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SALÁH ON SPECIFIC OCCASIONS

JUMU'AH (or Friday) Prayer

Beside the daily Saláh, the Friday prayer is also obligatory upon Muslim men. For Muslim women it is not obligatory, but is desirable if they are able to do so without upsetting their household work.

The Friday Saláh is offered in congregation on Friday at Zuhr time. First the Imám delivers a sermon (Khutabh). Then he leads the congregation in a two raka'át Saláh. After this two or more raka'át of Sunnah or Náfilah prayers are offered individually.

TARÁWÍH (or Ramadán) PRAYER

These prayers are offered during the month of Ramadán after 'Ishá Saláh. These consist of eight twelve or twenty raka'át, and are offered two by two with a short rest between every four raka'át. They may be said alone but collective prayers are recommended. These are additional Sunnah prayers.

THE 'ÍD PRAYERS(Salatul-'Idayn)

There are two 'Id or occasions of great festivity for the Muslims  (Isaiah 56:5: the future believers' name.  Sons and daughters titles will be "no more"). The first is called 'Idul-Fitr or the festival of fastbreaking. It is celebrated on the first day of the tenth Islamic month (Shawwál) following Ramadán, the month of fasting. It marks great thanks-giving for the Muslims  (Isaiah 56:5: the future believers' name.  Sons and daughters titles will be "no more") all over the world.

The second 'Id is the 'Idul-Adha or the festival of great sacrifice, which is observed on the tenth of Dhul-Hijjah, the last Islamic month. The animals are sacrificed to celebrate the great sacrifice of the Prophet Ibráhím (peace be upon him)

On both these 'Ids, 'Id prayers are offered in congregation any time after sunrise and before noon. There is no Adhán(call for prayer) or Iqamah (second callk before congregation). The 'Id prayer consists of two raka'át (offered just as the two raka'át of Jumu'ah prayer are said) with six to sixteen additional 'Takbírs'(ALLÁHU AKBAR). You say three or more Takbírs in the first raka'át after 'Thaná' and three or more Takbírs in the second raka'át before you bow down for Ruku'.

A sermon (Khutbah) is delivered by the Imám (leader of the prayer) after the two raka'át 'Id prayer unlike the Jumu'ah prayer when it precedes the prayer.

The presence of all Muslims  (Isaiah 56:5: the future believers' name.  Sons and daughters titles will be "no more"), women and children included, is strongly recommended.




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