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Does Allah's day equal to 1,000 human years (Sura 22:47, 32:5) or 50,000 human years (Sura 70:4)?
Numerical discrepancies in the Qur'an: Does Allah's day equal to 1,000 (Sura 22:47, 32:5) or 50,000 years (Sura 70:4)?
Answering-islam refers here to Surah 22:47 Yet they ask thee to hasten on the Punishment! But God will not fail in His Promise. Verily a Day in the sight of thy Lord is like a thousand years of your reckoning. and Surah 70:4 The angels and the spirit ascend unto him in a Day the measure whereof is (as) fifty thousand years. Surah 70:4 refers to the day of judgement, which is confirmed in the next hadith:
Now let us take a look at the next hadith:
Some scholars interpretated this last hadith to mean that the day of Resurrection will be 1000 years, since half a day is five hundred years. If we accept this interpretation there would seem to be a contradiction bewteen the lenght of the day of Resurrection, is it 1000 years or 50.000 years ? However i shall demonstrate that this interpretation of the last hadith is not correct.
One day with our Lord (means: in the afterlife, after the resurrection) is as 1000 years of our Reckoning (see Surah 22:47). In soerah 70:4 we are told that the Day of Resurrection has a measure of 50.000 years in totality (nowhere does Surah 70:4 us tell that one day with our lord is as 50.000 years of our reckoning). This clearly means that that whole period of the day of Resurrection consists of 50 days/periods, since one day with our Lord is as 1000 years. Therefor the Day of Resurrection has: 50.000 / 1000 = 50 days/periods/stages in it , from which each day/period/stage measures a 1000 years ( see Surah 22:47).
Now with the correct knowledge regarding this issue we can interpretate the hadith of Sunan Abu Dawud correctly, which tells us that the poor will enter paradise half a day before the rich, which refers to half a day of one (seperate) day/period/stage (which is 500 years) in the Day of Resurrection. And not the half of the whole Day of Resurrection ! Nowhere does the hadith in Sunan Abu dawud or any other version mention this ! Notice also carefully how the Prophet in the hadith of Sunan Abu Dawud makes a difference/seperation between the Day of Resurrection and half a day . When one reads carefully this hadith, one sees that half a day not at all refers to half the Day of Resurrection (as some scholars wrongly stated). If the prophet wanted to refer to half the Day of Resurrection he would have said: You will enter Paradise half that day before the rich . However the Prophet clearly didnt referred to the whole Day of Resurrection, since he specificly in the hadith uses the expression half a day , which clearly refers to another day then the whole Day of Resurrection. In other words theres no contradiction between the quranic verses and hadith regarding this issue if we use the correct interpretation (which is supported by the Quran and authentic hadith). And Allah Almighty knows best.
What about Surah 32:5 ?
Lets take a look at Surah 32:5 which says:He regulates the affair from the heaven to the earth; then shall it ascend to Him in a day/period the measure of which is a thousand years of what you count. Ansar Al-'Adl writes: This verse mentions that the affairs/commands of God descend to earth and return to Him, this period being one thousand years of our reckoning. Alternatively, it may refer to the laws of science, which govern the universe and the period it takes for them to return. Moreover Ibn Kathir was of the view that this ayah pertains to distance [see: The English translation of Tafsir Ibn Kathir , published by Darussalam, Riyadh, Volume 7, Pg., 608].
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