Fighting Cases

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Qualities of Allah:
Assalamu Alaykum,

I have a question about cases of fighting. In the Quran, fighting is only for "those who fight you." (Quran 2:190)

[2:190]"Fight in the cause of Allah ˹only˺ against those who wage war against you, but do not exceed the limits. Allah does not like transgressors.

[2:191]Kill them wherever you come upon them and drive them out of the places from which they have driven you out. For persecution is far worse than killing. And do not fight them at the Sacred Mosque unless they attack you there. If they do so, then fight them—that is the reward of the disbelievers."

The problem is that what if in one place Muslims are being oppressed not by physical harm but other ways, like forcing them to eat pork, taking the Quran away from them, etc.? Like basically, the kuffar are not fighting them but are oppressing them in other ways. Now lets also say that the Muslims in that place cannot immigrate to a new land for financial or other reasons. Is it permissible to fight these kuffar until they stop oppression, because these kuffar did not fight them physically (so this would make Muslims start the physical fighting first)? Because as I posted the verse of the Quran that only says to "fight those who fight you," this verse makes it sound like Muslims cannot fight those who did not physically fight them first. So does this mean Muslims must stay passive if the kuffar only oppress Muslims in other ways besides physical fighting?

Wa Alaikum As'salam,

Oppressing and taking away Islam from a Muslim is something that can be classified as hostile and oppression.  Therefore, it can be considered a declaration of war by the disbelievers.  Islam has laws upon the Muslims and non-Muslims to live by in the Muslim land.  You can visit the following sections:

Take care,

Qualities of Allah:
Ok thanks for the answer. Glad that we dont have to be passive.

Qualities of Allah:
wait another question, how do oppressed muslims start fighting these people? Do they start striking the necks of those that are taking Islam away from them or something else?

There are several ways one can do Jihad.  War or striking the necks is just one.  There is also Jihad with debates.  Also, a citizen is to respect the laws of the country he/she is living in.  So if a Muslim is facing oppression, he/she must try to avoid conflict.  Muslims are commanded to obey those who have authority in the land.


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