when or how you will, give her (your wife) food when you take food, clothe when you clothe yourself, do not revile her face, and do not beat her.  (sunan abu dawud, Book #11, Hadith #2138)

Narrated Mu'awiyah al-Qushayri: I went to the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) and asked him: What do you say (command) about our wives? He replied: Give them food what you have for yourself, and clothe them by which you clothe yourself, and do not beat them, and do not revile them.  (sunan abu dawud, Book #11, Hadith #2139)

Narrated Aisha, Ummul Mu'minin: Habibah daughter of Sahl was the wife of Thabit ibn Qays Shimmas He beat her . . .Take them and separate yourself from her.  (sunan abu dawud, Book #12, Hadith #2220) (sahih muslim, Book #015, Hadith #4078) (sahih muslim, Book #015, Hadith #4086) (sahih muslim, Book #015, Hadith #4089)

So far as Abu Jahm is concerned, he is a great beater of women . . .(sahih muslim, Book #009, Hadith #3526)

In Islam, a master can’t slap or hit his slave (sahih muslim, Book #015, Hadith #4086)(sahih muslim, Book #015, Hadith #4089) (sahih muslim, Book #015, Hadith #4083) (sahih muslim, Book #015, Hadith #4084). If one can’t hit his slave then how can he hit his beloved wife. Moreover, there is a hadith in sahih muslim (Book #015, Hadith #4088), a master would have been punished in the hereafter by hitting his slave. So, he would go to hell by hitting his slave, then imagine hitting the wife God said to be a mercy between the two of you (30:21). There are two hadiths in sunan abu dawud (Book #11, Hadith #2139) and (Book #11, Hadith #2138), that clearly enshrines that a husband cannot be his wife! Period! For those who uphold the word “nushooz” to mean “beating” then how can anyone circumvent the above-mentioned hadiths.

Allah knows best!
9
In the name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful!

The premise of this paper is that Islam intended to end all forms of slavery. Muslim scholars have concluded that indeed all forms of slavery was prohibited: debt, kidnapping, raids, poverty, execpt warfare. To bring home the premise, bondage is prohibited even through warfare.

One

This is a categorical proposition that indeed none can take a free man or woman into slavery. This means that even after declaring war upon a society, the Muslims cannot take such society into bondage; because, were the community the Muslims fought with free or not free? They were free. Thus, such community Muslims fights, their freedom can’t be taken away. This is an all inclusive message, which addresses all free persons. If there was a different verdict regarding taking community into bondage, these two hadiths contradicts that.

Narrated Abdullah ibn Umar: The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: There are three types of people whose prayer is not accepted by Allah: One who goes in front of people when they do not like him; a man who comes dibaran, which means that he comes to it too late; and a man who takes into slavery an emancipated male or female slave.  (sunan abu dawud, Book #2, Hadith #0593)

Narrated Abu Huraira: The Prophet said, "Allah says, 'I will be against three persons on the day of resurrection: 1. One who makes a covenant in My Name, but he proves treacherous. 2. One who sells a free person (as a slave) and eats the price, 3. And one who employs a laborer and gets the full work done by him but does not pay him his wages.' "  (sahih bukhari, Book #34, Hadith #430)

Two

There are 35 occasions in which freeing a slave is exulted. The essence in freeing slaves is to decrease the number of slaves in the community. Why? Why would there be numerous sources  that exults liberation? Because liberation is good; and since it is good then bondage can’t be good, too. It would result in a contradiction. How can something that is not good be enshrined by God? Either God enshrines liberation or bondage. Not both! Indeed, it’s liberation.

Emancipation erases sins from a Muslim. For example, if a husband has intercourse with his wife in Ramadan, he must free a slave (sahih bukhari., b. 82, 811). In the same token, if a Muslim kills in confinement he must free four slaves (sunan abu dawud, 14, 2681A). For an act to clean the sins of a Muslim means that such act is good and moral. Thus, emancipation is good and moral.

1.  Virtue of freeing a high price slave: (s.m., b. 001, 0147) (b. 006, 246).
2.  Umar freed slaves (s.m. b. 013, 4006).
3.  Intercourse with wife during Ramadan, free a slave: (s.b., b. 82, 811) (79, 702) (701) (700) (73, 185) (64, 281) (47, 772) (31, 157)(158) (s.a., b. 12, 2207) (s.m. b. 006, 2457) (2459) (2460). 4.  Freeing slaves, your body will be freed from hell-fire: (s.b., 79, 706) (s.m., 009, 3600) (3602) (3603) (3605) (s.a, 73, 3415) (29, 3912).
5.  Poor believers desire to free a slave, insufficient money: (s.m., b. 004, 1239).
6.  Deeds of freeing a slave, la ilah ilalah wahdahu la shariika lah : (s.b., b. 75, 412) (54, 514) (s.m, b. 035, 6508) (6510).
7.  Good deeds before Islam: (s.b., b. 24, 517)
8.  Good deeds: (s.b., b. 73, 21) (s.b., b. 53, 372) (46, 715) (s.b., 065, 2181) (s.m., 001, 0225).
9.  Freeing for the sake of Allah, abu huraira: (s.b., 59, 676) (46, 707) (708) (709).
10.  Free slaves during eclipse; (s.b., b.. 8, 163) (46, 695) (696).
11.  Serving the apostle: (s.a, b. 29, 3921).
12.  Freed 4 descendents of Ishmael; (s.a., b. 23, 3659) (25, 3659) (3955).
13.  Will be saved from hell: (s.a, b. 29, 3953) (s.m, b. 009, 3602) (3603) (s.b, b. 46, 693) (29, 3955).
14. 100 slaves freed: (s.a, b. 17, 2877).
15.  Umar set slaves free: (s.a., b.13, 2469).
16.  Kills in confinement freed four slaves: (s.a, b. 14, 2681A).
17.  Day of hudiabia: (s.a., b. 14, 2694).
18.  Banu hudhayi: (s.a., b. 14, 2744).
19.  Freed after death safe from hell on the day of judgment: (s.a., b. 29, 3957).
20.  Forced intercourse: (s.a., b. 38, 4445).
21.  Fostering a child, free a slave: (s.a., b 10, 1814) (11, 2059).
22.  Virtue of freeing descendents of Ishmael: (s.b., 59, 652) (46, 719) (s.m., b. 031, 6133) (s.a., b. 41, 5059).
23.  Land of charity freed slaves from it: (s.b., b. 51, 33) (26) (50, 895) (4110) (4109) (4108) (4107) (4106) (4104) (s.m., b. 009, 3580)(3584) (3585) (3587) (3595) (s.m, b. 015, 4102) (4103). 24.  Two masters should free the slave as a whole: (s.b., 46, 729) (44, 671) (672) (s.m., b. 009, 3578) (46, 697) (698) (699) (701) (702) (703) (704) (s.a., b. 29, 3922) (3923) (3937).
25.  Double reward: (s.b., b. 55, 655) (46, 723) (52, 255) (4079) (4081) (4082) (4083) (4084) (s.m,b. 006, 3327).
26.  Slap. Beat free slave; (s.a., b. 41, 5148) (s.m,. b. 015, 4078) (4086) (4089).
27.  Path that is steep and hard is to free a slave; (90:13).
28.  Slander against wife set a slave free: (58:3-4) (s.a., b. 12, 2208).
29.  Piety is to free a slave: 2: 177, 3:92.
30.  Killed a believer accidentally, free a slave 4:92.
 31.  Freed one hundred slaves: (s.m., b. 001, 0225).
32.  Slaves of hunain set free without ransom (abu bakr): (s.b., b. 53, 372).
33.  Master who frees a slave get some of the slaves’ inheritance: (s.m., 009, 3585) (3587).
34.  Even abu lahad received some goodness in his grave because he freed a slave; (s.b., b. 62,
35.  The person who freed will get the right of shared inheritance, al walad: (s.b., b. 53, 397) (404) (34, 378) (46, 736) (737) (47, 752) (24, 570) (34, 365) (30, 94) (364) (s.b., b. 80, 750).

Three

There are 27 sources in the Quran that mention war and fighting, while not bringing to mind captivity. In another case, freeing is decreasing the number of slaves; however, if the decrease of such bondage is moral, then how can captivity, (which increases the number of slaves), be moral, too? When the Muslim civilization overwhealms a people and takes them into bondage, they are adding to the total number of bondmen in the community. However, as we illustrated above there are 35 ways in which freeing of a slave is exulted. If subtracting bondage is good then adding bondage can’t be good, too. It would be an oxymoron. To take or not to take! Can the Muslims take captives into bondage? Yes or no? There are 14 occasions in which no captivity is promoted; while there are only 4 times in which Muslims took captives. Since, the number of times captives were taken is rare, and the counterpart is 14 occasions; then to conclude, the former is not a law. For example, the prophet cut down the trees of the Jews he was fighting (59:5), which is not a law. Since the captivity happened a few times, just like cutting of the trees, it is not a law. Perhaps the trees were cut for a strategic circumstance, and the captives were taken with a certain strategy not made apparent by the sources. The law is not to take captives. Just because something happens rare doesn’t mean it's not a law. However, if captivity is a law, why are there 14 other sources that negates it? Thus, there would be a contradiction if both captivity should not be sought after and should be sought after, at the same time. Since, there is a contradiction we must take either captivity or the negation of captivity as a law. Thus, we have chosen negation of captivity as a law, due to its abundant enshrinement of liberation.

No captivity

1.Banu an-Nadir were deported, and they took with them whatever their camels could carry, that is, their property, the doors of their houses, and their wood. No captivity (sunan abu dawud, Book #19, Hadith #2998)
2. I want to expel you [Banu Qaynuqa] from this land. So, if anyone amongst you owns some property, he is permitted to sell it . . ."  Banu Qaynuq weren’t taken into captivity. (Bukhari 53:392) (Ibn Ishaq/Hisham 546).
 3. and to free the captives, and for those in debt...  (Chapter #9, Verse #60)
4. Narrated Abu Musa: The Prophet said, "Free the captives . . ."  (sahih bukhari, Book #52, Hadith #282) (sahih bukhari, Book #62, Hadith #103) (sahih bukhari, Book #70, Hadith #552) (sahih bukhari, Book #83, Hadith #50) (sahih bukhari, Book #89, Hadith #285)(sahih bukhari, Book #52, Hadith #283) (sahih bukhari, Book #3, Hadith #111).
5. Muslims were permitted to set free the captives of Hawazin ... (sahih bukhari, Book #47, Hadith #778) (sahih bukhari, Book #47, Hadith #757) (sahih bukhari, ,Book #53, Hadith #360) (sahih bukhari, Book #59, Hadith #608) (sahih bukhari, Book #89, Hadith #288) (sahih bukhari, Book #53, Hadith #372) (sahih muslim, Book #015, Hadith #4074) (sunan abu dawud, Book #13, Hadith #2469).
6. hunain  ... freed the captives of hunain without ransom, they came out walking in the streets. 'Umar said (to his son), "O Abdullah! See what is the matter." 'Abdullah replied, "Allah's Apostle has freed the captives without ransom." He said (to him), "Go and set free those two slave girls." (Book #53, Hadith #372) (sahih muslim, Book #015, Hadith #4074).
7. Narrated Aisha, Ummul Mu'minin: Juwayriyyah, daughter of al-Harith ibn al-Mustaliq ... She entered into an agreement to purchase her freedom. One hundred families of Banu al-Mustaliq were set free on account of her.  (sunan abu dawud, Book #29, Hadith #3920).
8. WHEN THE PROPHET SEIZED MECCA, HE FORGAVE AND FREED ALL (Ibn Ishaq).
9. And if any of your wives have gone from you to the disbelievers, (as apostates and you asked them to return back your Mahr but they refused) - then you went out for a Ghazwah (military expedition) (against them and) gained booty; then pay from that booty to those whose wives have gone, the equivalent of what they had spent (on their Mahr ). And fear Allah in Whom you believe. (60:11). Women who ran weren’t made captives.
10. What is your opinion about these captives? Abu Bakr said: They are our kith and kin. I think you should release them after getting from them a ransom. . .  I [Umar] am of the opinion that you should hand them over to us so that we may cut off their heads. . . [God chose the verdict of Umar] (sahih muslim, Book #019, Hadith #4360).
11. Thereafter (is the time) either for generosity (i.e. free them without ransom), or ransom (according to what benefits Islam), until the war lays down its burden. 47:4.
12. Fight is mentioned without captivity: 2:190, 2:193, 2:216, 2:217, 2:244, 3:13, 3:167, 4:74- 4:76, 4:84, 4:95, 5:54, 8:39, 8:65, 9:12-14, 9:19, 9:24, 9:29, 9:36, 9:44, 9:81, 9:86, 9:111, 9:123, 22:39, 47:20, 61:4, 61:11.
13. Allah's Apostle manumitted safiyya and then married her. No captivity. Her marriage was her manumission (sahih bukhari, Book #62, Hadith #98).
14. Free captives, (riyadu-saliheen)

Captivity

1.8:67-71.
2. We took women captives (sahih muslim, Book #008, Hadith #3373).
3. conquered Khaybar, they (the people) took out their spoils which contained equipment and captives.(sunan abu dawud, Book #14, Hadith #2779).
4. Having overcome them and taken them captives. (sahih muslim, Book #008, Hadith #3432) (sahih muslim, Book #008, Hadith #3433). 4:24

Fourth

There are 26 ways that becomes an impediment to owning a slave. For example,  the owner must pay charity on behalf of his slave. It means that the owner will lose money in owning a slave. On another occasion, the master must buy his slave clothing and feeding him with what he eats. The owner must pay expenses on behalf of his slave; which means the master is losing money. Thus, due to these impediments the master is pushed to freeing his slave, in order to save money and resources.

1.Feed them (sunan abu dawud, book 41, 5142) (sahih bukahir, Book #2, Hadith #29)
2. Clothe them with you wear (sunan abu dawud, book 41, 5142) (sahih bukahir, Book #2, Hadith #29).
3. Master can’t punish the slave (sunan abu dawud, book 41, 5142).
4. You can’t beat them (sahih muslim, Book #015, Hadith #4078) (sahih muslim, Book #015, Hadith #4086) (sahih muslim, Book #015, Hadith #4089).
5. You can’t slap them (sahih muslim, Book #015, Hadith #4078) (sahih muslim, Book #015, Hadith #4086) (sahih muslim, Book #015, Hadith #4089) (sahih muslim, Book #015, Hadith #4083) (sahih muslim, Book #015, Hadith #4084).
6. You can’t slander against them (sahih bukhari, Book #82, Hadith #841).
7. Sadaqat-ul-Fitr.  The master must pay charity on behalf of his slaves  (sunan abudawud, Book #9, Hadith #1615) (sunan abudawud, Book #9, Hadith #1616) (sunan abudawud, Book #9, Hadith #1618) (sunan abudawud, Book #9, Hadith #1590)  (sahih muslim, Book #010, Hadith #3868) (sahih muslim, Book #005, Hadith #2155) (sahih muslim, Book #005, Hadith #2156) (sahih musliim, Book #005, Hadith #2150) (sahih muslim, Book #005, Hadith #2151) (sahih muslim, Book #005, Hadith #2153) (sahih muslim, Book #005, Hadith #2149) (sahih muslim, Book #005, Hadith #2144) (sahih muslim, Book #005, Hadith #2145) (sahih muslim, Book #005, Hadith #2147) (sahih bukhari, Book #24, Hadith #542)  (sahih bukhari, Book #24, Hadith #543) (sahih bukhari,  Book #25, Hadith #579) (sahih bukhari, Book #25, Hadith #580) (sahih bukhari, Book #25, Hadith #587).
8. You can only have intercourse with her if she allows it. The master is in a perilous position if he buys a slave girl who doesn’t allow him to have intercourse with her. (sunan abu dawud, Book #38, Hadith #4445) (sunan abu dawud, Book #38, Hadith #4446).  (sunan abudawud, Book #38, Hadith #4444) (sunan abudawud, Book #38, Hadith #4443).
 9. You can’t call yourself the lord and call them slave (sahih bukhari, Book #46, Hadith #728) (sunan abudawud, Book #41, Hadith #4957) (sahih bukhari, Book #027, Hadith #5594) (sahih muslim, Book #027, Hadith #5591).
10. Slave will get your inheritance if you don’t have any heir (sahih muslim, Book #004, Hadith #1355).
11. You must share gifts and present with slave (sunan abu dawud, Book #19, Hadith #2946). 12. Can’t over burden them (sahih muslim Book #015, Hadith #4095) (sahih muslim, Book #015, Hadith #4094) (sahih muslim, Book #015, Hadith #4093) (sahih muslim, Book #015, Hadith #4092) ( sahih bukahir, Book #2, Hadith #29) (sahih bukhari, Book #46, Hadith #721). 13. The slave will serve you for so long as you don’t contradict Allah and his messenger (saw). 14. Can’t punish them (sunan abu dawud, book #41, Hadith #5142).
15. He can demand his emancipation. 24:33 (s.b., b. 2, #29)(s.b., b. 44, 682), (s.m, b. 009, 3582)(s.m. b. 015, 4110) (s,m. b. 015, 4095) (s.m., b. 015, 4094)(4093).
16. Once a slave seek emancipation, you must give some of your wealth to him once he frees himself. (24:33).
17. Can’t abuse a slave. This is a general statement; however, a master can’t do anything that can be termed as abuse to his slave. (sunan abu dawud, Book #32, Hadith #4073).
18. Slave can have retaliation from a hit or slap he received from his master ( sahih bukhari, Book #2, Hadith #29).
19. Master must help his slave in whichever task he assigns him. (SAHIH BUKHARI, Book #2, Hadith #29) (SAHIH BUKHARI, Book #46, Hadith #704) (SAHIH BUKHARI, Book #46, Hadith #721) (SAHIH BUKHARI, Book #73, Hadith #76) (SAHIH MUSLIM, Book #015, Hadith #4092) (SAHIH MUSLIM, Book #015, Hadith #4093) (SAHIH MUSLIM, Book #015, Hadith #4094).
20. Ummu walad: the mother of your child. She takes on the same rights as a wife, and all the rights lended to a wife will she inherit (sahih muslim, b. 008, 3377) (3383) (3384) (sahih bukhari, 92, 403) (80, 753) (748) (749) (747) (746) (744) (743) (79, 708) (65, 341) (62, 34).
21. You can’t give your favorite son or daughter a slave and deprive your other offspring: this is an impediment, because it makes the buying of slaves a negative. (sahih muslim, b. 012, 3921) (3266) (3967) (3969) (3970) (sahih bukhari, 47, 759) (760) (48, 818).
22. Can’t separate a mother and her children: (sunan abu dawud, b. 23, 2690).
23. Can’t look at the private parts of your slave at time of marriage: (sunan abu dawud, Book #32, Hadith #4101), (sunan abu dawud, Book #32, Hadith #4102).
24. If you beat a slave he will share with your reward: (sahih muslim Book #005, Hadith #2237). 25. Can’t take the property of a slave, inheritance; (sahih muslim, Book #009, Hadith #3596). 26. Slave can own his own property in which the master ought not encroach upon it: (sahih muslim, Book #009, Hadith #3596)

Fifth

The Prophet (peace be upon him) set slaves free. And below is the many times the companions set slaves free, too. These sources being presented makes manifest the virtue of the prophet and his companions, regarding the decrease of slaves in the Muslim community. To bring home the point, why would there be countless freed slaves if minimizing bondman is not moral and should be aim towards?

The prophet

Thauban, the freed slave of the Messenger of Allah (sahih muslims, Book #003, Hadith #0614) (sahih muslims, Book #004, Hadith #0989)
Haritha the freed slave of Allah's Apostle(sahih bukhari, Book #60, Hadith #305)
Abu Rafi', the freed slave of the Prophet (sahih bukhari, Book #35, Hadith #459)

The companions

the freed slave of Shaiba (sahih bukhari, Book #3, Hadith #92).
the freed slave of 'Uthman bin 'Affan (sahih bukhari, Book #4, Hadith #165)
the freed slave of Um Hani (sahih bukhari, Book #8, Hadith #353)
the freed slave of Ibn 'Abbas  (sahih bukhari, Book #12, Hadith #802)
(freed slave of) Ziyad (sahih bukhari, Book #21, Hadith #288)
The freed slave of 'Umar bin 'Ubaidullah (sahih bukhari, Book #52, Hadith #210)
Al-Khattab appointed a freed slave of his (sahih bukhari, Book #52, Hadith #292)
the freed slave of Shaddad (sahih bukhari, Book #002, Hadith #0464)
The freed slave of Usama bin Zaid (sahih bukhari, Book #57, Hadith #81)
the freed slave of Abu Bakr (sahih bukhari, Book #57, Hadith #97)
the freed slave of Abu Hudhaifa (sahih bukhari, Book #57, Hadith #103)
freed slave of an Ansari woman (sahih bukhari, Book #59, Hadith #335)
The freed slave of Abu Qilaba (sahih bukhari, Book #59, Hadith #506)
the freed slave of Ibn Azhar  (sahih bukhari, Book #68, Hadith #478)
the freed slave of Al-Mughira bin Shu'ba (sahih bukhari, Book #75, Hadith #342)
the freed slave of Mahri  (sahih muslims, Book #002, Hadith #0466)
the freed slave of 'A'isha (sahih muslims, Book #004, Hadith #1316)
the freed slave of Umm Hani  (sahih muslims, Book #004, Hadith #1555)
the freed slave of Umm al-Fadl (sahih muslims, Book #006, Hadith #2496)
the freed slave of Asma' bint Abu Bakr (sahih muslims, Book #007, Hadith #2853)
the freed slave of Umm Habiba (sahih muslims, Book #007, Hadith #2963)
the freed slave of 'Azza  (sahih muslims, Book #009, Hadith #3489)
the freed slave of Maimuna  (sahih muslims, Book #016, Hadith #4127)
the freed slave of Abu Qatada  (sahih muslims, Book #019, Hadith #4339)
the freed slave of Abu Ayyub Ansiri  (sahih muslims, Book #023, Hadith #5099)
the freed slave of Nafi' b. 'Abd al-Harith (sahih muslims, Book #024, Hadith #5199)
the freed slave of Banu Zuhra  (sahih muslims, Book #024, Hadith #5265)
the freed slave of Banu Hashim (sahih muslims, Book #030, Hadith #5805)
the freed slave of Shaiba (sahih muslims, Book #030, Hadith #5829)
the freed slave of Nasriyyin (sahih muslims, Book #032, Hadith #6293)

Six

Allah calls many people slaves. This is a point of honor. For example, when God was speaking of sending the Quran upon prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him), He calls him a slave (25:1). Additionally, when Allah makes known the night journey of prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him), he is called a slave (17:1). When God places the greatest honor on Muhammad (peace be upon him), the prophet is called a slave.

Narrated Abu Huraira: The Prophet said, "You should not say, 'Feed your lord (Rabbaka), help your lord in performing ablution, or give water to your lord, but should say, 'my master (e.g. Feed your master instead of lord etc.) (Saiyidi), or my guardian (Maulai), and one should not say, my slave (Abdi), or my girl-slave (Amati), but should say, my lad (Fatai), my lass (Fatati), and 'my boy (Ghulami)."  (sahih bukhari, 46, 728) (sunan abu dawud, Book #41, Hadith #4957) (sahih muslim, Book #027, Hadith #5594) (sahih muslim, Book #027, Hadith #5591)

Being called a slave is honorable

1.MUHAMMAD: called a slave (Sahih bukhari, Book #12, Hadith #797) (sahih bukhari Book #22, Hadith #294)  (sahih bukhari, Book #8, Hadith #455) (sahih bukhari, Book #21, Hadith #230) (sahih bukhari, Book #34, Hadith #335)(sunan abuddawud, Book #55, Hadith #644) (sahih bukhari, Book #52, Hadith #297) (sahih bukhari, Book #56, Hadith #725).
2. MESSIAH : called a slave(sahih musim, Book #001, Hadith #0043) (Chapter #19, Verse #30) (Chapter #18, Verse #102) (Chapter #43, Verse #59) (sahih bukhari, Book #76, Hadith #533)  (sahih bukhari, Book #63, Hadith #209) (sahih bukhari, Book #60, Hadith #264) (sahih bukhari, Book #60, Hadith #249) (sahih bukhari, Book #60, Hadith #250) (sahih bukhari, Book #55, Hadith #644) (sahih bukhari, Book #55, Hadith #654) (sahih bukhari, Book #60, Hadith #251) (sahih bukhari, Book #60, Hadith #149) (sahih bukhari, Book #60, Hadith #150).
3. MOSES: called a slave  (sahih bukhari, Book #23, Hadith #423) (sahih bukhari, Book #60, Hadith #3)(sahih bukhari, Book #55, Hadith #619).
4. KHADIR: called a slave (sahih bukhari, Book #3, Hadith #74) (sahih  bukhari, Book #55, Hadith #612) (sahih bukhari Book #3, Hadith #124) (sahih bukhari, Book #93, Hadith #570).
5. BELIEVERS: called a slave (sahih bukhari, Book #12, Hadith #794) (sahih bukahri, Book #12, Hadith #797) (sahih bukhari, Book #23, Hadith #373) (Chapter #17, Verse #53) (Chapter #17, Verse #65).
6. DEAD PERSON: called a slave (sahih bukhari, Book #23, Hadith #456).
7. DWELLERS OF PARADISE: called a slave (sahih bukhari, Book #31, Hadith #121), 89:27-29.
8. ANGEL GABRIEL: called a slave (sahih bukhari, Book #60, Hadith #379) (sahih bukhari, Book #60, Hadith #380).
9. VICTORIOUS SLAVES OF ALLAH: called a slave   (sahih bukhari, Book #52, Hadith #238) (sahih bukhari, Book #27, Hadith #23).
10. DAVID AND SOLOMON: called a slave (sahih bukhari, Book #55, Hadith #633).
11. NOAH: called a slave (Chapter #17, Verse #3).
12. CHILDREN OF ISRAEL: called a slave (Chapter #20, Verse #77) (Chapter #26, Verse #52).
13. CHIEF OF THE BELIEVERS: called a slave (sahih bukhari, Book #89, Hadith #312).
14. MUJAHIDEEN: called a slave (sahih bukhari, Book #78, Hadith #661).
15. AYYUB: called a slave (Chapter #38, Verse #41)
16. IBRAHIM: called a slave (Chapter #38, Verse #45).
17. ALL CREATION: called a slave (sahih bukhari, Book #52, Hadith #108)

Slaves who were honored

1. SLAVES IN THE PILGRIMAGE, (sahih bukhari, Book #26, Hadith #769).
2. SLAVE WAS GIVEN INHERITANCE OF A MAN WHO PAST AWAY, (sunan abudawud, Book #18, Hadith #2899)
3. SLAVE AND FREE WOMEN WERE GIVEN BEADS (financial gain) (50) (sunan abu dawud, Book #19, Hadith #2946)
4. SLAVE GETS SOME OF THE SPOILS OF WAR (sahih muslim, Book #009, Hadith #3596)
5. COMPANIONS HONOR A SLAVE (sahih muslim, Book #031, Hadith #6079)
6. SLAVE AND FREE MEN ARE BEING SOUGHT FORGIVENESS FOR ALLAH (sahih muslim, Book #031, Hadith #6100)
7. SLAVE CAN LEAD THE MUSLIMS, IT IS INCUMBENT UPON THEM TO OBEY HIM FOR SO LONG AS HE IS ACTING ACCORDING TO THE SOURCES OF ISLAM (182) (sahih muslim, Book #020, Hadith #4532)
8. obey (him) even if he were a slave maimed (and disabled).  (sahih muslims, Book #020, Hadith #4525) (sahih muslim, Book #020, Hadith #4530) (sahih muslim, Book #020, Hadith #4528) (sahih muslim, Book #004, Hadith #1355) (sahih bukhari, Book #020, Hadith #4526) (sahih muslim, Book #007, Hadith #2977)
9. He who accused his slave of adultery, punishment would be imposed upon him on the Day of Resurrection, (sahih muslim, Book #015, Hadith #4090)
10. NO ONE SHOULD TAKE THE INHERITANCE OF A SLAVE (sahih muslim, Book #009, Hadith #3596)
11. FREED SLAVE LEADING THE PEOPLE (sahih muslim, Book #004, Hadith #1780)
13. SLAVE GIRL IS MORE HONORABLE AND BETTER THAN AN APPEALING MAN (sahih bukhari, Book #55, Hadith #645)
14. SLAVES HAVE THE SAME RIGHTS AS THE FREE EMIGRANTS (sahih bukhari, Book #63, Hadith #210)
15. BELIEVING SLAVE IS BETTER THAN A FREE DISBELIEVER, ALSO 5 SLAVES WERE OF THE EARLY BELIEVERS IN PROPHET MUHAMMAD (Quran, 2:221)/
16. A SLAVE HAGAR (sahih bukhari)
17. Ishmael the son of slave (Hagar) was made a prophet: (Chapter #4, Verse #163) (Chapter #19, Verse #54) (Chapter #38, Verse #48) (Chapter #2, Verse #136) (Chapter #6, Verse #86)
18. SLAVE LEADS IN PRAYER WHICH IS A GREAT HONOR (sahih bukhari, Book #11, Hadith #661)
19.  BILAL FORMER SLAVE ENTERED PARADISE BEFORE THE BELOVED PROPHET (sahih bukhari, Book #57, Hadith #97)
20. FREED SLAVE IS ONE OF THE MEN PROPHET SAID SHOULD BE LEARNED FROM THE QURAN (sahih bukhari, Book #57, Hadith #103) (sahih bukhari, Book #57, Hadith #104) (sahih bukhari, Book #58, Hadith #150) (sahih bukhari, Book #58, Hadith #153)
21. GOD GAVE THE PRIVILEGE OF THE FIRST BELIEVERS TO BE 5 OUT OF 8 SLAVES, (sahih bukhari, Book #58, Hadith #197) (sahih bukhari, Book #57, Hadith #12)
22. PROPHET (SAW) TOOK THE ADVICE OF A SLAVE WOMEN (See Hadith No. 274, Vol. 6)  (sahih bukhari, Book #92, Hadith #462)
23. FREEING A MUSLIM SLAVE WILL FREE YOU FROM HELL FIRE (sahih bukhari, Book #79, Hadith #706)
24. CANNOT SLANDER A SLAVE, WILL BE PUNISHED IN THE HEREAFTER, (sahih bukhari, Book #82, Hadith #841) (sahih bukhari, Book #82, Hadith #841)
25. VIRGIN AND SLAVE WOMEN BE SOUGHT THEIR OPINION DURING MARRIAGE (sahih bukhari, Book #86, Hadith #100) (sahih bukhari, Book #86, Hadith #101) (sahih bukhari, Book #86, Hadith #101)
26. THE SLAVE IS HONORED DUE TO THE FACT HE CAN’T BE HIT BY HIS MASTER (sahih muslim, Book #015, Hadith #4078) (sunan abudawud, Book #41, Hadith #5148)
27. DON’T OVER BURDEN THEM Narrated ( sahih bukahir, Book #2, Hadith #29)
29. DUE TO THE MERCY OF ALLAH, SLAVE GETS HALF THE PUNISHMENT OF FREE WOMEN (Chapter #4, Verse #25)
30. SLAVES WILL GET DOUBLE REWARD IN SERVING THEIR MASTER (sahih bukhari, Book #62, Hadith #20) (sahih bukhari, Book #46, Hadith #726) (sahih bukhari, Book #55, Hadith #655) (sahih bukhari, Book #3, Hadith #97) (sahih bukhari, Book #46, Hadith #722) (sahih bukhari, Book #46, Hadith #726) (sahih bukhari, Book #62, Hadith #116)
32. SLAVES CAN GET MARRIED. (sunan abudawud, Book #32, Hadith #4101) .  (sunan abudawud, Book #32, Hadith #4102)
33. PROPHET JOSEPH WAS CONSIDERED A SLAVE 12:30
35. MOST HONORABLE OF YOU WITH ALLAH IS THE ONE WITH PIETY (49:13)
36. SLAVE HAS PROPERTY, AND THE MASTER CAN’T TOUCH HIS RIGHT TO INHERITANCE. (sahih muslim, Book #009, Hadith #3596)

Seven

Before, the prophet (peace be upon him) sold a slave that was set free by his owner because the owner was in debt; and the prophet (peace be upon him) paid the debt of the deceased by selling the slave. However, after a certain time, the paying debt of a dead Muslim became incumbent upon the prophet (peace be upon him). So, instead of selling the slave in order to pay the debts of the Muslim, the prophet would pay for the Muslim who is in debt. The prophet praised a person who sets his slave free after his demise (sunan abu dawud, Book #29, Hadith #3957).

Before

Jabir is reported to have said: A person amongst the Ansar who had no other property declared a slave free after his death. Allah's Messenger (may peace be upon him) sold him, and Ibn al-Nahham bought him  (sahih muslim, Book #015, Hadith #4116) (sahih muslim, Book #005, Hadith #2183)    (sahih bukhari, Book #89, Hadith #296) (sahih bukhari,Book #34, Hadith #351) (sahih musilim Book #015, Hadith #4116) (sahiih muslim, Book #005, Hadith #2184) (sahih muslim, Book #015, Hadith #4115) (sahih bukhari, Book #85, Hadith #80) (sahih bukhari, Book #79, Hadith #707) (sahih bukhari, Book #41, Hadith #588) (sahih muslim, Book #015, Hadith #4113) (sahih muslim, Book #010, Hadith #3901) (sahih muslim, Book #015, Hadith #4115)

After

Jabir b. Abdullah said:. . . and he who left behind property that is for his family. and he who dies under debt or leaves children (in helplessness). the responsibility (of paying his debt and bringing up his children) lies on me."  (Book #004, Hadith #1885)

Narrated AbudDarda': The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: the similitude of a man who emancipates a slave at the time of his death is like that of a man who gives a present after satisfying his appetite. (sunan abu dawud, Book #29, Hadith #3957)

Eight

These black slaves were not sold because they were an inferior race. However, there is a hadith that says, “ a red (i.e. white tinged with red) person is not better than a black person and a black person is not better than a red person.”

Jabir (Allah be pleased with him) reported: There came a slave and pledg- ed allegiance to Allah's Apostle (may peace be upon him) on migration; he (the Holy Prophet) did not know that he was a slave. Then there came his master and demanded him back, whereupon Allah's Apostle (may peace be upon him) said: sell him to me. And he bought him for two black slaves, and he did not afterwards take allegiance from anyone until he had asked him whether he was a slave (or a free man)  (sahih bukhari, Book #010, Hadith #3901)

Bilal, a black slave went to paradise before the prophet (peace be upon him) (sahih bukhari, Book #57, Hadith #97)
The Prophet Muhammad said: “O people! Your God is one and your forefather (Adam) is one. An Arab is not better than a non-Arab and a non-Arab is not better than an Arab, and a red (i.e. white tinged with red) person is not better than a black person and a black person is not better than a red person,[3] except in piety.” Narrated in Mosnad Ahmad, #22978
“O mankind, . . . Truly, the noblest of you with God is the most pious.[2] Truly, God is All-Knowing, All-Aware.” (Quran 49:13)

Nine

In his demise, the prophet didn’t leave one slave. This is important,because he is an example for mankind for all times (33:21). And he shown through this example, that ending of slavery is sought after.

Narrated Amr bin Al-Harith: Allah's Apostle died, he did not leave any Dirham or Dinar (i.e. money), a slave or a slave woman (sahih bukhari, Book #51, Hadith #2)
(2) Narrated 'Amir bin Al-Harith: Allah's Apostle did not leave a Dinar or a Dirham or a male or a female slave (sahih bukhari, Book #59, Hadith #738)

Ten

A slave can ask for emancipation at any time (24:33). If a slave has the strength to work towards his liberation, then the master must free him. However, when the slave is working towards his emancipation the master can’t abuse him by assigning more then the slave can handle. Master must help his slave in whichever task he assigns him. (sahih bukhari, Book #2, Hadith #29). Can’t abuse a slave. This is a general statement; however, a master can’t do anything that can be termed as abuse to his slave. (sunan abu dawud, Book #32, Hadith #4073). And, can’t over burden them (sahih muslim Book #015, Hadith #4095)

“ . . . And such of your slaves as seek a writing (of emancipation), give them such writing, if you find that there is good and honesty in them. And give them something (yourselves) out of the wealth of Allah which He has bestowed upon you. . .” 24:33

Eleven

In hadith of an aborted fetus, (sahih bukhari, Book #83, Hadith #44), a slave must be given; however, this is not a law, rather, it is one time occasion; because, the same case (aborted fetus) five hundred sheep was given (sunan abu dawud, Book #39, Hadith #4561). Both case is meant for a limited time, instead of a law. Both can’t be a law, because it would surmount to an inconsistency.

Fetus for slave

Narrated Abu Huraira: Allah's Apostle gave a verdict regarding an aborted fetus of a woman from Bani Lihyan that the killer (of the fetus) should give a male or female slave (as a Diya) but the woman who was required to give the slave, died, so Allah's Apostle gave the verdict that her inheritance be given to her children and her husband and the Diya be paid by her 'Asaba.  (sahih bukhari, Book #80, Hadith #732) (sahih bukhari, Book #83, Hadith #41)  (sahih bukhari, Book #83, Hadith #45)

Fetus for sheep

Narrated Buraydah ibn al-Hasib: A woman threw a stone at another woman and she aborted. The dispute was brought to the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him). He gave judgment that five hundred sheep should be paid for her (unborn) child, and forbade throwing stones.  (sunan abu dawud, Book #39, Hadith #4561)


Allah knows best!
10
Quran Morality and Moral Code, Laws & QA / Re: QURA'N AND SLAVERY :
« Last post by aliisse on August 13, 2019, 02:38:54 AM »
In the name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful!

The premise of this paper is that Islam intended to end all forms of slavery. Muslim scholars have concluded that indeed all forms of slavery was prohibited: debt, kidnapping, raids, poverty, execpt warfare. To bring home the premise, bondage is prohibited even through warfare.

One

This is a categorical proposition that indeed none can take a free man or woman into slavery. This means that even after declaring war upon a society, the Muslims cannot take such society into bondage; because, were the community the Muslims fought with free or not free? They were free. Thus, such community Muslims fights, their freedom can’t be taken away. This is an all inclusive message, which addresses all free persons. If there was a different verdict regarding taking community into bondage, these two hadiths contradicts that.

Narrated Abdullah ibn Umar: The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: There are three types of people whose prayer is not accepted by Allah: One who goes in front of people when they do not like him; a man who comes dibaran, which means that he comes to it too late; and a man who takes into slavery an emancipated male or female slave.  (sunan abu dawud, Book #2, Hadith #0593)

Narrated Abu Huraira: The Prophet said, "Allah says, 'I will be against three persons on the day of resurrection: 1. One who makes a covenant in My Name, but he proves treacherous. 2. One who sells a free person (as a slave) and eats the price, 3. And one who employs a laborer and gets the full work done by him but does not pay him his wages.' "  (sahih bukhari, Book #34, Hadith #430)

Two

There are 35 occasions in which freeing a slave is exulted. The essence in freeing slaves is to decrease the number of slaves in the community. Why? Why would there be numerous sources  that exults liberation? Because liberation is good; and since it is good then bondage can’t be good, too. It would result in a contradiction. How can something that is not good be enshrined by God? Either God enshrines liberation or bondage. Not both! Indeed, it’s liberation.

Emancipation erases sins from a Muslim. For example, if a husband has intercourse with his wife in Ramadan, he must free a slave (sahih bukhari., b. 82, 811). In the same token, if a Muslim kills in confinement he must free four slaves (sunan abu dawud, 14, 2681A). For an act to clean the sins of a Muslim means that such act is good and moral. Thus, emancipation is good and moral.

1.  Virtue of freeing a high price slave: (s.m., b. 001, 0147) (b. 006, 246).
2.  Umar freed slaves (s.m. b. 013, 4006).
3.  Intercourse with wife during Ramadan, free a slave: (s.b., b. 82, 811) (79, 702) (701) (700) (73, 185) (64, 281) (47, 772) (31, 157)(158) (s.a., b. 12, 2207) (s.m. b. 006, 2457) (2459) (2460). 4.  Freeing slaves, your body will be freed from hell-fire: (s.b., 79, 706) (s.m., 009, 3600) (3602) (3603) (3605) (s.a, 73, 3415) (29, 3912).
5.  Poor believers desire to free a slave, insufficient money: (s.m., b. 004, 1239).
6.  Deeds of freeing a slave, la ilah ilalah wahdahu la shariika lah : (s.b., b. 75, 412) (54, 514) (s.m, b. 035, 6508) (6510).
7.  Good deeds before Islam: (s.b., b. 24, 517)
8.  Good deeds: (s.b., b. 73, 21) (s.b., b. 53, 372) (46, 715) (s.b., 065, 2181) (s.m., 001, 0225).
9.  Freeing for the sake of Allah, abu huraira: (s.b., 59, 676) (46, 707) (708) (709).
10.  Free slaves during eclipse; (s.b., b.. 8, 163) (46, 695) (696).
11.  Serving the apostle: (s.a, b. 29, 3921).
12.  Freed 4 descendents of Ishmael; (s.a., b. 23, 3659) (25, 3659) (3955).
13.  Will be saved from hell: (s.a, b. 29, 3953) (s.m, b. 009, 3602) (3603) (s.b, b. 46, 693) (29, 3955).
14. 100 slaves freed: (s.a, b. 17, 2877).
15.  Umar set slaves free: (s.a., b.13, 2469).
16.  Kills in confinement freed four slaves: (s.a, b. 14, 2681A).
17.  Day of hudiabia: (s.a., b. 14, 2694).
18.  Banu hudhayi: (s.a., b. 14, 2744).
19.  Freed after death safe from hell on the day of judgment: (s.a., b. 29, 3957).
20.  Forced intercourse: (s.a., b. 38, 4445).
21.  Fostering a child, free a slave: (s.a., b 10, 1814) (11, 2059).
22.  Virtue of freeing descendents of Ishmael: (s.b., 59, 652) (46, 719) (s.m., b. 031, 6133) (s.a., b. 41, 5059).
23.  Land of charity freed slaves from it: (s.b., b. 51, 33) (26) (50, 895) (4110) (4109) (4108) (4107) (4106) (4104) (s.m., b. 009, 3580)(3584) (3585) (3587) (3595) (s.m, b. 015, 4102) (4103). 24.  Two masters should free the slave as a whole: (s.b., 46, 729) (44, 671) (672) (s.m., b. 009, 3578) (46, 697) (698) (699) (701) (702) (703) (704) (s.a., b. 29, 3922) (3923) (3937).
25.  Double reward: (s.b., b. 55, 655) (46, 723) (52, 255) (4079) (4081) (4082) (4083) (4084) (s.m,b. 006, 3327).
26.  Slap. Beat free slave; (s.a., b. 41, 5148) (s.m,. b. 015, 4078) (4086) (4089).
27.  Path that is steep and hard is to free a slave; (90:13).
28.  Slander against wife set a slave free: (58:3-4) (s.a., b. 12, 2208).
29.  Piety is to free a slave: 2: 177, 3:92.
30.  Killed a believer accidentally, free a slave 4:92.
 31.  Freed one hundred slaves: (s.m., b. 001, 0225).
32.  Slaves of hunain set free without ransom (abu bakr): (s.b., b. 53, 372).
33.  Master who frees a slave get some of the slaves’ inheritance: (s.m., 009, 3585) (3587).
34.  Even abu lahad received some goodness in his grave because he freed a slave; (s.b., b. 62,
35.  The person who freed will get the right of shared inheritance, al walad: (s.b., b. 53, 397) (404) (34, 378) (46, 736) (737) (47, 752) (24, 570) (34, 365) (30, 94) (364) (s.b., b. 80, 750).

Three

There are 27 sources in the Quran that mention war and fighting, while not bringing to mind captivity. In another case, freeing is decreasing the number of slaves; however, if the decrease of such bondage is moral, then how can captivity, (which increases the number of slaves), be moral, too? When the Muslim civilization overwhealms a people and takes them into bondage, they are adding to the total number of bondmen in the community. However, as we illustrated above there are 35 ways in which freeing of a slave is exulted. If subtracting bondage is good then adding bondage can’t be good, too. It would be an oxymoron. To take or not to take! Can the Muslims take captives into bondage? Yes or no? There are 14 occasions in which no captivity is promoted; while there are only 4 times in which Muslims took captives. Since, the number of times captives were taken is rare, and the counterpart is 14 occasions; then to conclude, the former is not a law. For example, the prophet cut down the trees of the Jews he was fighting (59:5), which is not a law. Since the captivity happened a few times, just like cutting of the trees, it is not a law. Perhaps the trees were cut for a strategic circumstance, and the captives were taken with a certain strategy not made apparent by the sources. The law is not to take captives. Just because something happens rare doesn’t mean it's not a law. However, if captivity is a law, why are there 14 other sources that negates it? Thus, there would be a contradiction if both captivity should not be sought after and should be sought after, at the same time. Since, there is a contradiction we must take either captivity or the negation of captivity as a law. Thus, we have chosen negation of captivity as a law, due to its abundant enshrinement of liberation.

No captivity

1.Banu an-Nadir were deported, and they took with them whatever their camels could carry, that is, their property, the doors of their houses, and their wood. No captivity (sunan abu dawud, Book #19, Hadith #2998)
2. I want to expel you [Banu Qaynuqa] from this land. So, if anyone amongst you owns some property, he is permitted to sell it . . ."  Banu Qaynuq weren’t taken into captivity. (Bukhari 53:392) (Ibn Ishaq/Hisham 546).
 3. and to free the captives, and for those in debt...  (Chapter #9, Verse #60)
4. Narrated Abu Musa: The Prophet said, "Free the captives . . ."  (sahih bukhari, Book #52, Hadith #282) (sahih bukhari, Book #62, Hadith #103) (sahih bukhari, Book #70, Hadith #552) (sahih bukhari, Book #83, Hadith #50) (sahih bukhari, Book #89, Hadith #285)(sahih bukhari, Book #52, Hadith #283) (sahih bukhari, Book #3, Hadith #111).
5. Muslims were permitted to set free the captives of Hawazin ... (sahih bukhari, Book #47, Hadith #778) (sahih bukhari, Book #47, Hadith #757) (sahih bukhari, ,Book #53, Hadith #360) (sahih bukhari, Book #59, Hadith #608) (sahih bukhari, Book #89, Hadith #288) (sahih bukhari, Book #53, Hadith #372) (sahih muslim, Book #015, Hadith #4074) (sunan abu dawud, Book #13, Hadith #2469).
6. hunain  ... freed the captives of hunain without ransom, they came out walking in the streets. 'Umar said (to his son), "O Abdullah! See what is the matter." 'Abdullah replied, "Allah's Apostle has freed the captives without ransom." He said (to him), "Go and set free those two slave girls." (Book #53, Hadith #372) (sahih muslim, Book #015, Hadith #4074).
7. Narrated Aisha, Ummul Mu'minin: Juwayriyyah, daughter of al-Harith ibn al-Mustaliq ... She entered into an agreement to purchase her freedom. One hundred families of Banu al-Mustaliq were set free on account of her.  (sunan abu dawud, Book #29, Hadith #3920).
8. WHEN THE PROPHET SEIZED MECCA, HE FORGAVE AND FREED ALL (Ibn Ishaq).
9. And if any of your wives have gone from you to the disbelievers, (as apostates and you asked them to return back your Mahr but they refused) - then you went out for a Ghazwah (military expedition) (against them and) gained booty; then pay from that booty to those whose wives have gone, the equivalent of what they had spent (on their Mahr ). And fear Allah in Whom you believe. (60:11). Women who ran weren’t made captives.
10. What is your opinion about these captives? Abu Bakr said: They are our kith and kin. I think you should release them after getting from them a ransom. . .  I [Umar] am of the opinion that you should hand them over to us so that we may cut off their heads. . . [God chose the verdict of Umar] (sahih muslim, Book #019, Hadith #4360).
11. Thereafter (is the time) either for generosity (i.e. free them without ransom), or ransom (according to what benefits Islam), until the war lays down its burden. 47:4.
12. Fight is mentioned without captivity: 2:190, 2:193, 2:216, 2:217, 2:244, 3:13, 3:167, 4:74- 4:76, 4:84, 4:95, 5:54, 8:39, 8:65, 9:12-14, 9:19, 9:24, 9:29, 9:36, 9:44, 9:81, 9:86, 9:111, 9:123, 22:39, 47:20, 61:4, 61:11.
13. Allah's Apostle manumitted safiyya and then married her. No captivity. Her marriage was her manumission (sahih bukhari, Book #62, Hadith #98).
14. Free captives, (riyadu-saliheen)

Captivity

1.8:67-71.
2. We took women captives (sahih muslim, Book #008, Hadith #3373).
3. conquered Khaybar, they (the people) took out their spoils which contained equipment and captives.(sunan abu dawud, Book #14, Hadith #2779).
4. Having overcome them and taken them captives. (sahih muslim, Book #008, Hadith #3432) (sahih muslim, Book #008, Hadith #3433). 4:24

Fourth

There are 26 ways that becomes an impediment to owning a slave. For example,  the owner must pay charity on behalf of his slave. It means that the owner will lose money in owning a slave. On another occasion, the master must buy his slave clothing and feeding him with what he eats. The owner must pay expenses on behalf of his slave; which means the master is losing money. Thus, due to these impediments the master is pushed to freeing his slave, in order to save money and resources.

1.Feed them (sunan abu dawud, book 41, 5142) (sahih bukahir, Book #2, Hadith #29)
2. Clothe them with you wear (sunan abu dawud, book 41, 5142) (sahih bukahir, Book #2, Hadith #29).
3. Master can’t punish the slave (sunan abu dawud, book 41, 5142).
4. You can’t beat them (sahih muslim, Book #015, Hadith #4078) (sahih muslim, Book #015, Hadith #4086) (sahih muslim, Book #015, Hadith #4089).
5. You can’t slap them (sahih muslim, Book #015, Hadith #4078) (sahih muslim, Book #015, Hadith #4086) (sahih muslim, Book #015, Hadith #4089) (sahih muslim, Book #015, Hadith #4083) (sahih muslim, Book #015, Hadith #4084).
6. You can’t slander against them (sahih bukhari, Book #82, Hadith #841).
7. Sadaqat-ul-Fitr.  The master must pay charity on behalf of his slaves  (sunan abudawud, Book #9, Hadith #1615) (sunan abudawud, Book #9, Hadith #1616) (sunan abudawud, Book #9, Hadith #1618) (sunan abudawud, Book #9, Hadith #1590)  (sahih muslim, Book #010, Hadith #3868) (sahih muslim, Book #005, Hadith #2155) (sahih muslim, Book #005, Hadith #2156) (sahih musliim, Book #005, Hadith #2150) (sahih muslim, Book #005, Hadith #2151) (sahih muslim, Book #005, Hadith #2153) (sahih muslim, Book #005, Hadith #2149) (sahih muslim, Book #005, Hadith #2144) (sahih muslim, Book #005, Hadith #2145) (sahih muslim, Book #005, Hadith #2147) (sahih bukhari, Book #24, Hadith #542)  (sahih bukhari, Book #24, Hadith #543) (sahih bukhari,  Book #25, Hadith #579) (sahih bukhari, Book #25, Hadith #580) (sahih bukhari, Book #25, Hadith #587).
8. You can only have intercourse with her if she allows it. The master is in a perilous position if he buys a slave girl who doesn’t allow him to have intercourse with her. (sunan abu dawud, Book #38, Hadith #4445) (sunan abu dawud, Book #38, Hadith #4446).  (sunan abudawud, Book #38, Hadith #4444) (sunan abudawud, Book #38, Hadith #4443).
 9. You can’t call yourself the lord and call them slave (sahih bukhari, Book #46, Hadith #728) (sunan abudawud, Book #41, Hadith #4957) (sahih bukhari, Book #027, Hadith #5594) (sahih muslim, Book #027, Hadith #5591).
10. Slave will get your inheritance if you don’t have any heir (sahih muslim, Book #004, Hadith #1355).
11. You must share gifts and present with slave (sunan abu dawud, Book #19, Hadith #2946). 12. Can’t over burden them (sahih muslim Book #015, Hadith #4095) (sahih muslim, Book #015, Hadith #4094) (sahih muslim, Book #015, Hadith #4093) (sahih muslim, Book #015, Hadith #4092) ( sahih bukahir, Book #2, Hadith #29) (sahih bukhari, Book #46, Hadith #721). 13. The slave will serve you for so long as you don’t contradict Allah and his messenger (saw). 14. Can’t punish them (sunan abu dawud, book #41, Hadith #5142).
15. He can demand his emancipation. 24:33 (s.b., b. 2, #29)(s.b., b. 44, 682), (s.m, b. 009, 3582)(s.m. b. 015, 4110) (s,m. b. 015, 4095) (s.m., b. 015, 4094)(4093).
16. Once a slave seek emancipation, you must give some of your wealth to him once he frees himself. (24:33).
17. Can’t abuse a slave. This is a general statement; however, a master can’t do anything that can be termed as abuse to his slave. (sunan abu dawud, Book #32, Hadith #4073).
18. Slave can have retaliation from a hit or slap he received from his master ( sahih bukhari, Book #2, Hadith #29).
19. Master must help his slave in whichever task he assigns him. (SAHIH BUKHARI, Book #2, Hadith #29) (SAHIH BUKHARI, Book #46, Hadith #704) (SAHIH BUKHARI, Book #46, Hadith #721) (SAHIH BUKHARI, Book #73, Hadith #76) (SAHIH MUSLIM, Book #015, Hadith #4092) (SAHIH MUSLIM, Book #015, Hadith #4093) (SAHIH MUSLIM, Book #015, Hadith #4094).
20. Ummu walad: the mother of your child. She takes on the same rights as a wife, and all the rights lended to a wife will she inherit (sahih muslim, b. 008, 3377) (3383) (3384) (sahih bukhari, 92, 403) (80, 753) (748) (749) (747) (746) (744) (743) (79, 708) (65, 341) (62, 34).
21. You can’t give your favorite son or daughter a slave and deprive your other offspring: this is an impediment, because it makes the buying of slaves a negative. (sahih muslim, b. 012, 3921) (3266) (3967) (3969) (3970) (sahih bukhari, 47, 759) (760) (48, 818).
22. Can’t separate a mother and her children: (sunan abu dawud, b. 23, 2690).
23. Can’t look at the private parts of your slave at time of marriage: (sunan abu dawud, Book #32, Hadith #4101), (sunan abu dawud, Book #32, Hadith #4102).
24. If you beat a slave he will share with your reward: (sahih muslim Book #005, Hadith #2237). 25. Can’t take the property of a slave, inheritance; (sahih muslim, Book #009, Hadith #3596). 26. Slave can own his own property in which the master ought not encroach upon it: (sahih muslim, Book #009, Hadith #3596)

Fifth

The Prophet (peace be upon him) set slaves free. And below is the many times the companions set slaves free, too. These sources being presented makes manifest the virtue of the prophet and his companions, regarding the decrease of slaves in the Muslim community. To bring home the point, why would there be countless freed slaves if minimizing bondman is not moral and should be aim towards?

The prophet

Thauban, the freed slave of the Messenger of Allah (sahih muslims, Book #003, Hadith #0614) (sahih muslims, Book #004, Hadith #0989)
Haritha the freed slave of Allah's Apostle(sahih bukhari, Book #60, Hadith #305)
Abu Rafi', the freed slave of the Prophet (sahih bukhari, Book #35, Hadith #459)

The companions

the freed slave of Shaiba (sahih bukhari, Book #3, Hadith #92).
the freed slave of 'Uthman bin 'Affan (sahih bukhari, Book #4, Hadith #165)
the freed slave of Um Hani (sahih bukhari, Book #8, Hadith #353)
the freed slave of Ibn 'Abbas  (sahih bukhari, Book #12, Hadith #802)
(freed slave of) Ziyad (sahih bukhari, Book #21, Hadith #288)
The freed slave of 'Umar bin 'Ubaidullah (sahih bukhari, Book #52, Hadith #210)
Al-Khattab appointed a freed slave of his (sahih bukhari, Book #52, Hadith #292)
the freed slave of Shaddad (sahih bukhari, Book #002, Hadith #0464)
The freed slave of Usama bin Zaid (sahih bukhari, Book #57, Hadith #81)
the freed slave of Abu Bakr (sahih bukhari, Book #57, Hadith #97)
the freed slave of Abu Hudhaifa (sahih bukhari, Book #57, Hadith #103)
freed slave of an Ansari woman (sahih bukhari, Book #59, Hadith #335)
The freed slave of Abu Qilaba (sahih bukhari, Book #59, Hadith #506)
the freed slave of Ibn Azhar  (sahih bukhari, Book #68, Hadith #478)
the freed slave of Al-Mughira bin Shu'ba (sahih bukhari, Book #75, Hadith #342)
the freed slave of Mahri  (sahih muslims, Book #002, Hadith #0466)
the freed slave of 'A'isha (sahih muslims, Book #004, Hadith #1316)
the freed slave of Umm Hani  (sahih muslims, Book #004, Hadith #1555)
the freed slave of Umm al-Fadl (sahih muslims, Book #006, Hadith #2496)
the freed slave of Asma' bint Abu Bakr (sahih muslims, Book #007, Hadith #2853)
the freed slave of Umm Habiba (sahih muslims, Book #007, Hadith #2963)
the freed slave of 'Azza  (sahih muslims, Book #009, Hadith #3489)
the freed slave of Maimuna  (sahih muslims, Book #016, Hadith #4127)
the freed slave of Abu Qatada  (sahih muslims, Book #019, Hadith #4339)
the freed slave of Abu Ayyub Ansiri  (sahih muslims, Book #023, Hadith #5099)
the freed slave of Nafi' b. 'Abd al-Harith (sahih muslims, Book #024, Hadith #5199)
the freed slave of Banu Zuhra  (sahih muslims, Book #024, Hadith #5265)
the freed slave of Banu Hashim (sahih muslims, Book #030, Hadith #5805)
the freed slave of Shaiba (sahih muslims, Book #030, Hadith #5829)
the freed slave of Nasriyyin (sahih muslims, Book #032, Hadith #6293)

Six

Allah calls many people slaves. This is a point of honor. For example, when God was speaking of sending the Quran upon prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him), He calls him a slave (25:1). Additionally, when Allah makes known the night journey of prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him), he is called a slave (17:1). When God places the greatest honor on Muhammad (peace be upon him), the prophet is called a slave.

Narrated Abu Huraira: The Prophet said, "You should not say, 'Feed your lord (Rabbaka), help your lord in performing ablution, or give water to your lord, but should say, 'my master (e.g. Feed your master instead of lord etc.) (Saiyidi), or my guardian (Maulai), and one should not say, my slave (Abdi), or my girl-slave (Amati), but should say, my lad (Fatai), my lass (Fatati), and 'my boy (Ghulami)."  (sahih bukhari, 46, 728) (sunan abu dawud, Book #41, Hadith #4957) (sahih muslim, Book #027, Hadith #5594) (sahih muslim, Book #027, Hadith #5591)

Being called a slave is honorable

1.MUHAMMAD: called a slave (Sahih bukhari, Book #12, Hadith #797) (sahih bukhari Book #22, Hadith #294)  (sahih bukhari, Book #8, Hadith #455) (sahih bukhari, Book #21, Hadith #230) (sahih bukhari, Book #34, Hadith #335)(sunan abuddawud, Book #55, Hadith #644) (sahih bukhari, Book #52, Hadith #297) (sahih bukhari, Book #56, Hadith #725).
2. MESSIAH : called a slave(sahih musim, Book #001, Hadith #0043) (Chapter #19, Verse #30) (Chapter #18, Verse #102) (Chapter #43, Verse #59) (sahih bukhari, Book #76, Hadith #533)  (sahih bukhari, Book #63, Hadith #209) (sahih bukhari, Book #60, Hadith #264) (sahih bukhari, Book #60, Hadith #249) (sahih bukhari, Book #60, Hadith #250) (sahih bukhari, Book #55, Hadith #644) (sahih bukhari, Book #55, Hadith #654) (sahih bukhari, Book #60, Hadith #251) (sahih bukhari, Book #60, Hadith #149) (sahih bukhari, Book #60, Hadith #150).
3. MOSES: called a slave  (sahih bukhari, Book #23, Hadith #423) (sahih bukhari, Book #60, Hadith #3)(sahih bukhari, Book #55, Hadith #619).
4. KHADIR: called a slave (sahih bukhari, Book #3, Hadith #74) (sahih  bukhari, Book #55, Hadith #612) (sahih bukhari Book #3, Hadith #124) (sahih bukhari, Book #93, Hadith #570).
5. BELIEVERS: called a slave (sahih bukhari, Book #12, Hadith #794) (sahih bukahri, Book #12, Hadith #797) (sahih bukhari, Book #23, Hadith #373) (Chapter #17, Verse #53) (Chapter #17, Verse #65).
6. DEAD PERSON: called a slave (sahih bukhari, Book #23, Hadith #456).
7. DWELLERS OF PARADISE: called a slave (sahih bukhari, Book #31, Hadith #121), 89:27-29.
8. ANGEL GABRIEL: called a slave (sahih bukhari, Book #60, Hadith #379) (sahih bukhari, Book #60, Hadith #380).
9. VICTORIOUS SLAVES OF ALLAH: called a slave   (sahih bukhari, Book #52, Hadith #238) (sahih bukhari, Book #27, Hadith #23).
10. DAVID AND SOLOMON: called a slave (sahih bukhari, Book #55, Hadith #633).
11. NOAH: called a slave (Chapter #17, Verse #3).
12. CHILDREN OF ISRAEL: called a slave (Chapter #20, Verse #77) (Chapter #26, Verse #52).
13. CHIEF OF THE BELIEVERS: called a slave (sahih bukhari, Book #89, Hadith #312).
14. MUJAHIDEEN: called a slave (sahih bukhari, Book #78, Hadith #661).
15. AYYUB: called a slave (Chapter #38, Verse #41)
16. IBRAHIM: called a slave (Chapter #38, Verse #45).
17. ALL CREATION: called a slave (sahih bukhari, Book #52, Hadith #108)

Slaves who were honored

1. SLAVES IN THE PILGRIMAGE, (sahih bukhari, Book #26, Hadith #769).
2. SLAVE WAS GIVEN INHERITANCE OF A MAN WHO PAST AWAY, (sunan abudawud, Book #18, Hadith #2899)
3. SLAVE AND FREE WOMEN WERE GIVEN BEADS (financial gain) (50) (sunan abu dawud, Book #19, Hadith #2946)
4. SLAVE GETS SOME OF THE SPOILS OF WAR (sahih muslim, Book #009, Hadith #3596)
5. COMPANIONS HONOR A SLAVE (sahih muslim, Book #031, Hadith #6079)
6. SLAVE AND FREE MEN ARE BEING SOUGHT FORGIVENESS FOR ALLAH (sahih muslim, Book #031, Hadith #6100)
7. SLAVE CAN LEAD THE MUSLIMS, IT IS INCUMBENT UPON THEM TO OBEY HIM FOR SO LONG AS HE IS ACTING ACCORDING TO THE SOURCES OF ISLAM (182) (sahih muslim, Book #020, Hadith #4532)
8. obey (him) even if he were a slave maimed (and disabled).  (sahih muslims, Book #020, Hadith #4525) (sahih muslim, Book #020, Hadith #4530) (sahih muslim, Book #020, Hadith #4528) (sahih muslim, Book #004, Hadith #1355) (sahih bukhari, Book #020, Hadith #4526) (sahih muslim, Book #007, Hadith #2977)
9. He who accused his slave of adultery, punishment would be imposed upon him on the Day of Resurrection, (sahih muslim, Book #015, Hadith #4090)
10. NO ONE SHOULD TAKE THE INHERITANCE OF A SLAVE (sahih muslim, Book #009, Hadith #3596)
11. FREED SLAVE LEADING THE PEOPLE (sahih muslim, Book #004, Hadith #1780)
13. SLAVE GIRL IS MORE HONORABLE AND BETTER THAN AN APPEALING MAN (sahih bukhari, Book #55, Hadith #645)
14. SLAVES HAVE THE SAME RIGHTS AS THE FREE EMIGRANTS (sahih bukhari, Book #63, Hadith #210)
15. BELIEVING SLAVE IS BETTER THAN A FREE DISBELIEVER, ALSO 5 SLAVES WERE OF THE EARLY BELIEVERS IN PROPHET MUHAMMAD (Quran, 2:221)/
16. A SLAVE HAGAR (sahih bukhari)
17. Ishmael the son of slave (Hagar) was made a prophet: (Chapter #4, Verse #163) (Chapter #19, Verse #54) (Chapter #38, Verse #48) (Chapter #2, Verse #136) (Chapter #6, Verse #86)
18. SLAVE LEADS IN PRAYER WHICH IS A GREAT HONOR (sahih bukhari, Book #11, Hadith #661)
19.  BILAL FORMER SLAVE ENTERED PARADISE BEFORE THE BELOVED PROPHET (sahih bukhari, Book #57, Hadith #97)
20. FREED SLAVE IS ONE OF THE MEN PROPHET SAID SHOULD BE LEARNED FROM THE QURAN (sahih bukhari, Book #57, Hadith #103) (sahih bukhari, Book #57, Hadith #104) (sahih bukhari, Book #58, Hadith #150) (sahih bukhari, Book #58, Hadith #153)
21. GOD GAVE THE PRIVILEGE OF THE FIRST BELIEVERS TO BE 5 OUT OF 8 SLAVES, (sahih bukhari, Book #58, Hadith #197) (sahih bukhari, Book #57, Hadith #12)
22. PROPHET (SAW) TOOK THE ADVICE OF A SLAVE WOMEN (See Hadith No. 274, Vol. 6)  (sahih bukhari, Book #92, Hadith #462)
23. FREEING A MUSLIM SLAVE WILL FREE YOU FROM HELL FIRE (sahih bukhari, Book #79, Hadith #706)
24. CANNOT SLANDER A SLAVE, WILL BE PUNISHED IN THE HEREAFTER, (sahih bukhari, Book #82, Hadith #841) (sahih bukhari, Book #82, Hadith #841)
25. VIRGIN AND SLAVE WOMEN BE SOUGHT THEIR OPINION DURING MARRIAGE (sahih bukhari, Book #86, Hadith #100) (sahih bukhari, Book #86, Hadith #101) (sahih bukhari, Book #86, Hadith #101)
26. THE SLAVE IS HONORED DUE TO THE FACT HE CAN’T BE HIT BY HIS MASTER (sahih muslim, Book #015, Hadith #4078) (sunan abudawud, Book #41, Hadith #5148)
27. DON’T OVER BURDEN THEM Narrated ( sahih bukahir, Book #2, Hadith #29)
29. DUE TO THE MERCY OF ALLAH, SLAVE GETS HALF THE PUNISHMENT OF FREE WOMEN (Chapter #4, Verse #25)
30. SLAVES WILL GET DOUBLE REWARD IN SERVING THEIR MASTER (sahih bukhari, Book #62, Hadith #20) (sahih bukhari, Book #46, Hadith #726) (sahih bukhari, Book #55, Hadith #655) (sahih bukhari, Book #3, Hadith #97) (sahih bukhari, Book #46, Hadith #722) (sahih bukhari, Book #46, Hadith #726) (sahih bukhari, Book #62, Hadith #116)
32. SLAVES CAN GET MARRIED. (sunan abudawud, Book #32, Hadith #4101) .  (sunan abudawud, Book #32, Hadith #4102)
33. PROPHET JOSEPH WAS CONSIDERED A SLAVE 12:30
35. MOST HONORABLE OF YOU WITH ALLAH IS THE ONE WITH PIETY (49:13)
36. SLAVE HAS PROPERTY, AND THE MASTER CAN’T TOUCH HIS RIGHT TO INHERITANCE. (sahih muslim, Book #009, Hadith #3596)

Seven

Before, the prophet (peace be upon him) sold a slave that was set free by his owner because the owner was in debt; and the prophet (peace be upon him) paid the debt of the deceased by selling the slave. However, after a certain time, the paying debt of a dead Muslim became incumbent upon the prophet (peace be upon him). So, instead of selling the slave in order to pay the debts of the Muslim, the prophet would pay for the Muslim who is in debt. The prophet praised a person who sets his slave free after his demise (sunan abu dawud, Book #29, Hadith #3957).

Before

Jabir is reported to have said: A person amongst the Ansar who had no other property declared a slave free after his death. Allah's Messenger (may peace be upon him) sold him, and Ibn al-Nahham bought him  (sahih muslim, Book #015, Hadith #4116) (sahih muslim, Book #005, Hadith #2183)    (sahih bukhari, Book #89, Hadith #296) (sahih bukhari,Book #34, Hadith #351) (sahih musilim Book #015, Hadith #4116) (sahiih muslim, Book #005, Hadith #2184) (sahih muslim, Book #015, Hadith #4115) (sahih bukhari, Book #85, Hadith #80) (sahih bukhari, Book #79, Hadith #707) (sahih bukhari, Book #41, Hadith #588) (sahih muslim, Book #015, Hadith #4113) (sahih muslim, Book #010, Hadith #3901) (sahih muslim, Book #015, Hadith #4115)

After

Jabir b. Abdullah said:. . . and he who left behind property that is for his family. and he who dies under debt or leaves children (in helplessness). the responsibility (of paying his debt and bringing up his children) lies on me."  (Book #004, Hadith #1885)

Narrated AbudDarda': The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: the similitude of a man who emancipates a slave at the time of his death is like that of a man who gives a present after satisfying his appetite. (sunan abu dawud, Book #29, Hadith #3957)

Eight

These black slaves were not sold because they were an inferior race. However, there is a hadith that says, “ a red (i.e. white tinged with red) person is not better than a black person and a black person is not better than a red person.”

Jabir (Allah be pleased with him) reported: There came a slave and pledg- ed allegiance to Allah's Apostle (may peace be upon him) on migration; he (the Holy Prophet) did not know that he was a slave. Then there came his master and demanded him back, whereupon Allah's Apostle (may peace be upon him) said: sell him to me. And he bought him for two black slaves, and he did not afterwards take allegiance from anyone until he had asked him whether he was a slave (or a free man)  (sahih bukhari, Book #010, Hadith #3901)

Bilal, a black slave went to paradise before the prophet (peace be upon him) (sahih bukhari, Book #57, Hadith #97)
The Prophet Muhammad said: “O people! Your God is one and your forefather (Adam) is one. An Arab is not better than a non-Arab and a non-Arab is not better than an Arab, and a red (i.e. white tinged with red) person is not better than a black person and a black person is not better than a red person,[3] except in piety.” Narrated in Mosnad Ahmad, #22978
“O mankind, . . . Truly, the noblest of you with God is the most pious.[2] Truly, God is All-Knowing, All-Aware.” (Quran 49:13)

Nine

In his demise, the prophet didn’t leave one slave. This is important,because he is an example for mankind for all times (33:21). And he shown through this example, that ending of slavery is sought after.

Narrated Amr bin Al-Harith: Allah's Apostle died, he did not leave any Dirham or Dinar (i.e. money), a slave or a slave woman (sahih bukhari, Book #51, Hadith #2)
(2) Narrated 'Amir bin Al-Harith: Allah's Apostle did not leave a Dinar or a Dirham or a male or a female slave (sahih bukhari, Book #59, Hadith #738)

Ten

A slave can ask for emancipation at any time (24:33). If a slave has the strength to work towards his liberation, then the master must free him. However, when the slave is working towards his emancipation the master can’t abuse him by assigning more then the slave can handle. Master must help his slave in whichever task he assigns him. (sahih bukhari, Book #2, Hadith #29). Can’t abuse a slave. This is a general statement; however, a master can’t do anything that can be termed as abuse to his slave. (sunan abu dawud, Book #32, Hadith #4073). And, can’t over burden them (sahih muslim Book #015, Hadith #4095)

“ . . . And such of your slaves as seek a writing (of emancipation), give them such writing, if you find that there is good and honesty in them. And give them something (yourselves) out of the wealth of Allah which He has bestowed upon you. . .” 24:33

Eleven

In hadith of an aborted fetus, (sahih bukhari, Book #83, Hadith #44), a slave must be given; however, this is not a law, rather, it is one time occasion; because, the same case (aborted fetus) five hundred sheep was given (sunan abu dawud, Book #39, Hadith #4561). Both case is meant for a limited time, instead of a law. Both can’t be a law, because it would surmount to an inconsistency.

Fetus for slave

Narrated Abu Huraira: Allah's Apostle gave a verdict regarding an aborted fetus of a woman from Bani Lihyan that the killer (of the fetus) should give a male or female slave (as a Diya) but the woman who was required to give the slave, died, so Allah's Apostle gave the verdict that her inheritance be given to her children and her husband and the Diya be paid by her 'Asaba.  (sahih bukhari, Book #80, Hadith #732) (sahih bukhari, Book #83, Hadith #41)  (sahih bukhari, Book #83, Hadith #45)

Fetus for sheep

Narrated Buraydah ibn al-Hasib: A woman threw a stone at another woman and she aborted. The dispute was brought to the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him). He gave judgment that five hundred sheep should be paid for her (unborn) child, and forbade throwing stones.  (sunan abu dawud, Book #39, Hadith #4561)


Allah knows best!
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