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GENERAL TOPICS | BOARD ANNOUNCEMENTS / Re: Q&A: Regarding slavery in Islam
« Last post by aliisse on August 13, 2019, 02:37:13 AM »
In the name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful!

The premise of this paper is that Islam intended to end all forms of slavery. Muslim scholars have concluded that indeed all forms of slavery was prohibited: debt, kidnapping, raids, poverty, execpt warfare. To bring home the premise, bondage is prohibited even through warfare.

One

This is a categorical proposition that indeed none can take a free man or woman into slavery. This means that even after declaring war upon a society, the Muslims cannot take such society into bondage; because, were the community the Muslims fought with free or not free? They were free. Thus, such community Muslims fights, their freedom can’t be taken away. This is an all inclusive message, which addresses all free persons. If there was a different verdict regarding taking community into bondage, these two hadiths contradicts that.

Narrated Abdullah ibn Umar: The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: There are three types of people whose prayer is not accepted by Allah: One who goes in front of people when they do not like him; a man who comes dibaran, which means that he comes to it too late; and a man who takes into slavery an emancipated male or female slave.  (sunan abu dawud, Book #2, Hadith #0593)

Narrated Abu Huraira: The Prophet said, "Allah says, 'I will be against three persons on the day of resurrection: 1. One who makes a covenant in My Name, but he proves treacherous. 2. One who sells a free person (as a slave) and eats the price, 3. And one who employs a laborer and gets the full work done by him but does not pay him his wages.' "  (sahih bukhari, Book #34, Hadith #430)

Two

There are 35 occasions in which freeing a slave is exulted. The essence in freeing slaves is to decrease the number of slaves in the community. Why? Why would there be numerous sources  that exults liberation? Because liberation is good; and since it is good then bondage can’t be good, too. It would result in a contradiction. How can something that is not good be enshrined by God? Either God enshrines liberation or bondage. Not both! Indeed, it’s liberation.

Emancipation erases sins from a Muslim. For example, if a husband has intercourse with his wife in Ramadan, he must free a slave (sahih bukhari., b. 82, 811). In the same token, if a Muslim kills in confinement he must free four slaves (sunan abu dawud, 14, 2681A). For an act to clean the sins of a Muslim means that such act is good and moral. Thus, emancipation is good and moral.

1.  Virtue of freeing a high price slave: (s.m., b. 001, 0147) (b. 006, 246).
2.  Umar freed slaves (s.m. b. 013, 4006).
3.  Intercourse with wife during Ramadan, free a slave: (s.b., b. 82, 811) (79, 702) (701) (700) (73, 185) (64, 281) (47, 772) (31, 157)(158) (s.a., b. 12, 2207) (s.m. b. 006, 2457) (2459) (2460). 4.  Freeing slaves, your body will be freed from hell-fire: (s.b., 79, 706) (s.m., 009, 3600) (3602) (3603) (3605) (s.a, 73, 3415) (29, 3912).
5.  Poor believers desire to free a slave, insufficient money: (s.m., b. 004, 1239).
6.  Deeds of freeing a slave, la ilah ilalah wahdahu la shariika lah : (s.b., b. 75, 412) (54, 514) (s.m, b. 035, 6508) (6510).
7.  Good deeds before Islam: (s.b., b. 24, 517)
8.  Good deeds: (s.b., b. 73, 21) (s.b., b. 53, 372) (46, 715) (s.b., 065, 2181) (s.m., 001, 0225).
9.  Freeing for the sake of Allah, abu huraira: (s.b., 59, 676) (46, 707) (708) (709).
10.  Free slaves during eclipse; (s.b., b.. 8, 163) (46, 695) (696).
11.  Serving the apostle: (s.a, b. 29, 3921).
12.  Freed 4 descendents of Ishmael; (s.a., b. 23, 3659) (25, 3659) (3955).
13.  Will be saved from hell: (s.a, b. 29, 3953) (s.m, b. 009, 3602) (3603) (s.b, b. 46, 693) (29, 3955).
14. 100 slaves freed: (s.a, b. 17, 2877).
15.  Umar set slaves free: (s.a., b.13, 2469).
16.  Kills in confinement freed four slaves: (s.a, b. 14, 2681A).
17.  Day of hudiabia: (s.a., b. 14, 2694).
18.  Banu hudhayi: (s.a., b. 14, 2744).
19.  Freed after death safe from hell on the day of judgment: (s.a., b. 29, 3957).
20.  Forced intercourse: (s.a., b. 38, 4445).
21.  Fostering a child, free a slave: (s.a., b 10, 1814) (11, 2059).
22.  Virtue of freeing descendents of Ishmael: (s.b., 59, 652) (46, 719) (s.m., b. 031, 6133) (s.a., b. 41, 5059).
23.  Land of charity freed slaves from it: (s.b., b. 51, 33) (26) (50, 895) (4110) (4109) (4108) (4107) (4106) (4104) (s.m., b. 009, 3580)(3584) (3585) (3587) (3595) (s.m, b. 015, 4102) (4103). 24.  Two masters should free the slave as a whole: (s.b., 46, 729) (44, 671) (672) (s.m., b. 009, 3578) (46, 697) (698) (699) (701) (702) (703) (704) (s.a., b. 29, 3922) (3923) (3937).
25.  Double reward: (s.b., b. 55, 655) (46, 723) (52, 255) (4079) (4081) (4082) (4083) (4084) (s.m,b. 006, 3327).
26.  Slap. Beat free slave; (s.a., b. 41, 5148) (s.m,. b. 015, 4078) (4086) (4089).
27.  Path that is steep and hard is to free a slave; (90:13).
28.  Slander against wife set a slave free: (58:3-4) (s.a., b. 12, 2208).
29.  Piety is to free a slave: 2: 177, 3:92.
30.  Killed a believer accidentally, free a slave 4:92.
 31.  Freed one hundred slaves: (s.m., b. 001, 0225).
32.  Slaves of hunain set free without ransom (abu bakr): (s.b., b. 53, 372).
33.  Master who frees a slave get some of the slaves’ inheritance: (s.m., 009, 3585) (3587).
34.  Even abu lahad received some goodness in his grave because he freed a slave; (s.b., b. 62,
35.  The person who freed will get the right of shared inheritance, al walad: (s.b., b. 53, 397) (404) (34, 378) (46, 736) (737) (47, 752) (24, 570) (34, 365) (30, 94) (364) (s.b., b. 80, 750).

Three

There are 27 sources in the Quran that mention war and fighting, while not bringing to mind captivity. In another case, freeing is decreasing the number of slaves; however, if the decrease of such bondage is moral, then how can captivity, (which increases the number of slaves), be moral, too? When the Muslim civilization overwhealms a people and takes them into bondage, they are adding to the total number of bondmen in the community. However, as we illustrated above there are 35 ways in which freeing of a slave is exulted. If subtracting bondage is good then adding bondage can’t be good, too. It would be an oxymoron. To take or not to take! Can the Muslims take captives into bondage? Yes or no? There are 14 occasions in which no captivity is promoted; while there are only 4 times in which Muslims took captives. Since, the number of times captives were taken is rare, and the counterpart is 14 occasions; then to conclude, the former is not a law. For example, the prophet cut down the trees of the Jews he was fighting (59:5), which is not a law. Since the captivity happened a few times, just like cutting of the trees, it is not a law. Perhaps the trees were cut for a strategic circumstance, and the captives were taken with a certain strategy not made apparent by the sources. The law is not to take captives. Just because something happens rare doesn’t mean it's not a law. However, if captivity is a law, why are there 14 other sources that negates it? Thus, there would be a contradiction if both captivity should not be sought after and should be sought after, at the same time. Since, there is a contradiction we must take either captivity or the negation of captivity as a law. Thus, we have chosen negation of captivity as a law, due to its abundant enshrinement of liberation.

No captivity

1.Banu an-Nadir were deported, and they took with them whatever their camels could carry, that is, their property, the doors of their houses, and their wood. No captivity (sunan abu dawud, Book #19, Hadith #2998)
2. I want to expel you [Banu Qaynuqa] from this land. So, if anyone amongst you owns some property, he is permitted to sell it . . ."  Banu Qaynuq weren’t taken into captivity. (Bukhari 53:392) (Ibn Ishaq/Hisham 546).
 3. and to free the captives, and for those in debt...  (Chapter #9, Verse #60)
4. Narrated Abu Musa: The Prophet said, "Free the captives . . ."  (sahih bukhari, Book #52, Hadith #282) (sahih bukhari, Book #62, Hadith #103) (sahih bukhari, Book #70, Hadith #552) (sahih bukhari, Book #83, Hadith #50) (sahih bukhari, Book #89, Hadith #285)(sahih bukhari, Book #52, Hadith #283) (sahih bukhari, Book #3, Hadith #111).
5. Muslims were permitted to set free the captives of Hawazin ... (sahih bukhari, Book #47, Hadith #778) (sahih bukhari, Book #47, Hadith #757) (sahih bukhari, ,Book #53, Hadith #360) (sahih bukhari, Book #59, Hadith #608) (sahih bukhari, Book #89, Hadith #288) (sahih bukhari, Book #53, Hadith #372) (sahih muslim, Book #015, Hadith #4074) (sunan abu dawud, Book #13, Hadith #2469).
6. hunain  ... freed the captives of hunain without ransom, they came out walking in the streets. 'Umar said (to his son), "O Abdullah! See what is the matter." 'Abdullah replied, "Allah's Apostle has freed the captives without ransom." He said (to him), "Go and set free those two slave girls." (Book #53, Hadith #372) (sahih muslim, Book #015, Hadith #4074).
7. Narrated Aisha, Ummul Mu'minin: Juwayriyyah, daughter of al-Harith ibn al-Mustaliq ... She entered into an agreement to purchase her freedom. One hundred families of Banu al-Mustaliq were set free on account of her.  (sunan abu dawud, Book #29, Hadith #3920).
8. WHEN THE PROPHET SEIZED MECCA, HE FORGAVE AND FREED ALL (Ibn Ishaq).
9. And if any of your wives have gone from you to the disbelievers, (as apostates and you asked them to return back your Mahr but they refused) - then you went out for a Ghazwah (military expedition) (against them and) gained booty; then pay from that booty to those whose wives have gone, the equivalent of what they had spent (on their Mahr ). And fear Allah in Whom you believe. (60:11). Women who ran weren’t made captives.
10. What is your opinion about these captives? Abu Bakr said: They are our kith and kin. I think you should release them after getting from them a ransom. . .  I [Umar] am of the opinion that you should hand them over to us so that we may cut off their heads. . . [God chose the verdict of Umar] (sahih muslim, Book #019, Hadith #4360).
11. Thereafter (is the time) either for generosity (i.e. free them without ransom), or ransom (according to what benefits Islam), until the war lays down its burden. 47:4.
12. Fight is mentioned without captivity: 2:190, 2:193, 2:216, 2:217, 2:244, 3:13, 3:167, 4:74- 4:76, 4:84, 4:95, 5:54, 8:39, 8:65, 9:12-14, 9:19, 9:24, 9:29, 9:36, 9:44, 9:81, 9:86, 9:111, 9:123, 22:39, 47:20, 61:4, 61:11.
13. Allah's Apostle manumitted safiyya and then married her. No captivity. Her marriage was her manumission (sahih bukhari, Book #62, Hadith #98).
14. Free captives, (riyadu-saliheen)

Captivity

1.8:67-71.
2. We took women captives (sahih muslim, Book #008, Hadith #3373).
3. conquered Khaybar, they (the people) took out their spoils which contained equipment and captives.(sunan abu dawud, Book #14, Hadith #2779).
4. Having overcome them and taken them captives. (sahih muslim, Book #008, Hadith #3432) (sahih muslim, Book #008, Hadith #3433). 4:24

Fourth

There are 26 ways that becomes an impediment to owning a slave. For example,  the owner must pay charity on behalf of his slave. It means that the owner will lose money in owning a slave. On another occasion, the master must buy his slave clothing and feeding him with what he eats. The owner must pay expenses on behalf of his slave; which means the master is losing money. Thus, due to these impediments the master is pushed to freeing his slave, in order to save money and resources.

1.Feed them (sunan abu dawud, book 41, 5142) (sahih bukahir, Book #2, Hadith #29)
2. Clothe them with you wear (sunan abu dawud, book 41, 5142) (sahih bukahir, Book #2, Hadith #29).
3. Master can’t punish the slave (sunan abu dawud, book 41, 5142).
4. You can’t beat them (sahih muslim, Book #015, Hadith #4078) (sahih muslim, Book #015, Hadith #4086) (sahih muslim, Book #015, Hadith #4089).
5. You can’t slap them (sahih muslim, Book #015, Hadith #4078) (sahih muslim, Book #015, Hadith #4086) (sahih muslim, Book #015, Hadith #4089) (sahih muslim, Book #015, Hadith #4083) (sahih muslim, Book #015, Hadith #4084).
6. You can’t slander against them (sahih bukhari, Book #82, Hadith #841).
7. Sadaqat-ul-Fitr.  The master must pay charity on behalf of his slaves  (sunan abudawud, Book #9, Hadith #1615) (sunan abudawud, Book #9, Hadith #1616) (sunan abudawud, Book #9, Hadith #1618) (sunan abudawud, Book #9, Hadith #1590)  (sahih muslim, Book #010, Hadith #3868) (sahih muslim, Book #005, Hadith #2155) (sahih muslim, Book #005, Hadith #2156) (sahih musliim, Book #005, Hadith #2150) (sahih muslim, Book #005, Hadith #2151) (sahih muslim, Book #005, Hadith #2153) (sahih muslim, Book #005, Hadith #2149) (sahih muslim, Book #005, Hadith #2144) (sahih muslim, Book #005, Hadith #2145) (sahih muslim, Book #005, Hadith #2147) (sahih bukhari, Book #24, Hadith #542)  (sahih bukhari, Book #24, Hadith #543) (sahih bukhari,  Book #25, Hadith #579) (sahih bukhari, Book #25, Hadith #580) (sahih bukhari, Book #25, Hadith #587).
8. You can only have intercourse with her if she allows it. The master is in a perilous position if he buys a slave girl who doesn’t allow him to have intercourse with her. (sunan abu dawud, Book #38, Hadith #4445) (sunan abu dawud, Book #38, Hadith #4446).  (sunan abudawud, Book #38, Hadith #4444) (sunan abudawud, Book #38, Hadith #4443).
 9. You can’t call yourself the lord and call them slave (sahih bukhari, Book #46, Hadith #728) (sunan abudawud, Book #41, Hadith #4957) (sahih bukhari, Book #027, Hadith #5594) (sahih muslim, Book #027, Hadith #5591).
10. Slave will get your inheritance if you don’t have any heir (sahih muslim, Book #004, Hadith #1355).
11. You must share gifts and present with slave (sunan abu dawud, Book #19, Hadith #2946). 12. Can’t over burden them (sahih muslim Book #015, Hadith #4095) (sahih muslim, Book #015, Hadith #4094) (sahih muslim, Book #015, Hadith #4093) (sahih muslim, Book #015, Hadith #4092) ( sahih bukahir, Book #2, Hadith #29) (sahih bukhari, Book #46, Hadith #721). 13. The slave will serve you for so long as you don’t contradict Allah and his messenger (saw). 14. Can’t punish them (sunan abu dawud, book #41, Hadith #5142).
15. He can demand his emancipation. 24:33 (s.b., b. 2, #29)(s.b., b. 44, 682), (s.m, b. 009, 3582)(s.m. b. 015, 4110) (s,m. b. 015, 4095) (s.m., b. 015, 4094)(4093).
16. Once a slave seek emancipation, you must give some of your wealth to him once he frees himself. (24:33).
17. Can’t abuse a slave. This is a general statement; however, a master can’t do anything that can be termed as abuse to his slave. (sunan abu dawud, Book #32, Hadith #4073).
18. Slave can have retaliation from a hit or slap he received from his master ( sahih bukhari, Book #2, Hadith #29).
19. Master must help his slave in whichever task he assigns him. (SAHIH BUKHARI, Book #2, Hadith #29) (SAHIH BUKHARI, Book #46, Hadith #704) (SAHIH BUKHARI, Book #46, Hadith #721) (SAHIH BUKHARI, Book #73, Hadith #76) (SAHIH MUSLIM, Book #015, Hadith #4092) (SAHIH MUSLIM, Book #015, Hadith #4093) (SAHIH MUSLIM, Book #015, Hadith #4094).
20. Ummu walad: the mother of your child. She takes on the same rights as a wife, and all the rights lended to a wife will she inherit (sahih muslim, b. 008, 3377) (3383) (3384) (sahih bukhari, 92, 403) (80, 753) (748) (749) (747) (746) (744) (743) (79, 708) (65, 341) (62, 34).
21. You can’t give your favorite son or daughter a slave and deprive your other offspring: this is an impediment, because it makes the buying of slaves a negative. (sahih muslim, b. 012, 3921) (3266) (3967) (3969) (3970) (sahih bukhari, 47, 759) (760) (48, 818).
22. Can’t separate a mother and her children: (sunan abu dawud, b. 23, 2690).
23. Can’t look at the private parts of your slave at time of marriage: (sunan abu dawud, Book #32, Hadith #4101), (sunan abu dawud, Book #32, Hadith #4102).
24. If you beat a slave he will share with your reward: (sahih muslim Book #005, Hadith #2237). 25. Can’t take the property of a slave, inheritance; (sahih muslim, Book #009, Hadith #3596). 26. Slave can own his own property in which the master ought not encroach upon it: (sahih muslim, Book #009, Hadith #3596)

Fifth

The Prophet (peace be upon him) set slaves free. And below is the many times the companions set slaves free, too. These sources being presented makes manifest the virtue of the prophet and his companions, regarding the decrease of slaves in the Muslim community. To bring home the point, why would there be countless freed slaves if minimizing bondman is not moral and should be aim towards?

The prophet

Thauban, the freed slave of the Messenger of Allah (sahih muslims, Book #003, Hadith #0614) (sahih muslims, Book #004, Hadith #0989)
Haritha the freed slave of Allah's Apostle(sahih bukhari, Book #60, Hadith #305)
Abu Rafi', the freed slave of the Prophet (sahih bukhari, Book #35, Hadith #459)

The companions

the freed slave of Shaiba (sahih bukhari, Book #3, Hadith #92).
the freed slave of 'Uthman bin 'Affan (sahih bukhari, Book #4, Hadith #165)
the freed slave of Um Hani (sahih bukhari, Book #8, Hadith #353)
the freed slave of Ibn 'Abbas  (sahih bukhari, Book #12, Hadith #802)
(freed slave of) Ziyad (sahih bukhari, Book #21, Hadith #288)
The freed slave of 'Umar bin 'Ubaidullah (sahih bukhari, Book #52, Hadith #210)
Al-Khattab appointed a freed slave of his (sahih bukhari, Book #52, Hadith #292)
the freed slave of Shaddad (sahih bukhari, Book #002, Hadith #0464)
The freed slave of Usama bin Zaid (sahih bukhari, Book #57, Hadith #81)
the freed slave of Abu Bakr (sahih bukhari, Book #57, Hadith #97)
the freed slave of Abu Hudhaifa (sahih bukhari, Book #57, Hadith #103)
freed slave of an Ansari woman (sahih bukhari, Book #59, Hadith #335)
The freed slave of Abu Qilaba (sahih bukhari, Book #59, Hadith #506)
the freed slave of Ibn Azhar  (sahih bukhari, Book #68, Hadith #478)
the freed slave of Al-Mughira bin Shu'ba (sahih bukhari, Book #75, Hadith #342)
the freed slave of Mahri  (sahih muslims, Book #002, Hadith #0466)
the freed slave of 'A'isha (sahih muslims, Book #004, Hadith #1316)
the freed slave of Umm Hani  (sahih muslims, Book #004, Hadith #1555)
the freed slave of Umm al-Fadl (sahih muslims, Book #006, Hadith #2496)
the freed slave of Asma' bint Abu Bakr (sahih muslims, Book #007, Hadith #2853)
the freed slave of Umm Habiba (sahih muslims, Book #007, Hadith #2963)
the freed slave of 'Azza  (sahih muslims, Book #009, Hadith #3489)
the freed slave of Maimuna  (sahih muslims, Book #016, Hadith #4127)
the freed slave of Abu Qatada  (sahih muslims, Book #019, Hadith #4339)
the freed slave of Abu Ayyub Ansiri  (sahih muslims, Book #023, Hadith #5099)
the freed slave of Nafi' b. 'Abd al-Harith (sahih muslims, Book #024, Hadith #5199)
the freed slave of Banu Zuhra  (sahih muslims, Book #024, Hadith #5265)
the freed slave of Banu Hashim (sahih muslims, Book #030, Hadith #5805)
the freed slave of Shaiba (sahih muslims, Book #030, Hadith #5829)
the freed slave of Nasriyyin (sahih muslims, Book #032, Hadith #6293)

Six

Allah calls many people slaves. This is a point of honor. For example, when God was speaking of sending the Quran upon prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him), He calls him a slave (25:1). Additionally, when Allah makes known the night journey of prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him), he is called a slave (17:1). When God places the greatest honor on Muhammad (peace be upon him), the prophet is called a slave.

Narrated Abu Huraira: The Prophet said, "You should not say, 'Feed your lord (Rabbaka), help your lord in performing ablution, or give water to your lord, but should say, 'my master (e.g. Feed your master instead of lord etc.) (Saiyidi), or my guardian (Maulai), and one should not say, my slave (Abdi), or my girl-slave (Amati), but should say, my lad (Fatai), my lass (Fatati), and 'my boy (Ghulami)."  (sahih bukhari, 46, 728) (sunan abu dawud, Book #41, Hadith #4957) (sahih muslim, Book #027, Hadith #5594) (sahih muslim, Book #027, Hadith #5591)

Being called a slave is honorable

1.MUHAMMAD: called a slave (Sahih bukhari, Book #12, Hadith #797) (sahih bukhari Book #22, Hadith #294)  (sahih bukhari, Book #8, Hadith #455) (sahih bukhari, Book #21, Hadith #230) (sahih bukhari, Book #34, Hadith #335)(sunan abuddawud, Book #55, Hadith #644) (sahih bukhari, Book #52, Hadith #297) (sahih bukhari, Book #56, Hadith #725).
2. MESSIAH : called a slave(sahih musim, Book #001, Hadith #0043) (Chapter #19, Verse #30) (Chapter #18, Verse #102) (Chapter #43, Verse #59) (sahih bukhari, Book #76, Hadith #533)  (sahih bukhari, Book #63, Hadith #209) (sahih bukhari, Book #60, Hadith #264) (sahih bukhari, Book #60, Hadith #249) (sahih bukhari, Book #60, Hadith #250) (sahih bukhari, Book #55, Hadith #644) (sahih bukhari, Book #55, Hadith #654) (sahih bukhari, Book #60, Hadith #251) (sahih bukhari, Book #60, Hadith #149) (sahih bukhari, Book #60, Hadith #150).
3. MOSES: called a slave  (sahih bukhari, Book #23, Hadith #423) (sahih bukhari, Book #60, Hadith #3)(sahih bukhari, Book #55, Hadith #619).
4. KHADIR: called a slave (sahih bukhari, Book #3, Hadith #74) (sahih  bukhari, Book #55, Hadith #612) (sahih bukhari Book #3, Hadith #124) (sahih bukhari, Book #93, Hadith #570).
5. BELIEVERS: called a slave (sahih bukhari, Book #12, Hadith #794) (sahih bukahri, Book #12, Hadith #797) (sahih bukhari, Book #23, Hadith #373) (Chapter #17, Verse #53) (Chapter #17, Verse #65).
6. DEAD PERSON: called a slave (sahih bukhari, Book #23, Hadith #456).
7. DWELLERS OF PARADISE: called a slave (sahih bukhari, Book #31, Hadith #121), 89:27-29.
8. ANGEL GABRIEL: called a slave (sahih bukhari, Book #60, Hadith #379) (sahih bukhari, Book #60, Hadith #380).
9. VICTORIOUS SLAVES OF ALLAH: called a slave   (sahih bukhari, Book #52, Hadith #238) (sahih bukhari, Book #27, Hadith #23).
10. DAVID AND SOLOMON: called a slave (sahih bukhari, Book #55, Hadith #633).
11. NOAH: called a slave (Chapter #17, Verse #3).
12. CHILDREN OF ISRAEL: called a slave (Chapter #20, Verse #77) (Chapter #26, Verse #52).
13. CHIEF OF THE BELIEVERS: called a slave (sahih bukhari, Book #89, Hadith #312).
14. MUJAHIDEEN: called a slave (sahih bukhari, Book #78, Hadith #661).
15. AYYUB: called a slave (Chapter #38, Verse #41)
16. IBRAHIM: called a slave (Chapter #38, Verse #45).
17. ALL CREATION: called a slave (sahih bukhari, Book #52, Hadith #108)

Slaves who were honored

1. SLAVES IN THE PILGRIMAGE, (sahih bukhari, Book #26, Hadith #769).
2. SLAVE WAS GIVEN INHERITANCE OF A MAN WHO PAST AWAY, (sunan abudawud, Book #18, Hadith #2899)
3. SLAVE AND FREE WOMEN WERE GIVEN BEADS (financial gain) (50) (sunan abu dawud, Book #19, Hadith #2946)
4. SLAVE GETS SOME OF THE SPOILS OF WAR (sahih muslim, Book #009, Hadith #3596)
5. COMPANIONS HONOR A SLAVE (sahih muslim, Book #031, Hadith #6079)
6. SLAVE AND FREE MEN ARE BEING SOUGHT FORGIVENESS FOR ALLAH (sahih muslim, Book #031, Hadith #6100)
7. SLAVE CAN LEAD THE MUSLIMS, IT IS INCUMBENT UPON THEM TO OBEY HIM FOR SO LONG AS HE IS ACTING ACCORDING TO THE SOURCES OF ISLAM (182) (sahih muslim, Book #020, Hadith #4532)
8. obey (him) even if he were a slave maimed (and disabled).  (sahih muslims, Book #020, Hadith #4525) (sahih muslim, Book #020, Hadith #4530) (sahih muslim, Book #020, Hadith #4528) (sahih muslim, Book #004, Hadith #1355) (sahih bukhari, Book #020, Hadith #4526) (sahih muslim, Book #007, Hadith #2977)
9. He who accused his slave of adultery, punishment would be imposed upon him on the Day of Resurrection, (sahih muslim, Book #015, Hadith #4090)
10. NO ONE SHOULD TAKE THE INHERITANCE OF A SLAVE (sahih muslim, Book #009, Hadith #3596)
11. FREED SLAVE LEADING THE PEOPLE (sahih muslim, Book #004, Hadith #1780)
13. SLAVE GIRL IS MORE HONORABLE AND BETTER THAN AN APPEALING MAN (sahih bukhari, Book #55, Hadith #645)
14. SLAVES HAVE THE SAME RIGHTS AS THE FREE EMIGRANTS (sahih bukhari, Book #63, Hadith #210)
15. BELIEVING SLAVE IS BETTER THAN A FREE DISBELIEVER, ALSO 5 SLAVES WERE OF THE EARLY BELIEVERS IN PROPHET MUHAMMAD (Quran, 2:221)/
16. A SLAVE HAGAR (sahih bukhari)
17. Ishmael the son of slave (Hagar) was made a prophet: (Chapter #4, Verse #163) (Chapter #19, Verse #54) (Chapter #38, Verse #48) (Chapter #2, Verse #136) (Chapter #6, Verse #86)
18. SLAVE LEADS IN PRAYER WHICH IS A GREAT HONOR (sahih bukhari, Book #11, Hadith #661)
19.  BILAL FORMER SLAVE ENTERED PARADISE BEFORE THE BELOVED PROPHET (sahih bukhari, Book #57, Hadith #97)
20. FREED SLAVE IS ONE OF THE MEN PROPHET SAID SHOULD BE LEARNED FROM THE QURAN (sahih bukhari, Book #57, Hadith #103) (sahih bukhari, Book #57, Hadith #104) (sahih bukhari, Book #58, Hadith #150) (sahih bukhari, Book #58, Hadith #153)
21. GOD GAVE THE PRIVILEGE OF THE FIRST BELIEVERS TO BE 5 OUT OF 8 SLAVES, (sahih bukhari, Book #58, Hadith #197) (sahih bukhari, Book #57, Hadith #12)
22. PROPHET (SAW) TOOK THE ADVICE OF A SLAVE WOMEN (See Hadith No. 274, Vol. 6)  (sahih bukhari, Book #92, Hadith #462)
23. FREEING A MUSLIM SLAVE WILL FREE YOU FROM HELL FIRE (sahih bukhari, Book #79, Hadith #706)
24. CANNOT SLANDER A SLAVE, WILL BE PUNISHED IN THE HEREAFTER, (sahih bukhari, Book #82, Hadith #841) (sahih bukhari, Book #82, Hadith #841)
25. VIRGIN AND SLAVE WOMEN BE SOUGHT THEIR OPINION DURING MARRIAGE (sahih bukhari, Book #86, Hadith #100) (sahih bukhari, Book #86, Hadith #101) (sahih bukhari, Book #86, Hadith #101)
26. THE SLAVE IS HONORED DUE TO THE FACT HE CAN’T BE HIT BY HIS MASTER (sahih muslim, Book #015, Hadith #4078) (sunan abudawud, Book #41, Hadith #5148)
27. DON’T OVER BURDEN THEM Narrated ( sahih bukahir, Book #2, Hadith #29)
29. DUE TO THE MERCY OF ALLAH, SLAVE GETS HALF THE PUNISHMENT OF FREE WOMEN (Chapter #4, Verse #25)
30. SLAVES WILL GET DOUBLE REWARD IN SERVING THEIR MASTER (sahih bukhari, Book #62, Hadith #20) (sahih bukhari, Book #46, Hadith #726) (sahih bukhari, Book #55, Hadith #655) (sahih bukhari, Book #3, Hadith #97) (sahih bukhari, Book #46, Hadith #722) (sahih bukhari, Book #46, Hadith #726) (sahih bukhari, Book #62, Hadith #116)
32. SLAVES CAN GET MARRIED. (sunan abudawud, Book #32, Hadith #4101) .  (sunan abudawud, Book #32, Hadith #4102)
33. PROPHET JOSEPH WAS CONSIDERED A SLAVE 12:30
35. MOST HONORABLE OF YOU WITH ALLAH IS THE ONE WITH PIETY (49:13)
36. SLAVE HAS PROPERTY, AND THE MASTER CAN’T TOUCH HIS RIGHT TO INHERITANCE. (sahih muslim, Book #009, Hadith #3596)

Seven

Before, the prophet (peace be upon him) sold a slave that was set free by his owner because the owner was in debt; and the prophet (peace be upon him) paid the debt of the deceased by selling the slave. However, after a certain time, the paying debt of a dead Muslim became incumbent upon the prophet (peace be upon him). So, instead of selling the slave in order to pay the debts of the Muslim, the prophet would pay for the Muslim who is in debt. The prophet praised a person who sets his slave free after his demise (sunan abu dawud, Book #29, Hadith #3957).

Before

Jabir is reported to have said: A person amongst the Ansar who had no other property declared a slave free after his death. Allah's Messenger (may peace be upon him) sold him, and Ibn al-Nahham bought him  (sahih muslim, Book #015, Hadith #4116) (sahih muslim, Book #005, Hadith #2183)    (sahih bukhari, Book #89, Hadith #296) (sahih bukhari,Book #34, Hadith #351) (sahih musilim Book #015, Hadith #4116) (sahiih muslim, Book #005, Hadith #2184) (sahih muslim, Book #015, Hadith #4115) (sahih bukhari, Book #85, Hadith #80) (sahih bukhari, Book #79, Hadith #707) (sahih bukhari, Book #41, Hadith #588) (sahih muslim, Book #015, Hadith #4113) (sahih muslim, Book #010, Hadith #3901) (sahih muslim, Book #015, Hadith #4115)

After

Jabir b. Abdullah said:. . . and he who left behind property that is for his family. and he who dies under debt or leaves children (in helplessness). the responsibility (of paying his debt and bringing up his children) lies on me."  (Book #004, Hadith #1885)

Narrated AbudDarda': The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: the similitude of a man who emancipates a slave at the time of his death is like that of a man who gives a present after satisfying his appetite. (sunan abu dawud, Book #29, Hadith #3957)

Eight

These black slaves were not sold because they were an inferior race. However, there is a hadith that says, “ a red (i.e. white tinged with red) person is not better than a black person and a black person is not better than a red person.”

Jabir (Allah be pleased with him) reported: There came a slave and pledg- ed allegiance to Allah's Apostle (may peace be upon him) on migration; he (the Holy Prophet) did not know that he was a slave. Then there came his master and demanded him back, whereupon Allah's Apostle (may peace be upon him) said: sell him to me. And he bought him for two black slaves, and he did not afterwards take allegiance from anyone until he had asked him whether he was a slave (or a free man)  (sahih bukhari, Book #010, Hadith #3901)

Bilal, a black slave went to paradise before the prophet (peace be upon him) (sahih bukhari, Book #57, Hadith #97)
The Prophet Muhammad said: “O people! Your God is one and your forefather (Adam) is one. An Arab is not better than a non-Arab and a non-Arab is not better than an Arab, and a red (i.e. white tinged with red) person is not better than a black person and a black person is not better than a red person,[3] except in piety.” Narrated in Mosnad Ahmad, #22978
“O mankind, . . . Truly, the noblest of you with God is the most pious.[2] Truly, God is All-Knowing, All-Aware.” (Quran 49:13)

Nine

In his demise, the prophet didn’t leave one slave. This is important,because he is an example for mankind for all times (33:21). And he shown through this example, that ending of slavery is sought after.

Narrated Amr bin Al-Harith: Allah's Apostle died, he did not leave any Dirham or Dinar (i.e. money), a slave or a slave woman (sahih bukhari, Book #51, Hadith #2)
(2) Narrated 'Amir bin Al-Harith: Allah's Apostle did not leave a Dinar or a Dirham or a male or a female slave (sahih bukhari, Book #59, Hadith #738)

Ten

A slave can ask for emancipation at any time (24:33). If a slave has the strength to work towards his liberation, then the master must free him. However, when the slave is working towards his emancipation the master can’t abuse him by assigning more then the slave can handle. Master must help his slave in whichever task he assigns him. (sahih bukhari, Book #2, Hadith #29). Can’t abuse a slave. This is a general statement; however, a master can’t do anything that can be termed as abuse to his slave. (sunan abu dawud, Book #32, Hadith #4073). And, can’t over burden them (sahih muslim Book #015, Hadith #4095)

“ . . . And such of your slaves as seek a writing (of emancipation), give them such writing, if you find that there is good and honesty in them. And give them something (yourselves) out of the wealth of Allah which He has bestowed upon you. . .” 24:33

Eleven

In hadith of an aborted fetus, (sahih bukhari, Book #83, Hadith #44), a slave must be given; however, this is not a law, rather, it is one time occasion; because, the same case (aborted fetus) five hundred sheep was given (sunan abu dawud, Book #39, Hadith #4561). Both case is meant for a limited time, instead of a law. Both can’t be a law, because it would surmount to an inconsistency.

Fetus for slave

Narrated Abu Huraira: Allah's Apostle gave a verdict regarding an aborted fetus of a woman from Bani Lihyan that the killer (of the fetus) should give a male or female slave (as a Diya) but the woman who was required to give the slave, died, so Allah's Apostle gave the verdict that her inheritance be given to her children and her husband and the Diya be paid by her 'Asaba.  (sahih bukhari, Book #80, Hadith #732) (sahih bukhari, Book #83, Hadith #41)  (sahih bukhari, Book #83, Hadith #45)

Fetus for sheep

Narrated Buraydah ibn al-Hasib: A woman threw a stone at another woman and she aborted. The dispute was brought to the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him). He gave judgment that five hundred sheep should be paid for her (unborn) child, and forbade throwing stones.  (sunan abu dawud, Book #39, Hadith #4561)


Allah knows best!
12
GENERAL TOPICS | BOARD ANNOUNCEMENTS / slavery in islam
« Last post by aliisse on August 13, 2019, 02:34:17 AM »
In the name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful!

The premise of this paper is that Islam intended to end all forms of slavery. Muslim scholars have concluded that indeed all forms of slavery was prohibited: debt, kidnapping, raids, poverty, execpt warfare. To bring home the premise, bondage is prohibited even through warfare.

One

This is a categorical proposition that indeed none can take a free man or woman into slavery. This means that even after declaring war upon a society, the Muslims cannot take such society into bondage; because, were the community the Muslims fought with free or not free? They were free. Thus, such community Muslims fights, their freedom can’t be taken away. This is an all inclusive message, which addresses all free persons. If there was a different verdict regarding taking community into bondage, these two hadiths contradicts that.

Narrated Abdullah ibn Umar: The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: There are three types of people whose prayer is not accepted by Allah: One who goes in front of people when they do not like him; a man who comes dibaran, which means that he comes to it too late; and a man who takes into slavery an emancipated male or female slave.  (sunan abu dawud, Book #2, Hadith #0593)

Narrated Abu Huraira: The Prophet said, "Allah says, 'I will be against three persons on the day of resurrection: 1. One who makes a covenant in My Name, but he proves treacherous. 2. One who sells a free person (as a slave) and eats the price, 3. And one who employs a laborer and gets the full work done by him but does not pay him his wages.' "  (sahih bukhari, Book #34, Hadith #430)

Two

There are 35 occasions in which freeing a slave is exulted. The essence in freeing slaves is to decrease the number of slaves in the community. Why? Why would there be numerous sources  that exults liberation? Because liberation is good; and since it is good then bondage can’t be good, too. It would result in a contradiction. How can something that is not good be enshrined by God? Either God enshrines liberation or bondage. Not both! Indeed, it’s liberation.

Emancipation erases sins from a Muslim. For example, if a husband has intercourse with his wife in Ramadan, he must free a slave (sahih bukhari., b. 82, 811). In the same token, if a Muslim kills in confinement he must free four slaves (sunan abu dawud, 14, 2681A). For an act to clean the sins of a Muslim means that such act is good and moral. Thus, emancipation is good and moral.

1.  Virtue of freeing a high price slave: (s.m., b. 001, 0147) (b. 006, 246).
2.  Umar freed slaves (s.m. b. 013, 4006).
3.  Intercourse with wife during Ramadan, free a slave: (s.b., b. 82, 811) (79, 702) (701) (700) (73, 185) (64, 281) (47, 772) (31, 157)(158) (s.a., b. 12, 2207) (s.m. b. 006, 2457) (2459) (2460). 4.  Freeing slaves, your body will be freed from hell-fire: (s.b., 79, 706) (s.m., 009, 3600) (3602) (3603) (3605) (s.a, 73, 3415) (29, 3912).
5.  Poor believers desire to free a slave, insufficient money: (s.m., b. 004, 1239).
6.  Deeds of freeing a slave, la ilah ilalah wahdahu la shariika lah : (s.b., b. 75, 412) (54, 514) (s.m, b. 035, 6508) (6510).
7.  Good deeds before Islam: (s.b., b. 24, 517)
8.  Good deeds: (s.b., b. 73, 21) (s.b., b. 53, 372) (46, 715) (s.b., 065, 2181) (s.m., 001, 0225).
9.  Freeing for the sake of Allah, abu huraira: (s.b., 59, 676) (46, 707) (708) (709).
10.  Free slaves during eclipse; (s.b., b.. 8, 163) (46, 695) (696).
11.  Serving the apostle: (s.a, b. 29, 3921).
12.  Freed 4 descendents of Ishmael; (s.a., b. 23, 3659) (25, 3659) (3955).
13.  Will be saved from hell: (s.a, b. 29, 3953) (s.m, b. 009, 3602) (3603) (s.b, b. 46, 693) (29, 3955).
14. 100 slaves freed: (s.a, b. 17, 2877).
15.  Umar set slaves free: (s.a., b.13, 2469).
16.  Kills in confinement freed four slaves: (s.a, b. 14, 2681A).
17.  Day of hudiabia: (s.a., b. 14, 2694).
18.  Banu hudhayi: (s.a., b. 14, 2744).
19.  Freed after death safe from hell on the day of judgment: (s.a., b. 29, 3957).
20.  Forced intercourse: (s.a., b. 38, 4445).
21.  Fostering a child, free a slave: (s.a., b 10, 1814) (11, 2059).
22.  Virtue of freeing descendents of Ishmael: (s.b., 59, 652) (46, 719) (s.m., b. 031, 6133) (s.a., b. 41, 5059).
23.  Land of charity freed slaves from it: (s.b., b. 51, 33) (26) (50, 895) (4110) (4109) (4108) (4107) (4106) (4104) (s.m., b. 009, 3580)(3584) (3585) (3587) (3595) (s.m, b. 015, 4102) (4103). 24.  Two masters should free the slave as a whole: (s.b., 46, 729) (44, 671) (672) (s.m., b. 009, 3578) (46, 697) (698) (699) (701) (702) (703) (704) (s.a., b. 29, 3922) (3923) (3937).
25.  Double reward: (s.b., b. 55, 655) (46, 723) (52, 255) (4079) (4081) (4082) (4083) (4084) (s.m,b. 006, 3327).
26.  Slap. Beat free slave; (s.a., b. 41, 5148) (s.m,. b. 015, 4078) (4086) (4089).
27.  Path that is steep and hard is to free a slave; (90:13).
28.  Slander against wife set a slave free: (58:3-4) (s.a., b. 12, 2208).
29.  Piety is to free a slave: 2: 177, 3:92.
30.  Killed a believer accidentally, free a slave 4:92.
 31.  Freed one hundred slaves: (s.m., b. 001, 0225).
32.  Slaves of hunain set free without ransom (abu bakr): (s.b., b. 53, 372).
33.  Master who frees a slave get some of the slaves’ inheritance: (s.m., 009, 3585) (3587).
34.  Even abu lahad received some goodness in his grave because he freed a slave; (s.b., b. 62,
35.  The person who freed will get the right of shared inheritance, al walad: (s.b., b. 53, 397) (404) (34, 378) (46, 736) (737) (47, 752) (24, 570) (34, 365) (30, 94) (364) (s.b., b. 80, 750).

Three

There are 27 sources in the Quran that mention war and fighting, while not bringing to mind captivity. In another case, freeing is decreasing the number of slaves; however, if the decrease of such bondage is moral, then how can captivity, (which increases the number of slaves), be moral, too? When the Muslim civilization overwhealms a people and takes them into bondage, they are adding to the total number of bondmen in the community. However, as we illustrated above there are 35 ways in which freeing of a slave is exulted. If subtracting bondage is good then adding bondage can’t be good, too. It would be an oxymoron. To take or not to take! Can the Muslims take captives into bondage? Yes or no? There are 14 occasions in which no captivity is promoted; while there are only 4 times in which Muslims took captives. Since, the number of times captives were taken is rare, and the counterpart is 14 occasions; then to conclude, the former is not a law. For example, the prophet cut down the trees of the Jews he was fighting (59:5), which is not a law. Since the captivity happened a few times, just like cutting of the trees, it is not a law. Perhaps the trees were cut for a strategic circumstance, and the captives were taken with a certain strategy not made apparent by the sources. The law is not to take captives. Just because something happens rare doesn’t mean it's not a law. However, if captivity is a law, why are there 14 other sources that negates it? Thus, there would be a contradiction if both captivity should not be sought after and should be sought after, at the same time. Since, there is a contradiction we must take either captivity or the negation of captivity as a law. Thus, we have chosen negation of captivity as a law, due to its abundant enshrinement of liberation.

No captivity

1.Banu an-Nadir were deported, and they took with them whatever their camels could carry, that is, their property, the doors of their houses, and their wood. No captivity (sunan abu dawud, Book #19, Hadith #2998)
2. I want to expel you [Banu Qaynuqa] from this land. So, if anyone amongst you owns some property, he is permitted to sell it . . ."  Banu Qaynuq weren’t taken into captivity. (Bukhari 53:392) (Ibn Ishaq/Hisham 546).
 3. and to free the captives, and for those in debt...  (Chapter #9, Verse #60)
4. Narrated Abu Musa: The Prophet said, "Free the captives . . ."  (sahih bukhari, Book #52, Hadith #282) (sahih bukhari, Book #62, Hadith #103) (sahih bukhari, Book #70, Hadith #552) (sahih bukhari, Book #83, Hadith #50) (sahih bukhari, Book #89, Hadith #285)(sahih bukhari, Book #52, Hadith #283) (sahih bukhari, Book #3, Hadith #111).
5. Muslims were permitted to set free the captives of Hawazin ... (sahih bukhari, Book #47, Hadith #778) (sahih bukhari, Book #47, Hadith #757) (sahih bukhari, ,Book #53, Hadith #360) (sahih bukhari, Book #59, Hadith #608) (sahih bukhari, Book #89, Hadith #288) (sahih bukhari, Book #53, Hadith #372) (sahih muslim, Book #015, Hadith #4074) (sunan abu dawud, Book #13, Hadith #2469).
6. hunain  ... freed the captives of hunain without ransom, they came out walking in the streets. 'Umar said (to his son), "O Abdullah! See what is the matter." 'Abdullah replied, "Allah's Apostle has freed the captives without ransom." He said (to him), "Go and set free those two slave girls." (Book #53, Hadith #372) (sahih muslim, Book #015, Hadith #4074).
7. Narrated Aisha, Ummul Mu'minin: Juwayriyyah, daughter of al-Harith ibn al-Mustaliq ... She entered into an agreement to purchase her freedom. One hundred families of Banu al-Mustaliq were set free on account of her.  (sunan abu dawud, Book #29, Hadith #3920).
8. WHEN THE PROPHET SEIZED MECCA, HE FORGAVE AND FREED ALL (Ibn Ishaq).
9. And if any of your wives have gone from you to the disbelievers, (as apostates and you asked them to return back your Mahr but they refused) - then you went out for a Ghazwah (military expedition) (against them and) gained booty; then pay from that booty to those whose wives have gone, the equivalent of what they had spent (on their Mahr ). And fear Allah in Whom you believe. (60:11). Women who ran weren’t made captives.
10. What is your opinion about these captives? Abu Bakr said: They are our kith and kin. I think you should release them after getting from them a ransom. . .  I [Umar] am of the opinion that you should hand them over to us so that we may cut off their heads. . . [God chose the verdict of Umar] (sahih muslim, Book #019, Hadith #4360).
11. Thereafter (is the time) either for generosity (i.e. free them without ransom), or ransom (according to what benefits Islam), until the war lays down its burden. 47:4.
12. Fight is mentioned without captivity: 2:190, 2:193, 2:216, 2:217, 2:244, 3:13, 3:167, 4:74- 4:76, 4:84, 4:95, 5:54, 8:39, 8:65, 9:12-14, 9:19, 9:24, 9:29, 9:36, 9:44, 9:81, 9:86, 9:111, 9:123, 22:39, 47:20, 61:4, 61:11.
13. Allah's Apostle manumitted safiyya and then married her. No captivity. Her marriage was her manumission (sahih bukhari, Book #62, Hadith #98).
14. Free captives, (riyadu-saliheen)

Captivity

1.8:67-71.
2. We took women captives (sahih muslim, Book #008, Hadith #3373).
3. conquered Khaybar, they (the people) took out their spoils which contained equipment and captives.(sunan abu dawud, Book #14, Hadith #2779).
4. Having overcome them and taken them captives. (sahih muslim, Book #008, Hadith #3432) (sahih muslim, Book #008, Hadith #3433). 4:24

Fourth

There are 26 ways that becomes an impediment to owning a slave. For example,  the owner must pay charity on behalf of his slave. It means that the owner will lose money in owning a slave. On another occasion, the master must buy his slave clothing and feeding him with what he eats. The owner must pay expenses on behalf of his slave; which means the master is losing money. Thus, due to these impediments the master is pushed to freeing his slave, in order to save money and resources.

1.Feed them (sunan abu dawud, book 41, 5142) (sahih bukahir, Book #2, Hadith #29)
2. Clothe them with you wear (sunan abu dawud, book 41, 5142) (sahih bukahir, Book #2, Hadith #29).
3. Master can’t punish the slave (sunan abu dawud, book 41, 5142).
4. You can’t beat them (sahih muslim, Book #015, Hadith #4078) (sahih muslim, Book #015, Hadith #4086) (sahih muslim, Book #015, Hadith #4089).
5. You can’t slap them (sahih muslim, Book #015, Hadith #4078) (sahih muslim, Book #015, Hadith #4086) (sahih muslim, Book #015, Hadith #4089) (sahih muslim, Book #015, Hadith #4083) (sahih muslim, Book #015, Hadith #4084).
6. You can’t slander against them (sahih bukhari, Book #82, Hadith #841).
7. Sadaqat-ul-Fitr.  The master must pay charity on behalf of his slaves  (sunan abudawud, Book #9, Hadith #1615) (sunan abudawud, Book #9, Hadith #1616) (sunan abudawud, Book #9, Hadith #1618) (sunan abudawud, Book #9, Hadith #1590)  (sahih muslim, Book #010, Hadith #3868) (sahih muslim, Book #005, Hadith #2155) (sahih muslim, Book #005, Hadith #2156) (sahih musliim, Book #005, Hadith #2150) (sahih muslim, Book #005, Hadith #2151) (sahih muslim, Book #005, Hadith #2153) (sahih muslim, Book #005, Hadith #2149) (sahih muslim, Book #005, Hadith #2144) (sahih muslim, Book #005, Hadith #2145) (sahih muslim, Book #005, Hadith #2147) (sahih bukhari, Book #24, Hadith #542)  (sahih bukhari, Book #24, Hadith #543) (sahih bukhari,  Book #25, Hadith #579) (sahih bukhari, Book #25, Hadith #580) (sahih bukhari, Book #25, Hadith #587).
8. You can only have intercourse with her if she allows it. The master is in a perilous position if he buys a slave girl who doesn’t allow him to have intercourse with her. (sunan abu dawud, Book #38, Hadith #4445) (sunan abu dawud, Book #38, Hadith #4446).  (sunan abudawud, Book #38, Hadith #4444) (sunan abudawud, Book #38, Hadith #4443).
 9. You can’t call yourself the lord and call them slave (sahih bukhari, Book #46, Hadith #728) (sunan abudawud, Book #41, Hadith #4957) (sahih bukhari, Book #027, Hadith #5594) (sahih muslim, Book #027, Hadith #5591).
10. Slave will get your inheritance if you don’t have any heir (sahih muslim, Book #004, Hadith #1355).
11. You must share gifts and present with slave (sunan abu dawud, Book #19, Hadith #2946). 12. Can’t over burden them (sahih muslim Book #015, Hadith #4095) (sahih muslim, Book #015, Hadith #4094) (sahih muslim, Book #015, Hadith #4093) (sahih muslim, Book #015, Hadith #4092) ( sahih bukahir, Book #2, Hadith #29) (sahih bukhari, Book #46, Hadith #721). 13. The slave will serve you for so long as you don’t contradict Allah and his messenger (saw). 14. Can’t punish them (sunan abu dawud, book #41, Hadith #5142).
15. He can demand his emancipation. 24:33 (s.b., b. 2, #29)(s.b., b. 44, 682), (s.m, b. 009, 3582)(s.m. b. 015, 4110) (s,m. b. 015, 4095) (s.m., b. 015, 4094)(4093).
16. Once a slave seek emancipation, you must give some of your wealth to him once he frees himself. (24:33).
17. Can’t abuse a slave. This is a general statement; however, a master can’t do anything that can be termed as abuse to his slave. (sunan abu dawud, Book #32, Hadith #4073).
18. Slave can have retaliation from a hit or slap he received from his master ( sahih bukhari, Book #2, Hadith #29).
19. Master must help his slave in whichever task he assigns him. (SAHIH BUKHARI, Book #2, Hadith #29) (SAHIH BUKHARI, Book #46, Hadith #704) (SAHIH BUKHARI, Book #46, Hadith #721) (SAHIH BUKHARI, Book #73, Hadith #76) (SAHIH MUSLIM, Book #015, Hadith #4092) (SAHIH MUSLIM, Book #015, Hadith #4093) (SAHIH MUSLIM, Book #015, Hadith #4094).
20. Ummu walad: the mother of your child. She takes on the same rights as a wife, and all the rights lended to a wife will she inherit (sahih muslim, b. 008, 3377) (3383) (3384) (sahih bukhari, 92, 403) (80, 753) (748) (749) (747) (746) (744) (743) (79, 708) (65, 341) (62, 34).
21. You can’t give your favorite son or daughter a slave and deprive your other offspring: this is an impediment, because it makes the buying of slaves a negative. (sahih muslim, b. 012, 3921) (3266) (3967) (3969) (3970) (sahih bukhari, 47, 759) (760) (48, 818).
22. Can’t separate a mother and her children: (sunan abu dawud, b. 23, 2690).
23. Can’t look at the private parts of your slave at time of marriage: (sunan abu dawud, Book #32, Hadith #4101), (sunan abu dawud, Book #32, Hadith #4102).
24. If you beat a slave he will share with your reward: (sahih muslim Book #005, Hadith #2237). 25. Can’t take the property of a slave, inheritance; (sahih muslim, Book #009, Hadith #3596). 26. Slave can own his own property in which the master ought not encroach upon it: (sahih muslim, Book #009, Hadith #3596)

Fifth

The Prophet (peace be upon him) set slaves free. And below is the many times the companions set slaves free, too. These sources being presented makes manifest the virtue of the prophet and his companions, regarding the decrease of slaves in the Muslim community. To bring home the point, why would there be countless freed slaves if minimizing bondman is not moral and should be aim towards?

The prophet

Thauban, the freed slave of the Messenger of Allah (sahih muslims, Book #003, Hadith #0614) (sahih muslims, Book #004, Hadith #0989)
Haritha the freed slave of Allah's Apostle(sahih bukhari, Book #60, Hadith #305)
Abu Rafi', the freed slave of the Prophet (sahih bukhari, Book #35, Hadith #459)

The companions

the freed slave of Shaiba (sahih bukhari, Book #3, Hadith #92).
the freed slave of 'Uthman bin 'Affan (sahih bukhari, Book #4, Hadith #165)
the freed slave of Um Hani (sahih bukhari, Book #8, Hadith #353)
the freed slave of Ibn 'Abbas  (sahih bukhari, Book #12, Hadith #802)
(freed slave of) Ziyad (sahih bukhari, Book #21, Hadith #288)
The freed slave of 'Umar bin 'Ubaidullah (sahih bukhari, Book #52, Hadith #210)
Al-Khattab appointed a freed slave of his (sahih bukhari, Book #52, Hadith #292)
the freed slave of Shaddad (sahih bukhari, Book #002, Hadith #0464)
The freed slave of Usama bin Zaid (sahih bukhari, Book #57, Hadith #81)
the freed slave of Abu Bakr (sahih bukhari, Book #57, Hadith #97)
the freed slave of Abu Hudhaifa (sahih bukhari, Book #57, Hadith #103)
freed slave of an Ansari woman (sahih bukhari, Book #59, Hadith #335)
The freed slave of Abu Qilaba (sahih bukhari, Book #59, Hadith #506)
the freed slave of Ibn Azhar  (sahih bukhari, Book #68, Hadith #478)
the freed slave of Al-Mughira bin Shu'ba (sahih bukhari, Book #75, Hadith #342)
the freed slave of Mahri  (sahih muslims, Book #002, Hadith #0466)
the freed slave of 'A'isha (sahih muslims, Book #004, Hadith #1316)
the freed slave of Umm Hani  (sahih muslims, Book #004, Hadith #1555)
the freed slave of Umm al-Fadl (sahih muslims, Book #006, Hadith #2496)
the freed slave of Asma' bint Abu Bakr (sahih muslims, Book #007, Hadith #2853)
the freed slave of Umm Habiba (sahih muslims, Book #007, Hadith #2963)
the freed slave of 'Azza  (sahih muslims, Book #009, Hadith #3489)
the freed slave of Maimuna  (sahih muslims, Book #016, Hadith #4127)
the freed slave of Abu Qatada  (sahih muslims, Book #019, Hadith #4339)
the freed slave of Abu Ayyub Ansiri  (sahih muslims, Book #023, Hadith #5099)
the freed slave of Nafi' b. 'Abd al-Harith (sahih muslims, Book #024, Hadith #5199)
the freed slave of Banu Zuhra  (sahih muslims, Book #024, Hadith #5265)
the freed slave of Banu Hashim (sahih muslims, Book #030, Hadith #5805)
the freed slave of Shaiba (sahih muslims, Book #030, Hadith #5829)
the freed slave of Nasriyyin (sahih muslims, Book #032, Hadith #6293)

Six

Allah calls many people slaves. This is a point of honor. For example, when God was speaking of sending the Quran upon prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him), He calls him a slave (25:1). Additionally, when Allah makes known the night journey of prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him), he is called a slave (17:1). When God places the greatest honor on Muhammad (peace be upon him), the prophet is called a slave.

Narrated Abu Huraira: The Prophet said, "You should not say, 'Feed your lord (Rabbaka), help your lord in performing ablution, or give water to your lord, but should say, 'my master (e.g. Feed your master instead of lord etc.) (Saiyidi), or my guardian (Maulai), and one should not say, my slave (Abdi), or my girl-slave (Amati), but should say, my lad (Fatai), my lass (Fatati), and 'my boy (Ghulami)."  (sahih bukhari, 46, 728) (sunan abu dawud, Book #41, Hadith #4957) (sahih muslim, Book #027, Hadith #5594) (sahih muslim, Book #027, Hadith #5591)

Being called a slave is honorable

1.MUHAMMAD: called a slave (Sahih bukhari, Book #12, Hadith #797) (sahih bukhari Book #22, Hadith #294)  (sahih bukhari, Book #8, Hadith #455) (sahih bukhari, Book #21, Hadith #230) (sahih bukhari, Book #34, Hadith #335)(sunan abuddawud, Book #55, Hadith #644) (sahih bukhari, Book #52, Hadith #297) (sahih bukhari, Book #56, Hadith #725).
2. MESSIAH : called a slave(sahih musim, Book #001, Hadith #0043) (Chapter #19, Verse #30) (Chapter #18, Verse #102) (Chapter #43, Verse #59) (sahih bukhari, Book #76, Hadith #533)  (sahih bukhari, Book #63, Hadith #209) (sahih bukhari, Book #60, Hadith #264) (sahih bukhari, Book #60, Hadith #249) (sahih bukhari, Book #60, Hadith #250) (sahih bukhari, Book #55, Hadith #644) (sahih bukhari, Book #55, Hadith #654) (sahih bukhari, Book #60, Hadith #251) (sahih bukhari, Book #60, Hadith #149) (sahih bukhari, Book #60, Hadith #150).
3. MOSES: called a slave  (sahih bukhari, Book #23, Hadith #423) (sahih bukhari, Book #60, Hadith #3)(sahih bukhari, Book #55, Hadith #619).
4. KHADIR: called a slave (sahih bukhari, Book #3, Hadith #74) (sahih  bukhari, Book #55, Hadith #612) (sahih bukhari Book #3, Hadith #124) (sahih bukhari, Book #93, Hadith #570).
5. BELIEVERS: called a slave (sahih bukhari, Book #12, Hadith #794) (sahih bukahri, Book #12, Hadith #797) (sahih bukhari, Book #23, Hadith #373) (Chapter #17, Verse #53) (Chapter #17, Verse #65).
6. DEAD PERSON: called a slave (sahih bukhari, Book #23, Hadith #456).
7. DWELLERS OF PARADISE: called a slave (sahih bukhari, Book #31, Hadith #121), 89:27-29.
8. ANGEL GABRIEL: called a slave (sahih bukhari, Book #60, Hadith #379) (sahih bukhari, Book #60, Hadith #380).
9. VICTORIOUS SLAVES OF ALLAH: called a slave   (sahih bukhari, Book #52, Hadith #238) (sahih bukhari, Book #27, Hadith #23).
10. DAVID AND SOLOMON: called a slave (sahih bukhari, Book #55, Hadith #633).
11. NOAH: called a slave (Chapter #17, Verse #3).
12. CHILDREN OF ISRAEL: called a slave (Chapter #20, Verse #77) (Chapter #26, Verse #52).
13. CHIEF OF THE BELIEVERS: called a slave (sahih bukhari, Book #89, Hadith #312).
14. MUJAHIDEEN: called a slave (sahih bukhari, Book #78, Hadith #661).
15. AYYUB: called a slave (Chapter #38, Verse #41)
16. IBRAHIM: called a slave (Chapter #38, Verse #45).
17. ALL CREATION: called a slave (sahih bukhari, Book #52, Hadith #108)

Slaves who were honored

1. SLAVES IN THE PILGRIMAGE, (sahih bukhari, Book #26, Hadith #769).
2. SLAVE WAS GIVEN INHERITANCE OF A MAN WHO PAST AWAY, (sunan abudawud, Book #18, Hadith #2899)
3. SLAVE AND FREE WOMEN WERE GIVEN BEADS (financial gain) (50) (sunan abu dawud, Book #19, Hadith #2946)
4. SLAVE GETS SOME OF THE SPOILS OF WAR (sahih muslim, Book #009, Hadith #3596)
5. COMPANIONS HONOR A SLAVE (sahih muslim, Book #031, Hadith #6079)
6. SLAVE AND FREE MEN ARE BEING SOUGHT FORGIVENESS FOR ALLAH (sahih muslim, Book #031, Hadith #6100)
7. SLAVE CAN LEAD THE MUSLIMS, IT IS INCUMBENT UPON THEM TO OBEY HIM FOR SO LONG AS HE IS ACTING ACCORDING TO THE SOURCES OF ISLAM (182) (sahih muslim, Book #020, Hadith #4532)
8. obey (him) even if he were a slave maimed (and disabled).  (sahih muslims, Book #020, Hadith #4525) (sahih muslim, Book #020, Hadith #4530) (sahih muslim, Book #020, Hadith #4528) (sahih muslim, Book #004, Hadith #1355) (sahih bukhari, Book #020, Hadith #4526) (sahih muslim, Book #007, Hadith #2977)
9. He who accused his slave of adultery, punishment would be imposed upon him on the Day of Resurrection, (sahih muslim, Book #015, Hadith #4090)
10. NO ONE SHOULD TAKE THE INHERITANCE OF A SLAVE (sahih muslim, Book #009, Hadith #3596)
11. FREED SLAVE LEADING THE PEOPLE (sahih muslim, Book #004, Hadith #1780)
13. SLAVE GIRL IS MORE HONORABLE AND BETTER THAN AN APPEALING MAN (sahih bukhari, Book #55, Hadith #645)
14. SLAVES HAVE THE SAME RIGHTS AS THE FREE EMIGRANTS (sahih bukhari, Book #63, Hadith #210)
15. BELIEVING SLAVE IS BETTER THAN A FREE DISBELIEVER, ALSO 5 SLAVES WERE OF THE EARLY BELIEVERS IN PROPHET MUHAMMAD (Quran, 2:221)/
16. A SLAVE HAGAR (sahih bukhari)
17. Ishmael the son of slave (Hagar) was made a prophet: (Chapter #4, Verse #163) (Chapter #19, Verse #54) (Chapter #38, Verse #48) (Chapter #2, Verse #136) (Chapter #6, Verse #86)
18. SLAVE LEADS IN PRAYER WHICH IS A GREAT HONOR (sahih bukhari, Book #11, Hadith #661)
19.  BILAL FORMER SLAVE ENTERED PARADISE BEFORE THE BELOVED PROPHET (sahih bukhari, Book #57, Hadith #97)
20. FREED SLAVE IS ONE OF THE MEN PROPHET SAID SHOULD BE LEARNED FROM THE QURAN (sahih bukhari, Book #57, Hadith #103) (sahih bukhari, Book #57, Hadith #104) (sahih bukhari, Book #58, Hadith #150) (sahih bukhari, Book #58, Hadith #153)
21. GOD GAVE THE PRIVILEGE OF THE FIRST BELIEVERS TO BE 5 OUT OF 8 SLAVES, (sahih bukhari, Book #58, Hadith #197) (sahih bukhari, Book #57, Hadith #12)
22. PROPHET (SAW) TOOK THE ADVICE OF A SLAVE WOMEN (See Hadith No. 274, Vol. 6)  (sahih bukhari, Book #92, Hadith #462)
23. FREEING A MUSLIM SLAVE WILL FREE YOU FROM HELL FIRE (sahih bukhari, Book #79, Hadith #706)
24. CANNOT SLANDER A SLAVE, WILL BE PUNISHED IN THE HEREAFTER, (sahih bukhari, Book #82, Hadith #841) (sahih bukhari, Book #82, Hadith #841)
25. VIRGIN AND SLAVE WOMEN BE SOUGHT THEIR OPINION DURING MARRIAGE (sahih bukhari, Book #86, Hadith #100) (sahih bukhari, Book #86, Hadith #101) (sahih bukhari, Book #86, Hadith #101)
26. THE SLAVE IS HONORED DUE TO THE FACT HE CAN’T BE HIT BY HIS MASTER (sahih muslim, Book #015, Hadith #4078) (sunan abudawud, Book #41, Hadith #5148)
27. DON’T OVER BURDEN THEM Narrated ( sahih bukahir, Book #2, Hadith #29)
29. DUE TO THE MERCY OF ALLAH, SLAVE GETS HALF THE PUNISHMENT OF FREE WOMEN (Chapter #4, Verse #25)
30. SLAVES WILL GET DOUBLE REWARD IN SERVING THEIR MASTER (sahih bukhari, Book #62, Hadith #20) (sahih bukhari, Book #46, Hadith #726) (sahih bukhari, Book #55, Hadith #655) (sahih bukhari, Book #3, Hadith #97) (sahih bukhari, Book #46, Hadith #722) (sahih bukhari, Book #46, Hadith #726) (sahih bukhari, Book #62, Hadith #116)
32. SLAVES CAN GET MARRIED. (sunan abudawud, Book #32, Hadith #4101) .  (sunan abudawud, Book #32, Hadith #4102)
33. PROPHET JOSEPH WAS CONSIDERED A SLAVE 12:30
35. MOST HONORABLE OF YOU WITH ALLAH IS THE ONE WITH PIETY (49:13)
36. SLAVE HAS PROPERTY, AND THE MASTER CAN’T TOUCH HIS RIGHT TO INHERITANCE. (sahih muslim, Book #009, Hadith #3596)

Seven

Before, the prophet (peace be upon him) sold a slave that was set free by his owner because the owner was in debt; and the prophet (peace be upon him) paid the debt of the deceased by selling the slave. However, after a certain time, the paying debt of a dead Muslim became incumbent upon the prophet (peace be upon him). So, instead of selling the slave in order to pay the debts of the Muslim, the prophet would pay for the Muslim who is in debt. The prophet praised a person who sets his slave free after his demise (sunan abu dawud, Book #29, Hadith #3957).

Before

Jabir is reported to have said: A person amongst the Ansar who had no other property declared a slave free after his death. Allah's Messenger (may peace be upon him) sold him, and Ibn al-Nahham bought him  (sahih muslim, Book #015, Hadith #4116) (sahih muslim, Book #005, Hadith #2183)    (sahih bukhari, Book #89, Hadith #296) (sahih bukhari,Book #34, Hadith #351) (sahih musilim Book #015, Hadith #4116) (sahiih muslim, Book #005, Hadith #2184) (sahih muslim, Book #015, Hadith #4115) (sahih bukhari, Book #85, Hadith #80) (sahih bukhari, Book #79, Hadith #707) (sahih bukhari, Book #41, Hadith #588) (sahih muslim, Book #015, Hadith #4113) (sahih muslim, Book #010, Hadith #3901) (sahih muslim, Book #015, Hadith #4115)

After

Jabir b. Abdullah said:. . . and he who left behind property that is for his family. and he who dies under debt or leaves children (in helplessness). the responsibility (of paying his debt and bringing up his children) lies on me."  (Book #004, Hadith #1885)

Narrated AbudDarda': The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: the similitude of a man who emancipates a slave at the time of his death is like that of a man who gives a present after satisfying his appetite. (sunan abu dawud, Book #29, Hadith #3957)

Eight

These black slaves were not sold because they were an inferior race. However, there is a hadith that says, “ a red (i.e. white tinged with red) person is not better than a black person and a black person is not better than a red person.”

Jabir (Allah be pleased with him) reported: There came a slave and pledg- ed allegiance to Allah's Apostle (may peace be upon him) on migration; he (the Holy Prophet) did not know that he was a slave. Then there came his master and demanded him back, whereupon Allah's Apostle (may peace be upon him) said: sell him to me. And he bought him for two black slaves, and he did not afterwards take allegiance from anyone until he had asked him whether he was a slave (or a free man)  (sahih bukhari, Book #010, Hadith #3901)

Bilal, a black slave went to paradise before the prophet (peace be upon him) (sahih bukhari, Book #57, Hadith #97)
The Prophet Muhammad said: “O people! Your God is one and your forefather (Adam) is one. An Arab is not better than a non-Arab and a non-Arab is not better than an Arab, and a red (i.e. white tinged with red) person is not better than a black person and a black person is not better than a red person,[3] except in piety.” Narrated in Mosnad Ahmad, #22978
“O mankind, . . . Truly, the noblest of you with God is the most pious.[2] Truly, God is All-Knowing, All-Aware.” (Quran 49:13)

Nine

In his demise, the prophet didn’t leave one slave. This is important,because he is an example for mankind for all times (33:21). And he shown through this example, that ending of slavery is sought after.

Narrated Amr bin Al-Harith: Allah's Apostle died, he did not leave any Dirham or Dinar (i.e. money), a slave or a slave woman (sahih bukhari, Book #51, Hadith #2)
(2) Narrated 'Amir bin Al-Harith: Allah's Apostle did not leave a Dinar or a Dirham or a male or a female slave (sahih bukhari, Book #59, Hadith #738)

Ten

A slave can ask for emancipation at any time (24:33). If a slave has the strength to work towards his liberation, then the master must free him. However, when the slave is working towards his emancipation the master can’t abuse him by assigning more then the slave can handle. Master must help his slave in whichever task he assigns him. (sahih bukhari, Book #2, Hadith #29). Can’t abuse a slave. This is a general statement; however, a master can’t do anything that can be termed as abuse to his slave. (sunan abu dawud, Book #32, Hadith #4073). And, can’t over burden them (sahih muslim Book #015, Hadith #4095)

“ . . . And such of your slaves as seek a writing (of emancipation), give them such writing, if you find that there is good and honesty in them. And give them something (yourselves) out of the wealth of Allah which He has bestowed upon you. . .” 24:33

Eleven

In hadith of an aborted fetus, (sahih bukhari, Book #83, Hadith #44), a slave must be given; however, this is not a law, rather, it is one time occasion; because, the same case (aborted fetus) five hundred sheep was given (sunan abu dawud, Book #39, Hadith #4561). Both case is meant for a limited time, instead of a law. Both can’t be a law, because it would surmount to an inconsistency.

Fetus for slave

Narrated Abu Huraira: Allah's Apostle gave a verdict regarding an aborted fetus of a woman from Bani Lihyan that the killer (of the fetus) should give a male or female slave (as a Diya) but the woman who was required to give the slave, died, so Allah's Apostle gave the verdict that her inheritance be given to her children and her husband and the Diya be paid by her 'Asaba.  (sahih bukhari, Book #80, Hadith #732) (sahih bukhari, Book #83, Hadith #41)  (sahih bukhari, Book #83, Hadith #45)

Fetus for sheep

Narrated Buraydah ibn al-Hasib: A woman threw a stone at another woman and she aborted. The dispute was brought to the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him). He gave judgment that five hundred sheep should be paid for her (unborn) child, and forbade throwing stones.  (sunan abu dawud, Book #39, Hadith #4561)


Allah knows best!
13
GENERAL TOPICS | BOARD ANNOUNCEMENTS / Re: Islam and slavery
« Last post by aliisse on August 13, 2019, 02:25:55 AM »
In the name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful!

The premise of this paper is that Islam intended to end all forms of slavery. Muslim scholars have concluded that indeed all forms of slavery was prohibited: debt, kidnapping, raids, poverty, execpt warfare. To bring home the premise, bondage is prohibited even through warfare.

One

This is a categorical proposition that indeed none can take a free man or woman into slavery. This means that even after declaring war upon a society, the Muslims cannot take such society into bondage; because, were the community the Muslims fought with free or not free? They were free. Thus, such community Muslims fights, their freedom can’t be taken away. This is an all inclusive message, which addresses all free persons. If there was a different verdict regarding taking community into bondage, these two hadiths contradicts that.

Narrated Abdullah ibn Umar: The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: There are three types of people whose prayer is not accepted by Allah: One who goes in front of people when they do not like him; a man who comes dibaran, which means that he comes to it too late; and a man who takes into slavery an emancipated male or female slave.  (sunan abu dawud, Book #2, Hadith #0593)

Narrated Abu Huraira: The Prophet said, "Allah says, 'I will be against three persons on the day of resurrection: 1. One who makes a covenant in My Name, but he proves treacherous. 2. One who sells a free person (as a slave) and eats the price, 3. And one who employs a laborer and gets the full work done by him but does not pay him his wages.' "  (sahih bukhari, Book #34, Hadith #430)

Two

There are 35 occasions in which freeing a slave is exulted. The essence in freeing slaves is to decrease the number of slaves in the community. Why? Why would there be numerous sources  that exults liberation? Because liberation is good; and since it is good then bondage can’t be good, too. It would result in a contradiction. How can something that is not good be enshrined by God? Either God enshrines liberation or bondage. Not both! Indeed, it’s liberation.

Emancipation erases sins from a Muslim. For example, if a husband has intercourse with his wife in Ramadan, he must free a slave (sahih bukhari., b. 82, 811). In the same token, if a Muslim kills in confinement he must free four slaves (sunan abu dawud, 14, 2681A). For an act to clean the sins of a Muslim means that such act is good and moral. Thus, emancipation is good and moral.

1.  Virtue of freeing a high price slave: (s.m., b. 001, 0147) (b. 006, 246).
2.  Umar freed slaves (s.m. b. 013, 4006).
3.  Intercourse with wife during Ramadan, free a slave: (s.b., b. 82, 811) (79, 702) (701) (700) (73, 185) (64, 281) (47, 772) (31, 157)(158) (s.a., b. 12, 2207) (s.m. b. 006, 2457) (2459) (2460). 4.  Freeing slaves, your body will be freed from hell-fire: (s.b., 79, 706) (s.m., 009, 3600) (3602) (3603) (3605) (s.a, 73, 3415) (29, 3912).
5.  Poor believers desire to free a slave, insufficient money: (s.m., b. 004, 1239).
6.  Deeds of freeing a slave, la ilah ilalah wahdahu la shariika lah : (s.b., b. 75, 412) (54, 514) (s.m, b. 035, 6508) (6510).
7.  Good deeds before Islam: (s.b., b. 24, 517)
8.  Good deeds: (s.b., b. 73, 21) (s.b., b. 53, 372) (46, 715) (s.b., 065, 2181) (s.m., 001, 0225).
9.  Freeing for the sake of Allah, abu huraira: (s.b., 59, 676) (46, 707) (708) (709).
10.  Free slaves during eclipse; (s.b., b.. 8, 163) (46, 695) (696).
11.  Serving the apostle: (s.a, b. 29, 3921).
12.  Freed 4 descendents of Ishmael; (s.a., b. 23, 3659) (25, 3659) (3955).
13.  Will be saved from hell: (s.a, b. 29, 3953) (s.m, b. 009, 3602) (3603) (s.b, b. 46, 693) (29, 3955).
14. 100 slaves freed: (s.a, b. 17, 2877).
15.  Umar set slaves free: (s.a., b.13, 2469).
16.  Kills in confinement freed four slaves: (s.a, b. 14, 2681A).
17.  Day of hudiabia: (s.a., b. 14, 2694).
18.  Banu hudhayi: (s.a., b. 14, 2744).
19.  Freed after death safe from hell on the day of judgment: (s.a., b. 29, 3957).
20.  Forced intercourse: (s.a., b. 38, 4445).
21.  Fostering a child, free a slave: (s.a., b 10, 1814) (11, 2059).
22.  Virtue of freeing descendents of Ishmael: (s.b., 59, 652) (46, 719) (s.m., b. 031, 6133) (s.a., b. 41, 5059).
23.  Land of charity freed slaves from it: (s.b., b. 51, 33) (26) (50, 895) (4110) (4109) (4108) (4107) (4106) (4104) (s.m., b. 009, 3580)(3584) (3585) (3587) (3595) (s.m, b. 015, 4102) (4103). 24.  Two masters should free the slave as a whole: (s.b., 46, 729) (44, 671) (672) (s.m., b. 009, 3578) (46, 697) (698) (699) (701) (702) (703) (704) (s.a., b. 29, 3922) (3923) (3937).
25.  Double reward: (s.b., b. 55, 655) (46, 723) (52, 255) (4079) (4081) (4082) (4083) (4084) (s.m,b. 006, 3327).
26.  Slap. Beat free slave; (s.a., b. 41, 5148) (s.m,. b. 015, 4078) (4086) (4089).
27.  Path that is steep and hard is to free a slave; (90:13).
28.  Slander against wife set a slave free: (58:3-4) (s.a., b. 12, 2208).
29.  Piety is to free a slave: 2: 177, 3:92.
30.  Killed a believer accidentally, free a slave 4:92.
 31.  Freed one hundred slaves: (s.m., b. 001, 0225).
32.  Slaves of hunain set free without ransom (abu bakr): (s.b., b. 53, 372).
33.  Master who frees a slave get some of the slaves’ inheritance: (s.m., 009, 3585) (3587).
34.  Even abu lahad received some goodness in his grave because he freed a slave; (s.b., b. 62,
35.  The person who freed will get the right of shared inheritance, al walad: (s.b., b. 53, 397) (404) (34, 378) (46, 736) (737) (47, 752) (24, 570) (34, 365) (30, 94) (364) (s.b., b. 80, 750).

Three

There are 27 sources in the Quran that mention war and fighting, while not bringing to mind captivity. In another case, freeing is decreasing the number of slaves; however, if the decrease of such bondage is moral, then how can captivity, (which increases the number of slaves), be moral, too? When the Muslim civilization overwhealms a people and takes them into bondage, they are adding to the total number of bondmen in the community. However, as we illustrated above there are 35 ways in which freeing of a slave is exulted. If subtracting bondage is good then adding bondage can’t be good, too. It would be an oxymoron. To take or not to take! Can the Muslims take captives into bondage? Yes or no? There are 14 occasions in which no captivity is promoted; while there are only 4 times in which Muslims took captives. Since, the number of times captives were taken is rare, and the counterpart is 14 occasions; then to conclude, the former is not a law. For example, the prophet cut down the trees of the Jews he was fighting (59:5), which is not a law. Since the captivity happened a few times, just like cutting of the trees, it is not a law. Perhaps the trees were cut for a strategic circumstance, and the captives were taken with a certain strategy not made apparent by the sources. The law is not to take captives. Just because something happens rare doesn’t mean it's not a law. However, if captivity is a law, why are there 14 other sources that negates it? Thus, there would be a contradiction if both captivity should not be sought after and should be sought after, at the same time. Since, there is a contradiction we must take either captivity or the negation of captivity as a law. Thus, we have chosen negation of captivity as a law, due to its abundant enshrinement of liberation.

No captivity

1.Banu an-Nadir were deported, and they took with them whatever their camels could carry, that is, their property, the doors of their houses, and their wood. No captivity (sunan abu dawud, Book #19, Hadith #2998)
2. I want to expel you [Banu Qaynuqa] from this land. So, if anyone amongst you owns some property, he is permitted to sell it . . ."  Banu Qaynuq weren’t taken into captivity. (Bukhari 53:392) (Ibn Ishaq/Hisham 546).
 3. and to free the captives, and for those in debt...  (Chapter #9, Verse #60)
4. Narrated Abu Musa: The Prophet said, "Free the captives . . ."  (sahih bukhari, Book #52, Hadith #282) (sahih bukhari, Book #62, Hadith #103) (sahih bukhari, Book #70, Hadith #552) (sahih bukhari, Book #83, Hadith #50) (sahih bukhari, Book #89, Hadith #285)(sahih bukhari, Book #52, Hadith #283) (sahih bukhari, Book #3, Hadith #111).
5. Muslims were permitted to set free the captives of Hawazin ... (sahih bukhari, Book #47, Hadith #778) (sahih bukhari, Book #47, Hadith #757) (sahih bukhari, ,Book #53, Hadith #360) (sahih bukhari, Book #59, Hadith #608) (sahih bukhari, Book #89, Hadith #288) (sahih bukhari, Book #53, Hadith #372) (sahih muslim, Book #015, Hadith #4074) (sunan abu dawud, Book #13, Hadith #2469).
6. hunain  ... freed the captives of hunain without ransom, they came out walking in the streets. 'Umar said (to his son), "O Abdullah! See what is the matter." 'Abdullah replied, "Allah's Apostle has freed the captives without ransom." He said (to him), "Go and set free those two slave girls." (Book #53, Hadith #372) (sahih muslim, Book #015, Hadith #4074).
7. Narrated Aisha, Ummul Mu'minin: Juwayriyyah, daughter of al-Harith ibn al-Mustaliq ... She entered into an agreement to purchase her freedom. One hundred families of Banu al-Mustaliq were set free on account of her.  (sunan abu dawud, Book #29, Hadith #3920).
8. WHEN THE PROPHET SEIZED MECCA, HE FORGAVE AND FREED ALL (Ibn Ishaq).
9. And if any of your wives have gone from you to the disbelievers, (as apostates and you asked them to return back your Mahr but they refused) - then you went out for a Ghazwah (military expedition) (against them and) gained booty; then pay from that booty to those whose wives have gone, the equivalent of what they had spent (on their Mahr ). And fear Allah in Whom you believe. (60:11). Women who ran weren’t made captives.
10. What is your opinion about these captives? Abu Bakr said: They are our kith and kin. I think you should release them after getting from them a ransom. . .  I [Umar] am of the opinion that you should hand them over to us so that we may cut off their heads. . . [God chose the verdict of Umar] (sahih muslim, Book #019, Hadith #4360).
11. Thereafter (is the time) either for generosity (i.e. free them without ransom), or ransom (according to what benefits Islam), until the war lays down its burden. 47:4.
12. Fight is mentioned without captivity: 2:190, 2:193, 2:216, 2:217, 2:244, 3:13, 3:167, 4:74- 4:76, 4:84, 4:95, 5:54, 8:39, 8:65, 9:12-14, 9:19, 9:24, 9:29, 9:36, 9:44, 9:81, 9:86, 9:111, 9:123, 22:39, 47:20, 61:4, 61:11.
13. Allah's Apostle manumitted safiyya and then married her. No captivity. Her marriage was her manumission (sahih bukhari, Book #62, Hadith #98).
14. Free captives, (riyadu-saliheen)

Captivity

1.8:67-71.
2. We took women captives (sahih muslim, Book #008, Hadith #3373).
3. conquered Khaybar, they (the people) took out their spoils which contained equipment and captives.(sunan abu dawud, Book #14, Hadith #2779).
4. Having overcome them and taken them captives. (sahih muslim, Book #008, Hadith #3432) (sahih muslim, Book #008, Hadith #3433). 4:24

Fourth

There are 26 ways that becomes an impediment to owning a slave. For example,  the owner must pay charity on behalf of his slave. It means that the owner will lose money in owning a slave. On another occasion, the master must buy his slave clothing and feeding him with what he eats. The owner must pay expenses on behalf of his slave; which means the master is losing money. Thus, due to these impediments the master is pushed to freeing his slave, in order to save money and resources.

1.Feed them (sunan abu dawud, book 41, 5142) (sahih bukahir, Book #2, Hadith #29)
2. Clothe them with you wear (sunan abu dawud, book 41, 5142) (sahih bukahir, Book #2, Hadith #29).
3. Master can’t punish the slave (sunan abu dawud, book 41, 5142).
4. You can’t beat them (sahih muslim, Book #015, Hadith #4078) (sahih muslim, Book #015, Hadith #4086) (sahih muslim, Book #015, Hadith #4089).
5. You can’t slap them (sahih muslim, Book #015, Hadith #4078) (sahih muslim, Book #015, Hadith #4086) (sahih muslim, Book #015, Hadith #4089) (sahih muslim, Book #015, Hadith #4083) (sahih muslim, Book #015, Hadith #4084).
6. You can’t slander against them (sahih bukhari, Book #82, Hadith #841).
7. Sadaqat-ul-Fitr.  The master must pay charity on behalf of his slaves  (sunan abudawud, Book #9, Hadith #1615) (sunan abudawud, Book #9, Hadith #1616) (sunan abudawud, Book #9, Hadith #1618) (sunan abudawud, Book #9, Hadith #1590)  (sahih muslim, Book #010, Hadith #3868) (sahih muslim, Book #005, Hadith #2155) (sahih muslim, Book #005, Hadith #2156) (sahih musliim, Book #005, Hadith #2150) (sahih muslim, Book #005, Hadith #2151) (sahih muslim, Book #005, Hadith #2153) (sahih muslim, Book #005, Hadith #2149) (sahih muslim, Book #005, Hadith #2144) (sahih muslim, Book #005, Hadith #2145) (sahih muslim, Book #005, Hadith #2147) (sahih bukhari, Book #24, Hadith #542)  (sahih bukhari, Book #24, Hadith #543) (sahih bukhari,  Book #25, Hadith #579) (sahih bukhari, Book #25, Hadith #580) (sahih bukhari, Book #25, Hadith #587).
8. You can only have intercourse with her if she allows it. The master is in a perilous position if he buys a slave girl who doesn’t allow him to have intercourse with her. (sunan abu dawud, Book #38, Hadith #4445) (sunan abu dawud, Book #38, Hadith #4446).  (sunan abudawud, Book #38, Hadith #4444) (sunan abudawud, Book #38, Hadith #4443).
 9. You can’t call yourself the lord and call them slave (sahih bukhari, Book #46, Hadith #728) (sunan abudawud, Book #41, Hadith #4957) (sahih bukhari, Book #027, Hadith #5594) (sahih muslim, Book #027, Hadith #5591).
10. Slave will get your inheritance if you don’t have any heir (sahih muslim, Book #004, Hadith #1355).
11. You must share gifts and present with slave (sunan abu dawud, Book #19, Hadith #2946). 12. Can’t over burden them (sahih muslim Book #015, Hadith #4095) (sahih muslim, Book #015, Hadith #4094) (sahih muslim, Book #015, Hadith #4093) (sahih muslim, Book #015, Hadith #4092) ( sahih bukahir, Book #2, Hadith #29) (sahih bukhari, Book #46, Hadith #721). 13. The slave will serve you for so long as you don’t contradict Allah and his messenger (saw). 14. Can’t punish them (sunan abu dawud, book #41, Hadith #5142).
15. He can demand his emancipation. 24:33 (s.b., b. 2, #29)(s.b., b. 44, 682), (s.m, b. 009, 3582)(s.m. b. 015, 4110) (s,m. b. 015, 4095) (s.m., b. 015, 4094)(4093).
16. Once a slave seek emancipation, you must give some of your wealth to him once he frees himself. (24:33).
17. Can’t abuse a slave. This is a general statement; however, a master can’t do anything that can be termed as abuse to his slave. (sunan abu dawud, Book #32, Hadith #4073).
18. Slave can have retaliation from a hit or slap he received from his master ( sahih bukhari, Book #2, Hadith #29).
19. Master must help his slave in whichever task he assigns him. (SAHIH BUKHARI, Book #2, Hadith #29) (SAHIH BUKHARI, Book #46, Hadith #704) (SAHIH BUKHARI, Book #46, Hadith #721) (SAHIH BUKHARI, Book #73, Hadith #76) (SAHIH MUSLIM, Book #015, Hadith #4092) (SAHIH MUSLIM, Book #015, Hadith #4093) (SAHIH MUSLIM, Book #015, Hadith #4094).
20. Ummu walad: the mother of your child. She takes on the same rights as a wife, and all the rights lended to a wife will she inherit (sahih muslim, b. 008, 3377) (3383) (3384) (sahih bukhari, 92, 403) (80, 753) (748) (749) (747) (746) (744) (743) (79, 708) (65, 341) (62, 34).
21. You can’t give your favorite son or daughter a slave and deprive your other offspring: this is an impediment, because it makes the buying of slaves a negative. (sahih muslim, b. 012, 3921) (3266) (3967) (3969) (3970) (sahih bukhari, 47, 759) (760) (48, 818).
22. Can’t separate a mother and her children: (sunan abu dawud, b. 23, 2690).
23. Can’t look at the private parts of your slave at time of marriage: (sunan abu dawud, Book #32, Hadith #4101), (sunan abu dawud, Book #32, Hadith #4102).
24. If you beat a slave he will share with your reward: (sahih muslim Book #005, Hadith #2237). 25. Can’t take the property of a slave, inheritance; (sahih muslim, Book #009, Hadith #3596). 26. Slave can own his own property in which the master ought not encroach upon it: (sahih muslim, Book #009, Hadith #3596)

Fifth

The Prophet (peace be upon him) set slaves free. And below is the many times the companions set slaves free, too. These sources being presented makes manifest the virtue of the prophet and his companions, regarding the decrease of slaves in the Muslim community. To bring home the point, why would there be countless freed slaves if minimizing bondman is not moral and should be aim towards?

The prophet

Thauban, the freed slave of the Messenger of Allah (sahih muslims, Book #003, Hadith #0614) (sahih muslims, Book #004, Hadith #0989)
Haritha the freed slave of Allah's Apostle(sahih bukhari, Book #60, Hadith #305)
Abu Rafi', the freed slave of the Prophet (sahih bukhari, Book #35, Hadith #459)

The companions

the freed slave of Shaiba (sahih bukhari, Book #3, Hadith #92).
the freed slave of 'Uthman bin 'Affan (sahih bukhari, Book #4, Hadith #165)
the freed slave of Um Hani (sahih bukhari, Book #8, Hadith #353)
the freed slave of Ibn 'Abbas  (sahih bukhari, Book #12, Hadith #802)
(freed slave of) Ziyad (sahih bukhari, Book #21, Hadith #288)
The freed slave of 'Umar bin 'Ubaidullah (sahih bukhari, Book #52, Hadith #210)
Al-Khattab appointed a freed slave of his (sahih bukhari, Book #52, Hadith #292)
the freed slave of Shaddad (sahih bukhari, Book #002, Hadith #0464)
The freed slave of Usama bin Zaid (sahih bukhari, Book #57, Hadith #81)
the freed slave of Abu Bakr (sahih bukhari, Book #57, Hadith #97)
the freed slave of Abu Hudhaifa (sahih bukhari, Book #57, Hadith #103)
freed slave of an Ansari woman (sahih bukhari, Book #59, Hadith #335)
The freed slave of Abu Qilaba (sahih bukhari, Book #59, Hadith #506)
the freed slave of Ibn Azhar  (sahih bukhari, Book #68, Hadith #478)
the freed slave of Al-Mughira bin Shu'ba (sahih bukhari, Book #75, Hadith #342)
the freed slave of Mahri  (sahih muslims, Book #002, Hadith #0466)
the freed slave of 'A'isha (sahih muslims, Book #004, Hadith #1316)
the freed slave of Umm Hani  (sahih muslims, Book #004, Hadith #1555)
the freed slave of Umm al-Fadl (sahih muslims, Book #006, Hadith #2496)
the freed slave of Asma' bint Abu Bakr (sahih muslims, Book #007, Hadith #2853)
the freed slave of Umm Habiba (sahih muslims, Book #007, Hadith #2963)
the freed slave of 'Azza  (sahih muslims, Book #009, Hadith #3489)
the freed slave of Maimuna  (sahih muslims, Book #016, Hadith #4127)
the freed slave of Abu Qatada  (sahih muslims, Book #019, Hadith #4339)
the freed slave of Abu Ayyub Ansiri  (sahih muslims, Book #023, Hadith #5099)
the freed slave of Nafi' b. 'Abd al-Harith (sahih muslims, Book #024, Hadith #5199)
the freed slave of Banu Zuhra  (sahih muslims, Book #024, Hadith #5265)
the freed slave of Banu Hashim (sahih muslims, Book #030, Hadith #5805)
the freed slave of Shaiba (sahih muslims, Book #030, Hadith #5829)
the freed slave of Nasriyyin (sahih muslims, Book #032, Hadith #6293)

Six

Allah calls many people slaves. This is a point of honor. For example, when God was speaking of sending the Quran upon prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him), He calls him a slave (25:1). Additionally, when Allah makes known the night journey of prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him), he is called a slave (17:1). When God places the greatest honor on Muhammad (peace be upon him), the prophet is called a slave.

Narrated Abu Huraira: The Prophet said, "You should not say, 'Feed your lord (Rabbaka), help your lord in performing ablution, or give water to your lord, but should say, 'my master (e.g. Feed your master instead of lord etc.) (Saiyidi), or my guardian (Maulai), and one should not say, my slave (Abdi), or my girl-slave (Amati), but should say, my lad (Fatai), my lass (Fatati), and 'my boy (Ghulami)."  (sahih bukhari, 46, 728) (sunan abu dawud, Book #41, Hadith #4957) (sahih muslim, Book #027, Hadith #5594) (sahih muslim, Book #027, Hadith #5591)

Being called a slave is honorable

1.MUHAMMAD: called a slave (Sahih bukhari, Book #12, Hadith #797) (sahih bukhari Book #22, Hadith #294)  (sahih bukhari, Book #8, Hadith #455) (sahih bukhari, Book #21, Hadith #230) (sahih bukhari, Book #34, Hadith #335)(sunan abuddawud, Book #55, Hadith #644) (sahih bukhari, Book #52, Hadith #297) (sahih bukhari, Book #56, Hadith #725).
2. MESSIAH : called a slave(sahih musim, Book #001, Hadith #0043) (Chapter #19, Verse #30) (Chapter #18, Verse #102) (Chapter #43, Verse #59) (sahih bukhari, Book #76, Hadith #533)  (sahih bukhari, Book #63, Hadith #209) (sahih bukhari, Book #60, Hadith #264) (sahih bukhari, Book #60, Hadith #249) (sahih bukhari, Book #60, Hadith #250) (sahih bukhari, Book #55, Hadith #644) (sahih bukhari, Book #55, Hadith #654) (sahih bukhari, Book #60, Hadith #251) (sahih bukhari, Book #60, Hadith #149) (sahih bukhari, Book #60, Hadith #150).
3. MOSES: called a slave  (sahih bukhari, Book #23, Hadith #423) (sahih bukhari, Book #60, Hadith #3)(sahih bukhari, Book #55, Hadith #619).
4. KHADIR: called a slave (sahih bukhari, Book #3, Hadith #74) (sahih  bukhari, Book #55, Hadith #612) (sahih bukhari Book #3, Hadith #124) (sahih bukhari, Book #93, Hadith #570).
5. BELIEVERS: called a slave (sahih bukhari, Book #12, Hadith #794) (sahih bukahri, Book #12, Hadith #797) (sahih bukhari, Book #23, Hadith #373) (Chapter #17, Verse #53) (Chapter #17, Verse #65).
6. DEAD PERSON: called a slave (sahih bukhari, Book #23, Hadith #456).
7. DWELLERS OF PARADISE: called a slave (sahih bukhari, Book #31, Hadith #121), 89:27-29.
8. ANGEL GABRIEL: called a slave (sahih bukhari, Book #60, Hadith #379) (sahih bukhari, Book #60, Hadith #380).
9. VICTORIOUS SLAVES OF ALLAH: called a slave   (sahih bukhari, Book #52, Hadith #238) (sahih bukhari, Book #27, Hadith #23).
10. DAVID AND SOLOMON: called a slave (sahih bukhari, Book #55, Hadith #633).
11. NOAH: called a slave (Chapter #17, Verse #3).
12. CHILDREN OF ISRAEL: called a slave (Chapter #20, Verse #77) (Chapter #26, Verse #52).
13. CHIEF OF THE BELIEVERS: called a slave (sahih bukhari, Book #89, Hadith #312).
14. MUJAHIDEEN: called a slave (sahih bukhari, Book #78, Hadith #661).
15. AYYUB: called a slave (Chapter #38, Verse #41)
16. IBRAHIM: called a slave (Chapter #38, Verse #45).
17. ALL CREATION: called a slave (sahih bukhari, Book #52, Hadith #108)

Slaves who were honored

1. SLAVES IN THE PILGRIMAGE, (sahih bukhari, Book #26, Hadith #769).
2. SLAVE WAS GIVEN INHERITANCE OF A MAN WHO PAST AWAY, (sunan abudawud, Book #18, Hadith #2899)
3. SLAVE AND FREE WOMEN WERE GIVEN BEADS (financial gain) (50) (sunan abu dawud, Book #19, Hadith #2946)
4. SLAVE GETS SOME OF THE SPOILS OF WAR (sahih muslim, Book #009, Hadith #3596)
5. COMPANIONS HONOR A SLAVE (sahih muslim, Book #031, Hadith #6079)
6. SLAVE AND FREE MEN ARE BEING SOUGHT FORGIVENESS FOR ALLAH (sahih muslim, Book #031, Hadith #6100)
7. SLAVE CAN LEAD THE MUSLIMS, IT IS INCUMBENT UPON THEM TO OBEY HIM FOR SO LONG AS HE IS ACTING ACCORDING TO THE SOURCES OF ISLAM (182) (sahih muslim, Book #020, Hadith #4532)
8. obey (him) even if he were a slave maimed (and disabled).  (sahih muslims, Book #020, Hadith #4525) (sahih muslim, Book #020, Hadith #4530) (sahih muslim, Book #020, Hadith #4528) (sahih muslim, Book #004, Hadith #1355) (sahih bukhari, Book #020, Hadith #4526) (sahih muslim, Book #007, Hadith #2977)
9. He who accused his slave of adultery, punishment would be imposed upon him on the Day of Resurrection, (sahih muslim, Book #015, Hadith #4090)
10. NO ONE SHOULD TAKE THE INHERITANCE OF A SLAVE (sahih muslim, Book #009, Hadith #3596)
11. FREED SLAVE LEADING THE PEOPLE (sahih muslim, Book #004, Hadith #1780)
13. SLAVE GIRL IS MORE HONORABLE AND BETTER THAN AN APPEALING MAN (sahih bukhari, Book #55, Hadith #645)
14. SLAVES HAVE THE SAME RIGHTS AS THE FREE EMIGRANTS (sahih bukhari, Book #63, Hadith #210)
15. BELIEVING SLAVE IS BETTER THAN A FREE DISBELIEVER, ALSO 5 SLAVES WERE OF THE EARLY BELIEVERS IN PROPHET MUHAMMAD (Quran, 2:221)/
16. A SLAVE HAGAR (sahih bukhari)
17. Ishmael the son of slave (Hagar) was made a prophet: (Chapter #4, Verse #163) (Chapter #19, Verse #54) (Chapter #38, Verse #48) (Chapter #2, Verse #136) (Chapter #6, Verse #86)
18. SLAVE LEADS IN PRAYER WHICH IS A GREAT HONOR (sahih bukhari, Book #11, Hadith #661)
19.  BILAL FORMER SLAVE ENTERED PARADISE BEFORE THE BELOVED PROPHET (sahih bukhari, Book #57, Hadith #97)
20. FREED SLAVE IS ONE OF THE MEN PROPHET SAID SHOULD BE LEARNED FROM THE QURAN (sahih bukhari, Book #57, Hadith #103) (sahih bukhari, Book #57, Hadith #104) (sahih bukhari, Book #58, Hadith #150) (sahih bukhari, Book #58, Hadith #153)
21. GOD GAVE THE PRIVILEGE OF THE FIRST BELIEVERS TO BE 5 OUT OF 8 SLAVES, (sahih bukhari, Book #58, Hadith #197) (sahih bukhari, Book #57, Hadith #12)
22. PROPHET (SAW) TOOK THE ADVICE OF A SLAVE WOMEN (See Hadith No. 274, Vol. 6)  (sahih bukhari, Book #92, Hadith #462)
23. FREEING A MUSLIM SLAVE WILL FREE YOU FROM HELL FIRE (sahih bukhari, Book #79, Hadith #706)
24. CANNOT SLANDER A SLAVE, WILL BE PUNISHED IN THE HEREAFTER, (sahih bukhari, Book #82, Hadith #841) (sahih bukhari, Book #82, Hadith #841)
25. VIRGIN AND SLAVE WOMEN BE SOUGHT THEIR OPINION DURING MARRIAGE (sahih bukhari, Book #86, Hadith #100) (sahih bukhari, Book #86, Hadith #101) (sahih bukhari, Book #86, Hadith #101)
26. THE SLAVE IS HONORED DUE TO THE FACT HE CAN’T BE HIT BY HIS MASTER (sahih muslim, Book #015, Hadith #4078) (sunan abudawud, Book #41, Hadith #5148)
27. DON’T OVER BURDEN THEM Narrated ( sahih bukahir, Book #2, Hadith #29)
29. DUE TO THE MERCY OF ALLAH, SLAVE GETS HALF THE PUNISHMENT OF FREE WOMEN (Chapter #4, Verse #25)
30. SLAVES WILL GET DOUBLE REWARD IN SERVING THEIR MASTER (sahih bukhari, Book #62, Hadith #20) (sahih bukhari, Book #46, Hadith #726) (sahih bukhari, Book #55, Hadith #655) (sahih bukhari, Book #3, Hadith #97) (sahih bukhari, Book #46, Hadith #722) (sahih bukhari, Book #46, Hadith #726) (sahih bukhari, Book #62, Hadith #116)
32. SLAVES CAN GET MARRIED. (sunan abudawud, Book #32, Hadith #4101) .  (sunan abudawud, Book #32, Hadith #4102)
33. PROPHET JOSEPH WAS CONSIDERED A SLAVE 12:30
35. MOST HONORABLE OF YOU WITH ALLAH IS THE ONE WITH PIETY (49:13)
36. SLAVE HAS PROPERTY, AND THE MASTER CAN’T TOUCH HIS RIGHT TO INHERITANCE. (sahih muslim, Book #009, Hadith #3596)

Seven

Before, the prophet (peace be upon him) sold a slave that was set free by his owner because the owner was in debt; and the prophet (peace be upon him) paid the debt of the deceased by selling the slave. However, after a certain time, the paying debt of a dead Muslim became incumbent upon the prophet (peace be upon him). So, instead of selling the slave in order to pay the debts of the Muslim, the prophet would pay for the Muslim who is in debt. The prophet praised a person who sets his slave free after his demise (sunan abu dawud, Book #29, Hadith #3957).

Before

Jabir is reported to have said: A person amongst the Ansar who had no other property declared a slave free after his death. Allah's Messenger (may peace be upon him) sold him, and Ibn al-Nahham bought him  (sahih muslim, Book #015, Hadith #4116) (sahih muslim, Book #005, Hadith #2183)    (sahih bukhari, Book #89, Hadith #296) (sahih bukhari,Book #34, Hadith #351) (sahih musilim Book #015, Hadith #4116) (sahiih muslim, Book #005, Hadith #2184) (sahih muslim, Book #015, Hadith #4115) (sahih bukhari, Book #85, Hadith #80) (sahih bukhari, Book #79, Hadith #707) (sahih bukhari, Book #41, Hadith #588) (sahih muslim, Book #015, Hadith #4113) (sahih muslim, Book #010, Hadith #3901) (sahih muslim, Book #015, Hadith #4115)

After

Jabir b. Abdullah said:. . . and he who left behind property that is for his family. and he who dies under debt or leaves children (in helplessness). the responsibility (of paying his debt and bringing up his children) lies on me."  (Book #004, Hadith #1885)

Narrated AbudDarda': The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: the similitude of a man who emancipates a slave at the time of his death is like that of a man who gives a present after satisfying his appetite. (sunan abu dawud, Book #29, Hadith #3957)

Eight

These black slaves were not sold because they were an inferior race. However, there is a hadith that says, “ a red (i.e. white tinged with red) person is not better than a black person and a black person is not better than a red person.”

Jabir (Allah be pleased with him) reported: There came a slave and pledg- ed allegiance to Allah's Apostle (may peace be upon him) on migration; he (the Holy Prophet) did not know that he was a slave. Then there came his master and demanded him back, whereupon Allah's Apostle (may peace be upon him) said: sell him to me. And he bought him for two black slaves, and he did not afterwards take allegiance from anyone until he had asked him whether he was a slave (or a free man)  (sahih bukhari, Book #010, Hadith #3901)

Bilal, a black slave went to paradise before the prophet (peace be upon him) (sahih bukhari, Book #57, Hadith #97)
The Prophet Muhammad said: “O people! Your God is one and your forefather (Adam) is one. An Arab is not better than a non-Arab and a non-Arab is not better than an Arab, and a red (i.e. white tinged with red) person is not better than a black person and a black person is not better than a red person,[3] except in piety.” Narrated in Mosnad Ahmad, #22978
“O mankind, . . . Truly, the noblest of you with God is the most pious.[2] Truly, God is All-Knowing, All-Aware.” (Quran 49:13)

Nine

In his demise, the prophet didn’t leave one slave. This is important,because he is an example for mankind for all times (33:21). And he shown through this example, that ending of slavery is sought after.

Narrated Amr bin Al-Harith: Allah's Apostle died, he did not leave any Dirham or Dinar (i.e. money), a slave or a slave woman (sahih bukhari, Book #51, Hadith #2)
(2) Narrated 'Amir bin Al-Harith: Allah's Apostle did not leave a Dinar or a Dirham or a male or a female slave (sahih bukhari, Book #59, Hadith #738)

Ten

A slave can ask for emancipation at any time (24:33). If a slave has the strength to work towards his liberation, then the master must free him. However, when the slave is working towards his emancipation the master can’t abuse him by assigning more then the slave can handle. Master must help his slave in whichever task he assigns him. (sahih bukhari, Book #2, Hadith #29). Can’t abuse a slave. This is a general statement; however, a master can’t do anything that can be termed as abuse to his slave. (sunan abu dawud, Book #32, Hadith #4073). And, can’t over burden them (sahih muslim Book #015, Hadith #4095)

“ . . . And such of your slaves as seek a writing (of emancipation), give them such writing, if you find that there is good and honesty in them. And give them something (yourselves) out of the wealth of Allah which He has bestowed upon you. . .” 24:33

Eleven

In hadith of an aborted fetus, (sahih bukhari, Book #83, Hadith #44), a slave must be given; however, this is not a law, rather, it is one time occasion; because, the same case (aborted fetus) five hundred sheep was given (sunan abu dawud, Book #39, Hadith #4561). Both case is meant for a limited time, instead of a law. Both can’t be a law, because it would surmount to an inconsistency.

Fetus for slave

Narrated Abu Huraira: Allah's Apostle gave a verdict regarding an aborted fetus of a woman from Bani Lihyan that the killer (of the fetus) should give a male or female slave (as a Diya) but the woman who was required to give the slave, died, so Allah's Apostle gave the verdict that her inheritance be given to her children and her husband and the Diya be paid by her 'Asaba.  (sahih bukhari, Book #80, Hadith #732) (sahih bukhari, Book #83, Hadith #41)  (sahih bukhari, Book #83, Hadith #45)

Fetus for sheep

Narrated Buraydah ibn al-Hasib: A woman threw a stone at another woman and she aborted. The dispute was brought to the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him). He gave judgment that five hundred sheep should be paid for her (unborn) child, and forbade throwing stones.  (sunan abu dawud, Book #39, Hadith #4561)


Allah knows best!
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Sorry dear brother, I've been quite busy lately.  Too much work.  I will see to it this weekend, insha'Allah.
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No problem akhi. I have sent you my latest update to the section Evidence #1. This time I have added few articles and books written by scholars that confirms the spelling of Hira in its Greek transliterated form Χιρά. A very important info!

Did you actually opened the last file with my updates to Evidence #1 ?
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Jazaka Allah Khayr, dear brother Idris.  I will get to your material hopefully tonight or tomorrow, insha'Allah.  I've been very busy lately :).

Take care,
Osama Abdallah
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Also, brother Osama, I have sent you into your email some links related to your theory concerning the expression "Jehovah Jireh" (Gen. 22:14). It is possible that it might be what are you suggesting akhi! Masha'Allah.


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As-Salam aleikum wa rahmatullah dear brothers and sister,

I just wanted to say I am sorry for delaying my subsequent parts of my research on Hira in Isaiah 29:12. I was occupied with many other things (especially that it was a period of Ramadan, etc.). Anyway, I can give you a glimpse of what to expect in my upcoming research (the material excerpted from my future book):

In the Greek text of Isaiah 29:12, the illiterate who was given the Book in the place called Hira (as I proved in Evidence #1) is enigmatically addressed as "anthropos" (Gk. ανθρωπου) which means the "man" (some particular person). This Anthropos is mentioned in Balaam’s third and fourth oracle (Numbers 24:7, 17) and the term has a messianic overtones within its context as scholars noted. In the prophecies of Isaiah, this mysterious Anthropos is called otherwise "Glorious", and he is apparently a salvific figure who will come to Zion (Isaiah 35) which is in the "desert" or "wilderness" (used Hebrew 'arabah = Arabia). After exploring extensively Zion’s description, one can conclude without a shadow of doubt that it is a reference to Mecca. Now, in one of the Dead Sea Scrolls documents called 1QM (The War Scroll), a certain passage talks about a warrior who is called "Glorious" and who is a leader of the "army of light" (either angels or believers/saints):

English translation by Geza Vermes

[Rise up, O Hero!
Lead off Thy captives, O Glorious One!
Gather up] Thy spoils, O Author of mighty deeds!
Lay Thy hand on the neck of Thine enemies
and Thy feet [on the pile of the slain!
Smite the nations, Thine adversaries],
and devour flesh with Thy sword!
Fill Thy land with glory
and Thine inheritance with blessing!

That warrior is undoubtedly the same figure described in Isaiah 42:13ff (also Isa 49:1ff), Psalm 45:3-5 and Revelation 19:11-16 (compare these verses and you will notice striking similarities of some details).
Now, the remark about the illiterate being called "Anthropos" and then consequently "Glorious", is extremely important since it is quite consistent with what reported early Muslim exegetes like Ali ibn Rabban (8th century), an ex-Christian scholar influent in Syriac and Hebrew, who was able to identify the name Ahmad in Isaiah 35 (i.e. exactly where Anthropos/Glorious comes to Zion according to the Septuagint). Moreover, al-Tha'labi's Qisas al-Anbiya' (Stories of Prophets), narrates on the authority of Wahb ibn Munabbih, a Jewish scholar, that Isaiah recalled to the Israelites a prophecy about the illiterate prophet Ahmad which in Arabic precisely means "most Glorious", i.e. the one who glorify God in the highest degree (not 'Praised' or 'Praiseworthy' as many Muslims erroneously thinks), whose characteristic is in accordance with the servant of God from Isaiah 42, the very passage where Ka’b cited - according to the report of Ibn Asakir – the words "My servant Ahmad, the Chosen one" !

Now, Philo of Alexandria, in his "De Praemiis et Poenis", quotes the text of Numbers 24:7 (where Anthropos is mentioned), and he says of him the following:

"Some will even flee when no one pursues at all except fear, turning their backs towards the enemy, so as to afford a full mark of shooting, so that it will be very easy for the whole army to fall, being slain to a man; for a man (anthropos) will come forth [Numbers 24:7 LXX], says the word of God, leading a host and warring furiously, who will subdue great and populous nations, God sending that assistance which is suitable for pious men…” (See The works of Philo Judaeus, vol. 3, trans. C. D. Yonge (London: Henry G. Bohn, 1855), pp. 477-478. Here: https://archive.org/details/worksofphilojuda03phil/page/476)

By saying "leading a host and warring furiously [i.e. over his enemies]", Philo is indirectly making a reference to Isaiah 42:13 (he will stir up like a man of war, etc.). Notice that the beginning of the text "Some will even flee when no one pursues at all except fear, turning their backs towards the enemy, so as to afford a full mark of shooting, so that it will be very easy for the whole army to fall..." is a curious allusion to the first Muslims (who fought against Quraysh) who were defeated by being attacked from behind (this was a bitter lesson for Muslims because they disobeyed Prophet who commanded them to stay in their position but they didn't listened and consequently lost the battle). However, I'm not sure whether it happened during the Battle of al-Uhud or Battle of al-Badr. Read the rest of the text of Philo in page 478 and you will notice some allusion to the incident of the Jews of Khaibar who refused to accept Mohammed, they betrayed him and tried to kill him, but they were defeated and enslaved which is a reference to Isaiah 42:22-25 and Hosea 9:6-9 where the text according to the Septuagint says that "Mamadius will bury them" making an obvious reference to the massacre of Bani Qurajza (who were capitulated and buried in holes) after God put a judgement upon them so that the death would be a deserved punishment for them.

Moreover, my later research shows that this mysterious "Anthropos" seems to be a reference to the Quranic "Taha", the title of Sura 20 where Allah addresses Prophet Mohammed (SAAW) by this mysterious expression which means "O man" (according to an authoritative Quranic dictionary, here): https://books.google.fr/books?id=mclrIKdye5QC&pg=PA573&dq=Quran+20+Taha+means+O+man&hl=pl&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwiIlILh9tDiAhUSmRQKHdx4AtMQ6AEIMTAB#v=onepage&q=Quran%2020%20Taha%20means%20O%20man&f=false

See also this video below where it is explained that even in Hebrew and Syriac language, the term taha means "O man"(fragment of the video 7:43-8:42 min.):
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=v_HtiVOJlow&t=8s

Now, the Samaritan tradition call the "prophet like Moses" from Deuteronomy 18:18 by the name "Tahab" making it strikingly similar to the Quranic "Taha". Coincidence? Read also the next verses that comes immediately after the word Taha (O Man): "We have not sent down to you the Qur'an that you be distressed" https://quran.com/20. This makes a parallel allusion to the Book given to the illiterate in Isaiah 29:12 who according to LXX is called the "man" (Anthropos). What is surprising also is the thematical agreement of later verses in Surat Taha. For example, it recalls the case of Moses (AS) and how he was sent to Pharaoh in Egypt. If you read Isaiah 30, you will notice the reference to Pharaoh and Egypt, magicians, etc. Again, is it a coincidence ?

Can you handle all of these crazy connections ? Actually, there are more details… there are TOO MUCH exciting details that must be investigated.

Alhamdulillah for all!
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GENERAL TOPICS | BOARD ANNOUNCEMENTS / Re: Al-Kawthar Numerical Miracle
« Last post by QuranSearchCom on July 31, 2019, 05:33:05 AM »
More numerical proofs added to the article above.
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As'salamu Alaikum Everyone,

Here is something worth investigating, which occurred to me a few weeks ago.  Jehovah Jirah or Jireh means Jehovah of mount Jirah, which is the mountain where Abraham was going to sacrifice his son, peace be upon them both.

Now here are a few thoughts:

1-  We know mount Hira is in Mecca.

2-  We know Isaiah's Prophecy about mount Hira includes the Angel Gabriel coming down upon the Servant who can't read and will command him to read, and the servant will respond "I can not read".  We know in Islam that Prophet Muhammad perfectly fulfilled this Prophecy.  Peace and Blessings be upon all of GOD Almighty's Prophets and Messengers.

3-  Now we also know in Arabic Hira means being in a state of confusion, i.e., someone who is perplexed and confused.

4-  We know Abraham was desperate to have a son, and prayed and begged and wept to GOD Almighty for long decades (10s of years) to have a son.

5-  Abraham named his first son ISMAIL (ISHMAEL), which means GOD heard or GOD hears, i.e., GOD Almighty finally heard my long and desperate crys and weepings and prayings.

6-  GOD Almighty put Abraham in a very confusing trial by commanding him to take his son to the mountain and slaughter him.  Imagine Abraham here.  So after all of these years of crying and weeping and praying to grant me a son, you finally give me one and you want me to slaughter him?

7-  GOD Almighty then substituted the son for a lamb.



Question:

Could mount Hira in Mecca have been named by Abraham to mean the mountain of confusion, or the confusing trial?  Could Jehovah Jirah be referring to GOD of Mount Hira in Mecca?


This is worth a research.

Take care,
Osama Abdallah
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