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The following Question-Answer exchanges are some of the very thorough and beneficial regarding the Scientific Miracles of the Sun and the Moon in the Glorious Quran.

From http://www.answering-christianity.com/blog/index.php/topic,1311.msg4866.html#msg4866:

  

Question:

Assalamualykum.

'' Blessed is He who has placed in the sky great stars and placed therein a [burning] lamp and luminous moon.'' (25:61)

 In the above Ayah Allah says He has placed great stars in the Heaven and also place therein a lamp (Sun) and a luminous moon. Okay I don't understand why Allah differentiated the stars and the Sun. Why does Allah only address the sun as a lamp while we know that there are much more bigger luminous stars than the sun in the universe? And does this verse mean there is only one Sun and one moon in the Heavens? But it's not possible as I have told you earlier that our Universe consists of many Sun like stars and also Moons.

 Please clarify this.

Answer:

Hello brother Farhan!

I wanted to let you know that this verse (25:61) uses the word that is more accurately translated as constellations. So right away, you know that this verse is referring to the human perception of the sky! We see constellations and patterns in the sky, so it is our perception. So this verse is adhering to human perception to explain a beautiful phenomena of creation. Next you notice that the Quran says that Allah placed a burning lamp in the sky and a moon. In no way does this mean there is only one burning lamp or one moon, it is just stating that there is a burning lamp and a moon in the sky.

There are a few things that you need to notice about this verse. In no way does this verse say that the sun isn't a star, or that there is only one moon.

Next there is another verse in the Quran that addresses the STARS as being LAMPS, just as the sun is.

Quran 24:35 Allah is the Light of the heavens and the earth. The similitude of His light is as a niche wherein is a lamp. The lamp is in a glass. The glass is as it were a shining star. (This lamp is) kindled from [the oil of] a blessed tree, an olive neither of the East nor of the West, whose oil would almost glow forth (of itself) though no fire touched it. Light upon light. Allah guideth unto His light whom He will. And Allah speaketh to mankind in allegories, for Allah is Knower of all things.

  

Question:

thanks brother.

 But can I have some more proof that Quran doesn't say that there is only one moon and one sun? Can you show anymore verse where Allah refers to the stars as lamps? And can you make it more clearer why do you think the verse is talking about human perception? It will Inshallah convince me.

PLEASE HELP

Answer:

As'salamu Alaikum dear brothers and sisters,

Brother Mclinkin94, great answer akhi.  May Allah Almighty bless you.  Ameen.

I would like to add that Allah Almighty created the creatures on earth to live by day and night.  Some planets, and even parts on this earth, have very long days cycles and very long nights cycles.  Normal life on earth was designed by an equal rotation of the day and night.  So by Divine Design, Allah Almighty placed the moon to be our night light, and for the sun to be our glorious star.

Furthermore, Allah Almighty Said the following:

‏91:1 والشمس وضحاها
‏91:2 والقمر اذا تلاها
‏91:3 والنهار اذا جلاها


"By the sun and its radiant light, and the moon that trails (and reflects) its light. By the day that magnifies and glorifies (جلاها) its brightness.  (The Noble Quran, 91:1-3)"



Did you know our shining and glorious days, on a clear day, are a magnification of the sun's rays by our atomosphere?  Outside our atmosphere, the universe is pitch black!  And Allah Almighty Said that it is our day that magnifies and glorifies the sun's brightness.  Please visit:

http://www.answering-christianity.com/sun_rays_miracle.htm
  
thanks brother.

 But can I have some more proof that Quran doesn't say that there is only one moon and one sun? Can you show anymore verse where Allah refers to the stars as lamps? And can you make it more clearer why do you think the verse is talking about human perception? It will Inshallah convince me.

PLEASE HELP

[067:005]  And we have, (from of old), adorned the lowest heaven with Lamps, and We have made such (Lamps) (as) missiles to drive away the Evil Ones, and have prepared for them the Penalty of the Blazing Fire.

‏67:5 ولقد زينا السماء الدنيا بمصابيح وجعلناها رجوما للشياطين واعتدنا لهم عذاب السعير

Please visit: http://www.answering-christianity.com/shooting_stars_miracle.htm

Take care
Osama Abdallah

  

Question:

Assalamualykum.

......

 Brothers please refute the above article.

Answer:

Wa Alaikum As'salam dear brother,

Dr. Zaghloul Al-Najjar has proven the speed of light in the Glorious Quran:

http://www.answering-christianity.com/time_and_speed_of_light_precisely_in_noble_quran.mp3

Also visit:

http://www.answering-christianity.com/speed_of_light_in_quran.htm
http://www.answering-christianity.com/ac20.htm#links

Take care,
Osama Abdallah

  

Question:

'' It is not allowable for the sun to reach the moon, nor does the night overtake the day, but each, in an orbit, is swimming.''(36:40)

 Enbiya/33
It is He Who created the Night and the Day, and the sun and the moon: all (of them) swim in an orbit.


 Okay in some articles it is said that the above verses are talking about the motion of everything including sun,moon,earth,planets and stars. But how? Because the verses only mention sun, moon and earth? If I say Ibrahim and Ali, Sami and Abdel, Ahmad and Uthman everyone is a good player or all are good players will it imply also the people whose names are unmentioned?  Can anyone explain this in detail?

 And does Quran say anything about earth's motion around the Sun? And Moon's motion around the earth?

Answer:

'' It is not allowable for the sun to reach the moon, nor does the night overtake the day, but each, in an orbit, is swimming.''(36:40)
  
As'salamu Alaikum dear brother,

People were asking the Prophet, peace be upon him, if the sun and the moon were ever going to collide.  The people thought that the sun and the moon were both running on one lane or line or orbit or path, and that they're together, and that if one slows down, then the other would catch up to it and they'd ultimately collide Allah Almighty responded to this nonsense by making it absolutely clear that the sun and the moon are traveling in entirely different orbits, and that they could not catch up to each others and collide.  So what the empty anti-Islamics of today try to prove as a scientific blunder in the Holy Quran turns out to be an accurate Scientific Statement and a Scientific Miracle of its time.

Also,  the Holy Quran Said that the moon's orbit is S-Shaped.  Allah Almighty never said the same about the sun's orbit.
  
Enbiya/33
It is He Who created the Night and the Day, and the sun and the moon: all (of them) swim in an orbit.
  
Same exact reponse as above.  Yes, they're not on the same orbit.  This is Scientifically estabilished.  And again, the Holy Quran Said that the moon's orbit is S-Shaped.  Allah Almighty never said the same about the sun's orbit.
  
Okay in some articles it is said that the above verses are talking about the motion of everything including sun,moon,earth,planets and stars. But how? Because the verses only mention sun, moon and earth? If I say Ibrahim and Ali, Sami and Abdel, Ahmad and Uthman everyone is a good player or all are good players will it imply also the people whose names are unmentioned?  Can anyone explain this in detail?

And does Quran say anything about earth's motion around the Sun? And Moon's motion around the earth?
  
Allah Almighty started the Noble Verse with speaking only about the sun and the moon, and the night and the day.  But ended it by saying ALL swimming in their independent orbits.  This is referring here to all celestial bodies in the Universe.  This is further clearly proven in other Noble Verses where Allah Almighty talking about the orbits of the celestial bodies, and how once in space, traveling becomes in orbits.  Please visit the following video of Dr. Zaghloul Al-Najjar.  He thoroughly and beautifully explained this beautiful Miracle in the Holy Quran with ample examples and details:

http://www.answering-christianity.com/day_layer_reveals_the_sun_brightness.wmv

All celestial bodies are يعرجون Yaa'rujoon (traveling in orbits) in space.  The video in the link speaks about the countless orbits in the Universe, and the day-layer reveals the sun's brightness.  This video is about Noble Verses 32:5, 34:2, 57:4, 70:3-4 and others, and the Arabic words عرج , عروج , معارج  and  معراج  that all refer to "going in an orbital and curvy path" in the Glorious Quran and our Islamic Texts.

Also visit:

http://www.answering-christianity.com/seas_dont_mix_and_orbit_of_earth_in_noble_quran.wmv
http://www.answering-christianity.com/motion_of_earth.htm
http://www.answering-christianity.com/egg-shaped_earth.htm
http://www.answering-christianity.com/orbits.wmv
http://www.answering-christianity.com/precise_prophecy_about_traveling_up_to_space_in_noble_quran.wmv (by Sheikh Yusuf Estes)
http://www.answering-christianity.com/the_earth_like_a_cradle.wmv
http://www.answering-christianity.com/sun_orbit.htm
http://www.answering-christianity.com/allah_and_science.htm
http://www.answering-christianity.com/moon_orbit_miracle.htm
http://www.answering-christianity.com/daylight_and_moon_miracle.wmv
http://www.answering-christianity.com/skin_day_from_night_miracle.htm
http://www.answering-christianity.com/sun_rays_miracle.htm

And the main section on overwhelming Scientific Miracles in the Holy Quran, on this website, please visit:

http://www.answering-christianity.com/ac20.htm#links

I will update the text-articles with this response today, insha'Allah (if Allah Almighty is Willing).

Take care,
Osama Abdallah

  

Question:

And the moon darkens.(75: 8 )

And the sun and the moon are joined,(75:9)

Can anyone explain the above verses? Why Allah says that the moon and the sun will be joined? As sun is much bigger than the moon , it should swallow it not get joined with it. I'm confused. I have read some articles where they say that through these verses Allah says that Sun will swallow the Moon before the Final Hour. But the verse uses ''JOINED'' not ''SWALLOWED''. Or is it talking about Solar eclipse? If so then the translation might me wrong.

Answer:

As'salamu Alaikum dear brother,

Here are the Noble Verses:

‏75:7 فاذا برق البصر
‏75:8 وخسف القمر
‏75:9 وجمع الشمس والقمر
‏75:10 يقول الانسان يومئذ اين المفر

[075:007]  At length, when the sight is dazed,
[075:008]  And the moon is buried in darkness.
[075:009]  And the sun and moon are joined together,-
[075:010]  That Day will Man say: "Where is the refuge?"


I believe this is a Prophecy about a Great Eclipse that will take place.  This actually makes sense, since when the Hour Comes, the Universe's orbits' path will turn into a spegetti mess on a massive scale, and all celestial bodies will be colliding violently with each others.  So it makes sense that:

1-  Our atmosphere will change, and hence it will greatly effect our visions, since the sun rays are all magnified and become glorious, as we know them, through our atmosphere as Allah Almighty mentioned clearly in the Glorious Quran:

‏91:1 والشمس وضحاها 
‏91:2 والقمر اذا تلاها
‏91:3 والنهار اذا جلاها 

"By the sun and its radiant light, and the moon that trails (and reflects) its light. By the day that magnifies and glorifies (جلاها) its brightness.  (The Noble Quran, 91:1-3)"
 
Please visit: http://www.quransearch.com/sun_rays_miracle.htm


Lunar Eclipses do blur and permanently damage the eye's cornea:

The following pictures certainly prove the points above.  Another point worth mentioning is that when the Hour Comes, the sun's rays might be much much more than what they already are today.  There are several Noble Verses in the Glorious Quran that indicate that this will actually happen:

http://www.quransearch.com/water_shall_vanish.htm
http://www.quransearch.com/galaxy_explosion.htm
http://www.quransearch.com/end_of_times_volcanoes_caused_by_stretching_of_earth.htm
http://www.quransearch.com/ac20.htm#links



In the case, the lunar eclipse would be far greater than what it appears to be in the following pictures:







When watching the lunar eclipse outside, special Eye Shields are required to prevent blindness and/or permanent eye damages, especially to the cornea:






2-  Because of the chaos in the orbits, our solar system's orbits will also go in chaos, and hence the sun's and the moon's orbits will cross each others, and an eclipse will occur as a result.

3-  When the events in point #2 happen, then the sky will darken and the moon will be buried in darkness.

Great question dear brother, Farhan!  I will add this on the website with more elaborations, Insha'Allah.

Take care,
Osama Abdallah

  

Question:

Assalamualykum.

 I'm still confused about these verse:

  And the sun and the moon are joined,(75:9)

 Even if it is talking about solar eclipse, why it says that sun and moon will be joined? We know during Solar Eclipse, the moon comes in between the Sun and the Earth. Moon is not joined. Please, can you explain this in detail?

Answer:

Wa Alaikum As'salam dear brother,

It is possible that the moon will eventually be swallowed by the sun, along with all of our solar system's celestial bodies.  We've seen above already how this Noble Verse is talking about the Great Lunar Eclipse when the Hour Comes.  As to the language of the sun and the moon will be joined together, while it is about a lunar eclipse, but it could also be referring to the moon eventually leaving its orbit here around earth and be devoured by the sun.  You see, the two immediate celestial bodies to us humans that our naked eyes could see up close and personal, from our view here on earth, are:

1-  The moon.
2-  The sun.

And they are the most relevant and vital celestial bodies for our life here on earth.  So if Allah Almighty spoke in limited language about the sun and the moon, it doesn't limit the event to just them.  But to us humans, since these two celestial bodies are what we see in considerable size and clarity from earth here, then they are the most relevant to us.  Plus as I said, they are the most relevant and vital to our life here on earth as well.  So Allah Almighty putting emphasis on the sun and the moon wouldn't mean that the Noble Verse is limited to just them.

As to the Arabic جمع (joined) in Noble Verse 75:9 above, it could very well be referring to being aligned together according to our view and perspective here on earth.  جمع is both a noun and a simple past in Arabic:

1-  جمع means a group for a noun.
2-  جمع means joined together, came together, summoned together, brought together, put together for a simple past.

The Noble Word would be very appropriate and suitable if Allah Almighty spoke about the Great Lunar Eclipse will happen when the Hour Comes.  And we see very clearly from the full context in Noble Verses 75:7-10, in the previous posts above, that Allah Almighty did indeed speak about a Lunar Eclipse will happen when the Hour comes.

I know I've written an article years ago about these Noble Verses.  I will update it with these new posts today, Insha'Allah (if Allah Almighty is Willing).

I hope this helps, Insha'Allah.

Take care,
Osama Abdallah

  

  

  

The Moon is moving towards the Sun, and the Earth is moving away from the Sun, and the earth's rotation is changing - Mentioned in the Noble Quran and Confirmed by Science:

We have already established from the Noble Quran and Science that water on planet earth will eventually all vanish.  Allah Almighty mentioned it and Science has confirmed it.  But now, there is another stunning Diving Miracle in the Holy Quran that science has recently confirmed, and that is the sun will eventually pull the moon all the way to it.

In the article below, the scientist claims that the earth is spinning slower and slower!  Allah Almighty Said in the Noble Quran, in Noble Verses 75:7-9:

Noble Verse(s) 75:7-75:9
Yusuf Ali:

[075:007]  At length, when the sight is dazed,

[075:008]  And the moon is buried in darkness.

[075:009]  And the sun and moon are joined together,-

Arabic (from right to left):

75:7 فاذا برق البصر

75:8 وخسف القمر

75:9 وجمع الشمس والقمر

Noble Verse 75:9 Says: "And (When) the sun and the moon are joined together," and And verse 8 Says: "When the moon is buried in darkness," which means that when it is facing the sun and getting closer, we will see it as if it is buried in darkness!

Quote from the scientist's statements below:

"The Moon's orbit (its circular path around the Earth) is indeed getting larger, at a rate of about 3.8 centimeters per year"

 

 

From http://curious.astro.cornell.edu/question.php?number=124:

Is the Moon moving away from the Earth? When was this discovered?

I heard in the TV that moon is moving away from the earth towards the sun. Why is that happening? And when was this exactly discovered?

The Moon's orbit (its circular path around the Earth) is indeed getting larger, at a rate of about 3.8 centimeters per year. (The Moon's orbit has a radius of 384,000 km.) I wouldn't say that the Moon is getting closer to the Sun, specifically, though--it is getting farther from the Earth, so, when it's in the part of its orbit closest to the Sun, it's closer, but when it's in the part of its orbit farthest from the Sun, it's farther away.

(Important Note: The scientist's opinion about the moon not getting closer to the sun seems to clearly be limited to his opinion without any scientific data provided to support it.  If the moon drifts away from earth, which it is, as it is proven scientifically in this article and elsewhere, then eventually, the earth's pulling gravity to the moon will be too weak, and thus, it is quite possible that the moon will get pulled into the sun, by the sun's pulling gravity, and eventually get swallowed by the sun, since the moon's gravity is too weak - so weak that you can jump so high, with your feet, and never land again on the surface of the moon, if you were standing on it.)

The reason for the increase is that the Moon raises tides on the Earth. Because the side of the Earth that faces the Moon is closer, it feels a stronger pull of gravity than the center of the Earth. Similarly, the part of the Earth facing away from the Moon feels less gravity than the center of the Earth. This effect stretches the Earth a bit, making it a little bit oblong. We call the parts that stick out "tidal bulges." The actual solid body of the Earth is distorted a few centimeters, but the most noticable effect is the tides raised on the ocean.

Now, all mass exerts a gravitational force, and the tidal bulges on the Earth exert a gravitational pull on the Moon. Because the Earth rotates faster (once every 24 hours) than the Moon orbits (once every 27.3 days) the bulge tries to "speed up" the Moon, and pull it ahead in its orbit. The Moon is also pulling back on the tidal bulge of the Earth, slowing the Earth's rotation. Tidal friction, caused by the movement of the tidal bulge around the Earth, takes energy out of the Earth and puts it into the Moon's orbit, making the Moon's orbit bigger (but, a bit pardoxically, the Moon actually moves slower!).

The Earth's rotation is slowing down because of this. One hundred years from now, the day will be 2 milliseconds longer than it is now.

This same process took place billions of years ago--but the Moon was slowed down by the tides raised on it by the Earth. That's why the Moon always keeps the same face pointed toward the Earth. Because the Earth is so much larger than the Moon, this process, called tidal locking, took place very quickly, in a few tens of millions of years.

Many physicists considered the effects of tides on the Earth-Moon system. However, George Howard Darwin (Charles Darwin's son) was the first person to work out, in a mathematical way, how the Moon's orbit would evolve due to tidal friction, in the late 19th century. He is usually credited with the invention of the modern theory of tidal evolution.

So that's where the idea came from, but how was it first measured? The answer is quite complicated, but I've tried to give the best answer I can, based on a little research into the history of the question.

There are three ways for us to actually measure the effects of tidal friction.

* Measure the change in the length of the lunar month over time.

This can be accomplished by examining the thickness of tidal deposits preserved in rocks, called tidal rhythmites, which can be billions of years old, although measurements only exist for rhythmites that are 900 million years old. As far as I can find (I am not a geologist!) these measurements have only been done since the early 90's.

* Measure the change in the distance between the Earth and the Moon.

This is accomplished in modern times by bouncing lasers off reflectors left on the surface of the Moon by the Apollo astronauts. Less accurate measurements were obtained in the early 70's.

* Measure the change in the rotational period of the Earth over time.

Nowadays, the rotation of the Earth is measured using the Very Long Baseline Interferometry, a technique using many radio telescopes a great distance apart. With VLBI, the positions of quasars (tiny, distant, radio-bright objects) can be measured very accuarately. Since the rotating Earth carries the antennas along, these measurements can tell us the rotation speed of the Earth very accurately.

However, the change in the Earth's rotational period was first measured using eclipses, of all things. Astronomers who studied the timing of eclipses over many centuries found that the Moon seemed to be accelerating in its orbit, but what was actually happening was the the Earth's rotation was slowing down. The effect was first noticed by Edmund Halley in 1695, and first measured by Richard Dunthorne in 1748--though neither one really understood what they were seeing. I think this is the earliest discovery of the effect.

 

May 2002, Britt Scharringhausen (more by Britt Scharringhausen)

Related questions:

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The Overwhelming Scientific Miracles in the Noble Quran section.

Rebuttals, and exposing the lies of the Answering Islam team section.

Rebuttals by Mahir.

Islam and the Noble Quran - Questions and Answers.

Answering Trinity.

Contradictions and History of Corruption in the Bible.

Questions about Jesus that trinitarian Christians don't have logical answers for.

What parts of the Bible do Muslims believe are closest to the Truth? and Why?

"Allah" was GOD Almighty's original Name in the Bible according to the Hebrew and Aramaic sources.

Scientific Miracles in Islam and the Noble Quran.

Most of the Bible's books and gospels were written by mysterious people!

Jesus mentioned Muhammad by the name in the Bible.

Did Isaiah 53 really prophesies about the crucifixion of Jesus? It supports Islam's claims about Jesus peace be upon him never died on the cross.  I also addressed John 19:36-37 from the Bible and proved that Jesus never got crucified, since GOD Almighty promised that he will protect Jesus' body and not let even a single bone be broken.    My question to all Christians is: How in the world is it possible for the feet to get nailed on the cross without any penetration to the bones by the nails, hence breaking part of the feet's bones?! I also added refutations to Exodus 12:46, Numbers 9:12, Zechariah 12:10 and Psalm 34:20, which supposedly prove the Christians' belief about Jesus crucifixion.  I proved that this dogma has no truth what so ever and exposed the wrong Trinitarian English translation of Zechariah 12:10.


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