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In the Name of Allah Most Gracious Most Merciful

Jochen Katz stated in : http://www../Quran/Contra/qe001.html

>How can mountains both be able to "refuse the trust" and "feel fear" as Sura >33:72 says?

"Verily, WE have offered the trust of the Divine Law to the heavens and the earth and the mountains, but they refused to bear it and were afraid of it. But man bore it. Indeed, he is capable of being unjust to, and neglectful of, himself." (Chapter 33 verse 73)

This verse has presented Commentators of the Quran with some difficulty. In view of different signification’s of the words used, the verse seems to be susceptible of the following interpretations:

Taking the word (hml) as meaning to accept, and (Imanat) as signifying the trust of man’s love of God, the verse would mean that a great spiritual destiny awaited man. He was made God’s vicergent on earth (2:31). He was gifted with the great capacities and powers to assimilate and manifest in his person Divine attributes and to become the image of his Creator. This was indeed a great trust which man, alone of all the universe, was found capable of discharging, other beings and things--the angels, the heavens, the earth and the mountains--being quite unequal to the task. They refused, as it were, to bear it. Man accepted the responsibility because he alone could discharge, as he had been endowed with great natural qualities. He was capable of being (zalooma) (unjust to him self) and (jahoola) (neglectful of himself) i.e., he could be unjust to himself in the sense that he could bear any hardship and undergo any sacrifice for the sake of his Creator, and he was capable of being neglectful in the sense that in the discharge of his great and sacred trust he could be neglectful of his own interest and destre for a life of ease and comfort.

And Allah Knows Best

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