Muta is Banned.

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Muta is Banned

 By A Muslim

 

 

 

 

 

 

To begin with, Muta is the act of temporary marriage, this act was once allowed in Islam but was later forbidden by the prophet Muhammad. In this article I will simply show the hadiths which show that Muta has been abrogated and cancelled by the prophet. Here are the hadiths:

 

 

Sahih Bukhari Volume 5, Book 59, Number 526:

Narrated Ibn Umar:

On the day of Khaiber, Allah's Apostle forbade the eating of garlic and the meat of donkeys.

 

Volume 5, Book 59, Number 527:

Narrated 'Ali bin Abi Talib:

On the day of Khaibar, Allah's Apostle forbade the Mut'a (i.e. temporary marriage) and the eating of donkey-meat.

 

Sahih Bukhari Volume 9, Book 86, Number 91:

Narrated Muhammad bin 'Ali:

'Ali was told that Ibn 'Abbas did not see any harm in the Mut'a marriage. 'Ali said,

"Allah's Apostle forbade the Mut'a marriage on the Day of the battle of Khaibar

and he forbade the eating of donkey's meat." Some people said, "If one, by a tricky way,

marries temporarily, his marriage is illegal." Others said, "The marriage is valid but its

condition is illegal."

 

Sahih Muslim Book 008, Number 3259:

Rabi' b. Sabra reported on the authority of his father that Allah's Apostle (may peace be upon him) prohibited the contracting of temporary marriage.

 

Sahih Muslim Book 008, Number 3260:

Rabi' b. Sabra reported on the authority of his father that Allah's Messenger (may

peace be upon him) forbade on the Day of Victory to contract temporary marriage

with women. This hadith has been narrated on the authority of Rabi' b. Sabra that

Allah's Messenger (may peace be upon him) forbade to contracf temporary

marriage with women at the time of Victory, and that his father had contracted the

marriage for two red cloaks.

 

Book 021, Number 4763:

'Ali b. Abi Talib reported that Allah's Messenger (may peace be upon him) forbade on the

Day of Khaibar temporary marriage (Muta') with women and the eating of the flesh of

domestic asses.

Book 008, Number 3262:

Sabra al-Juhanni reported on the authority of his father: Allah's Messenger (may peace be

upon him) prohibited the contracting of temporary marriage and said: Behold, it is

forbidden from this very day of yours to the Day of Resurrection, and he who has given

something (as a dower) should not take it back.

 

Book 008, Number 3263:

'Ali b. AbiTalib reported that Allah's Messenger (may peace be upon him) prohibited on

the Day of Khaibar the contracting of temporary marriage with women and the eating of

the flesh of domestic asses.

 

Book 008, Number 3264:

Malik narrated this hadith on the authority of the same chain of trans- witters that 'Ali b.

Abil Talib said to a person: You are a person led astray; Allah's Messenger (may peace

be upon him) forbade us (to do Mut'a), as is stated In the hadith transmitted on the

authority of Yahya b. Malik.

 

Book 008, Number 3265:

Muhammad b. 'Ali narrated on the authority of his father 'Ali that Allah's Apostle (may

peace be upon him) on the Day of Khaibar prohibited for ever the contracting of

temporary marriage and eating of the flesh of the domestic asses.

 

Book 008, Number 3266:

'Ali (Allah be pleased with him) heard that Ibn Abbas (Allah be pleased with them) gave

some relaxation in connection with the contracting of temporary marriage, whereupon he

said: Don't be hasty (in your religious verdict), Ibn 'Abbas, for Allah's Messenger (may

peace be upon him) on the Day of Khaibar prohibited for ever the doing of it-And eating

of the flesh of domestic asses.

 

Book 008, Number 3267:

'Ali (Allah be pleased with him) said to Ibn 'Abbas (Allah be pleased with them) that

Allah's Messenger (may peace be upon him) on the Day of Khaibar forbade forever the

contracting of temporary marriage and the eating of the flesh of domestic asses.

 

So it is clear from these hadiths that the act of Muta was forbidden by the

prophet Muhammad. So hence it was abrogated and must not be practiced

anymore.

Some say the hadiths are contradictory, but actually they are not. The case is

very simple, the prophet Muhammad forbade the act of Muta at the battle of

Khaibar and also on the day of victory, which was the conquest of Makkah.

So Muta was specifically banned on these two occasions by the prophet.

These hadiths must be followed since the Quran states:

 

"O ye who believe! Obey God, and obey the Apostle, and those charged with

authority among you. If ye differ in anything among yourselves, refer it to God and His

Apostle, if ye do believe in God and the Last Day: That is best, and most suitable for final

determination.  (The Noble Quran, 4:59)"

 

"When there comes to them some matter touching (Public) safety or fear, they divulge it.

If they had only referred it to the Apostle, or to those charged with authority among

them, the proper investigators would have Tested it from them (direct). Were it not for

the Grace and Mercy of God unto you, all but a few of you would have fallen into the

clutches of Satan.  (The Noble Quran, 4:83)"

 

So the Quran tells us to follow the apostle of Allah and those in authority.

The prophet Muhammad forbade Muta till the day of resurrection, hence it

must not never be practiced on the authority of the prophet Muhammad, and

the Quran tells us to obey him so hence if someone does not follow the

prophet Muhammad then they do not follow the Quran!

 

The cancellation of muta was later reinstated by Umar:

 

Sahih Muslim Book 007, Number 2874:

Abd Nadra reported: While I was in the company of Jibir, a person came and said: There

is difference of opinion amomg Ibn Abbas and Ibn Zubair about two Mut'as (benefits,

Tamattul in Hajj and temporary marriage with women), whereupon jibir said: We have

been doing this during the lifetime of Allah's Messenger (way peace be upon him), and

then 'Umar forbade us to do so, and we never resorted to them.

 

So it is clear and simple, the prophet Muhammad forbade the act of Muta on

the day of Khaibar, on the conquest of Makkah, and Umar also later on

forbade it to Muslims who were still practicing it. There is no contradiction

between any of that, Umar did not forbid it on his own authority, he was

simply reinstating what the prophet Muhammad had ordered. As it can be

seen, Muta was forbidden BEFORE Umar made it forbidden, hence Umar

was simply following the prophets orders, not his own.

 

So this brings this article to a conclusion. Muta has been abrogated in Islam  

by the prophet Muhammad. I will soon be writing why Muta was allowed in

the first place.

 

 

 

 

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A Muslim's Rebuttals section.


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