Author Topic: Is Forced Marriage permitted in Islam?  (Read 2533 times)

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Offline ThatMuslimGuy

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Is Forced Marriage permitted in Islam?
« on: December 23, 2014, 01:16:56 PM »
AsalamuAlaikum,

Original Article: http://quran-errors.blogspot.co.uk/2014/02/clarifying-issues-is-forced-marriage.html

Clarifying Issues: Is Forced Marriage permitted in Islam?

Islam has forbidden forced marriage. Islam teaches that the consent of both parties is needed in order for a marriage to be legal.

The Prophet said (ﷺ): "Seek the permission of women with regard to marriage." [1]

Narrated `Aisha:
I asked the Prophet, "O Allah's (ﷺ)! Should the women be asked for their consent to their marriage?" He said, "Yes." [2]
The Prophet (ﷺ) said: "A woman without a husband (or divorced or a widow) must not be married until she is consulted, and a virgin must not be married until her permission is sought. [3]

In the time of Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ) a woman was forced into marriage with someone she didn't wish to marry. The Prophet (ﷺ) gave her the option to either stay with the man or annul the marriage. In other occasions the Prophet (ﷺ) annulled such marriage.

Narrated Abdullah ibn Abbas:
A virgin came to the Prophet (ﷺ) and mentioned that her father had married her against her will, so the Prophet (ﷺ) allowed her to exercise her choice. [4]

Khansa’ daughter of Khidham al-Ansariyyah reports that when her father married her when she had previously been married and she disapproved of that she went to the Apostle of Allaah (ﷺ) and mentioned it to him. He (the Prophet) revoked her marriage. [5]

Narrated Al-Qasim:
A woman from the offspring of Ja`far was afraid lest her guardian marry her (to somebody) against her will. So she sent for two elderly men from the Ansar, `AbdurRahman and Mujammi', the two sons of Jariya, and they said to her, "Don't be afraid, for Khansa' bint Khidam was given by her father in marriage against her will, then the Prophet (ﷺ) cancelled that marriage." [6]

Khansa Bint Khidam said “My father married me to his nephew, and I did not like this match, so I complained to the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ). He said to me “accept what your father has arranged.” I said “I do not wish to accept what my father has arranged.”
He said “then this marriage is invalid, go and marry whomever you wish.” I said “I have accepted what my father has arranged, but I wanted women to know that fathers have no right in their daughter’s matters (i.e. they have no right to force a marriage on them). [7]

It was narrated that Buraydah ibn al-Haseeb said: A girl came to the Prophet (ﷺ) and said: My father married me to his brother’s son so that he might raise his own status thereby. The Prophet (ﷺ) gave her the choice, and she said: I approve of what my father did, but I wanted women to know that their fathers have no right to do that. [8]

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MpirzfJf1hQ

Conclusion

Islam has made it vital that the permission of the spouses must be taken as the Prophet (ﷺ) said "Seek the permission of women with regard to marriage" [9]. The Prophet (ﷺ) forbade forcing women into marriage and annulled such marriages. [10]

References:

[1] Sunan an-Nasa'i 3266. Sheikh Al-Albani said Saheeh in Saheeh Abi Dawud #1826 & Irwaa' al-Ghaleel #1837.
[2] Sahih al-Bukhari 6946
[3] Translation of Sahih Muslim, The Book of Marriage (Kitab Al-Nikah), Book 008, Number 3303
[4] Sunan Abi Dawud 2096. Sheikh Al-Albani said Saheeh.
[5] Sunan Abi Dawud 2101. Sheikh Al-Albani said Saheeh.
[6] Sahih al-Bukhari 6969
[7] Fathul Bari Sharah Al Bukhari 9/194, Ibn Majah Kitabun Nikah 1/602
[8] Narrated by Ibn Maajah, 1874. It was classed as saheeh by al-Buwaysiri in Masaabeeh az-Zujaajah, 2/102. Similarly Shaykh Muqbil al-Waadi‘i stated: (It is) saheeh according to the conditions of Muslim
[9] Sunan an-Nasa'i 3266.Sheikh Al-Albani said Saheeh in Saheeh Abi Dawud #1826 & Irwaa' al-Ghaleel #1837.
[10] See Sunan Abi Dawud 2096 Grade: Sahih (Al-Albani), Sunan Abi Dawud 2101 Grade: Sahih (Al-Albani), Sahih al-Bukhari 6969, Fathul Bari Sharah Al Bukhari 9/194, Ibn Majah Kitabun Nikah 1/602 & Ibn Maajah, 1874. It was classed as saheeh by al-Buwaysiri in Masaabeeh az-Zujaajah, 2/102. Similarly Shaykh Muqbil al-Waadi‘i stated: (It is) saheeh according to the conditions of Muslim. And there are many more.

 

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