Author Topic: Verb Conjugation: Hamzated Verbs  (Read 125 times)

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Verb Conjugation: Hamzated Verbs
« on: April 22, 2022, 04:19:30 PM »
السلام عليكم ورحمة الله وبركاته

So far we have covered two types of sound/strong verbs, simple and doubled root. Now we will cover the third and last type of sound verb–hamzated verbs. As the name suggests, HAMZAted, hamzated verbs are verbs with a hamza as one of its letters. It could be the first letter, the middle letter, or the last letter. For example, a verb with a hamza in the beginning is أَكَلَ (he ate). A verb with a hamza in the middle is سَأَلَ (he asked). And a verb with a hamza in the last letter is قَرَأَ (he read). Now, these verbs are perfectly normal to conjugate. They are like simple sound verbs. For example, the past tense third person masculine plural form of أَكَلَ is أَكَلُوا and the present tense third person masculine singular form is يَأْكُلُ. As for سَأَلَ, same thing. The past tense third person masculine plural form is سَأَلُوا and the present tense third person masculine singular form is يَسْأَلُ. Same thing for قَرَأَ, it is قَرَأُوا and يَقْرَأُ. As you can see, the conjugations for these verbs are normal like simple sound verbs. The ONLY exception to this normal behavior is the present tense first person singular for أَكَلَ and any other hamzated verbs that starts with a hamza. The first person singular for أَكَلَ is آكُلُ, not أَأْكُلُ like you would expect. The hamza in آكُلُ is pronounced with a madd; it is pronounced aaakulu (not a'kulu). That is the only irregularity for hamzated verbs in the categories we learned so far. There are other irregularities with hamzated verbs such as in the imperative mood but we didn't learn it yet so its not important for now. Well that's all for this lesson.

 

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