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Does the Hadith really contain scientific errors regarding the sun's rising and setting?

The following question and Hadith-narrations of Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him, were taken from http://www.islamtoday.net/english/show_detail_section.cfm?q_id=811&main_cat_id=31.   The response below is mine.

Emphasis below are mine.  Notice how the Prophet said underneath the THRONE and not EARTH.  Because in another Hadith, the Prophet said that the sun NEVER SETS.  A lot more on this below.

 

Question: I was reading Sahh Muslim and saw a hadth which confused me a lot. Modern science has proven that Earth is orbiting the Sun. However, there is a hadth that says the Sun goes around the Earth and when it reaches a specific place under the Earth, it prostrates to Allah and then Allah permits it to go to the same way, but when the Day of Judgment comes, Allah will command it to go in the direction where it came from. Isn’t this in conflict with modern science?

Answered by the Scientific Research Committee - IslamToday.net

We must look carefully at the texts in question to determine exactly what those texts are saying, and equally importantly, what they are not saying.

This hadth is found in Sahh al-Bukhr (3199, 7424). Its text, as related by Ab Dharr al-Ghifr, is as follows:

The Prophet (peace be upon him) said to me: “O Ab Dharr! Do you know where the Sun goes when it sets?”

I said: “Allah and His Messenger know best.”

He said: “
It goes until it prostrates beneath the Throne. Then it seeks permission and permission is granted to it. Soon it will prostrate and it will not be accepted from it, and seek permission and will not be granted permission. It will be said to it: ‘Go back where you came from.’ Then it will rise from its setting place. This is Allah’s statement: ‘And the Sun runs on to its place of settlement. That is the determination of the Mighty the Knowing. [Srah YSn: 38]’.”

It is also found in Sahh Muslim (159,205). Its text, as related by Ab Dharr al-Ghifr, is as follows:

The Prophet (peace be upon him) said one day: “Do you know where the Sun goes when it sets?”

They said: “Allah and His Messenger know best.”

He said: “It goes until it arrives at its place of settlement beneath the Throne. Then it falls down in prostration and remains like that until it is said to it: ‘Arise! Go back from whence you came.’ Then it goes back and rises from its place of rising. Then it goes until it arrives at its place of settlement beneath the Throne. Then it falls down in prostration and remains like that until it is said to it: ‘Arise! Go back from whence you came.’ Then it goes back and rises from its place of rising. Then it goes without people finding anything wrong with it until it arrives at that place of settlement it has beneath the throne. Then it will be told: ‘Arise! Enter upon the morning rising from your setting place’.”

Then Allah’s Messenger (peace be upon him) said: “Do you know when that will be? It will be when ‘its faith will not avail a soul which had not believed before or earned some good from its faith. [Srah al-An`m: 157]’.”

The hadth is also found in Sahh al-Bukhr in a highly abridged form (4803, 7433). Its text reads:

I asked the Prophet (peace be upon him) about Allah’s statement: “And the Sun runs on to its place of settlement... [Srah YSn: 38]”.

He said: “Its place of settlement is beneath the throne (of Allah Almighty).”

Ibn Hajar al-`Asqaln, in Fath al-Br, his commentary on Sahh al-Bukhr, writes:

This was how Wak` related it from al-A`mash in an abbreviated form. It is a narration by meaning. In the previous narration of the hadth, the Prophet (peace be upon him) asked Ab Dharr: “Do you know where the Sun goes when it sets?” [Fath al-Br (8/688)]

 

My response:

The sub-sections of this section are:

1-  The Prophet, according to the Noble Quran, was given limited and little knowledge.
2-  My response to the Hadiths above.

  

From http://www.answering-christianity.com/blog/index.php?topic=2220.msg9746#msg9746:

  

Imam Bukhari threw away thousands of Hadiths:

The Holy Quran made it clear that earth was:

1-  Spherical.
2-  Rotating around itself.
3-  Is traveling in space.

We don't only have DAHAHA
دحاها.  We also have KIFAATA كفاتا (used for flying birds), TAQOOM تقوم (used for moving firmly), WADA'A وضع (used for moving something), MIHAADA مهادا (used for rocking back and forth; science calls this "Axial Tilt" for earth, which is what causes the seasonal changes).

And again, have Allah Almighty not DAHA the earth, it would not have been able to produce water and pasture.  This clearly and indipsubably means that earth became balanced in its rotation around the sun, and cool enough and stable enough to where it now can support the life that we are living today.

The Noble Words that Allah Almighty used to describe earth are all ones that deal with motion.  Why are you dismissing them?  If people back then failed to understand it, or accept it, then that's there problem.  Imam Bukhari said that he threw away THOUSANDS OF HADITHS:

http://www.islamic-awareness.org/Hadith/bukhari.html

  

Do we not have outside Bukhari this Hadith:



So it is quite probable that Prophet Muhammad did go indepth about the earth and its spherical shape, and its motion in space.  But since many probably thought it was unbelievable and ridiculous, then Imam Bukhari and other Hadiths collectors didn't include them.

So maybe Imam Bukhari threw away the Hadiths that did speak about the motion of earth in space, because people refused to believe them.  They would think that we would feel the motion too if earth was in motion.  Didn't even a doofus from today's salafies say this very exact thing today?  Watch this video:

www.youtube.com/watch?v=DKSKUIjBiM0

I would respond, in laymen's term, to the stupid salafies and others who use his type of argumentation to challenge science, by giving them the example of driving inside a closed car vs a motor cycle or a convertible car.  If you wear a hat inside a closed car, then your hat will remain on your head even if you're going 100 miles per hour on the road.

However, if you're driving a convertible, and the top is down, then your hat will fly away.  Your atmosphere inside the closed car is like our earth and its atmosphere today.  Earth today rotates around itself at a speed of 1000 miles per hour.  Yet, we don't feel it, because we are part of the motion.  When we go outside earth in space, the motion changes, and if we re-enter atmosphere too fast, then the friction with the thicker air will cause us to overheat and burn.  This is why asteroids burn up when they enter earth.


What gravity??

And forget gravity!!  If earth was spherical, then we would all fall off to space.  After all, if you pour water on a spherical object, wouldn't it just drain down to the ground??  And if earth was rotating around itself fast, then it would throw us all off into space!!

So maybe the Hadiths that went into the details of earth's roundness and motion were thrown away, because the people just couldn't fathom them.  Again, please visit:

www.answering-christianity.com/egg-shaped_earth.htm
www.answering-christianity.com/detailed_meanings_of_scientific_words_in_verses.htm#geology_moving_earth_rain
www.answering-christianity.com/ac20.htm#links


  

  
Allah Almighty Promised to Reveal the Scientific Miracles:

Another aspect for you to consider is that Allah Almighty Promised to reveal the Scientific Miracles of the Glorious Quran through the scientific discoveries that man will discover through Allah Almighty's Will:

"We will soon show them  Our signs in the Universe and INSIDE THEIR SELVES, until it will become quite clear to them that it (THE QURAN) is the truth. Is it not sufficient as regards your Lord that He is a witness over all things?   (The Noble Quran, 41:53)"

So if Allah Almighty chose to show you today that the earth is indeed spherical and is moving in space through NASA and other scientific agencies, and Allah Almighty chose to show you that this is indeed also in the Quran, as He Promised, then who are you to refuse this?

Please visit: www.answering-christianity.com/sci_prophecy.htm

So even if the Hadiths are lacking, it isn't because the Glorious Quran doesn't mention that the earth is spherical and is in motion.  But rather, because the people of that generation weren't ready for this type of knowledge.  So they failed to see it.  But as we advanced today, it became very clear to us.  Again, Allah Almighty PROMISED this:

"We will soon show them  Our signs in the Universe and INSIDE THEIR SELVES, until it will become quite clear to them that it (THE QURAN) is the truth...."

Take care,
Osama Abdallah

  

1-  The Prophet, according to the Noble Quran, was given limited and little knowledge:

It is first of all important to know that it is quite possible that some of the Scientifically correct Hadiths from the Prophet were lost due to lack of beliefs or understanding from the people, hence lack of interest to propagate these Hadiths.

Another possible answer is that neither was Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him, a scientist, nor was the Noble Quran a Science Book.  While it is true that Allah Almighty gave many STUNNING Scientific and Numerical Miracles and Notions in the Noble Quran that clearly prove that the Noble Quran was truly revealed to Prophet Muhammad by a supernatural power, which we call GOD Almighty, but Allah Almighty did not cover every single scientific topic in the Noble Quran.

There is also a very important point that Muslims often miss regarding Prophet Muhammad, and that is his GOD-given knowledge.  While it is true that Allah Almighty clearly declared in the Noble Quran that Prophet Muhammad doesn't utter nonsense and lies from his mouth and actions, but at the same time, Allah Almighty also did clearly declare that the Prophet and his followers and all of mankind were only given little and limited knowledge.  Let us look at the following Noble Verses:


(a)  Prophet Muhammad doesn't utter nonsense and lies either through his words or actions:

"Your companion (Muhammad SAW) has neither gone astray nor has erred. Nor does he speak of (his own) desire. It is only an Inspiration that is inspired. He has been taught (this Quran) by one mighty in power (Jibrael (Gabriel)).  (The Noble Quran, 53:2-5)"

"So Today (i.e. the Day of Resurrection), none of you can profit or harm one another. And We shall say to those who did wrong (i.e. worshipped others (like angels, jinns, prophets, saints, righteous persons, etc.) along with Allah): "Taste the torment of the Fire which you used to belie. And when Our Clear Verses are recited to them, they say: "This (Muhammad SAW) is naught but a man who wishes to hinder you from that which your fathers used to worship." And they say: "This is nothing but an invented lie." And those who disbelieve say of the truth when it has come to them (i.e. Prophet Muhammad SAW when Allah sent him as a Messenger with proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, etc.): "This is nothing but evident magic!" And We had not given them Scriptures which they could study, nor sent to them before you (O Muhammad SAW) any warner (Messenger). And those before them belied; these have not received one tenth (/th) of what We had granted to those (of old), yet they belied My Messengers, then how (terrible) was My denial (punishment)! Say (to them O Muhammad SAW): "I exhort you on one (thing) only: that you stand up for Allahs sake in pairs and singly, and reflect (within yourselves the life history of the Prophet SAW): there is no madness in your companion (Muhammad SAW), he is only a warner to you in face of a severe torment." Say (O Muhammad SAW): "Whatever wage I might have asked of you is yours. My wage is from Allah only. and He is Witness over all things." Say (O Muhammad SAW): "Verily! My Lord sends down Inspiration and makes apparent the truth (i.e. this Revelation that had come to me), the AllKnower of the Ghaib (unseen). Say (O Muhammad SAW): "The truth (the Quran and Allahs Inspiration) has come, and AlBatil (falsehood - Iblees (Satan)) can neither create anything nor resurrect (anything)." Say: "If (even) I go astray, I shall stray only to my own loss. But if I remain guided, it is because of the Inspiration of my Lord to me. Truly, He is AllHearer, Ever Near (to all things)."   (The Noble Quran, 34:42-50)"

""He is only a man who has invented a lie against Allah, but we are not going to believe in him." He said: "O my Lord! Help me because they deny me."  (The Noble Quran, 23:38-39)"

"Or say they: "He has invented a lie against Allah?" If Allah willed, He could have sealed your heart (so that you forget all that you know of the Quran). And Allah wipes out falsehood, and establishes the truth (Islam) by His Word (this Quran). Verily, He knows well what (the secrets) are in the breasts (of mankind).  (The Noble Quran, 42:24)"

 

(b)  Prophet Muhammad, his followers, and all humans were only given little and limited knowledge:

"And they ask you (O Muhammad SAW) concerning the Rooh (the Spirit); Say: "The Rooh (the Spirit): it is one of the things, the knowledge of which is only with my Lord. And of knowledge, you (mankind) have been given only a little.(The Noble Quran, 17:85)"

"Say: "I have no power over any good or harm to myself except as God willeth. If I had knowledge of the unseen, I should have multiplied all good, and no evil should have touched me: I am but a warner, and a bringer of glad tidings to those who have faith."  (The Noble Quran, 7:188)"

"This is part of the tidings of the things unseen, which We reveal unto thee (O Apostle!) by inspiration: Thou wast not with them when they cast lots with arrows, as to which of them should be charged with the care of Mary: Nor wast thou with them when they disputed (the point).  (The Noble Quran, 3:44)"

"God will not leave the believers in the state in which ye are now, until He separates what is evil from what is good nor will He disclose to you the secrets of the Unseen. But He chooses of His Apostles (For the purpose) whom He pleases. So believe in God. And His apostles: And if ye believe and do right, ye have a reward without measure.  (The Noble Quran, 3:179)"

"With Him are the keys of the unseen, the treasures that none knoweth but He. He knoweth whatever there is on the earth and in the sea. Not a leaf doth fall but with His knowledge: there is not a grain in the darkness (or depths) of the earth, nor anything fresh or dry (green or withered), but is (inscribed) in a record clear (to those who can read). (The Noble Quran, 6:59)"

"Such is one of the stories of what happened unseen, which We reveal by inspiration unto thee; nor wast thou (present) with them then when they concerted their plans together in the process of weaving their plots.  (The Noble Quran, 12:102)"

"Neither doth he withhold grudgingly a knowledge of the Unseen.  (The Noble Quran, 81:24)"


In the light of this, I will go ahead and answer the above Hadiths.

 

2-   My response to the Hadiths above:

Again, it is important to know that it is quite possible that some of the Scientifically correct Hadiths from the Prophet were lost due to lack of beliefs or understanding from the people, hence lack of interest to propagate these Hadiths.  The following Hadith that exists in the earliest Muslim Hadith sources gives a STUNNING STATEMENT:

A STUNNING Hadith [1] [2] [3] [4] from Prophet Muhammad regarding the rising and setting POINTS:

Question:

Did Prophet Muhammad know think that the earth was spherical or flat?

Answer:

In this Hadith, above, he certainly seems to have known this fact very well.  And this Hadith is even older than Sahih Bukhari.  It is important to know that Imam Bukhari and others have declared that they have discarded thousands of Hadiths:

www.islamic-awareness.org/Hadith/bukhari.html

  • "The two sahih collections did not gather the totality of the authentic ahadith as proved by al-Bukhari's testimony: "I have not included in my book al-Jami` but what is authentic, and I left out among the authentic for fear of [excessive] length."
      

  • "... Bukhari, collected twenty thousand of them, of which he rejected ten thousand, accounting them untrue. Of the remaining ten thousand he accepted only 7,275, declaring the rest to be untrustworthy. Abu Da'ud accepted as authentic only 4,800 rules out 50,000."

  •   
    This is to keep their volumes as simple and manageable as possible.  So it is quite possible that the Prophet spoke about the earth being spherical, and the Glorious Quran certainly did, and
    people just dismissed them as nonsense.  I have covered your question in great details at:

    www.answering-christianity.com/egg-shaped_earth.htm
    www.answering-christianity.com/ac20.htm#links
    www.answering-christianity.com/detailed_meanings_of_scientific_words_in_verses.htm

      

    As to the Hadith in question, here is its text:

    Sahh al-Bukhr (3199, 7424). Its text, as related by Ab Dharr al-Ghifr, is as follows:

    The Prophet (peace be upon him) said to me: “O Ab Dharr! Do you know where the Sun goes when it sets?”

    I said: “Allah and His Messenger know best.”

    He said: “
    It goes until it prostrates beneath the Throne. Then it seeks permission and permission is granted to it. Soon it will prostrate and it will not be accepted from it, and seek permission and will not be granted permission. It will be said to it: ‘Go back where you came from.’ Then it will rise from its setting place. This is Allah’s statement: ‘And the Sun runs on to its place of settlement. That is the determination of the Mighty the Knowing. [Srah YSn: 38]’.”

    عن أبي ذر رضي الله عنه أنه قال: قال النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم له حين غربت الشمس: أتدري أين تذهب؟ قلت الله ورسوله اعلم، قال: فإنها تذهب حتى تسجد تحت العرش فتستأذن فيؤذن لها وتوشك أن تسجد فلا يقبل منها، وتستأذن فلا يؤذن لها، يقال لها ارجعي من حيث جئت، فتطلع من مغربها فذلك قوله تعالى: والشمس تجري لمستقر لها ذلك تقدير العزيز العليم.

    What we have to understand from the above Hadiths is that the Prophet, peace be upon him, was rather aiming for more Glorification and Praising of Allah Almighty.  Since every created thing that GOD Almighty created recognizes the Creator, Allah, and worships Him, then the sun too prostrates to GOD Almighty in its own way and worships Him.   This is clearly mentioned in the following Noble Verses:

    "Seest thou not that to God bow down in worship all things that are in the heavens and on earth,- the sun, the moon, the stars; the hills, the trees, the animals; and a great number among mankind? But a great number are (also) such as are fit for Punishment: and such as God shall disgrace,- None can raise to honour: for God carries out all that He wills.  (The Noble Quran, 22:18)"

    "They say: "God hath begotten a son" :Glory be to Him.-Nay, to Him belongs all that is in the heavens and on earth: everything renders worship to Him.  (The Noble Quran, 2:116)"

    "To God do belong the unseen (secrets) of the heavens and the earth, and to Him goeth back every affair (for decision): then worship Him, and put thy trust in Him: and thy Lord is not unmindful of aught that ye do.  (The Noble Quran, 11:123)"

    So the Prophet wasn't really trying to prove a scientific theory here, even though his statements above don't make much scientific sense as far as our astronomists today would be concerned, because of the sun going underneath the throne of Allah Almighty and prostrating to Him and seeking His permission, etc....  But, nonetheless, his statements above are not in HOSTILITY with science either, because no where did the Prophet, for instance, say that the sun goes through a hole on earth (as the Hindu scriptures say), nor did he say that the sun goes UNDER THE EARTH!  He said that the sun goes underneath the throne of Allah Almighty, prostrates to Him and seeks His permission, which again proves my point about the Prophet wasn't trying to say a scientific statement more than he was trying to really Glorify and Praise Allah Almighty as much as possible through his metaphoric speech.  The clear-cut proof regarding his speech being metaphoric is the fact that he said that the sun prostrates to Allah Almighty, which is obviously different from how we, humans, prostrate to the Almighty GOD.

    Personally and frankly, I do not look forward for scientific notions in the Hadiths.   I look for them in the Divine Revelations of Allah Almighty in the Noble Quran, and there are tons of them that are truly breath taking!  Putting the Prophet and his Hadiths to the ultimate grilling and test is not fair and just!   Putting the Noble Quran is definitely fair and just and Allah Almighty Has truly proven the Noble Quran to be a Divine Miracle and Revelation!  The reason for this is following simple and logical reasons:

    1-  Only the Noble Quran is the Divine Revelation directly from Allah Almighty.   The Hadiths are rather inspirations by Allah Almighty and His Angel(s) to the Prophet, which mostly and mainly covered social laws and issues.

    2-  The Prophet, as we clearly an indisputably saw in the Noble Verses above, was given limited and little knowledge, and thus, we can't expect sophisticated statements from him, because he didn't know everything nor was he capable of giving anything sophisticated as far as science is concerned.

    3-  The Prophet's statements weren't in hostility with science, and therefore, the Noble Verses above that state that the Prophet never utters nonsense and lies either through his words or actions are not in contradiction because as I said, the Prophet was given limited knowledge by GOD Almighty, and therefore, we can only expect limited interpretations by the him.

     

     

    Conclusion:

    In light of all of the evidence that I provided and demonstrated above, I'd like to summarize this article with the following statement:

    We can only expect limited statements and interpretations by Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him, because Allah Almighty Willed for him to only go this far and only have this capability as clearly stated in the Noble Verses above, and especially in Noble Verse 17:85.

    So to answer the question of this article's title above: Does the Hadith really contain scientific errors regarding the sun's rising and setting?

    Again and again, it is important to know that it is quite possible that some of the Scientifically correct Hadiths from the Prophet were lost due to lack of beliefs or understanding from the people, hence lack of interest to propagate these Hadiths.  The following Hadith that exists in the earliest Muslim Hadith sources gives a STUNNING STATEMENT:

    A STUNNING Hadith [1] [2] [3] [4] from Prophet Muhammad regarding the rising and setting POINTS:

    Question:

    Did Prophet Muhammad know think that the earth was spherical or flat?

    Answer:

    In this Hadith, above, he certainly seems to have known this fact very well.  And this Hadith is even older than Sahih Bukhari.  It is important to know that Imam Bukhari and others have declared that they have discarded thousands of Hadiths:

    www.islamic-awareness.org/Hadith/bukhari.html

  • "The two sahih collections did not gather the totality of the authentic ahadith as proved by al-Bukhari's testimony: "I have not included in my book al-Jami` but what is authentic, and I left out among the authentic for fear of [excessive] length."
      

  • "... Bukhari, collected twenty thousand of them, of which he rejected ten thousand, accounting them untrue. Of the remaining ten thousand he accepted only 7,275, declaring the rest to be untrustworthy. Abu Da'ud accepted as authentic only 4,800 rules out 50,000."

  •   
    This is to keep their volumes as simple and manageable as possible.  So it is quite possible that the Prophet spoke about the earth being spherical, and the Glorious Quran certainly did, and
    people just dismissed them as nonsense.  I have covered your question in great details at:

    www.answering-christianity.com/egg-shaped_earth.htm
    www.answering-christianity.com/ac20.htm#links
    www.answering-christianity.com/detailed_meanings_of_scientific_words_in_verses.htm

      

    As to the Hadith in question, the answer is:

    Since the statement was about the sun setting and that it prostrates to the Throne of Allah Almighty after it sets, and perhaps the Prophet said (but wasn't documented) that the SUN ALWAYS PROSTRATES to the Throne of Allah Almighty, since this statement can not be taught in in astronomy classes, nor can we include them in academic astronomy books.  However, his statement is also like our metaphors today.  The sun never actually sets nor does it actually rise and the Hadith above clearly says this.  The earth rotates around its own axle and swims around the sun.  Allah Almighty did Say in the Glorious Quran:

    "Seest thou not that to God bow down in worship all things that are in the heavens and on earth,- the sun, the moon, the stars; the hills, the trees, the animals; and a great number among mankind? But a great number are (also) such as are fit for Punishment: and such as God shall disgrace,- None can raise to honour: for God carries out all that He wills.  (The Noble Quran, 22:18)"


    From a theological point of view, and from the limited knowledge that Allah Almighty, with His own Divine Will, gave the Prophet, the answer is clearly no, because the Prophet can not be expected to give accurate scientific statements according to the Noble Quran.  Only Allah Almighty is expected in the Noble Quran to give them, and He has already done so with ample Noble Verses.  That is why I am a Muslim today, because Islam is not only a perfect Divine Religion that I can live by in my daily life, and keeps me morally pure and chaste, but the Noble Quran is also perfect and stood the test of time and the grilling of science!  It would be unfair to put Prophet Muhammad, who had limited knowledge by Allah Almighty's Divine Will, through the grilling of science.  It's just not Islamically right as I clearly demonstrated and proved above.

    And like I said, it is quite possible that some of the Scientifically correct Hadiths from the Prophet were lost due to lack of beliefs or understanding from the people, hence lack of interest to propagate these Hadiths.

    Please visit:  The Amazing Scientific Miracles in the Noble Quran.

    All Praise and Glory are due to Allah Almighty alone, and all peace and blessings be upon our beloved, cherished and blessed Prophet, Muhammad, peace, blessings and mercy be upon him!

      

      

      

      

    Back to the Science Miracles in the Noble Quran and Islam.

    Evidence from the Quran that Allah Almighty Created the 7 Heavens and all of their Earths from Cloning.

    The egg-shaped earth in the Glorious Quran.

    Detailed rebuttal about the shape of the Earth in the Glorious Quran.  Detailed discussion about SUTIHAT.

    Did Prophet Muhammad understand everything in the Glorious Quran?

      

    Did the Noble Quran really say that the sun sets and rises on the earth?

    The sun's rising and setting POINTS on earth, mentioned in the Noble Quran and confirmed by science.

    Many rising and setting points of the sun on earth.

    An article by brother Kasem Suleiman.  An Arabic article in PDF format.

    The Motion of Earth in the Noble Quran.

    The Noble Quran confirms that the earth is rotating around its axle.

    Allah Almighty said that the earth is "egg-shaped".

    The Earth is round according to Islam.

    The Noble Quran confirms that the earth is rotating around itself.

    Rebuttals, and exposing the lies of the Answering Islam team section.

    Rebuttals to Avijit Roy articles.

    The story of Gog and Magog and the Iron Gates in the Noble Quran.

      

    Some very STUNNING Divine Miracles: [1]

    Here are some of my favorite Stunning Scientific Miracles in the Glorious Quran from among the tens (10s) that are listed in this section:

    1-  Here is one stunning Numerical Miracle, from the 10s below, for you:

    The Glorious Quran has 114 Chapters. The sum of those Chapters is 6555 (1+2+...+114 = 6555). There are also 6236 Noble Verses in the Glorious Quran. Now, IF YOU ADD EACH CHAPTER # with the number of its Verses, then you get a list of numbers. So 1 (first Chapter) + 7 (# of its Verses) = 8. Do this for all Chapters.

    1-  The sum of the odd numbers from the list = 6555.
    2-  The sum of the even numbers from the list = 6236.

    See the XLS file for 100% confirmation.
      

    2-  The Great Miracle.  Allah Almighty in the Holy Quran called the Number 19 Miracle "One of the Mighty Ones (Miracles)" (74:30-37) [1] [2].  See the 100s of Noble Verses that clearly testify to this Great Miracle.  Also, did you know that Allah Almighty Said in Surat Nuh (that's Noble Chapter Nuh (Noah)) that Prophet Noah lived for 950 years among his people. 

    Yet, all Praise and Glory are due to Allah Almighty Alone, the entire Noble Surah is exactly written in 950 Letters [1] [2]!  You can thoroughly see this in the scanned images that thoroughly verify every single Noble Letter, in the links.  Click on the links to see the many other Numerical Miracles in the Holy Quran.  Also, see the Numerical Miracles section along with all of the other great sections.  Also, 1,000s of examples in zip & PDF (fonts) files all demonstrated in this article!

      
    3-  19 X 115 = 2185 Number 19 and BASMALA Miracle.  The total numerical value of Noble Verses 74:30-37 themselves, which are the heart of the Number 19 Miracle, has a stunning Miracle in it.  The value of these Noble Verses matches the multiplication of the BASMALA's number of letters (19 Letters) and their total numerical values (115): 19 X 115 = 2185.  The Basmala, which full text in Arabic means "In the Name of Allah The Most Beneficent, The Most Merciful" is the Key to the Glorious Quran.  It is recited first before reading the Holy Quran, and it is also obligatory upon every Muslim to start with the Basmala before starting any task.  Again, 1,000s of examples in zip & PDF (fonts) files all demonstrated in this article!

      
    4-  Please also checkout the many hundreds (100s) of Great Numerical Miracles, and the many tens (10s) of other Great Scientific Miracles that deal with:

         1-  Embryology.
         2-  Biology.
         3-  Astronomy.
         4-  Geology.
         5-  Mathematics
         6-  Archeology.
         7-  Prophecies [1].

    For example:

    1-  The explosion of the Universe, Galaxies and Stars bring about Smoke.
      
    "When the sky disintegrates, and turns rose colored like paint (
    وردة كالدهان)." (The Noble Quran, 55:37) [2] [3]
      

      
      

    Also, the Glorious Quran [1] declares that the earth is:

    1- Spherical.
    2- Suspended in Space.
    3- Rotating around itself.
    4- Is traveling in Space.

    This is also all demonstrated in good details in the following video file:

    www.answering-christianity.com/egg-shaped_earth.htm
    www.answering-christianity.com/ac20.htm#links
    www.answering-christianity.com/detailed_meanings_of_scientific_words_in_verses.htm

      

      

    Abstract:

    So the sun sets inside a body of water?  And how exactly does it rise back up again according to the anti-Islamics?
    1. First of all, the Arabic Quran doesn't have the word PLACE (MAKAAN) in the Noble Verse.  Anti-Islamics such as David Wood deliberately use a wrong translation to prove their falsehood.
        
    2. BALAGHA (reached) is used for time. ADRAKA would've been literal, and that's not in the Noble Verses.
        
    3. MAGHREB (sunset) is also used for time and not actual place.
        
    4. The context of the Noble Verses speak about Dhul-Qarnayn marching with his army and he reached people during sunset.
        
    5. The BLACK SEA is near the area where the iron gates were found.  And its waters are murky.
        
    6. Allah Almighty referred to the actual rising and setting points of the sun on earth.  The Glorious Quran says there are many rising and setting points [2] of the sun on earth.
        

      Prophet Muhammad's Hadith (saying) [1] [2] [3] [4] regarding the rising and setting POINTS:


        
        
        
      Sun rise and set two days in the year:
        
      From http://curious.astro.cornell.edu:
        

      Irrespective of where you are on the globe, the Sun will always rise exactly East and set exactly West on two days: March 21 and September 21 which are the two equinoxes.
        

      From  http://earthsky.org/earth/does-the-sun-rise-due-east-and-set-due-west-at-the-equinox:

      Why does the sun rise due east and set due west at the equinox?

      At the equinox, the sun is on the celestial equator. And the celestial equator intersects all of our horizons at points due east and due west.  Yes, it does. And thats true no matter where you live on Earth, because we all see the same sky.  No matter where you are on Earth (except at the North and South Poles), you have a due east and due west point on your horizon. That point marks the intersection of your horizon with the celestial equator the imaginary line above the true equator of the Earth.  At the equinoxes, the sun appears overhead at noon as seen from Earths equator. Thats the definition of an equinox: its when the sun crosses the celestial equator, as seen in Earths sky.

      Thats why the sun rises due east and sets due west for all of us on the day of an equinox.  The sun is on the celestial equator, and the celestial equator intersects all of our horizons at points due east and due west.  This fact makes the day of an equinox a good day for finding due east and due west from your yard or other favorite site for watching the sky. Just go outside around sunset or sunrise and notice the location of the sun on the horizon with respect to familiar landmarks.  If you do this, youll be able to use those landmarks to find those cardinal directions in the weeks and months ahead, long after Earth has moved on in its orbit around the sun, carrying the sunrise and sunset points southward.
        

    7. The Glorious Quran speaks about the SUN TRAVELING IN SPACE IN ITS ORBIT [2].
        
    8. The Glorious Quran in multiple Noble Verses spoke about the earth being SPHERICAL, TRAVELING IN SPACE, ROTATING AROUND ITSELF, and IS IN CONSTANT MOTION [1].
        
    9. If the sun were to set in a body of water, then it would have to rise back again from that place.  And no where does it say that it would set again in another pool of water (i.e., bouncing back and forth).
        
    10. The Asians' facial deformities from the sun, despite there were mountains (area was mountainous) and full of shades.  The Quran says that Allah Almighty did not create a protective shade for them from the sun.

      
    Read ample Noble Verses, analysis, quotations from scientific sources, and so much more in the article.

      

    Also, a Muslim brother recently on this website's blog posted two links of a detailed article:

  • http://quran-errors.blogspot.co.uk/2013/10/did-sun-set-in-muddy-pool-according-to.html

  • http://quran-errors.blogspot.co.uk/2014/03/did-sun-set-in-muddy-spring-according.html

  •   

    Quick Note:

  • To those who doubt regarding Noble Verses 18:83-110, how come the Glorious Quran never talked about the sun bouncing back and forth between TWO POOLS of water in its rising and setting?  If the sun indeed literally set inside a murky pool of water, then it would have to rise back from that water (i.e., from its solid ground or bottom floor) and set into another pool.  No where in the Quran is there any mention of TWO POOLS of water!
      

  • Also, the Quran never said PLACE (مكان) in Noble Verses 18:83-110, nor did it say LAND (أرض).  The English translations that say "place (or land) of the setting of the sun" are wrong.

  •   

    A STUNNING Hadith [1] [2] [3] [4] from Prophet Muhammad regarding the rising and setting POINTS:

    Question:

    Did Prophet Muhammad know think that the earth was spherical or flat?

    Answer:

    In this Hadith, above, he certainly seems to have known this fact very well.  And this Hadith is even older than Sahih Bukhari.  It is important to know that Imam Bukhari and others have declared that they have discarded thousands of Hadiths:

    www.islamic-awareness.org/Hadith/bukhari.html

  • "The two sahih collections did not gather the totality of the authentic ahadith as proved by al-Bukhari's testimony: "I have not included in my book al-Jami` but what is authentic, and I left out among the authentic for fear of [excessive] length."
      

  • "... Bukhari, collected twenty thousand of them, of which he rejected ten thousand, accounting them untrue. Of the remaining ten thousand he accepted only 7,275, declaring the rest to be untrustworthy. Abu Da'ud accepted as authentic only 4,800 rules out 50,000."

  •   
    This is to keep their volumes as simple and manageable as possible.  So it is quite possible that the Prophet spoke about the earth being spherical, and the Glorious Quran certainly did, and
    people just dismissed them as nonsense.  I have covered your question in great details at:

    www.answering-christianity.com/egg-shaped_earth.htm
    www.answering-christianity.com/ac20.htm#links
    www.answering-christianity.com/detailed_meanings_of_scientific_words_in_verses.htm

      

    Also, Allah Almighty in the Holy Quran declares that the earth is:

  • Spherical.

  • Suspended in Space.

  • Traveling in Space.

  • Revolves around itself, or its own axle?
      

  • Also, all celestial bodies are يعرجون Yaa'rujoon (traveling in orbits [2] [3] [4] [5]) in space.  This video is about Noble Verses 32:5, 34:2, 57:4, 70:3-4 and others, and the Arabic words عرج , عروج , معارج  and  معراج  that all refer to "going in an orbital and curvy path" in the Glorious Quran and our Islamic Texts.
      
      

  • Evidence from the Quran that Allah Almighty Created the 7 Heavens and all of their Earths from Cloning.
      

    The egg-shaped earth in the Glorious Quran.
      

    Detailed rebuttal about the shape of the Earth in the Glorious Quran.  Detailed discussion about SUTIHAT.

      

      
    Having said all of that, let us now pay close attention to the following important Arabic key-words in Noble Verses 18:83-110 where they are thoroughly analyzed in this section and throughout the article:

    1. بلغ

    2. وجد

    3. عندها

    4. تغرب في عين

    5. مطلع الشمس وجدها تطلع

    6. لم نجعل لهم من دونها ستر

    Let us analyze Noble Verse 18:86,90:

    Yusuf Ali Translation:

    [018:086]  Until, when he reached (بلغ) the setting of the sun, he found it (وجدها) set in a spring of murky water (تغرب في عين): Near it (the water) he found (ووجد عندها) a People: We said: "O Dhul-qarnain! (thou hast authority,) either to punish them, or to treat them with kindness."

    [018:090]  Until, when he came to the rising of the sun, he found it rising on a people for whom We had provided no covering protection shade against from under the sun (لم نجعل لهم من دونها ستر).

    I colored them so that it would be easier for you to locate them and to follow through.

    Now while below we will find ample detailed analysis that I've provided from Arabic, but the following points are very important to keep in mind:

      
    1-  The Arabic word balagha بلغ (reached) is discussed in great details in the article.  This Noble Word is key because it is used for time determination.  Below, I've proven with many Noble Verses and proofs that balagha بلغ (reached) indisputably means he reached the time of sunset.

  • Dhul-Qarnayn BALAGHA بلغ (reached) the place where the sun was setting.  BALAGHA is not ADRAKA.  BALAGHA had always been used for time and distance approximations.  Also, WAJADAHA here means "TO SEE".  Many examples in the Glorious Quran use WAJADA in this meaning.  See the ample Noble Verses in the next point regarding wajada وجد, below.
      
    Also, if the sun sets in a pool of water, then it would have to rise back from there and set into another pool of water, which the Glorious Quran makes no mention of, and then rise back again from there, and set again in the first pool of water, and so on. It would have to BOUNCE BACK AND FORTH BETWEEN THE EAST AND THE WEST.
      
    Also, to see the Glorious Quran's STUNNING NUMERICAL AND SCIENTIFIC MIRACLES, visit:

    http://www.answering-christianity.com/ac20.htm#links
    http://www.answering-christianity.com/100_percent_guarantee_that_quran_is_divine.htm

  •   

    2-  In the Glorious Quran, wajada وجد (found) has multiple meanings, which among them is "to see", as the Noble Verses, below, clearly and indisputably reveal.  Wajada وجد here means that the sun disappeared from Dhul-Qarnayn's naked eye, especially since the neighborhood was mountainous (18:93).  As Dhul-Qarnayn was looking at the sun, he saw it disappearing inside or behind a murky body/pond/lake/sea of dark/murky water.

    Now, since the Iron Gates were near the city of Bukhara in modern-day Uzbekistan, and it is well known that the waters there are murky, then there is strong evidence that suggest that Dhul-Qarnayn reached a lake, or a body of water, which is in a MOUNTAINOUS AREA as the Glorious Quran states, at sunset:

    The murky lakes of Uzbekistan: (Bukhara is in Uzbekistan, and this is where the Iron Gates were found):

    Sunsets over the Black Sea (its waters and the waters of that region are murky):

    Random sunsets over seas and lakes:

    And of course, as I mentioned below, if the sun were to literally set inside a pool of water, then it would have to rise back again from that location and set into another body of water, which the Glorious Quran makes no mention of, and then rise back again from that body of water and set again in Dhul-Qarnayn's body of water, and so on.  This never happened, and nor did the Glorious Quran mention it.  The sun simply does not bounce back and forth between the east and the west on earth, and nor does the moon.  The Noble Verses also do not say that the Dhul-Qarnayn went to the east or the west of the earth.  No east nor west were mentioned in any of the Noble Verses, and as I mentioned below, neither does the Glorious Quran mention that there are ends of the earth.  On the contrary, the Glorious Quran, as I also mentioned below, clearly and indisputably Declares that the earth is Spherical, Round, is Suspended and orbiting in Space, and is rotating around its own axle.  See the ample Noble Verses and ample Arabic Analysis for the proofs, in the link.

    Now as to wajada's (وجد) meanings throughout the Glorious Quran:

    1. In Noble Verses 43:22-24, 31:21, 26:74, 21:53, 18:93, 12:65, 10:78, 7:44, 7:28, 5:104 and 3:37 the pagans used this word to say "we saw our fathers do idol worship".  The English translations use the word "found", but the context of the Noble Verses clearly speak about these people were doing what they saw their fathers do in the past.
        
        
      Unknown to Allah Almighty?
          

    2. In Noble Verses 93:7-8 and 38:44, Allah Almighty used this Word  وجد  to State that He Himself "He Saw".  Again, the English translations use the word "found", but the context of the Noble Verses clearly speaks about Allah Almighty seeing the deeds.  Allah Almighty Knows everything, and hence, He doesn't have to go out His Way to find things.  Finding something means that it was missing from you, or it was unknown to you.  Nothing is missing from Allah Almighty, nor is anything unknown to Him, not even an atom of things:

      [010:061] ..... Nor is hidden from thy Lord (so much as) the weight of an atom on the earth or in heaven. And not the least and not the greatest of these things but are recorded in a clear record.

      [034:003] The Unbelievers say, "Never to us will come the Hour": Say, "Nay! but most surely, by my Lord, it will come upon you;- by Him Who knows the unseen,- from Whom is not hidden the least little atom in the heavens or on earth: Nor is there anything less than that, or greater, but is in the Record Perspicuous:

      [099:007] Then shall anyone who has done an atom's weight of good, see it!

      [099:008] And anyone who has done an atom's weight of evil, shall see it.
        
      So clearly, وجد in the Glorious Quran was used in some Noble Verses to mean to see.  Using the word "found" in the meaning of physically and literally finding the sun's actual setting place is inaccurate, especially again when there is no mention of TWO POOLS in the Glorious Quran as I explained above.
        
      This video clip is for Main Section #2, below, "2-  "balagha" is metaphoric and "yudrik" is literal.":


      (Click to play clip)

      Notice how the leader and the soldiers were shouting "ADRIKOOHUM !!" (derived from yudrik),
      which means "go chase them down and bring them back".  It literally means go and physically reach
      them, while balagha, on the other hand, is used for time and metaphors.

     

    3-  In the Noble Verse, endaha عندها (near it) is referring to the spring of the murky water.  Both the sun (الشمس) and the spring (عين) are feminine.  They are not masculine.  عندها is also feminine, and the context of the Noble Verse clearly suggests that Dhul-Qarnayn found settlers near the spring at sunset.

  • Archeological discoveries were found that revealed the iron gates that Dhul-Qarnayn had built.  They were near the Middle East in Asia.  And the waters in that region are very dark and murky.  That is why, by the way, the black sea was named as such, because its waters are very dark.  All of the scientific proofs and details for these claims are provided in the article.
      

  • Also, please visit: The Overwhelming Scientific Miracles in the Glorious Quran.

  •   

    4-  As for تغرب في عين (disappear in a murky water), the following points make it quite clear.  This point is also discussed in great details throughout this article:

  • تغرب (taghrub) throughout the Glorious Quran means to disappear, or to cease to be seen. 
      

  • So تغرب (taghrub) here doesn't necessarily mean the sun is setting.  It rather means that the sun disappeared from Dhul-Qarnayn's naked eye, especially since the neighborhood was mountainous (18:93).  As Dhul-Qarnayn was looking at the sun, he saw it disappearing inside or behind a murky body/pond/lake/sea of dark/murky water.  And of course, as I mentioned below, if the sun were to literally set inside a pool of water, then it would have to rise back again from that location and set into another body of water, which the Glorious Quran makes no mention of, and then rise back again from that body of water and set again in Dhul-Qarnayn's body of water, and so on.  This never happened, and nor did the Glorious Quran mention it.  The sun simply does not bounce back and forth between the east and the west on earth, and nor does the moon.  The Noble Verses also do not say that the Dhul-Qarnayn went to the east or the west of the earth.  No east nor west were mentioned in any of the Noble Verses, and as I mentioned below, neither does the Glorious Quran mention that there are ends of the earth.  On the contrary, the Glorious Quran, as I also mentioned below, clearly and indisputably Declares that the earth is Spherical, Round, is Suspended and orbiting in Space, and is rotating around its own axle.  See the ample Noble Verses and ample Arabic Analysis for the proofs, in the link.
      

  • Also, في means "in the neighborhood of" or "around".  It also literally mean "in" or "inside".  But it also means "in the neighborhood of" or "near" or "around".  This is clearly supported in the following Noble Verse:
      
    Arabic (from right to left):

    30:2 غلبت الروم

    30:3 في ادنى الارض وهم من بعد غلبهم سيغلبون

    30:2  The Romans have been defeated -
    30:3  In the lowest land on earth; but they, (even) after (this) defeat of theirs, will soon be victorious-

    It is geologically proven that the Dead Sea is the lowest spot on earth.  It is 393 meters below sea level.  And yes, the Romans were defeated in that land, i.e., near and around the dead sea, which its bottom is the lowest land on earth.  For more details, visit:

      
    The Stunning Geological Miracle in Noble Verses 30:2-5 (the place where the Romans were defeated)!
      
      

  • 5-  As to مطلع الشمس وجدها تطلع :

    مطلع الشمس means "sunrise", and تطلع means "rising".  This is clearly proven in the following Noble Verses:
     

  • 18:17 وترى الشمس اذا طلعت تزاور عن كهفهم

    [018:017]  Thou wouldst have seen the sun, when it rose, declining to the right from their Cave...

    Here the Sun isn't literally right next to their cave declining at the right side of their cave.
      
      

  • 97:5 سلام هي حتى مطلع الفجر

    [097:005]  Blissful and serene is that night, right until the day breaks.

    ‏Here  مطلع  is used for time determination.  Until day breaks.  No physical or literal location for the rising of the sun.
      
      

  • So Dhul-Qarnayn in the entire context of Noble Verses 18:83-110:
      
    1-  Balagha (reached the time of) sunset.
      
    2-  The area was mountainous, and there was a body of water.
      
    3-  The sun disappeared from Dhul-Qarnayn's sight near the water.
      
    4-  He found people in that area.
      
    5-  He most likely camped there to refill on fresh (drinkable) water and food, and also for him and his troops to rest there.
      
    6-  He then marched on.
      
    7-  He kept on going until he
    balagha (reached the time of) day break or dawn when the sun was rising.
      
    8-  He found people there.
      
    9-  He probably camped there to rest and refill on fresh water and food for him and his troops.
      
    10-  He then marched on.
      
    11-  Until he
    balagha reached an area that is near between two big mountains.
      
    12-  He also found people there.
      
    13-  He built the Iron Gates to prevent a tribe from Gog and Magog from attacking and pillaging the people.
      

  • I would like to remind the reader of my notes above, again:

  • To those who doubt regarding Noble Verses 18:83-110, how come the Glorious Quran never talked about the sun bouncing back and forth between TWO POOLS of water in its rising and setting?  If the sun indeed literally set inside a murky pool of water, then it would have to rise back from that water (i.e., from its solid ground or bottom floor) and set into another pool.  No where in the Quran is there any mention of TWO POOLS of water!
      

  • Also, the Quran never said PLACE (مكان) in Noble Verses 18:83-110, nor did it say LAND (أرض).  The English translations that say "place (or land) of the setting of the sun" are wrong.

  •   

    Some very STUNNING Divine Miracles: [1]

    Here are some of my favorite Stunning Scientific Miracles in the Glorious Quran from among the tens (10s) that are listed in this section:

    1-  Here is one stunning Numerical Miracle, from the 10s below, for you:

    The Glorious Quran has 114 Chapters. The sum of those Chapters is 6555 (1+2+...+114 = 6555). There are also 6236 Noble Verses in the Glorious Quran. Now, IF YOU ADD EACH CHAPTER # with the number of its Verses, then you get a list of numbers. So 1 (first Chapter) + 7 (# of its Verses) = 8. Do this for all Chapters.

    1-  The sum of the odd numbers from the list = 6555.
    2-  The sum of the even numbers from the list = 6236.

    See the XLS file for 100% confirmation.
      

    2-  The Great Miracle.  Allah Almighty in the Holy Quran called the Number 19 Miracle "One of the Mighty Ones (Miracles)" (74:30-37) [1] [2].  See the 100s of Noble Verses that clearly testify to this Great Miracle.  Also, did you know that Allah Almighty Said in Surat Nuh (that's Noble Chapter Nuh (Noah)) that Prophet Noah lived for 950 years among his people. 

    Yet, all Praise and Glory are due to Allah Almighty Alone, the entire Noble Surah is exactly written in 950 Letters [1] [2]!  You can thoroughly see this in the scanned images that thoroughly verify every single Noble Letter, in the links.  Click on the links to see the many other Numerical Miracles in the Holy Quran.  Also, see the Numerical Miracles section along with all of the other great sections.  Also, 1,000s of examples in zip & PDF (fonts) files all demonstrated in this article!

      
    3-  19 X 115 = 2185 Number 19 and BASMALA Miracle.  The total numerical value of Noble Verses 74:30-37 themselves, which are the heart of the Number 19 Miracle, has a stunning Miracle in it.  The value of these Noble Verses matches the multiplication of the BASMALA's number of letters (19 Letters) and their total numerical values (115): 19 X 115 = 2185.  The Basmala, which full text in Arabic means "In the Name of Allah The Most Beneficent, The Most Merciful" is the Key to the Glorious Quran.  It is recited first before reading the Holy Quran, and it is also obligatory upon every Muslim to start with the Basmala before starting any task.  Again, 1,000s of examples in zip & PDF (fonts) files all demonstrated in this article!

      
    4-  Please also checkout the many hundreds (100s) of Great Numerical Miracles, and the many tens (10s) of other Great Scientific Miracles that deal with:

         1-  Embryology.
         2-  Biology.
         3-  Astronomy.
         4-  Geology.
         5-  Mathematics
         6-  Archeology.
         7-  Prophecies [1].

    For example:

    1-  The explosion of the Universe, Galaxies and Stars bring about Smoke.
      
    "When the sky disintegrates, and turns rose colored like paint (
    وردة كالدهان)." (The Noble Quran, 55:37) [2] [3]
      

      
      

    Also, the Glorious Quran [1] declares that the earth is:

    1- Spherical.
    2- Suspended in Space.
    3- Rotating around itself.
    4- Is traveling in Space.

    This is also all demonstrated in good details in the following video file:

    www.answering-christianity.com/egg-shaped_earth.htm
    www.answering-christianity.com/ac20.htm#links
    www.answering-christianity.com/detailed_meanings_of_scientific_words_in_verses.htm

      

    6-  The following Noble Words are further discussed in this table, below:

  • لم نجعل لهم من دونها ستر  We had provided no covering protection shade against from under the sun (من دونها ستر)

  •   

    The following article was taken from: The sun's rising and setting POINTS on earth, mentioned in the Noble Quran and confirmed by science.  You can also visit my article at: Many rising and setting points of the sun on earth.
      

    DIFFERENT POINTS IN THE RISING AND SETTING OF THE SUN

    No! I swear by the Lord of the Easts and Wests that We have the power. (Qur'an, 70:40)

    Lord of the heavens and the earth and everything between them; Lord of the Easts. (Qur'an, 37:5)

    The Lord of the two Easts and the Lord of the two Wests. (Qur'an, 55:17)

    As can be discerned, the words east and west are used in the plural sense in the above verses. For instance, the word "mashariq," used in the first verse for "east," and the word "magharib" used for "west," are in plural form, indicating that there are two of each. The words "mashriqayn" and "maghribayn" in the last verse are used for two easts and two wests. "Mashariq" and "magharib" also mean the place where the Sun rises and sets. The above verses are therefore referring to different sites of the dawning and closing of the day. It is also worthy of note that the vow is taken by the Lord of "the easts and wests" in the first verse.

    The axis around which the earth revolves itself is at an angle of 23 27'. Due to that angle, and the spherical shape of the Earth, the light rays from the Sun do not always strike it at the same angle. This means that since the Sun's rays fall on that area at different angles, someone far away from the equator will observe the Sun rising at different points in the east and setting at different points in the west. The further away from the equator that person is the more different points he will identify for the dawning and closing of the day.

    Someone at the equator, however, will always observe that the Sun rises exactly in the east and sets exactly in the west, since the Sun's rays always fall perpendicularly there. Bearing in mind that the Arabian peninsula is not that far from the equator, it would appear impossible for such an observation to be made there. That is because someone in that region would see that the Sun always rises at the same point, and always sets at the same point. The expression regarding east and west in the above verses may be indicating the Sun rising and setting at different points. (Allah knows best.)

      

    Also visit this article:  What about the sun "running" (different from the "sun's orbit" or "orbit of the sun" in other Noble Verses) in Noble Verse 36:38?

      

    A must-watch video:

    Further down in this article, you'll read the following.  The video below is a must-watch:

    Now in regards to Noble Verse 36:38:

    Arabic (from right to left):

    36:38 والشمس تجري لمستقر لها ذلك تقدير العزيز العليم

    "And the sun runs (different from the "sun's orbit" or "orbit of the sun" in other Noble Verses [1]) on its fixed course for a term (appointed). That is the Decree of the All-Mighty, the All-Knowing.  (The Noble Quran, 36:38)"

    Running is going fast.  Our sun and moon to our naked eyes are NOT running while rising and setting upon us.  Our solar system is traveling very fast in space.  This is also where we know that the UNIVERSE IS EXPANDING.  The Quran made this claim also:  "And the firmament, We constructed with power and skill and verily We are expanding it.(The Noble Quran, 51:47).

    Running in Arabic is جرى, which is what تجري is derived from.  There are also many Words that speak about the motion of earth in space:  دحاها DAHAHA, كفاتا KIFAATA, تقوم TAQOOM, وضعها WADA'AHA, تمر TAMUR, مهادا MIHAADA, تزولا TAZOOL, تميد TAMEED.  Also, all celestial bodies, يعرجون Yaa'rujoon (traveling in orbits [2] [3] [4] [5]) in space.  Also other Arabic words عرج , عروج , معارج  and  معراج  that all refer to "going in an orbital and curvy path" in the Glorious Quran and our Islamic Texts.

    This is all demonstrated in good details in the following video file:

    Scientists today believe that our galaxy is currently traveling towards a Black Hole and Star Vega.  So the sun, which is the mother of our Solar System, will not just exist forever.  There will come a time where it will come to a halt in both motion and light.

      

    Also, the Glorious Quran [1] declares that the earth is:

    1- Spherical.
    2- Suspended in Space.
    3- Rotating around itself. (emphasis on dahaha and its derivatives)
    4- Is traveling in Space.
    5- Also, all celestial bodies are يعرجون Yaa'rujoon (traveling in orbits [2] [3] [4] [5]) in space.  The countless orbits in the Universe, and the day-layer reveals the sun's brightness.  This video is about Noble Verses 32:5, 34:2, 57:4, 70:3-4 and others, and the Arabic words عرج , عروج , معارج  and  معراج  that all refer to "going in an orbital and curvy path" in the Glorious Quran and our Islamic Texts.
    1. Video file.
    2. The Motion of Earth in the Noble Quran.
      Egg-shaped earth.

      

    Evidence from the Quran that Allah Almighty Created the 7 Heavens and all of their Earths from Cloning.
      

    The egg-shaped earth in the Glorious Quran.
      

    Detailed rebuttal about the shape of the Earth in the Glorious Quran.  Detailed discussion about SUTIHAT.

      

    Another Important Point:

    Allah Almighty never Said that Dhul-Qarnayn had reached the "ends of the earth" where the sun supposedly rises and sets.  In fact, no where in the entire Quran is "ends of the earth" mentioned.  The Glorious Quran, on the contrary, says clearly that the earth is spherical [2].  Also on the contrary, it is the Bible that says that:

    1. The earth has ends

    2. It is standing on pillars that prevent it from shaking.

    3. GOD Almighty will shake the earth to throw the people into space.

    Please visit: The Bible declares that the earth is flat [2].  Also read the article for ample more proofs, Noble Verses and details.

    Clearly, the Glorious Quran is in no scientific blunder regarding the shape of the earth, and the solar system.  In fact, there are ample Noble Verses that clearly and indisputably state:

    1. The earth is spherical.

    2. The earth is suspended in space.

    3. The earth is in constant rotation around itself.

    4. The earth is moving in space.

    5. The earth was expanded and our water was then produced from it.

    6. Our sun is traveling at high speed in space.

    Please visit:

  • Earth is spherical [2].
      

  • Detailed Analysis from Lisan Al-Arab (this alone is 10 big books) and 7 other dictionaries proving the Scientific Miracles in the Holy Quran in Great Details.
      

  • The Overwhelming Scientific Miracles in the Glorious Quran.

  •   

    So why did Allah Almighty Choose "he found saw it (وجدها)" and not رآها (saw it):

    I certainly can't speak on behalf of Allah Almighty, but I could give you few possibilities as to why would the use of وجدها would be most appropriate:

    1-  Dhul-Qarnayn seems to have been following the path of the sun.  On a cloudy day or in mountainous areas, the sun during the day, or the moon during the night, could disappear either behind the thick clouds or the mountains.  A traveler 1000s of years ago, who had no compass to guide him through the North and South Poles' magnetic fields, could easily get lost.

  • Noble Verse 18:93 clearly suggests that the area had very high and steep mountains in it.
      

  • Noble Verse 18:90 also states that Dhul-Qarnayn traveled through the night and then finally reached a town at the time of sunrise.  Perhaps, because of  the high mountains, the citing of the moon during the night, and the citing of the sun as it rises was not easy.  Thus, the sunrise had to be found in the horizon to be seen.

  • 2-  So the use of the word وجدها in this case, if the case was true, is more accurate then just رآها (saw it), because وجدها now becomes more encompassing to the situation, and is more accurate and descriptive.

      

    What about the people who had no cover from the sun in Noble Verse 18:90?

    (لم نجعل لهم من دونها ستر)

    Let us look at Noble Verse 18:90:

    Yusuf Ali:

    [018:090]  Until, when he came to the rising of the sun, he found it rising on a people for whom We had provided no covering protection shade against from under the sun (من دونها ستر).

    18:90 حتى اذا بلغ مطلع الشمس وجدها تطلع على قوم لم نجعل لهم من دونها ستر

    The following key Words are analyzed in great details below:

    1-  لم = did not.

    2-  نجعل  = caused it to be, evolved it. 

  • Throughout the Glorious Quran, Allah Almighty used this Noble Word to speak about things being created through a development or an evolution.  The Noble Word means that Allah Almighty Creates, Develops and/or Makes a creation through the process of (1) Evolution, (2) Natural development of a creation, or (3) A process of engagement, mixing and/or development through two or more creations being combined or put together; similar to a chain reaction:
      

  • "And We have set made in/on (في) the earth mountains standing firm, lest it should shake with them, and We have made therein broad highways (between mountains) for them to pass through: that they may receive Guidance.  (The Noble Quran, 21:31)"

    21:31 وجعلنا في الارض رواسي ان تميد بهم وجعلنا فيها فجاجا سبلا لعلهم يهتدون
      
      

  • "And We have made the heavens sky as a canopy well guarded a protective roof: yet do they turn away from the Signs which these things (point to)!  (The Noble Quran, 21:32)"

    21:32 وجعلنا السماء سقفا محفوظا وهم عن اياتها معرضون
      
      

  • Other Noble Verses in English and Arabic:

    78:9 وجعلنا نومكم سباتا

    78:10 وجعلنا الليل لباسا

    78:11 وجعلنا النهار معاشا

    78:13 وجعلنا سراجا وهاجا

    87:5 فجعله غثاء احوى

    90:8 الم نجعل له عينين

    105:2 الم يجعل كيدهم في تضليل

    05:5 فجعلهم كعصف ماكول
      
      

  • Please visit:

    (a)-  The Miracle of the Mountains in the Glorious Quran.

    (b)-  The Ozone layer is a protective ceiling/roof to earth.
      
    (c)-  What forms in the embryo first, the muscles or the bones?

  • 3-  لهم = to them, for them.

    4-  من = from.

    5-  دونها = under it.  See this detailed article for ample details and proofs on the ample uses of this Noble Word throughout the Glorious Quran.  I also used many reputable Arabic dictionaries, including the Encyclopedic 10-Book Lisan Al-Arab dictionary, to demonstrate and prove this Noble Word's meanings.  Click on the link for the details.  So the sun was never physically near the people, nor near Dhul-Qarnayn and his army.

  • Also, according to Google's Arabic-English online dictionary, دون, which is root word of دونها, means:
      
         1.  below
         2.  beneath
         3.  under
         4.  put down
         5.  set down
         6.  stick down
         7.  take down
         8.  mark down

  • 6-  ستر = (atmospheric) cover, shade.

  • According to Google's Arabic-English online dictionary, ستر means:
      
         1.  cover
         2.  screen
         3.  veil
         4.  shade
         5.  coat
         6.  enshroud
      

  • The Scientific Data about the Oriental Race's Epicanthic fold, or stretching of the eyes, is fully detailed in the next sub-section, below, in this table.
      

  • While the Noble Verses may seem on the surface to be speaking only about the community that Dhul-Qarnayn had reached, but the Noble Words, لم نجعل لهم من دونها ستر, are clearly speaking about the whole land that he reached, and perhaps even the whole race.  This is further confirmed in the following Noble Words that have been demonstrated above.

  • 1-  دونها, which clearly means "under it" [1] [2].  So the sun was never physically near the people, nor near Dhul-Qarnayn and his army.  Throughout the Glorious Quran, Allah Almighty used certain words in many Noble Verses that spoke about being physically close to something.  The following Noble Words clearly and indisputably prove this:

  • قرب (qurb) means being physically and geographically near something.  See Noble Verses: 2:35, 2:187, 2:222, 2:237, 3:167, 4:11, 5:8, 6:151, 7:19, 9:28, 16:77, 17:32, 17:57, 18:24, 18:81, 26:42, 24:37, 50:16, 51:27, 56:85.
      

  • جنب (janb) also means being physically and geographically near.  See Noble Verses: 4:36, 92:17.  Note that سيجنبها in Noble Verse 92:17 means that the Believer will not physically come جنب (near) the Hell Fire in the Day of Judgment.  See Noble Verses 92:12-20.

  • 2-  نجعل, as I demonstrated with the ample Noble Verses above, means that Allah Almighty Creates, Develops and/or Makes a creation through the process of (1) Evolution, (2) Natural development of a creation, or (3) A process of engagement, mixing and/or development through two or more creations being combined or put together; similar to a chain reaction.

    Therefore, the Noble Words and Verses are clearly and indisputably speaking:

    1. About the land(s) and all of the people that lived in it was not given an-enough atmospheric cover from the sun.
        

    2. About the people and Dhul-Qarnayn and his army were all under the sun and not physically anywhere near it.  Otherwise, Allah Almighty would've used any of the Noble Words above, as He, the Almighty, Had used them countless times throughout the Glorious Quran.  A simple search on these Noble Words shows that there are 93 Noble Verses that Allah Almighty used them in throughout the Glorious Quran.

      
    So in a nutshell, Noble Verse 18:90 is saying the following:

    1. When Dhul-Qarnayn and his army took off during the night, in the mountainous area that they were in (18:93), they kept on going until they reached sunrise.
        

    2. They saw a community (قوم) of people who were living in a land that possibly had no shade nor cover from the sun's very-hot rays, contrary to the shades that the mountains provided the other communities in the area.
        

    3. It is also possible that the people were also suffering from drought.
           

    4. Again, Allah Almighty Said that Dhul-Qarnayn saw the people under the sun (دونها), as we are all always under the sun when it is up in the sky during the day.
        

    5. If the sun were to literally rise on the people, then its blazing lights would've fried Dhul-Qarnayn, his army, and the community of people that they reached.

      

    The Oriental & Indian Races and the lack of shade from the sun:

    The following points shed some light upon what the town was possibly like:

    1-  The people were probably suffering from a drought.

    2-  The people probably didn't have enough natural shades from the mountains and trees against the sun's rays like other neighboring ones might've had.  We know that the area was mountainous and had steep mountains in it (18:93).  Yet, the people were probably located in an area that couldn't capitalize on the shades that the mountains would've provided.

    3-  The sun rays were too bright, and the climate wasn't really suitable for a rich and healthy life.  Notice how that the farther you go into Asia, the more you'll notice how the natives' eyes are stretched.  This is due to the extreme brightness of the sun's rays.  This is certainly a lack of atmospheric protection against the sun's rays, because the stretching of the eyes is really a form of physical deformity (no offense intended here) to the people.

    "An epicanthic fold, epicanthal fold, or epicanthus is a skin fold of the upper eyelid, from the nasal bone to the inferior side of the eyebrow, covering the inner corner (medial canthus) of the eye. It is a normal trait for a large percentage of humans. This lower fold of the upper eyelid gives the eyes of some East Asians an appearance which seems relatively narrower and almond-like in comparison to most persons of Western (Caucasian) and Sub-Saharan African descent, whose eyes seem wider due to a higher upper eyelid fold.

    The term "epicanthic fold" refers to a visually categorized feature of the eyelid; however, there are different underlying explanations of the causes. For instance, one theory is based on the fact that the fold is almost always associated with absent to near-absent brow ridges and vice versa, thus causing some to posit that the absent brow ridge is responsible for the occurrence of the fold.

    Other names for this trait include plica palpebronasalis,[1] palpebronasal fold,[2] and Mongolian eye fold[3].

    Distribution

    The epicanthic fold can occur among people of North Asian, Central Asian, East Asian and Southeast Asian descent, such as the Mongols, Chinese, Koreans, Japanese, Vietnamese, Kazakhs, Hazaras, and some other Asian ethnic groups like Burmese, Cambodians, Thais, Bhutanese, northern Nepalis, Tibetans, Ladakhis, people (mostly tribal) from Eastern Bangladesh and North Eastern India (for example, the Chakma, Marma, the Sylhetis, the Mizo and the Garo), among others. Mixed race people of partially Asian descent, such as Eurasians and Afro-Asians may inherit epicanthic folds.

    Epicanthic folds are also common among Native Americans and Inuit. They can also be found inherited among some Oceanic peoples including Tongans, Samoans, Micronesians and Hawaiians.

    A minority of people within some African ethnic groups also have epicanthic folds; these include the Khoisans (Capoids) in Africa and certain groups from southern Sudan such as the Dinka and the Nuer.

    Epicanthic folds are also found in a minority of Europeans having no obvious Asian background, especially in eastern Europe and across northern Europe in areas such as Scandinavia and Poland , as well as within Ireland and Britain. One of the existing accounts suggests that Europeans who possess the fold also have less prominent brow ridges.[citation needed]

    Genetic factors

    All humans initially develop epicanthic folds in the womb, with some children losing them at birth.[citation needed] Children who have one parent with a pronounced epicanthic fold, of non-medical causation, and one without the fold can have varying degrees of epicanthic fold, indicating that the trait is in some degree heritable.

    Conditions underlying expression

    Evolutionary

    One hypothesis as to why epicanthic folds came about involves the climates in which populations expressing them arose. Sunlight reflects more intensely off light colored surfaces, such as those prevalent in snowy regions or savannahs and deserts. The theory is that an epicanthic fold in such an environment would protect the eyes from extra UV radiation.[citation needed] The trait may also be useful against strong winds and cold weather such as the ones on the Central Asian steppes.[citation needed] For instance the country of Mongolia is hot in the summer and extremely cold in the winter, with January averages dropping as low as -30C (-22F).[4] The country is also subject to occasional harsh climatic conditions known as zud. The capital Ulaanbaatar has the lowest average temperature of any national capital in the world. Mongolia is high, cold, and windy. It has an extreme continental climate with long, cold winters and short summers, during which most of its annual precipitation falls.

    With regard to the vast dry grasslands of the savannah regions, the yellow grasses also reflect a higher intensity of sunlight[citation needed][clarification needed]. Additionally, analogous conditions are present among desert groups such as the Dinka or Nuer of Sudan[5] who live in environments in which sunlight reflects off the light colored sands of the desert.

    Developmental

    Epicanthic folds may be seen in young children of any ethnicity before the bridge of the nose begins to elevate. They may persist where birth is pre-term, and sometimes also where the mother is alcoholic.[6] Epicanthic folds can cause a child's eyes to appear crossed, a condition known as pseudostrabismus.

    ..........

    Surgical alteration

    In some Asian ethnicities, the presence of an epicanthic fold is associated with a less prominent upper eyelid crease, commonly termed "single eyelids" as opposed to "double eyelids". The two features are distinct; a person may have both epicanthic fold and upper eyelid crease, one or neither.

    The procedure of reducing or removing epicanthic folds is epicanthoplasty. It is now an extremely rare procedure. Asian blepharoplasty, however, is a popular form of cosmetic surgery in East Asia. The use of "eyelid glue" or "eyelid tape" (sometimes referred to as "eye glue" or "eye tape") is used to create the appearance of the "double eyelid" by finding a "natural fold" in the eyelid and tucking it in and holding it with an adhesive." (Source from Wikipedia.org)

    4-  Also beside the Oriental folks, when we consider their neighbors in India being very dark and even black in color, while the Orientals are bright-white makes it all more amazing on how Allah Almighty Has indeed Structured our planet earth.  Now of course, the differences between the colors and the structures of the faces and the eyes are all due to the atmospheric factors that determine the brightness of the sun, and the temperature and the air pressure of the air.

    5-  We have already seen how نجعل refers to how Allah Almighty causes for certain things to be or to evolve based on other conditions and/or creations.  So, لم نجعل لهم من دونها ستر means that Allah Almighty did not create that certain atmospheric shade, cover and/or protection for these people to allow them to have enough protection and shade from the sun, without altering their facial structures.

    There are perhaps other possibilities, but these certainly make logical sense and are quite feasible.  And Allah Almighty always Knows best.

    Also as further mentioned in this article, strong evidence suggests, from the archeological discoveries of the discovered Iron Gates, that the location of the Iron Gates that Dhul-Qarnayn built was near Derbend in Central Asia, Hissar District, about 150 miles southeast of Bukhara:

    "....near Derbend in Central Asia, Hissar District, about 150 miles southeast of Bukhara.  A very narrow defile, with overhanging rocks, occurs on the main route between Turkestan and India: latitude 38 degrees North; longitude 67 degrees East.  It is now called in Turkish Buzghol-Khana (Goat-house), but was formerly known as the Iron Gate (Arabic, Bab  al Hadid; Persian, Dar-i-ahani; Chinese T'i-men-kuan).  There is no iron gate there now, but there was one in the seventh century, when the Chinese traveller Hiouen Tsiang saw it on his journey to India.  He saw two folding gates cased with iron hung with bells.  Nearby is a lake named Iskandar Kul, connecting the locality with Alexandar the Great.  We know from history that Alexandar, after his conquest of Persia and before his journey to India, visited Sogdiana (Bukhara) and Maracanda (Samarqand).  We also know from Al Maqdis (or al Mudaddas), the Arab traveller and geographer, who wrote about A.H. 375 (A.C. 985-6) that the Abbasi Caliph al Wathiq (842-846 A.C.) sent out a mission to Central Asia to report on this Iron Gate.  They found the defile 150 yards wide: on two jambs, made with bricks of iron welded together with molten lead, were hung two huge gates, which were kept closed.  Nothing could correspond more exactly with the description in 18:95-96." (Source)

    Again, please visit:

  • Detailed Analysis from Lisan Al-Arab (this alone is 10 big books) and 7 other dictionaries proving the Scientific Miracles in the Holy Quran in Great Details.
      

  • The Overwhelming Scientific Miracles in the Glorious Quran.

  •   

    Were the Gog and Magog in 18:93-101 a tribe of the nation of Gog and Magog, or were they the entire nation?

    Were the Gog and Magog a small group of them, or were they the entire nation in Noble Verses 18:93-101?  It is clear that they were a small tribe/group of them that was wicked, and perhaps full of bullying and trouble, dishonesty, and nuisance to peace.  And it seems that the main route between them and the town that Dhul-Qarnayn had reached was between the two mountains, which Dhul-Qarnayn had sealed with the Iron Gates.

      

      

      

    Update!

    New scientific quotes, evidence and proofs regarding "dahaha" (egg-shaped and expanded in Arabic) and its link to the earth's expansion, egg-shape, and its egg-shaped orbit around the sun were added to this article: If the Noble Quran says the earth is "egg-shaped" through a Notion, then why couldn't Prophet Muhammad just say it clear in plain Arabic?

     

    Important Notes on the Scientific Notions
    in the Noble Quran:

    Why does the Noble Quran use words that have multiple meanings?

    Why should we accept the scientific meaning of the Word in the Noble Quran that fits our discoveries today, and not accept any of its other meanings, especially that the Word was revealed 1,500 years ago?


    1-  The use of scientific notions in the Noble Quran:

    It is important to know that the Noble Quran doesn't give scientific equations.  It instead gives many scientific notions that had been proven today to be clear Scientific Miracles because they fit perfectly with modern science.  One of the Divine Miracles of the Noble Quran is that Allah Almighty (through His perfect use of the complex and artistic language of Arabic) used scientific notions to make the Noble Quran truly dynamic for all the times that It is presented in. These scientific notions hid in them, for many centuries, the scientific statements and discoveries that we just came to know today, and perhaps are even hiding in them more statements that our future generations will discover.  These notions are basically key words and/or terms that describe certain creations of GOD Almighty.  For example:

    1-  Allah Almighty in one Word said that the Universe is expanding and in another term said it will shrink back again.  Science confirmed that today through the big bang and the cosmic crunch theories.

    2-  Allah Almighty in two Words mentioned the layers of waves and darkness inside the vast oceans.  Science today, again, confirmed that.

    3-  Allah Almighty in one Word said that He made the earth as an egg.  We all know today that earth is spherical and science did confirm that the earth is indeed egg-shaped.  Please visit: If the Noble Quran says the earth is "egg-shaped" through a Notion, then why couldn't Prophet Muhammad just say it clear in plain Arabic? (detailed proofs demonstrating the miracle of the Word/Notion "dahaha").

    4-  Allah Almighty in few terms in several Noble Verses said that mountains prevent the earth from shaking.  Science today did indeed confirm that mountains stabilize the earth and prevent it from constantly shaking while it is rotating around its own axle.

    5-  Allah Almighty in one term talked about the earth reducing in size.  Science today indeed confirmed that earth is shrinking in size due to volcanoes and earth "debris" caused by erosions, earthquakes, sea-waves changing the shape and condition of the land and other natural factors, escaping to space.  In fact, it is estimated that earth lost approximately 10-40 miles from its radius or depth size in the past 10 or so billion years!  (I heard this from Dr. Zaghloul Al-Naggar on TV.  My numbers may not be quite accurate because I am relying on memory, but the fact of the earth shrinking is definitely true, and in the link above I have provided several quotes from Western scientists demonstrating why the earth is reducing/shrinking in size).

    6-  Allah Almighty mentioned in one term the moon's fault line.  Science today confirmed that the moon's fault line, which is splitting it in half, was caused by major moonquakes.

    7-  Allah Almighty in one term talked about the earth's 7 properties.  Science today confirmed that the earth has 7 inner layers and 7 atmospheric layers.

    8-  Allah Almighty in one term talked about the region inside the human-brain that controls the movements.  Science today confirmed that.

    Many more examples (and the list is growing) are provided at: The overwhelming Scientific Miracles in the Noble Quran section.

    The Prophet of Islam, peace be upon him, was already accused of being crazy by the infidels.  Have Allah Almighty given sophisticated scientific statements that covered exact details as we scientifically know them today, then no one would've believed the Prophet of Islam, because:

    1-  He wasn't a scientist and such science wasn't known to man back then, which makes it impossible for him to explain it, even if Allah Almighty Inspired it to him.  The information would not have been understood by the nomad bedouins 1,500 years ago.

    2-  People had already inclined toward declaring the Prophet as an insane man, and many already did.  Any extraordinary supernatural statement that requires a lot of scientific explanations such as "we have people standing on the other side of the world (under our feet), and all humans are actually standing on the side of the earth not on its top or back."

    Such statement would require knowledge in gravity and astronomy, which man did not know about 1,500 years go.

    Like I said, many have accused the Prophet of being a madman.  Allah Almighty did not want to complicate Islam, especially to the people who did not know much about science:

    "Say (to them O Muhammad SAW): "I exhort you on one (thing) only: that you stand up for Allahs sake in pairs and singly, and reflect (within yourselves the life history of the Prophet SAW): there is no madness in your companion (Muhammad SAW), he is only a warner to you in face of a severe torment."  (The Noble Quran, 34:46)"

    "And (O people) your companion (Muhammad (Peace be upon him)) is not a madman;  (The Noble Quran, 81:22)"


    That is why Allah Almighty used scientific notions instead of statements and equations.  They are for man to discover as he advances in life.  The more man advances, the more he will find that many of his discoveries are mentioned in the Noble Quran.  That is why the Noble Quran's Miracles are for all times and all places!

    Again, please also visit:  The overwhelming Scientific Miracles in the Noble Quran section.

     

    2-  The complex language of Arabic:

    Arabic is a very complex, artistic and poetical language by nature!  A single word can mean a host of meanings.  The art and beauty of Arabic comes in how a person constructs and puts together words to form a sentence or paragraph.  The art and creativity in the style and poetry are what determine the strength and beauty of the sentence or poem.  That is why the Noble Quran is extremely difficult to understand sometimes, even by the fluent and professional Arabic speakers.  That is why Muslims always say that the translations of the Noble Quran do it absolutely no justice, because the poetry and complexity of language-art are completely compromised in the translation.  What the English reader, for instance, is left with when reading the English Noble Quran, is the subject that the Noble Verses are talking about.  But he/she doesn't see the beautiful and complex stylistic and linguistic Divine Miracle that the Arabic text carries in it.

    At any rate, Allah Almighty Chose for the Noble Quran to be Difficult to comprehend, and to be quite a challenge to interpret and translate, because:

    1-  He Chose to have the Miracle of the Noble Quran be an ever lasting one by living in the text of the Holy Book Itself.

    2-  To demonstrate Its Divinity to the Arabs back then, who were very experienced/mature, fluent and also addicted to poetry, along with the Arabic-speaking people today, and to challenge them and to show them that certainly the Noble Quran is not just an average everyday book.  It is indeed a Divine Miracle, proving that Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him, is indeed a Truthful and real Prophet.

    3-  This is Allah Almighty's way to Lead to the Right Path whom He pleases and to Lead astray whom He pleases.

      


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